AntiMatter Technology Problems

AntiMatter Technology Problems

 

AntiMatter Technology Problems by, Concept Activity Research Vault

May 16, 2011 09:42:4 ( PST ) Updated ( Originally Published: May 10, 2011 )

CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles – May 16, 2011 – The global scientific community is eyeing suspiciously a 1952 ‘experimental projects’ organization known as the Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire ( CERN ) [ ( also known as ) European Organization for Nuclear Research ] wherein its Large Hadron Collider ( LHC ) consists of a huge 27-mile in diameter high-energy particle collider is conducting some extremely serious experiments involving what scientists and physicisys say involves something called a “CP-violation” that deals with creating a variety of new subatomic particles that are believed to have never existed anywhere on Earth.

There is quite a bit of controversy concerning something called a “strangelet” ( strangelets ) and other particle creations within the CERN experiment, which because of conjectures in scientific theories are feared by some professionals, could create a ’new subatomic particle’ that may upset the balance of Earth as we know it, and what is even more frightening is that if something goes out-of-control, it may take anywhere between 1-year to 5-years ‘before anyone notices a chain reaction having already been created that some have already identified as a ‘micro-blackhole’ that could theoretically begin consuming Earth from within its own magnetic iron core. Sounding like ‘science fiction’, apparently CERN experiments are ’definitely not’ something to be taken lightly.

This serious and highly controversial subject amongst scientists and physicists around the world is being touched-on in this report, amongst other related information, amongst which includes video clips ( below ) for better understanding some of the many aspects for public knowledge not being addressed by mainstream news broadcasts.

CERN went even further, though, by expanding its deep underground experiments to conduct related experiments in outerspace within what it calls the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) now scheduled for launch aboard the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavor STS-134 mission set for May 16, 2011. The AMS-02 is, however, to be delivered to the International Space Station ( ISS ) where it will continue CERN designated experiments.

Interestingly, during July 2010 the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS02 ) was ‘not’ launched as the video clip ( above ) depicted. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ), being equated to that of the Hubble space telescope, actually holds far more technological advancements from CERN and is solely designed to focus on subatomic particles surrounding antimatter issues.

U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavor mission STS-134 was scheduled to launch on April 14, 2011 but was delayed until the end of April 2011, but then was delayed yet again until May 16, 2011. Why so many delays and reschedulings?

Earth anti-matter issues are rarely addressed by the mainstream news media with the public, however in-lieu of the recent NASA public warning that it is expecting a ‘significant’ “solar flare” to erupt, coming bound for Earth, as something “we all need to be concerned about,” the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) having just been recently placed onboard the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour mission – scheduled to deliver the AMS aboard the International Space Station ( ISS ) – is something the public really needs to take a closer look at.

[ PHOTO ( above ): Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) in U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour cargo bay April 2011 ( click to enlarge ) ]

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Source: Nature.Com

AntiUniverse Here We Come by, Eugenie Samuel Reich

May 4, 2011

A controversial cosmic ray detector destined for the International Space Station will soon get to prove its worth.

The next space-shuttle launch will inaugurate a quest for a realm of the Universe that few believe exists.

Nothing in the laws of physics rules out the possibility that vast regions of the cosmos consist mainly of anti-matter, with anti-galaxies, anti-stars, even anti-planets populated with anti-life.

“If there’s matter, there must be anti-matter. The question is, where’s the Universe made of antimatter?” says Professor Samuel C.C. Ting, a Nobel prize winning physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( MIT ) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. But most physicists reason that if such antimatter regions existed, we would have seen the light emitted when the particles annihilated each other along the boundaries between the antimatter and the matter realms. No wonder the Professor Samuel C.C. Ting brainchild, a $2,000,000,000 billion dollar space mission was sold ‘partly on the promise of looking for particles emanating from anti-galaxies’, is fraught with controversy.

Professor Ting’s project, however has other ‘more mainstream scientific goals’ so, most critics of which held their tongues last week as the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour STS-134 mission – prepared to deliver the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS version, known as the AMS-02 ) to the International Space Station ( ISS ) – flight was delayed ( because of problems ) until later this month ( May 2011 ).

Pushing The Boundaries

Seventeen ( 17 ) years in the making, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) is a product of the former NASA administrator Dan Goldin quest to find remarkable science projects for the Internation Space Station ( ISS ) and of the Ting fascination with anti-matter.

Funded by NASA, the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ), plus a sixteen ( 16 ) country consortium of partners, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) has prevailed – despite delays and technical problems – along with the doubts of many high-energy and particle physicists.

“Physics is not about doubt,” says Roberto Battiston, deputy spokesman for the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) and physicist at the University of Perugia, Italy. “It is about precision measurement.”

As the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) experiment headed to the Space Shuttle Endeavour launch pad, Roberto Battiston and other scientists were keen to emphasize the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) ‘unprecedented sensitivity’ to the gamut of cosmic rays, that rain down on Earth, that should allow the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) to perform two ( 2 ) things:

1. Measure Cosmic Ray High-Energy Charged ‘Particles’ and ‘Properties’ ( thereof ), sent from:

– Sun ( Earth’s ); – Supernovae ( distant ); and, – γ-ray bursts.

AND,

2. Detect AntiMatter ( errant chunks ), sent from the:

a. Universe ( far-away ).

Cosmic rays ( on Earth ) can only be indirectly detected by their showers of ‘secondary particles’ produced – when slamming into molecules of atmosphere in high regions above the Earth, but the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) in space will get an undistorted view.

“We’ll be able to measure ( solar ) Cosmic Ray Flux very precisely,” says collaboration member physicist Fernando Barão of the Laboratory of Instrumentation and Experimental Particle Physics in Lisbon, Spain. “The best place ( for detecting this ) is to be in ‘space’ because you don’t have Earth’s atmosphere that is going to destroy those cosmic rays.”

No matter what happens, with the more speculative search for antimatter, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) should produce a definitive map of the cosmic ray sky – helping to build a kind of ‘astronomy not dependent on light’.

Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) consists of a powerful permanent magnet surrounded by a suite of particle detectors.

Over 10-years ( or more ), that the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) experiment will run, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) magnet will bend the paths of cosmic rays by an amount that reveals their energy and charge, thereby their identity.

Some will be ‘heavy atomic nuclei’, while others ( made from anti-matter ), will reveal themselves by ‘bending in the opposite direction’ from their ‘matter’ counterparts ( see, e.g. cosmic curveballs ).

By ‘counting positrons’ ( i.e. antimatter ‘electrons’ ), the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) could also ‘chase a tentative signal of dark matter’, the so-far ‘undetected stuff’ thought to account for ‘much of the mass of the Universe’.

In 2009, Russia and Italy researchers – with the Payload for Antimatter Matter Exploration and Light-nuclei Astrophysics ( PAMELA ) onboard a Russia satellite – published evidence of an ‘excess amount of positrons in the space environment surrounding Earth’ ( O. Adriani et al. Nature 458 , 607–609; 2009 ). One potential source of this is the ‘annihilation of dark-matter particles’ within the ‘halo enveloping our Galaxy’.

Another speculative quest, is to follow up on hints of ‘strange matter’, a ‘hypothetical substance’ that should be found in ‘some collapsed stars’ containing ‘strange quarks’, ‘up quarks’ and ‘down quarks’ – within ordinary nuclei.

NASA Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) program manager Mark Sistilli says hints of ‘strange matter’ were seen – during a 1998 pilot flight of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-01 ) aboard the Space Shuttle, however NASA determined results ‘too tentative to publish’.

Because the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) status was made as an “exploration mission,” the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) ‘did not need to follow’ “peer review” NASA would ‘normally have required’ for a ”science mission.”

But Sistilli emphasizes the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) earned flying colors from committees convened by the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ), which is supplying $50,000,000 million of the funding.

Now their ( DOE ) confidence will be put to the test.

Reference

http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110504/full/473013a.html

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While for some it may appear strangelet subatomic antimatter particle research is for advancing our knowledge of unlocking the secrets of life in the Universe, others are still asking NASA what they really know is behind ‘why’ an ‘expected significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) is something “we all need to be concerned about” on Earth.

With Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) high-energy effects capable of disrupting Earth ground-based and space-based electrical components and electricity grid infrastructure systems for up to 10-years, many wonder why billions upon billions of dollars were and are still being pumped into the CERN project studying ‘strangelets’ and want to know just why we need ‘more immediate information detection capabilities’ on high-energy solar flare proton and electron ejections coming toward Earth soon, which NASA and other agencies ‘know far more about’ than they are willing to tell the public.

How advanced has government authorities grown from private-sector science and technology knowledge? The United States has already mapped internal magma flows of the Sun.

How could the U.S. government possibly ‘see inside the Sun’ to know when a coronal mass ejection from a solar flare would occur in the future?

In layman terms, for government it was like looking through a clear glass Pyrex bowl positioned atop a stove burner, watching as water starts to boil inside it, and then predicting – based on the flame heating it the water – when bubbles will come to the surface, when one takes into account a government ’ground-based’ ( does ‘not’ require ‘space-based placement’ ) observatory telescope equipped with a “super lens” used for imaging ( observing ) ‘objects at great distances inside matter’ – a “superlens” that now even ‘defies light-speed’ and ‘matter’. ( Read Below )

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[ PHOTO ( above ): Antimatter photon ‘optic’ substrate structure material for ‘subsurface solar imaging plasma flows’ inside Sun enables plotting Coronal Mass Ejections ‘before solar surface eruptions’ ( click to enlarge ) ]

Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Operated by the University of California

Optical Antimatter Structure Shows The Way For New Super Lens by, Aditi Risbud

April 21, 2009

A device, made from alternating layers of ‘air’ and ‘silicon photonic crystal’, behaves like a ‘super lens’ – providing the first experimental demonstration of optical antimatter.

Scientists at Berkeley Lab ( Berkeley, California, USA ) and the Institute for Microelectronics and Microsystems ( CNR ) in Naples, Italy have experimentally demonstrated – for the first time – the ‘concept of optical antimatter’ by ‘light traveling through a material without being distorted’.

By engineering a material focusing light through its own internal structure, a beam of light can enter and exit ( unperturbed ) after traveling through millimeters of material.

For years, optics researchers have struggled to bypass the ‘diffraction limit’, a physical law restricting imaging resolution to about 1/2 the wavelength of light used to make the image.

If a material with a negative index of refraction ( a property describing how light bends as it enters or exits a material ) could be designed, this diffraction hurdle could be lowered.

Such a material could also behave as a superlens, useful in observing objects from imaging equipment with ‘details finer than allowed by the diffraction limit’, a physical law restricting imaging resolution to about 1/2 the wavelength of light used to make the image.

Despite the intriguing possibilities posed, by a substance with a negative index of refraction, ‘this property is inaccessible through naturally occurring ( positive index ) materials’.

During the mid 1990s, English theoretical physicist Sir John Pendry proposed his clever ‘sleight of light’ using so-called metamaterials – engineered ‘materials’ whose underlying structure ‘can alter overall responses’ to ‘electrical fields’ and ‘magnetic fields’.

Inspired by the Sir John Pendry proposal, scientists have made progress in scaling metamaterials from microwave to infrared wavelengths while illuminating the nuances of light-speed and direction-of-motion in such engineered structures.

“We’ve shown a ‘completely new way to control and manipulate light’, ‘using a silicon photonic crystal’ as a ‘real metamaterial’ – and it works,” said Stefano Cabrini, Facility Director of the Nanofabrication Facility in the Molecular Foundry, a U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) User Facility located at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( LBNL ) providing support to nanoscience researchers around the world.

“Our findings will open-up an easier way to make structures and use them effectively as a ‘super-lens’.”

Through the Molecular Foundry user program, Cabrini and post-doctoral researcher Allan Chang collaborated with Vito Mocella, a theoretical scientist at the Institute of Microelectronics and Microsystems ( CNR ) in Naples, Italy to fabricate a 2 X 2 millimeter device consisting of alternating layers of air and a silicon based photonic crystal containing air holes.

Using high precision nanofabrication processes, the team designed the spacing and thicknesses of each layer to behave like the metamaterial Sir John Pendry had envisioned.

This device was then used to focus a beam of near-infrared ( I-R ) light, essentially ‘annihilating’ 2 millimeters of ‘space’.

“Now that we have a prototype to demonstrate the concept, our next step will be to find the geometry and material that will work for visible light,” said Cabrini.

Along with possibilities in imaging, the researchers’ findings could also be used to develop hybrid negative-index and positive-index materials, Cabrini added, which may lead to novel ‘devices’ and ‘systems’ unachievable through either material alone.

“Self-collimation of light over millimeter-scale distance in a quasi zero average index metamaterial,” by Vito Mocella, Stefano Cabrini, Allan S.P. Chang, P. Dardano, L. Moretti, I. Rendina, Deirdre Olynick, Bruce Harteneck and Scott Dhuey, appears in Physical Review Letters available in Physical Review Letters online.

Portions of this work were supported by the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Contract No. DE-AC0205CH11231.

The Molecular Foundry is one ( 1 ) of five ( 5 ) U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) that are premier national user facilities for interdisciplinary research at the nanoscale. Together, the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) comprise a suite of complementary facilities providing researchers with state-of-the-art capabilities to fabricate, process, characterize and model nanoscale materials, which constitutes the ‘largest infrastructure investment’ of the National Nanotechnology Initiative ( NNI ).

U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) are located at these six ( 6 ) locations:

– Argonne National Laboratory ( ANL ); – Brookhaven National Laboratory ( BNL ); – Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( LBNL ); – Oak Ridge National Laboratory ( ORNL ); – Sandia National Laboratory ( SNL ); and, – Los Alamos National Laboratory ( LANL ).

For more information about the DOE NSRCs, please visit http://nano.energy.gov.

Berkeley Lab is a U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) National Laboratory located in Berkeley, California conducting ‘unclassified scientific research’ managed by the University of California.

References

http://www.lbl.gov http://foundry.lbl.gov http://newscenter.lbl.gov/feature-stories/2009/04/21/optical-antimatter

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If the public could keep its eye open for one second, it would see what is coming at them before it hits them with a surprise that only government knows anything about, but governments have spoken mysteriously to citizens for a very long time, but perhaps a mere fact ’known today’ may eventually come as no surprise to many whom would have otherwise been kept in the dark while only a few know far more about what awaits the masses.

Perhaps, people may begin asking more questions of their country’s agencies spending so much money so quickly for apparently some ‘mysterious emergency purpose’, and if not for some ‘mysterious emergency purpose’, why is so much money being spent on science and space projects while the global public is told about serious government budget cutbacks causing so many people to suffer? If there is no ’emergency’, then people should know ‘why they are suffering financially more’ – just for the sake of ‘growing science experiment budgets’? Might be a good idea for everyone to begin keeping their eyes open a little more often and trained on something more than light-hearted mainstream media news comedy broadcasts.

If people think they get real serious about ‘what they know’ as told on television news broadcasts, imagine how much more serious they will become when they learn about what they ‘were not told’?

Think about it. How Fast Is Technology Growing? Just beginning to grasp something ‘new’? Now think about something even newer than the Large Hadron Collider ( LHC ) at CERN, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider ( RHIC ) that added its Solenoidal Tracker At RHIC ( STAR ) claiming to ‘reverse time’ by ultra super computers reconstructing sub-atomic particle interactions producing particles – emerging from each collision – that STAR is believed to be able to ‘run time backward’ in a process equated to examining final products coming out-of a factory that scientists and physicists have no idea ’what kinds of machines produced the products’. Basically, they are developing items so fast, they do not know how they were formed, much less what the capabilities are. Fact is, ’they could easily produce a monster’ and ‘not know what it is until after they are eaten by it’. Scary, really, like kids being given matches to play with.

They are being educated beyond their own intelligence, so much so and to the point by which scientists and physicists ’cannot even grasp what ‘it’ is they’re looking at – much less know what they are trying to manipulate to ‘see what it does next’ – nevertheless they are conducting experiments like children playing with dynamite.

Think this is science fiction? Think they are mad scientists at play? Check the research reference links ( below ). Think antimatter technology has advanced alot since you began reading this report? calculate ‘more’ because the public does not even know half of it.

CERN has been operating since 2002, and the “SuperLens” was worked-on ‘before’ 2002, making ‘both’ today now 10-years old.

Want newer ‘news’?

Superlenses – created from perovskite oxides – are simpler and easier to fabricate than ‘metamaterials’.

Superlenses are ideal for capturing light travelling in the mid-infra-red ( IR ) spectrum range, opening even newer technological highly sensitive imaging devices, and this superlensing effect can be selectively turned ‘on’ and ‘off’, opening yet another technology of ‘highly dense data storage writing’ for ‘far more advanced capability computers’.

Plasmonic whispering gallery microcavities, consisting of a silica interior coated with a thin layer of silver, ‘improves quality by better than an order of magnitude’ of current plasmonic microcavities. and paves the way for ‘plasmonic nanolasers’.

Expand your knowledge, begin researching the six ( 6 ) reference links ( below ) so that the next time you watch the ‘news’ you’ll begin to realize just how much you’re ‘not being told’ about what is ‘actually far more important’ – far more than you’re used to imagining.

 

Submitted for review and commentary by,

 

Concept Activity Research Vault E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

References

http://www.bnl.gov/rhic/
http://www.bnl.gov/rhic/STAR.asp
http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/pubaf/pr/PR_display.asp?prID=1075&template=Today
http://newscenter.lbl.gov/news-releases/2011/03/29/perovskite-based-superlens-for-the-infrared/
http://newscenter.lbl.gov/news-releases/2009/01/22/plasmonic-whispering-gallery/
http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1018060

 

Earth Events Forecast

Eyjafjallajokull Iceland volcano
[ PHOTO ( above ): click to enlarge image ]

Earth Events Forecast
by, Kentron Intellect Research Vault ( KIRV )

March 7, 2011 17:32:08 ( PST ) Updated ( February 27, 2011 )

LOS ANGELES – November 10, 2011 – The U.S. Congress House of Representatives Committee on Science and the U.S. Congress House of Representatives Sub-Committee on Environment, Technology and Standards held a hearing on October 30, 2003 about ‘Space Weather’ and the roles and responsibilities of various government agencies held as to information collection, dissemination and use of ‘space weather’ data from the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ), U.S. National Aeronautic and Space Agency ( NASA ), U.S. Air Force Weather Agency and representatives of government contractors in the private-sector. Amongst questions presented, were the following:

– “What is the ‘proper level of funding for agencies’ involved with ‘space environmental predictions’?” and,

– “What is the importance of ‘predictions to industry and commerce’?”

Interestingly, the U.S. Congress House of Representatives Sub-Committee hearing – from October 19, 2003 through November 7, 2003 – happened to be during the same time period when the Sun’s strongest Coronal Mass Ejections ( CME ) or “Solar Flares” were erupting; greater than at any time in 30-years.

Those late 2003 enormous solar flare outbursts consisted of Solar Energetic Particle ( SEP ) energy that triggered intense Solar Energetic Particle Events ( SEPE ) on Earth resulting in Geomagnetic Storms that ‘instantly brought serious disruptions’ to U.S. national infrastructure electricity grids.

Solar Particle Element ( SPE ) releases cause Geomagnetic Induced Currents ( GIC ) – also known as – “Auroral Currents” consisting of high-energy electrons ( ‘invisible’ unless in Earth’s ’upper atmospheric region’ where the ”Aurora Borealis” or “Northern Lights” appear ) made ‘visible’ in Earth’s ‘lower atmospheric region’ bombarded resulting in serious impacts on ’national electricity infrastructure grids‘ becoming instantly overcharged ( overloaded ) by what is referred to as a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), and during latter 2003 such was this U.S. national emergency throughout North Europe where amongst many utility companies SYDKRAFT ( Sweden ) reported:

– Electricity Generation Supply Failure; – Blackouts ( ‘no electricity’ & ‘no communications’ ); and, – Transformer Explosions ( ‘coils’ therein for ‘retaining electricity’ ) damaged by overloads.

NASA issued a Space Flight Early Warning Alert, because:

– Solar Radiation level heightening caused NASA to issue its directive ordering International Space Station ( ISS ) astronauts to ‘enter their onboard solar radiation shelter’ within that Earth orbiting spacecraft.

All passenger airlines worldwide were contacted and issued an ‘unprecedented ( never before ) order’ to take ‘evasive maneuvers’ away from ‘flying within’ or ‘scheduled to fly within’, ‘both’:

Polar routes ( Earth’s ‘upper hemisphere’ and ‘lower hemisphere’ ); and,

Equator routes ( Earth’s ‘lower hemisphere’ ).

– Aircraft destinations in ‘both aforementioned routes’ normally occur in ‘high Earth latitudes’, however these flights were ‘purposely redirected’ to, avoid:

– Solar ‘radiation level exposure’ hazards for all ‘passengers’ and ‘crew members’; – Damage to aircraft from electronic system failure; and, – Communication and navigation failures from satellite damages.

Costs, for airlines, was up to $100,000 dollars for ‘each flight’ re-routed.

– Satellites, plus deep space missions, reported ‘numerous anomalies at all orbit levels’.

Later, NASA GSFC Space Science Mission Operations Team estimated a minimum of 59% of all ‘space science missions’ were impacted by the solar flares of late 2003.

– Casualties ( from solar flares ) in space, costs amongst many, were the:

– ADEOS 2 spacecraft, which cost $640,000,000 million dollars to build plus its onboard $150,000,000 million dollar NASA SeaWinds instrument, all lost by serious impact from these solar flares.

Total damage costs, resultant from the late 2003 impact of this Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), was ‘never publicly reported’.

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Solar flare outbursts, varying in intensity and variety, impact Earth global business operations ( to varying degrees ) ‘vulnerable to serious space weather’ from serious high-level solar flare activity.

Solar Energetic Particle Events ( SEPE ), which ‘affects everyone on Earth’, should mobilize governments because of, how:

– Quickly ( from a ‘few hours’ to ’4-days’ ) ‘space weather’ hits Earth; and,

– Human life can be ‘instantly impacted’ because of ‘society operational heavy reliance’ from ‘Earth based electronics’ to ‘space based communication equipment’.

Since at least 2001, ‘other superpower country governments’ ( e.g. China, Russia, France, Japan, etc. ) have been providing ‘public service early warnings” for ‘serious’ “space weather” in order to ‘preserve the human life of citizens’.

By 2004, tragically the United States of America ( USA ) National Research Council ( NRC ) Committee on Solar and Space Physics ( CSSP ) had only ‘begun to consider’ but ‘had not yet even considered’ any ‘need for ‘human impact assessments’ or ‘economic impact systematicals’ surrounding the subject of serious ‘solar flare’ impacts being an immediate ‘key critical need’ for everyone’s reliance on ‘space weather information news’ to begin reigning supreme over all publicly broadcasted ( television and radio ) news stories; ‘space weather assessments’ have been in ‘existence for decades’ – and at ‘considerable taxpayer costs’ for NASA and NOAA ‘programs’ and ‘projects’.

The United States of America government could easily provide ‘widely broadcasted public service educational announcements’ ( in multiple languages ) on a “Space Weather Channel”, providing:

1. Space Weather Education;

2. Space Weather Preparedness; and,

3. Space Weather Alert Warnings.

To-date ( 26FEB11 ), the U.S. has ‘exhibited absolutely no regard for its citizens’ surrounding ‘space weather’ importance with, ‘no’:

A. Lessons on ‘serious space weather;

B. Planning for ‘serious space weather’; and,

B. Announcements for ‘serious space weather’.

Think-tanks, under government contracts, studied and provided information to government how to order ‘national highway safety bridge improvements’ and thereby raise taxes – and by many other means for a variety of other reasons too.

Alternatively, citizens could receive an ‘immediate extension on surviving life’ upon experiencing a “National Serious Space Weather Event” with a ‘government public service television channel broadcast’ ( 24-hours a day, 7-days a week, 365-days a year ) for ‘all citizens’ ( elders & youth ) dealing more effectively by ‘single-handedly managing their own affairs’ ( as best they can ) during the onslaught of a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), by:

1. Learning.

a. Solar Flare High-Energy Particle Hazards; b. Earth Magnetic Core Trigger Mechanisms; c. Earth Axis Plate Shifts ( Earthquake & Tsunamis ); and, d. Volcanic ( Eruptions & Thermal Atmospheric Lightning Storms ).

2. Understanding.

a. Natural Disasters ( Type Dependent ); and, b. Planning ( Geography, Elevations, Weather ).

3. Planning.

a. Survival Methods ( rudimentary basics – adults & children ).

Learning – kept real simple – is important because, during an actual emergency ‘common sense’ fails to act sometimes because ‘emergencies are not routine matters’ but rarely exercised by most, except well-trained ‘emergency first responders’ whom are unfortunately ‘not trained on what to do during all types of disasters’, and this is why it is so ‘very important for everyone to know what to do’ – ‘when’ during ‘what type of disaster’.

Many do ‘not exercise proper judgment’ during an emergency, and that ‘knowledge failure’ creates ‘life threatening problems’ for ‘them’ and ‘their loved ones’ whom do know either because most ‘do not know how to effectively deal with each type of disaster’ since such are rarely experienced.

There are some basic ‘emergency common sense lessons’ easily learned that quickly become second-nature if ‘at least taught’ using a ‘proper presentation medium’ to reach people’s understandings so they ‘can know precisely what to do’ because disasters are ‘type dependent’ where ‘no disaster preparedness is the same’ but varies according to type.

Fatal Mistakes During Disasters

Citizen’s ‘disaster emergency preparedness’ seriously saves lives but because of a ‘lack of understanding’ there continues to be a significant number of ‘serious mistakes made by ‘many believing they are exercising logical steps at-first to save their life’ – until they die from having made that mistake – because they have ‘not been taught certain ramifications of type-dependent disasters’.

For serious space weather, a prime example of this is a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) occurring during a Winter cold weather where electricity becomes completely shut-off and people bring their ‘barbeque pits indoors’ where they can ‘create wood fires’. The end result is, ‘all occupants of the dwelling die overnight’ because ‘constant wood-fire burning depletes oxygen levels that become overpowered with carbon monoxide levels’.

Somewhat similar are those who retreat to their vehicle – inside a closed garage – where the engine is started to run the heater to stay warm, but a steady stream of ‘vehicle exhaust fumes slowly enter the interior of the car’ – unnoticeably to vehicle occupants who get put to sleep and their death from being slowly asphyxiated.

The U.S. government, for years, has been providing a very expensive ( to taxpayers ) NASA television channel broadcast ( 24-hours a day, 7-days a week, year round ) that continues ‘interrupted’ – whether there is a NASA spacecraft in space or not ( sometimes with a ‘blackened screen only filled with trajectory lines for hours on-end’ ), which ‘does absolutely nothing for the preservation of human life of any taxpaying American citizen’; yet American taxpayers continue paying for this ‘government wasteful spending’ nonsense.

Why No Government Lessons Teach The Public Anything

Global panic, is the only reason ‘why’ most were ‘not warned in-advance’, and as the following ( below ) points-out, there is ‘absolutely no time left for people to wait for their government warning’ because ‘no warning will ever be issued’ – people are going to just live-out their lives until the end comes soon.

No longer a ‘doomsday prediction’, because the following information ( below ) is based on ‘official information compiled’ clearly demonstrating ‘why’ it has now become logical for everyone to ‘self-mandate learning how to self-prepare’ for a ‘serious space weather disaster’ that will soon affect the very ground stood upon today that was ‘secretly predicted for key citizens’ as far back as at least 2004.

The Government Is Always Correct, Right? Wrong!

Had anyone from the public been tasked to closely monitor not only mainstream news media broadcasts as to certain events, but also obtained background studies from ‘official U.S. government data’ supplied by both NASA and NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center providing data from several spacecraft, had college studies in ‘plate tectonics’, plus performed significant comparative analysis with ‘ultra-deep sea arc volcanic explosive phreatic magmatic activity’ the ‘government secret would have been revealed a lot sooner – after ‘ascertaining it all in a final understanding’.

What began on February 8, 2011 with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security elevating its Threat Level to “YELLOW” for a “Significant National Weather Alert” issued by the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA ) based on NASA and NOAA information left only a few to wonder ‘why’ many U.S. government agencies are all climbing into the same information bed at one time. Why are they all so nervous? Might they have somehow forgotten to tell the ‘little people’ ( public ) some ‘new information’ that is now ‘old news’ to only but a few in government?

Recent facts about Earth ‘true north’ has ‘quickly shifted’ dramatically in the ‘opposite direction’ of what ‘government reported as its “earlier prediction” that was recently ‘officially admitted’ as having ‘earlier been incorrect’.

Why has such information been recently released by mainstream news broadcast reports?

Airline pilots noticed their aircraft navigation compass headings required changes to navigate according to airport runway heading indicator signs and neither agree.

The anomaly instantly saw airline pilots and navigators talking amongst themselves worldwide about their ‘compass headings no longer point “True North,” now requiring navigation corrections on aircraft onboard computers and even airport runways as recently reported in February 2011.

Many do not realize that if an airplane or ship ‘navigation is incorrect by only a few degrees’ that entire land masses will be missed and fuel will run-out leaving passengers either stranded or dead from airlines running out-of fuel in mid-air.

Recently, it was discovered that the entire Earth axis has ‘definitely shifted’ and ‘much quicker’ than expected.

What was ‘unexpected’ was, this Earth axis shift was ‘totally in the opposite direction’ of what ‘government standards of measurement’ provided for ‘scientific data accuracy outcomes’.

That was only a few ‘small parts’ of what has gone seriously wrong about a ‘much greater secret’ never leaked to the press.

What recently came next, in February 2011, was yet another secret leaked just last week: The Earth axis not only shifted a total of 4-degrees, but it did-so due ‘East’ but not ‘West’ as the government again predicted.

Unless government ‘did not make any mistakes for what it predicted earlier to the public’ could it have secretly wanted to see people worldwide taken by surprise? If not, then ‘how could the government make so many serious scientific mistakes’?

Pole Shift Reported By Mainstream News Broadcasts

In February 2011, when ‘airports began changing runway compass number headings’ displayed on ‘extremely large portrait-size shaped signs’ standing upright at the end of runways, news of such was leaked to the mainstream press outlets that saw broadcast television news reports announcing a “sudden pole shift” in the Earth.

Science Fiction “Deep Space 9″ Strange ISS Payloads & Movements

Since at least 2004, government secrets surrounding ‘space weather’ ( extremely serious solar flare activity ) is very capable of ‘triggering magnetic mechanisms’ deep within the magnetic core of the Earth – the effects of which extend upward to the surface in something most are unaware of called ‘ultra-deep sea volcanoes that erupt so incredibly explosive ( volcanic explosive phreatic magamatics or phreatomagmatic eruptions ) causing Earth’s crust plate tectonics to begin moving as a result of ‘ultra-deep magmatic and magnetic force increases from increased high-energy particles received and stored in Earth’s core’ – something that ‘geoscientific astrophysicists’ know plenty about.

This is believed the ‘secret reason’ behind ‘why’, since 2004, the following ( below ) has been conducted, and precisely ‘why’ the United States of America ( USA ), Russia ( CIS ), Japan and French government timelines have been ‘secretly speeding’ “unmanned space freighters” ( see NASA news below ) with ‘continual non-stop secret payload amounts’ from Earth up into the International Space Station ( ISS ) that is experiencing ‘significant increases in its fuel payloads’ NASA says is “designed to boost the International Space Station ( ISS ) further into orbit” should it become necessary for the ISS to be moved further away from the Earth.

Questions have recently begun to surface, which see ‘no answers being provided to the public by any government agency service’:

– “Why is the International Space Station ( ISS ) being considered ‘moved further away from Earth’?”

– “Could there be a government secret that brought about a plan to send the International Space Station ( ISS ) ‘farther away from Earth into space’ so the NASA “Robonaut 2” ( also known as ) “R2” ‘may eventually be the only thing performing any physical work aboard’, but that may only be to ‘maintain an earlier recorded Earth event’ that to-date has not yet occurred?”

– “Is the ISS secretly expected to ‘hitch a galactic ride’ due to a ‘gravity well’ created by another interstellar body ( asteroid, comet, planet, or dwarf star ) entering our Solar System planetary plane soon?”

– “Is the ISS being ‘secretly missioned to record data of a cataclysmic Earth Extinction Level Event ( ELE ) so, in the future ‘other space goers will know that we once existed and had progressed as far as we did in technology and outer space use? If so, does a ‘limited few on Earth’ – knowing this – believe such ‘interstellar historical information’ may be valued by others coming upon it later? If so, then what is about to happen on Earth that people are not being told?”

Geoscience and astrophysics data facts, once researched and extrapolated for comparative analysis, points directly to an Earth Extinction Level Event ( ELE ) coming soon, and taking all that data and coupling it with known facts that ‘certain superpower governments’ and building deep underground military-protected bases

Not Science Fiction But Geoscience Astrophysics Reality

Before February 16, 2011 an ‘earlier secret payload’ of ‘extreme long-range optical sensors and data recorders’ was delivered to the International Space Station ( ISS ) to ‘record from space only’ an ‘extremely powerful global seismic shock’ ( earthquake ) that ‘Earth seismic detectors will be unable to fully and accurately record’ overall Earth plate tectonic movement the likes which has never been recorded during the history of man.

On February 17, 2011 the aforementioned monitoring equipment consisting of optical imaging long-range sensing detectors and data recording equipment rendered the International Space Station ( ISS ) a Space-based Planet Monitoring System ( PMS ) focusing on Earth ground events coming, was finally completed by two ( 2 ) Russia cosmonauts positioning the space-based external sensors ( SES ) outside the International Space Station ( ISS ) to record a major Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) impact triggering affects in yet other Earth mechanisms beginning, with:

Earth axis ‘pole shift’ as ‘high-energy particles invisibly penetrate the magnetic core of the Earth’, much of which danger ‘primarily enters en-masse through planet Earth’s ‘now open’ Magnetosphere no longer protecting the entire circumference of the Earth due to a hole in it, followed by explosive volcanic phreatomagmatic eruptions forcing great tectonic movement with resultant ‘major earthquakes’, ‘thermal lightning storms’, and great waterway upheavals of lakes, major rivers and oceanic tsunamis; and event that – for the surface of the Earth – will likely result in what is known as an Extinction Level Event ( ELE ).

Known well in-advance, by only a few, a greater growing number of what are called ‘conspiracy nuts’ and ‘doomsday prophets’ have been surmising for decades that ‘some unknown but catastrophic event or chain of events is going to occur on Earth’.

Now, recent information – contained in this report – could explain the primary reason behind why so many government protected ‘ultra-deep underground facilities’ are being ‘stockpiled with only the purest of natural agricultural produce seeds’ ( recently obtained from a few Native American Indian tribes ), and why ‘ultra-deep subterranean bases have alternative suboceanic tunnel system entry and exit access points as well’.

Deep underground ( subterranean ) ‘bases’ have been photographed and even ‘recently videotaped on a high-quality cellphone camera’ used by a ‘truck driver making secret deliveries’ deep down inside one ( 1 ) facility carved into gigantic cavern warehouse size rooms with blast proof doors and extremely huge tunnel access protected by armed government military soldiers. Hence, the nickname “DUMB” ( ” Deep Underground Military Base ” ).

Deep underground ( subterranean ) ‘tunnels’ have also been recently filmed with still-image cameras providing amazingly crystal clear color photographs showing tunnels ‘carved out-of solid rock’ where huge equipment believed propelled by what are known as “Terron Drives” ‘cut-through and liquefy rock cuts simultaneously providing a seamless seal that is totally impenetrable by anything known to man; including multiple back-to-back ‘bunker buster’ directed nuclear bomb strikes.

On February 24, 2011 NASA Discovery space shuttle left Earth with the first ( 1st ), and probably last for a long while, ‘humanoid robot’ nicknamed “Robonaut” ( also known as ) “R-2″ that will be placed under a ‘top secret assignment’ aboard the International Space Station ( ISS ).

It is believed the purpose of the “Robonaut” ‘secret assignment’ will be to ‘eventually takeover ISS space-based data recording’ of ‘multiple Earth events unfolding’ whereupon from ‘extreme solar flare high-energy particle irradiation exposure’ after the Earth “occurrence” thereupon eventually ‘rendering prohibition of human life ever to be stationed aboard the International Space Station ( ISS )’.

The rapid increases in ISS payload, recent types of payloads brought onboard the ISS, and ISS projected movement is ‘absolutely chilling’.

Official documented reports by government coupled with ‘genuine news facts reported’ from mainstream media television broadcasts, leaves information analysis up to be ascertained by the public.

Here are only ‘a very few’ but ‘key critical officially recorded’ recent ‘facts’ – but ‘not all’ from what is additionally contained within the Concept Activity Research Vault database. ( see below )

– –

Source ( secondary ): MSNBC.Com – Space

[ PHOTO ( above ): The European Space Agency ( ESA ) ATV-2 “Johannes Kepler” docks at the International Space Station ( ISS ) on February 24, 2011 after an 8-day flight. ]

Cargo Ship Gets To Space Station Ahead Of Shuttle Discovery

Source ( primary ): Space.Com

Robotic Spacecraft Delivers 7 Tons Of Supplies For Crew by, Tarik Malik [ Space.Com Managing Editor ]

February 24, 2011 18:10:33 Thursday ( Updated: 2 hours 21 minutes ago )

A huge European cargo ship linked up with the International Space Station Thursday, delivering tons of supplies for the outpost’s crew just ‘hours before’ NASA’s planned launch of the shuttle Discovery [ STS-133 ].

The robotic spacecraft ( the ‘size of a double-decker bus’ ) – docked with the space station ( ISS ) [ on February 24, 2011 ] at 10:59 a.m. EST ( 15:59 GMT ) as the two [ 2 ] vehicles [ ATV-2 & ISS ] soared high over the Atlantic Ocean – known as the Automated Transfer Vehicle 2 ( ATV-2 ) – hefty space freighter is packed with 7 tons [ 14,000 pounds ] of supplies for the station’s [ ISS ] 6 person crew.

“Contact confirmed, capture confirmed,” Russia cosmonauts on the station [ ISS ] radioed mission control [ <?> NASA / ESA <?> ] after the successful docking.

The ATV-2, named the ” Johannes Kepler ” [ http://www.space.com/10884-huge-european-spaceship-launches.html ], is the second [ 2nd ] ‘robotic cargo spacecraft’ built by the European Space Agency [ ESA ] to ferry supplies to the International Space Station [ ISS ]. It launched atop a [ France ] Ariane 5 rocket on February 16, 2011 – beating NASA space shuttle [ Discovery STS 133 ].

The cargo ship [ ATV 2 ] hooked-up with the space station [ ISS ] in less than ’6-hours before’ the Discovery [ STS 133 ] space shuttle planned launch [ http://www.space.com/10937-space-shuttle-discovery-final-launch-preview.html ] toward the orbiting laboratory [ ISS ] – clearing the way for the orbiter’s [ Discovery space shuttle ] flight, NASA officials said.

NASA had already fueled Discovery [ space shuttle ] – for a 4:50 p.m. EST ( 21:50 GMT ) launch from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida – at the time of the docking in space.

The six [ 6 ] astronauts – set to launch on Discovery – were apparently keeping track of the ATV-2 docking even as they geared-up for their own flight [ Discovery ].

“ATV docking complete! ISS just got bigger,” Discovery astronaut Nicole Stott wrote in a Twitter post. “Congrats to ESA and all the station partners around the world!

‘If’ Discovery ‘launches on time’, the shuttle will arrive at the International Space Station [ ISS ] on Saturday [ 26FEB11 ] – and will be the final flight of space shuttle Discovery [ http://www.space.com/10938-space-shuttle-discovery-legacy-numbers.html ] before the orbiter is retired later this year [ 2011 ].

When NASA’s shuttle Discovery docks at the station, spacecraft and robotic arms from all five of the major international space agencies building the $100 billion space station will be at the orbiting laboratory at the same time.

NASA and its Russian Federal Space Agency ( FSA ) partners are discussing the possibility of staging a photo session to capture the space station scene.

That idea, would send station [ ISS ] crew members ‘around the orbiting lab [ ISS external visual inspection photos ]‘ – on a flight in a Russia Soyuz spacecraft, from which they would snap ‘photographs’.

A final decision, on whether to go ahead with the photo opportunity, is expected during Discovery’s mission, NASA officials have said.

Europe’s Space Freighters –

Like their name suggests, Europe’s Automated Transfer Vehicles [ ATV ] [ http://www.space.com/10859-heaviest-atv-orbit.html ] are ‘unmanned spacecraft’ designed to ‘fly themselves to a docking port’ on the aft [ anterior ] end of the space station [ ISS ].

After months parked at the station [ ISS ], they un-dock, and are then ‘intentionally destroyed’ – burned up in Earth’s atmosphere.

ATV spacecraft look like large cylindrical objects – with four [ 4 ] solar arrays – giving them a ‘dragonfly’ like appearance – they are about 35-feet long and 14.7-feet wide.

The first [ 1st ] vehicle of the fleet [ Automated Transfer Vehicles – space freighters ] was the ATV-1 [ known as the ] ” Jules Verne ” – launched to the space station [ ISS ] in March 2008 – concluded its mission in September of that year [ 2008 ].

ESA [ European Space Agency ] officials have said each ATV [ Automated Transfer Vehicle – space freighter ] mission costs about $600,000,000 million, and the ‘entire fleet’ cost about $2,000,000,000 billion just to develop, according to Spaceflight Now.

The cargo, packed inside the ATV-2 Johannes Kepler, includes:

– 3,527 pounds of ‘equipment’ and ‘other dry supplies’; – 2,200 pounds of ‘rocket propellant’ ( for the station [ ISS ] thrusters ); – 220 pounds of ‘oxygen’ ( for the station [ ISS ] crew ); and, – 10,700 pounds of propellant stored aboard the ATV-2 craft itself ( to ‘help the space station [ ISS ] boost orbit’ – from time-to-time ), NASA officials said today 24FEB11.

January 2011 Other Deliveries To ISS –

The ATV-2 Johannes Kepler is expected to spend about 4-months docked at the International Space Station.

The ATV-2, followed the earlier arrival of ‘two’ [ 2 ] ‘other unmanned cargo ships’ [ space freighters ] – sent to the space station [ ISS ] last month [ January 2011 ]:

– H-2 Transfer Vehicle ( Japan ); and,

– Progress 41 ( Russia ).

After the NASA space shuttle fleet retires, this year [ 2011 ], the United States plans to rely, on spacecraft, from:

Russia; Europe; and, Japan.

As the U.S. only means to ‘ferry crews and cargo’ to the International Space Station [ ISS ] – until American built commercial [ private-sector ] space vehicles become available.

After Discovery [ space shuttle ] launches today [ 24FEB11 ], NASA plans to fly two [ 2 ] more shuttle missions [ Endeavor STS-134 ( 14APR11 ) & Atlantis STS-135 ( 28JUN11 ); the latter returning a ‘failed ammonia pump module’ ] – and ‘then retire the fleet’ [ space shuttles ] for good after [ their ] 30-years of service.

SPACE.com Managing Editor, Tariq Malik, on: Twitter@tariqjmalik

Staff writer Denise Chow@denisechow ) is providing mission coverage of Discovery’s final space voyage from Cape Canaveral, Fla.

– Gallery – Building the International Space Station [ http://www.space.com/50-building-international-space-station.html ]; and,

– Video – Europe’s Heaviest Spaceship: ATV Johannes Kepler [ http://www.space.com/10859-heaviest-atv-orbit.html ];

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41761320/ns/technology_and_science-space/?GT1=43001

– –

Source: MSNBC.Com

TV Video Clip

Cosmonauts Install Earthquake Predictor On ISS by, Al Stirrett ( NBC News reporter )

February 24, 2011

On February 16, 2011 two ( 2 ) Russia cosmonauts – aboard the International Space Station ( ISS ) – ‘began installing outside the ISS’, the following:

– ‘Earthquake prediction and seismic forecast’ monitoring via ‘experimental optic video camera sensor’ ( the MSNBC.Com TV broadcast pronounced the monitoring program in ‘Russia language phonetics’ as “Radio Metria,” which in English translates to “radiometry” ); and;

– ‘Terrestrial lightning storms’ monitoring via ‘experimental optical radiation sensors’ ( multiple ).

On February 23, 2011 both installations were completed ‘outside the ISS’, which began providing both ‘long-range optical image data streams’ and ‘long-range scientific sensing measurements.

These data monitorization feeds are being received ‘in’ Moscow, Russia – according to the MSNBC.Com TV video report ( 24FEB11 ).

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/vp/41626743#41626743

Image: http://msnbcmedia1.msn.com/j/MSNBC/Components/Video/110216/a_ast_space_110216.thumb-m.jpg

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41761320/ns/technology_and_science-space/?GT1=43001

– –

Source: MSNBC.COM & Associated Press ( AP )

Space

February 24, 2011 13:58 PM ( PST ) – Updated 42-minutes ago

Space Shuttle Discovery Blasts Off On Its Final Flight by, MSNBC.Com Staff and Associated Press news service reports

Problem with ‘range safety’ [ Discovery space shuttle ] adds ‘last minute drama’ to space station mission

CAPE CANAVERAL, Florida — After a last-minute glitch, the space shuttle Discovery lifted off Thursday on its final voyage, heading for the International Space Station with 6 astronauts and 1 humanoid robot.

The countdown proceeded smoothly, until there were just minutes left before liftoff.

Range safety officers reported that their ‘command system display was not working’, which could have forced a halt to the count.

“Calm down,” shuttle launch director Mike Leinbach told his colleagues.

He asked for some extra time to get the problem fixed — and received the go-ahead.

The countdown had to be held at T-minus-5 minutes, but the range safety system was fixed with just seconds left to make Thursday’s launch window.

It was an extra bit of drama for a mission that was initially scheduled for launch last November [ 2010 ]. At that time, ‘fueling problems’ held up the launch, forcing months of repairs.

No such problems arose this time.

“Enjoy the ride,” mission control told Discovery commander Steven Lindsey as the clock wound down toward zero. “For those watching, get ready to witness the majesty and power of Discovery as she lifts off one last time,” Lindsey replied.

Launch came at 4:53 p.m. ET, 3-minutes later than scheduled.

“The final liftoff of Discovery,” launch commentator Mike Curie said, “a tribute to the dedication, hard work and pride of America’s space shuttle team.”

The shuttle is heading to the International Space Station [ ISS ] with a load of supplies, a new orbital closet, and a humanoid robot.

Docking is set for Saturday [ 26FEB11 ].

World’s Most Traveled Spaceship

Discovery is NASA’s most traveled space shuttle, putting in nearly three decades [ 30-years ] of service.

Now it’s slated to become the first [ 1st ] of NASA’s three [ 3 ] remaining  shuttles to retire.

This is the 39th flight for Discovery, which has logged 143,000,000 million miles ( 230,000,000 million kilometers ) since its first [ 1st ] mission in 1984.

After retirement, the orbiter is expected to go on display at the Smithsonian Institution Udvar-Hazy Center, an annex of the National Air and Space Museum.

NASA estimated that 40,000 guests were on hand for Discovery’s farewell launch, including a small contingent from Congress and Florida’s new governor, Rick Scott.

Watching with special interest, from Mission Control in Houston, was astronaut Timothy Kopra, who was supposed to be the flight’s lead spacewalker. He was hurt in a bicycle crash last month and was replaced by Stephen Bowen, who will become the first [ 1st ] astronaut to fly ‘back-to-back shuttle missions’.

In addition to Lindsey and Bowen, Discovery’s crew includes pilot Eric Boe, spacewalker Benjamin Alvin Drew Jr. and mission specialists Michael Barratt and Nicole Stott. All 6 astronauts are veterans.

Stott and Barratt served long-term stints on the space station in 2009.

Onlookers Flock To Watch Launch

Roads leading to the launch site were jammed with cars parked two and three deep; recreational vehicles snagged prime viewing spots along the Banana River well before dawn. Businesses and governments joined in, their signs offering words of encouragement. “The heavens await Discovery,” a Cocoa Beach church proclaimed. Groceries stocked up on extra red, white and blue cakes with shuttle pictures. Stores ran out of camera batteries.

The launch team also got into the act. A competition was held to craft the departing salutation from Launch Control; Kennedy Space Center’s public affairs office normally comes up with the parting line. Souvenir photos of Discovery were set aside for controllers in the firing room. Many posed for group shots.

Leinbach noted that it would be “tough” to see Discovery soar one last time. “What will be most difficult will be on landing day when we know that that’s the end of her mission completely,” he said.

Discovery will spend 11-days in orbit — on top of the 352-days it’s already spent circling the planet — and will rack up another 4,500,000 million miles ( 7,200,000 million kilometers ).

Its achievements include delivering the Hubble Space Telescope to orbit, carrying the first Russian cosmonaut to launch on a U.S. spaceship, returning Mercury astronaut John Glenn to orbit, and bringing shuttle flights back to life after the Challenger [ space shuttle ] and Columbia [ space shuttle ] accidents.

“She’s been an amazing machine,” Leinbach said Wednesday. “She’s done everything we’ve asked of her.”

Discovery’s crew will deliver and install a closet-like compartment full of space station supplies. The Italy manufactured module was named Leonardo, after the Italian artist / inventor Da Vinci.

Packed inside the compartment is “Robonaut 2″ or R2, set to become the ‘first humanoid robot in space’. The experimental machine — looking human from the waist up — [ < ! > ] ‘will remain boxed until after Discovery departs’[ < ! > ].

Up at the space station [ ISS ], meanwhile, the 6 person crew welcomed a European cargo ship [ yet another “space freighter” ] that was ‘launched last week’ from French Guiana. The robotic [ ‘unmanned’ ] spaceship [ “space freighter” ] docked successfully, ‘just 6-hours before’ Discovery lift-off, keeping the shuttle countdown on-track.

“Busy day in space,” [ ISS ] station commander Scott Kelly noted in a Twitter tweet.

NASA is under a [ U.S. ] Presidential Directive to retire the shuttle fleet this [ 2011 ] summer, letting private companies [ private sector ] take over trips [ in space ] to orbit, and focus on ‘getting astronauts to asteroids and Mars’.

There has been ‘considerable disagreement, among lawmakers and the space community’, on ‘how best to accomplish this’.

“Godspeed Discovery,” retired space shuttle program manager Wayne Hale said in a Twitter update Thursday. “Prayers for a safe flight and wisdom for decision makers.”

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41757735/ns/technology_and_science-space/

– –

The U.S. Geological Survey ( USGS ) provides a relatively recent ( 2004 ) report indicating “strong solar storm activity” ( also known as ) Coronal Mass Ejection Flares ( also known as ) “Solar Wind” from the Sun that brings Geomagnetic Storms to Earth experiences magnetosphere ( ionosphere ) interaction resonance cavity field fluctuations [ Berdichevsky and Dmitriev ( 2002 ) ] of apparent magnetic resistivity has had little ‘long term monitoring’, which was only done ‘passively in the past’ by [ Eisel and Egbert ( 2002 ) ] and [ Zhao and Qian ( 1992 ) ]. This report studies strong geomagnetic storms bringing “strong solar particle radiation” and – with it – strong “magnetic effects” on Earth tectonic plate movement ( earthquake ) reactions.

In this USGS relatively recent report, the only variations anywhere near as large as those reported in the paper of Fraser-Smith et al. ( 1990 ), ‘occurred during times of enhanced solar activity’. It is important to note this because of the fact that now there exists a ‘huge hole’ in the center of Earth’s magnetosphere ( ionosphere ) where there will be ‘absolutely no protection against other consequential reactions’ when Earth is hit by ‘significant solar flare amounts of high-energy ( energetic ) ‘electron’ particles that will enter through it, eventually be absorbed into Earth’s ‘liquid molten magnetic core magma flowing upward into volcanoes’ that erupt explosively outward pushing Earth crust plates up and on-top-of one another.

If a significant solar flare, like the one recently predicted by NASA indicating it is already something “we all need to be concerned about,” strikes Earth in its ‘most vulnerable spot’ ( magnetosphere / ionosphere ), weights of Earth’s crust plates moving up, over and on-top-of other plates will ‘weigh Earth down in highly concentrated new locations’ triggering an Earth “wobble” on its axis that may also see Earth’s magnetic Polar region shift a significant number of degrees even further than it recently has where Earth may then remain for many-many years to come, and ‘this’ could very well result in the aforementioned serious events occurring sooner here on Earth.

Geoscientists and astrophysicists whom have studied events for many years know Earth’s ‘geomagnetic activity’ is ‘typically stable’, however recent studies at astrophysics observatories have been analyzing ‘significant record periods of Earth seismic instability’ during which ’serious solar flare storms’ have been hitting Earth.

Is this what ‘a few governments are secretly preparing for’, the ‘possibility occurring soon’ triggering more events on Earth than just a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE )?

Unfortunately, recent research and analysis indicates, “yes.”

 

Submitted for review and open public commentary by,

 

Kentron Intellect Research Vault ( KIRV )
E-MAIL: KentronIntellectResearchVault@gmail.com
WWW: http://KentronIntellectResearchVault.WordPress.Com

References

http://earthquake.usgs.gov/research/external/reports/05HQGR0077.pdf
http://www.jstor.org/pss/74163
http://lasp.colorado.edu/education/journalists/solar_dynamics_ws/papers/lowres%20Severe%20Space%20Weather%20FINAL.pdf
http://conceptactivityresearchvault.wordpress.com/2011/01/02/solar-energetic-particle-event-effects
http://upintelligence.wordpress.com/2010/12/09/secret-hfse-properties-part-1
http://upintelligence.wordpress.com/2010/12/26/secret-hfse-properties-part-3
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqscanv/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Types_of_volcanic_eruptions

 

Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI )

Global Environmental Intelligence - GEI

Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI )
by, Kentron Intellect Research Vault ( KIRV )

TUCSON, Arizona – March 7, 2012 – Nebraska is part of America’s heartland where less than fifty ( 50 ) people are ‘officially designated’ – by the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( AFWA ) – to analyze the pulsebeat of ‘doom and gloom’ through ‘scientific terms’ calculated within a new ‘strategic center’ using the latest ultra high-tech computer system, software application program modules and networking capabilities for what ‘global government national infrastructures’ expect, based on what the National Aeronautic Space Administration ( NASA ) warned would hit Earth during the current ”Solar Maximum” ( Cycle 24 ) sending a ‘significant’ “Solar Energetic Particle Event” ( SEPE ) to Earth that “we all need to be concerned about.”

What possibly could go wrong?

We’re all protected, aren’t we?

We are ‘not protected against natural events’ that we have ‘no control over’, but governments have been doing their best to monitor activities, which is one ( 1 ) reason ‘why’ the United States Air Force ( USAF ) ‘subordinate organization’ known as its Air Force Weather Agency ( AFWA ) analyzes significant scientific data from horizons above and below the Earth, searching for clues as to what ‘natural significant event’ ( i.e. Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), tectonic plate shift ( continental earthquakes ),  magnetic pole shift ( climate change ), or something else as dramatic will occur.

The sole “Mission” of the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) is tasked as the only U.S. government Agency ‘officially designated to analyze’ incredible amounts of scientific doom and gloom information the public might think came from ‘doomsday prophets’ concerned about Earth calamities going to happen soon.

Space Weather Earth Forecasting

Current official information ( received 24-hours a day and 365-days a year ) by the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) and its host Directorate of Operational Weather Squadrons ( OWS ), group of ‘solar observatories’, ‘satellites’, ‘spacecraft’, ‘interstellar lightwave spectral and radio-frequency ( RF ) imaging sensors’, ‘telescopes’ with a wide array of ‘cameras’ as well as ‘human observers’ are continuing to report enough worrisome information that would scare many of us, but – ‘officially’ – the public will never know ‘what’ is about to befall them or ‘when’ that will occur.

After a considerable amount of research into this subject, the U.S. Air Force was caught ‘publicly admitting’ they are able to “know within minutes” as to ‘what significant Earth Event is coming’ and just ‘when it will arrive’ – anywhere between a few hours up-to days in-advance’, but the public will never be informed. Why?

Doom & Gloom or Fantasy Island?

Undoubtedly, classified ( in the ‘interest of national security’ ), would be the officially given reason to the public. Some might ask, “But, for ‘whose’ “security?” People, for the most part, are ‘not secure’ – especially when facing a pending injurious consequence resulting in ruination of life as they may have come to know their’s – and most gravitate toward wanting to “be with family” ( or “loved ones” ) as any pending cataclysmic Earth Event draws nearer to them all. The U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( AFWA ), however realizes that being occupants of planet Earth is ‘not the same thing as’ “Fantasy Island” or a trip to “McDonaldland” as the rest of the public at-large has come to know ‘their version’ of what planet Earth is for ‘them’ and their children.

Preparedness

What may even be more interesting to the public is to review official U.S. data surrounding what U.S. Air Force commands ‘are already preparing for’, what ‘they already have set in-place’ for ‘everyone living in the Continental United States ( CONUS )’, and ‘how they are going to accomplish’ their secret-sensitive “Mission” on ‘people’ throughout the United States. This is ‘definitely not’ a ‘science fiction movie’ or ‘Orwellian Theory’ within this report, but strictly what the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency and another U.S. Air Force ‘subordinate organization’, the Air and Space Operations ( ASO ), Director of Weather ( USAF Deputy Chief of Staff ) has ‘recently laid-out publicly’, but for the ‘public’ to decipher ‘all of what was so officially presented’ many were lost in the government psychobabble resulting in no impact on the public as to the ‘seriousness’ for what they need to ‘begin preparing for’.

Television Commercial ‘Official Advertisement’ Already Warned Public!

Recently ( 2010 and 2011 ), the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA ) began advertising its own advertising commercial on American television. The FEMA TV ad commercial ’warns the public to prepare’ for an “unexpected Event” that “can suddenly turn your life – and those around you – ‘upside down’.”

FEMA’s TV commercial advertisement ( see video clip – below ) is easily recalled by those who watch / watched it – depicting a ‘family inside a home’ where all of a sudden everything inside the home’ begins floating up in the air; as though ‘gravity was somehow suddeny lost’. This ‘professionally produced television commercial advertisement’ from FEMA ‘stylishly warns people to prepare for any unexpected natural disaster Earth Event, however FEMA did not describe ‘what type of event strike for people to expect’.

The sadest part about this is that the U.S. government actually considers this television commercial advertisement an “official public warning to prepare for a national disaster” while simultaneously the U.S. government hopes the commercial will ‘not’ create ‘panic’ or ‘chaos’ in the streets that would disrupt ‘skyrocketing profits’ received by ‘global elite’ and/or ‘big business’ through their stock market portfolios. In short, this alluding to a national disaster is nothing short of being the ‘Biggest Show On Earth’ continuing profits from basic living expenses saddling the ‘little people’, ‘worthless eaters’, and ‘consumers of “blue gold” ( water ) the global elite predict will rise – more-so than precious metals – after such an Earth Disaster Event ( EDE ).

Survival By Chance or Circumstance

One of the most worrisome concerns, after reviewing this report ( filled with official U.S. government information’ ), is: ‘What’, ‘when’ and ‘how’ U.S. government ‘decision-makers’ react to their ‘official alert’. Many will undoubtedly and instantly gather with ‘their families’, however ‘what about the rest of us’ gathering with ‘our families? We will not be provided the same ‘early alert’ to even know – until after it ( significant Earth Event ) already takes place! Is this ‘fair’? Is this ‘just’? Is this ‘humane’? Or, is this pure and unadulterated ‘elitist selfishness’ that government affords for only a ‘select few’ lucky souls fortunate enough to be provided with sufficient warning in-advance and additionally told were to go and what to do in order to escape the wrath of such a cataclysmic Earth Event? Few people realize that those ‘decision-makers’ have already been instructed in-advance as to ‘what’ they need to do and ‘when’ they need to do it.

AFWA Notifies 350 Military Installations About Earth Disaster Event

Even more frightening is, ‘what’ the U.S. military has ‘already been commanded’ as to ‘how to accomplish’ their “Mission” based on a highly-classified U.S. Presidential Executive Order ( EO ) turning the U.S. population over to U.S. military control. The U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( AFWA ) was also ‘officially designated’ as the “Agency” ‘controlling internet ( cyberspace ) shutdown’, according to the report ( below ) and further researching the capabilities of its ‘subordinate organization’ ( un-named ) “Strategic Center.”

Current Reporting Revelations

This report contains ‘no old news’ but ‘new official U.S. government revelations’, which cause the public to re-think where they are and what is coming. The only information this report does ‘not’ provide publicly are the ‘names’, ‘addresses, ‘phone numbers’, and ‘photographs’ of those ‘key individuals’ whom are ‘already designated’ as those ‘ready’, ‘willing’ and ‘able’ to ‘perform as ordered on-command’ – even if that command is ‘unable to be given’ after a cataclysmic Earth Event!

Reviewers Need To Know

There are only two ( 2 ) ‘official U.S. government reports’ provided ( below ) in this report, which contains internet links to more ‘official information’ on this subject.

Knowing the public at-large, and hot it predominantly enjoys ‘entertaining flowery written articles’ – they never bother to  ‘research’ anything further about’ – this report was purposely kept ‘short and sweet’ ( no flowers – no frills ). It includes an ‘official government article’ that was converted into a ‘very simple outline’, and that is followed-up with yet another ‘official government article’ left as-is. Hopefully, some may consume this report far-easier than others at this website so its point on this subject may be even-better publicly received.

The first ( 1st ) report ( included immediately below ) was ‘thoroughly analyzed’ in its ‘original format’, and then – based on ‘even more detailed official information’ discovered – was ‘re-formatted into an even-more proper perspective’, and – for the sake of making this report far-more easily comprehendible for public review – it was finally ‘converted into a simple outline format’ but only because of the fashion by-which government complicated the original public information release’; saying everything but not saying it very well for the public to easily understand.

The second ( 2nd ) report ( further below ) was left in its ‘original format’ because anyone reviewing it can quickly understand the nature of the ‘true problems’ surrounding what we all are going to be facing soon enough.

You be the judge, as to ‘what’ you will do, to ‘prepare’ for the ‘officially expected’ Earth Event. Enjoy the report ( below ) and be sure to click on the embedded links to learn more about ‘what effects’ are ‘coming’ and ‘what’ the U.S. Department of Homeland Security ( DHS ) is preparing for.

Tell a friend about what you review ( below ) and your reply may be, “You can’t trust what you read on the internet.” If anyone does ‘not trust’ this report ( below ) – or anything else on this website – they should click on the ‘official government website links’ ( provided at the bottom of this report, and other links found herein ) – if they are equipped with an ‘attention-span’ ( longer than a bug ) or ‘not easily distracted’ by something as simple as a ‘horn honk’ – then they can ‘research it all’ for themselves and try to prove this information and you are incorrect.

Many will be amazed at how much these official government revelations will help them to prepare for more than ‘entertainment’.

– – – –

Source: United States Air Force ( USAF ) Weather Agency ( AFWA )

Air Force Weather Agency ( AFWA ) 106 Peacekeeper Drive, Suite 2 Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska 68113-4039 USA TEL: +1 (402) 232-8166 ( Public Affairs ) TEL: DSN TEL: 272-8166 ( DSN )

HISTORY –

United States Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) – aka – Air Force Weather Agency ( AFWA ) claims heritage extrapolated back to World War I, when the U.S. Army ( USA ) ‘subordinate organization’ Signal Corps ( ASC ) ‘subordinate organization’ “Meteorological Service” ( SCMC ) provided ‘weather support’ for U.S. Army defense aircraft pilots.

Amidst the legacy of the U.S. Secretary of War, ( known ‘today’ as ) U.S. Department of Defense ( DoD ), it – having realized its ‘subordinate organization’ U.S. Army had ‘increasing military personnel numbers’ due to an ‘increasing defense stockpile inventory’ of U.S. Army ‘militarized aircraft’ – created a ‘then-new subordinate organization’ known as the U.S. Army ( USA ) Air Corps ( AAC ) that became well-known as the U.S. Army Air Corps ( USAAC ).

On July 1, 1937 the U.S. Secretary of War ‘reorganized’ the U.S. Army ‘subordinate organization’ Signal Corps ( ASC ) ‘subordinate organization’ Metereological Service ( MS ) ‘out-of’ the Signal Corps ( SC ) and ‘in-to’ the U.S. Army ( USA ) ‘subordinate organization’ Air Corps ( ASC ) as its ‘then-new subordinate organization’ Meteorological Service ( ACMS ).

On April 14, 1943 the U.S. Army Air Corps ( USAAC ) ‘subordinate organization’ Meteorological Service ( MS ) was ‘renamed’ “Weather Wing” ( WW ) and ‘physically moved’ to an Asheville, North Carolina location – where ‘today’ the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) has its 14th Operational Weather Squadron ( OWS ) located.

In 1945, the U.S. Army Air Corps ( USAAC ) Weather Wing ( ACWW ) was ‘renamed’ the U.S. Army Air Corps “Weather Service” ( ACWS ).

In early 1946, the U.S. Army Air Corps Weather Service ( ACWS ) was ‘physically moved’ from Asheville, North Carolina to the U.S. Army Air Corps Langley Field Station – where ‘today’ Langley Air Force Base ( LAFB ) is located.

On March 13, 1946 the U.S. Army Air Corps Weather Service ( ACWS ) was ‘reorganized’ under the U.S. Army Air Corps ( USAAC ) ‘new subordinate organization’ Air Transport Command ( ATC ) where its ‘then-new subordinate organization’ “Weather Service” ( ACWS ) was ‘renamed’ “Air Weather Service” ( AWS ).

Later-on, in 1946, the U.S. Army Air Corps ( USAAC ) Air Transport Command ( ATC ) Air Weather Service ( AWS ) was ‘physically moved’ to Gravelly Point, Virginia.

In 1947, the U.S. Army Air Corps ( USAAC ) was ‘renamed’ United States Air Force ( USAF ) whereupon the “Air Weather Service” ( AWS ) became ‘directly under it’ and assumed ‘sole responsibility’ over ‘all global weather reporting’ and ‘all global weather forecasting’ for ‘both’ the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Army.

In 1948, the USAF ‘newly activated’ Military Air Transport Service ( MATS ) – ( known ‘today’ as ) Military Airlift Command ( MAC ) – then-received its ‘newly-transferred subordinate organization’ Air Weather Service ( AWS ) that was ‘removed from being directly under’ USAF ‘headquarters’. USAF Military Air Transport Service ( MATS ) ‘subordinate organization’ Air Weather Service ( AWS ) was then ‘physically moved’ to Andrews Air Force Base ( AAFB ) in Maryland.

In 1958, the USAF Military Airlift Command ( MAC ) ‘subordinate organization’ Air Weather Service ( AWS ) was then ‘physically moved’ to Scott Air Force Base ( SAFB ) in Illinois where – for almost 40-years – it remained.

In 1991, the USAF Military Airlift Command ( MAC ) ‘subordinate organization’ Air Weather Service ( AWS ) was ‘redesignated’ as a “field operating agency” and then ‘reorganized’ directly back under USAF ‘headquarters’.

On October 15, 1997 the USAF Air Weather Service ( AWS ) was ‘redesignated’ as the “Air Force Weather Agency” ( AFWA ) and ‘physically moved’ to Offutt Air Force Base ( OAFB ) in Nebraska where it remains ‘today’ – at least for the moment.

– –

United States Air Force ( USAF )

USAF Weather Agency ( USAFWA )

BUDGET –

$183,000,000 million U.S. dollars ( annually ) includes $98,000,000 million dollars for ‘Operations’ and ‘Maintenance’.

ESTABLISHED –

October 15, 1997.

LOCATION –

Offutt Air Force Base ( OAFB ) in Nebraska ( USA ).

REPORTING –

USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ), Director of Weather ( DOW ), Deputy Chief of Staff ( DCS ).

MISSION –

Enable U.S. decision makers’ exploitation of all ‘resources’ based-on ‘relevant’ Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI ) for a ‘global spectrum of military warfare’ by ‘maximizing U.S. power, over:

– Land; – Air; – Space; and, – Internet ( cyberspace ).

PERSONNEL –

1,400 + manned, by:

– Military ( active-duty and reserve ); – Contractors ( government contracts ); and, – Civilians.

ORGANIZATION –

– ? ( # ) Agencies ( staff ); – Two ( 2 ) Weather Groups ( WXG – Coordinators ); – Fourteen + ( 14 + ) Weather Squadrons ( OWS – Directorates ); – Five ( 5 ) Observatories ( solar ); and, – One ( 1 ) Strategic Operation Systems Center ( Unknown – ‘subordinate organization’ ).

– –

USAFWA

Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI )

DATA –

Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI ) data is ‘collected’ from a variety of ‘information monitoring sources’ ( Earth based and space based locations ) providing a variety of ‘data feed streams’ of information from a computer operated system network out-of a ‘Strategic Center’ processing indications detecting almost any ‘significant natural negative impact’ that ‘could occur’ on ‘people’ and ‘national infractures’ throughout ‘global geographic regions’ and in ‘outerspace’.

SOURCES –

GEI data is provided by, many sources, amongst-which, its ( subordinate ) Strategic Center that processes data through its Computer Operation Systems Network that receives ‘channeled data streams’ from ‘encoded data telemetry’ sent from ‘ground-base sourced’ and ‘space-based sourced’ detection monitors comprised, of:

– Ground Sensors ( infra-red, spectral and sonic );; – Submerged Sensors ( infra-red, spectral and sonic );; – Space-based Sensors ( lightwave, spectral and sonic ); – Long-Range Telescopes ( radio-frequency wave, optical lightwave and sonic ); – Imaging Cameras ( lightwave, spectral and sonic ); and, – Human Observers ( various means ).

SPECIAL NOTE:

USAF ASO A6 –

The U.S. Air Force ( USAF ) Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) Communications Directorate ( ” A6 ” ) ‘provides’ the ‘policy oversight’ and ‘planning  oversight’ of Command, Control, and Communication Intelligence ( C3I ) for the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ).

USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) Communications Directorate ( A6 ) also ‘provides support’ over ‘daily operations’, ‘contingency actions’, and ‘general’ Command, Control, Communication and Computer Intelligence ( C4I ) for the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ).

– –

USAFWA

Weather Groups ( WXD ) –

Weather Groups ( WXD ) are specifically designated to, coordinate:

– Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI ) – Operational Weather Squadrons ( OWS ).

– –

USAFWA

Operational Weather SquadronS ( OWS ) –

STATIONS –

A ‘minimum’ of fourteen ( 14 ) Operational Weather Squadrons ( OWS ) are on-station ( active ) 24 hours per day 7 days per week 365 weeks per year to mitigate ( handle ) Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI ) issues.

Operational Weather Squadrons ( OWS ) – also known as – Weather Squadrons ( WS ) are ‘designated’, to:

– ‘Process’ Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI ) data; and, – ‘Provisionally Distribute’ Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI ) data.

Operational Weather Squadron Global Environmental Intelligence ( OWS GEI )

– –

2nd Weather Group ( WXD )

2ND WXD

OVERSIGHT –

– 2nd ( Strategic Computing Network Center ) Systems Operations Squadron ( SOS ) – Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska; – 2nd Operational Weather Squadron ( OWS ) – Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska; and, – 14th Operational Weather Squadron ( OWS ) – Asheville, North Carolina.

2ND WXD Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI )

DISTRIBUTION –

– U.S. Agency ‘decision-makers’; – U.S. Department of Defense ( DoD ) ‘decision-makers’; – U.S. Allied Foreign Nation ‘decision-makers’; and, – U.S. Joint Operations ‘Warfighters’.

SPECIAL NOTE:

USAF ASO A3 and USAF ASO A5 –

USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) Plans and Requirements Directorate ( PRD ) – also known as – ( ” A3 ” and ” A5 ” ) ‘develops’ and ‘maintains’ the ‘concepts of operations’ for how U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) – also known as – Air Force Weather ( AFW ) supports “most weather sensitive” areas of ‘joint capabilities’.

REPORTS –

– Timely; – Relevant; and, – Specialized.

SOURCES –

Solar Observatories ( Detachments – Det. ), four ( 4 ):

Det. 1 ( 2ND WXG SO Detachment 1 – Learmonth, Australia ); Det. 2 ( 2ND WXG SO Detachment 2 – Sagamore Hill, Massachusetts ); Det. 4 ( 2ND WXG SO Detachment 3 – Holloman Air Force Base – New Mexico ); and, Det. 5 ( 2ND WXG SO Detachment 4 – Palehua, Hawaii ).

SPECIAL NOTE:

USAF ASO A3 and USAF ASO A5 –

USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) Plans and Requirements Directorate ( PRD ) – also known as – ( ” A3 ” and ” A5 ” ) ‘works in conjunction with’ MAJCOM ‘functional counterpart users’ of products, data and services supplied from U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) – also known as – Air Force Weather ( AFW ).

USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) Plans and Requirements Directorate ( PRD ) – also known as – ( ” A3 ” and ” A5 ” ) is ‘one ( 1 ) agent’ of the ‘lead Command’ for ‘gathering operational requirements’.

USAGES –

– Planning – Military Operation Missions ( global spectrum ); and, – Executing – Military Operation Missions ( global spectrum ).

SPECIAL NOTE:

USAF ASO A3 and USAF ASO A5 –

USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) Plans and Requirements Directorate ( PRD ) – also known as – ( ” A3 ” and ” A5 ” ) ‘coordinates’ U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) – also known as – Air Force Weather ( AFW ) policy issues.

TASKS –

Four ( 4 ) Operational Weather Squadrons ( OWS ) ‘specifically conduct’ Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI ):

– Warnings ( 24-hours / 7-days a week / 365-weeks a year ); – Military Mission Briefings ( 24-hours / 7-days a week / 365-weeks a year ) – Forecasts ( 24-hours / 7-days a week / 365-weeks a year ); and, – Analysis ( 24-hours / 7-days a week / 365-weeks a year ).

PROCESSING –

Strategic Center ( cost: $277,000,000 million dollars ) ‘subordinate organization’, provides:

– Computer System Complex; – Computer System Network Productions; – Computer System Applications; – Computer System Operations; – Computer System Sustainment; and, – Computer System Maintenance.

Air Force Weather Enterprise ( AFWE ) is a ‘computer system’ of the U.S. Department of Defense  (DoD ). AFWE computer system access is ‘restricted’ to members of the United States military ( Active Duty, National Guard, or Reserve Forces), U.S. Government, or U.S. government contractors that do business with the U.S. government and require ‘weather information’.

SPECIAL NOTE(S):

USAF ASO A8 –

The U.S. Air Force ( USAF ) Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) Strategic Plans and Programs Directorate ( ” A8 ” ) ‘directs’ the ‘planning’, ‘programming’, ‘budgeting’, ‘development’, ‘acquisition’, ‘engineering’, ‘configuration management’, ‘modification’, ‘installation’, ‘integration’, ‘logistics’ and ‘life cycle maintenance support’ over ‘all’ of the ‘computer processing equipment’ and over ‘all’ of the ‘standard weather systems’.

– –

USAFWA

1st Weather Group ( 1ST WXG ) Directorate

1ST WXG

Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI )

GEI DISTRIBUTION –

The USAF Air Force Weather Agency ( AFWA ) 1st Weather Group ( 1ST WXG ) Directorate uses ‘four’ ( 4 ) Operational Weather Squadrons ( OWS ) ready 24-hours a day 7-days a week 365-days a year to provide its Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI ) notification distributions to U.S. ‘military forces’ ( see military branches below ) at 350 ‘specific installations’ located in ‘five’ ( 5 ) Continental United States ( CONUS ) Regions.

OWS GEI NOTIFICATION REGIONS –

SOUTHEASTERN ( CONUS )

9th Operational Weather Squadron ( OWS ) Shaw Air Force Base South Carolina

9TH OWS – Notifies:

– U.S. Air Force; – U.S. Air Force Reserve; – U.S. Air Force National Guard; – U.S. Army; – U.S. Army Reserve; and, – U.S. Army National Guard.

NORTHERN ( CONUS ) AND, NORTHEASTERN ( CONUS )

15th Operational Weather Squadron ( OWS ) Scott Air Force Base Illinois

15TH OWS – Notifies ( Both Regions ):

– U.S. Air Force; – U.S. Air Force Reserve; – U.S. Air Force National Guard; – U.S. Army; – U.S. Army Reserve; and, – U.S. Army National Guard.

WESTERN ( CONUS )

25th Operational Weather Squadron ( OWS ) Davis-Monthan Air Force Base Tucson, Arizona

25TH OWS – Notifies:

– U.S. Air Force; – U.S. Air Force Reserve; – U.S. Air Force National Guard; – U.S. Army; – U.S. Army Reserve; and, – U.S. Army National Guard.

SOUTHERN ( CONUS )

26th Operational Weather Squadron ( OWS ) Barksdale Air Force Base Louisiana

26TH OWS – Notifies:

– U.S. Air Force; – U.S. Air Force Reserve; – U.S. Air Force National Guard; – U.S. Army; – U.S. Army Reserve; and, – U.S. Army National Guard.

SPECIAL NOTE:

USAF ASO A3 and USAF ASO A5 –

USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) Plans and Requirements Directorate ( PRD ) – also known as – ( ” A3 ” and ” A5 ” ) ‘works with’ USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) staff to integrate U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) – also known as – Air Force Weather ( AFW ) Continental Operations ( CONOPS ) with U.S. Air Force ‘plans’ and ‘Programs’.

USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) Plans and Requirements Directorate ( PRD ) – also known as – ( ” A3 ” and ” A5 ” ) ‘assists’ in the ‘exploitation of weather information’ for ‘warfighting operations’.

– –

The aforementioned four ( 4 ) Operational Weather Squadrons ( OWS ) additionally, provide:

– USAF Weather Agency officer ‘upgrade’ training; and, – Apprentice forecaster ‘initial’ qualification.

– –

USAFWA Manpower & Personnel Directorate ( A1 ) ‘provides’ the global spectrum, of:

– Manpower; – Organization; – Personnel; and, – Training.

SPECIAL NOTE:

USAF ASO A3 and USAF ASO A5 –

USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) Plans and Requirements Directorate ( PRD ) – also known as – ( ” A3 ” and ” A5 ” ) ‘oversees’ and ‘executes’ U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) – also known as – Air Force Weather ( AFW ) Standardization and Evaluation Program for ‘Weather Operations’.

U.S. Air Force ( USAF ) Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) Plans and Requirements Directorate ( PRD ) – also known as – ( ” A3 ” and ” A5 ” ) ‘assists’ the USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) staff with managing U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) – also known as – Air Force Weather ( AFW ) the ‘process’ of ‘career field-training’ by ‘obtaining training’ and ‘implementing training’ to meet ‘career field-training requirements’.

– –

USAF

Air Force Combat Weather Center ( USAFCWC – aka – AFCWC )

USAF Combat Weather Center ( Hurlburt Field, Florida ) ‘develops’, ‘evaluates’, ‘exploits’ and ‘implements’ a variety of ‘new tactics’, ‘new techniques’, ‘new procedures’ and ‘new technologies’ across U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) – also known as – Air Force Weather ( AFW ) ‘enhancing effectiveness’ for U.S.  military force branches, of the:

U.S. Special Forces; U.S. Joint Operations; U.S. Combined Operations; U.S. Air Force; and, U.S. Army.

– – – –

Source: Global Security

Space

AFNS

Space Weather Team Readies For Upcoming Solar Max by, Ryan Hansen ( 55th Wing Public Affairs )

February 25, 2011

NEBRASKA, Offutt Air Force Base – February 25, 2011 – Solar Maximum may sound like the name of a super hero, but it’s certainly no comic book or 3-D movie. Solar Maximum is actually the name for the Sun’s most active period in the solar cycle, consistently producing solar emissions, solar flares and sun spots.

For a little background on the sun’s activities, the star goes through roughly 11-year cycles of where it is very active and also relatively calm. The Sun’s last Solar Maximum occurred in 2000 and it is expected to awaken from its current solar minimum and get more active this year.

According to the members of the 2nd Weather Squadron ( WS ), an active sun can cause all sorts of problems for us. “Solar weather plays a huge part in the warfighter’s mission,” said Staff Sgt. Matthew Money, a forecaster with the space weather flight. “Impacts from solar weather can cause radio blackouts, satellite communication failure, satellite orbit changes, satellite surface charging, or short circuits, and radar clutter.”

That is why the squadron’s worldwide space weather team of roughly 50 active-duty members, civilians and contractors continually analyze, forecast and provide alert notifications for the entire U.S. Department of Defense ( DoD ), as well as a slew of other government agencies.

“When ‘space weather’ causes impacts to earth that meet or exceed warning thresholds our end users are informed within minutes,” said Staff Sgt. Jonathan Lash, space weather flight forecaster. We send out warning bulletins through a computerized distribution system, [ and ] we have other graphical products that show what happened in the past 6-hours around the globe as well as what we expect to happen in the upcoming 6-hours,” he said.

Members of the 2nd Weather Squadron [ OWS ] rely on five ( 5 ) ground-based Solar Observatories, as well as a network of satellites orbiting the earth, to accomplish their mission.

“There aren’t too many opportunities to be the Air Force’s sole provider of something,” said Lt. Colonel Jim Jones, 2nd Weather Squadron [ OWS ] Commander. “In this case, the mission is unique to the entire DoD.”

Solar Observatories are ‘strategically placed’ around the globe in such places, as:

– Australia; – Hawaii; – Italy; – Massachusetts; and, – New Mexico.

They include both optical telescopes and radio telescopes and ensure the Weather Squadron always has one eye, or ear, on the sun.

“The optical telescope network monitors solar surface features,” said Master Sgt. Shane McIntire, the space weather flight chief. “It automatically tracks the sun and directs light to the instruments, which collect data and are controlled by computers. It scans specific regions at a rate of at least twice per minute.”

Through filtered lenses space weather analysts are able to perform flare patrol and view sunspots to determine the magnetic complexity of the region.

“The telescope has special filters that isolate a single optical wavelength,” said Master Sgt. Shane Siebert, who leads the Detachment 4 solar observatory for the 2nd Weather Squadron at Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico. This wavelength ( 6563 angstroms ) is called ‘hydrogen alpha’ ( H-Alpha ) where the majority of solar activity occurs,” he said, “Analysts monitor this wavelength from sunrise to sunset, and are looking for specific signatures that may lead to solar flares and other adverse activity.”

But not all of the sun’s activities can be captured using optical telescopes.

Some events have a unique radio-frequency signature that can also be measured.

Using a mixture of technology from the 1970s to the present day, radio observatories are able to monitor frequencies in the 25 MhZ to 180 megahertz range, as well as eight ( 8 ) other discrete frequencies. Their digitized output is collected by a computer and then processed and analyzed for solar activity.

“We actually are able to detect the specific strength at a given radio frequency,” said Major Bradley Harbaugh, who commands the Detachment 5 solar observatory for the 2nd Weather Squadron [ OWS ] at Palehua, Hawaii. What we detect are energetic solar emissions in [ specific ] frequency bands or ranges. When detected, we [ are able to describe ] the start time, duration, intensity and type of solar emission. This helps describe the potential impacts by identifying the characteristics of what may impact earth,” he said.

Identifying these solar emissions is crucial to warfighter communication abilities.

“If there is solar energy that increases on your frequency, you can try to talk into your radio, but the noise from the sun will be stronger than your transmission, therefore drowning-out what you are saying,” Major Harbaugh said, “As an operator, you can increase your radio power to try and ‘out-broadcast’ the sun but you are also now broadcasting over a much larger area, making your transmission more susceptible to enemy detection. Therefore, the Sun’s impact must be a consideration when planning a mission.”

The Weather Squadron network of satellites includes those owned and operated by the U.S. Department of Defense ( DoD ), National Aeronautic and Space Administration ( NASA ) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) that include a combination of systems that are dedicated solely to space weather as well as a few utilizing space weather sensors.

“We gather a significant amount of data from satellites,” Sergeant McIntire said. “Imagery from [ satellites ] can augment the ground-based network, providing real-time monitoring of solar features at wavelengths that can’t be seen from the ground.”

Data from all of these sources combined, are continually pushed to the space weather operations center at the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) here.

With this information in hand, the Weather Squadron can produce the most reliable space weather forecast possible, however even with all of this data, producing a space weather forecast is still much more difficult than creating one for terrestrial weather.

“Space weather is a terribly difficult science and it takes a lot of training and experience,” Colonel Jones said.

“Space weather forecasting is very reactive,” Sergeant Money said. “The ‘knowledge and tools are not quite up to par in order to do accurate forecasting’ like we do here on Earth.”

It is also important to note that today the world is much more reliant on space-based assets than they were during the last Solar Maximum, officials said. With cellphones, portable navigation devices and satellite television receivers, all part of our daily lives, a huge solar weather event could wreak havoc on quite a few different platforms.

“The impact of a solar storm in 2000 was probably not as great, due to the lower density of space technology, and the limited number of consumers utilizing the data,” Major Harbaugh said, “However, the ripple from a ‘major solar event now will more likely be felt across a much broader consumer base’ [ the public ] since there are many more assets and many more users of space data.”

However, with improved technology and an increased knowledge of the sun’s activities, the Weather Squadron ( WS ) is more prepared than ever for the upcoming Solar Maximum, Colonel Jones said. “Since the last solar maximum, we’ve upgraded most of our numerical models in terms of both their basic science and the data they ingest,” he said. “That’s a direct result of the advances in sensors and the technology that enables rapid data transfer. We can react faster and see farther than ever before.”

“We already have members within the unit developing forecast techniques based on signatures we see on the sensors,” Sergeant Money said.

So it’s a safe bet, that ‘the next 2-years’ will be ‘hectic’ for the 2nd Weather Squadron [ OWS ].

Their mission, to provide ‘situational awareness to key decision-makers’ will certainly keep ‘them’ busy.

“In the last 30-days alone ( February 2011 ), we’ve had [ more than 30 ] reportable [ solar ] energy events,” Major Harbaugh said. “The workload has ‘already increased’ and ‘will continue to do so’ for probably ‘the next 1-year’ or ’2-years’.”

“About 1-year ago, it was not uncommon for an analyst to only have one ( 1 ) very small Solar Region of the Sun to monitor,” Sergeant Siebert said. “Today, it is normal for analysts to keep fairly busy monitoring 4 Solar Regions to 6 Solar Regions. Studies, of the last Solar Maximum, show that typically 1-day included twenty-two ( 22 ) active Solar Regions – almost 4 times our current workload,” he added.

Regardless, Weather Squadron [ OWS ] ‘space weather’ analysts, forecasters and technicians globally are ready for the upcoming solar fury [ see, e.g. Solar Energetic Particle Event ], Colonel Jones said.

– – – –

The U.S. Air Force obviously needs ‘far-more’:

– More personnel for U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( USAFWA ) Weather Group ( WXD ) Operational Weather Squadrons ( OWS ) effortings;

– Independent ’governing board’ or ‘blue ribbon watchdog committee’ overseeing an ’independent monitoring agency’ placing the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( AFWA ) and its USAF Air and Space Operations ( ASO ) under an independent ‘microscope’; and,

– Public Transparency notifications, would also be nice, but then…

– – – –

Source: MSNBC.COM

Huge Solar Flare’s Magnetic Storm May Disrupt Satellites, Power Grids

March 7, 2012 13:19 p.m. Eastern Standard Time ( EST )

A massive solar flare that erupted from the Sun late Tuesday ( March 6, 2012 ) is unleashing one of the most powerful solar storms in more than 5-years, ‘a solar tempest that may potentially interfere with satellites in orbit and power grids when it reaches Earth’.

“Space weather has gotten very interesting over the last 24 hours,” Joseph Kunches, a space weather scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ), told reporters today ( March 7, 2012 ). “This was quite the Super Tuesday — you bet.”

Several NASA spacecraft caught videos of the solar flare as it hurled a wave of solar plasma and charged particles, called a Coronal mass Ejection ( CME ), into space. The CME is not expected to hit Earth directly, but the cloud of charged particles could deliver a glancing blow to the planet.

Early predictions estimate that the Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) will reach Earth tomorrow ( March 8, 2012 ) at 07:00 a.m. Eastern Standard Time ( EST ), with the ‘effects likely lasting for 24-hours and possibly lingering into Friday ( March 9, 2012 )’, Kunches said.

The solar eruptions occurred late Tuesday night ( March 6, 2012 ) when the sun let loose two ( 2 ) huge X-Class solar flares that ‘ranked among the strongest type’ of sun storms. The biggest of those 2 flares registered as an X Class Category 5.4 solar flare geomagnetic storm on the space weather scale, making it ‘the strongest sun eruption so far this year’.

Typically, Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) contain 10,000,000,000 billion tons of solar plasma and material, and the CME triggered by last night’s ( March 6, 2012 ) X-Class Category 5.4 solar flare is ‘the one’ that could disrupt satellite operations, Kunches said.

“When the shock arrives, the expectation is for heightened geomagnetic storm activity and the potential for heightened solar radiation,” Kunches said.

This heightened geomagnetic activity and increase in solar radiation could impact satellites in space and ‘power grids on the ground’.

Some high-precision GPS ( Global Positioning Satellite ) users could also be affected, he said.

“There is the potential for ‘induced currents in power grids’,” Kunches said. “‘Power grid operators have all been alerted’. It could start to ’cause some unwanted induced currents’.”

Airplanes that fly over the polar caps could also experience communications issues during this time, and some commercial airliners have already taken precautionary actions, Kunches said.

Powerful solar storms can also be hazardous to astronauts in space, and NOAA is working close with NASA’s Johnson Space Center to determine if the six ( 6 ) spacecraft residents of the International Space Station ( ISS ) need to take shelter in more protected areas of the orbiting laboratory, he added.

The flurry of recent space weather events could also supercharge aurora displays ( also known as the Northern Lights and Southern Lights ) for sky-watchers at high latitudes.

“Auroras are probably the treat that we get when the sun erupts,” Kunches said.

Over the next couple days, Kunches estimates that brightened auroras could potentially be seen as far south as the southern Great Lakes region, provided the skies are clear.

Yesterday’s ( March 6, 2012 ) solar flares erupted from the giant active sunspot AR1429, which spewed an earlier X Class Category 1.1 solar flare on Sunday ( March 4, 2012 ). The CME from that one ( 1 ) outburst mostly missed Earth, passing Earth by last night ( March 6, 2012 ) at around 11 p.m. EST, according to the Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ), which is jointly managed by NOAA and the National Weather Service ( NWS ).

This means that the planet ( Earth ) is ‘already experiencing heightened geomagnetic and radiation effects in-advance’ of the next oncoming ( March 8, 2012 thru March 9, 2012 ) Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ).

“We’ve got ‘a whole series of things going off’, and ‘they take different times to arrive’, so they’re ‘all piling on top of each other’,” Harlan Spence, an astrophysicist at the University of New Hampshire, told SPACE.com. “It ‘complicates the forecasting and predicting’ because ‘there are always inherent uncertainties with any single event’ but now ‘with multiple events piling on top of one another’, that ‘uncertainty grows’.”

Scientists are closely monitoring the situation, particularly because ‘the AR1429 sunspot region remains potent’. “We think ‘there will be more coming’,” Kunches said. “The ‘potential for more activity’ still looms.”

As the Sun rotates, ‘the AR1429 region is shifting closer to the central meridian of the solar disk where flares and associated Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) may ‘pack more a punch’ because ‘they are more directly pointed at Earth’.

“The Sun is waking up at a time in the month when ‘Earth is coming into harms way’,” Spence said. “Think of these ‘CMEs somewhat like a bullet that is shot from the sun in more or less a straight line’. ‘When the sunspot is right in the middle of the sun’, something ‘launched from there is more or less directed right at Earth’. It’s kind of like how getting sideswiped by a car is different than ‘a head-on collision’. Even still, being ‘sideswiped by a big CME can be quite dramatic’.” Spence estimates that ‘sunspot region AR 1429 will rotate past the central meridian in about 1-week’.

The sun’s activity ebbs and flows on an 11-year cycle. The sun is in the midst of Solar Maximum Cycle 24, and activity is expected to ramp up toward the height of the Solar Maximum in 2013.

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/46655901/

– – – –

Cordially submitted for review and commentary by,

 

Kentron Intellect Research Vault ( KIRV )
E-MAIL: KentronIntellectResearchVault@Gmail.Com
WWW: http://KentronIntellectResearchVault.WordPress.Com

/

/

Research References

http://www.af.mil/information/factsheets/factsheet_print.asp?fsID=157&page=1
https://login.afwa.af.mil/register/
https://login.afwa.af.mil/amserver/UI/Login?goto=https%3A%2F%2Fweather.afwa.af.mil%3A443%2FHOST_HOME%2FDNXM%2FWRF%2Findex.html
http://conceptactivityresearchvault.wordpress.com/2011/01/02/solar-energetic-particle-event-effects
http://www.globalsecurity.org/space/library/news/2011/space-110225-afns01.htm
http://www.wrf-model.org/plots/wrfrealtime.php

 

Secret HFSE Properties Part 1

[ PHOTO ( above ): HFSE Super-Conducting Electro-Magnetic Pyroclastic Magma – Iceland volcano eruption ( click image to enlarge ) ]

Secret HFSE Properties – Part 1
Emerging Superconducting Magnetic Element Properties
by, Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV )

December 1, 2011 16:08: 42 (PST ) Updated ( Originally Published: December 9, 2010 )

CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles – December 1, 2011 – In 1961, BELL LABORATORIES ( USA ) physicist Eugene Kunzler and co-workers discovered that niobium–tin continued exhibition of superconductivity while in the presence of strong electric currents and magnetic fields, which made niobium-tin the first [ 1st ] material used to support High Field Strength ( HFS ) electrical currents and magnetic field strengths necessary for use in high-power electro-magnets and electrical power machines.

20-years later, the aforementioned discovery allowed production of niobium doped metallic wire wrapped into multi-strand form cables wound into coils creating powerful electro-magnetic force applications seen in particle accelerators, particle detectors, and rotating machines.

High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) Niobium ( Nb ) holds far greater use from such properties than most professionals and the public realize so, before advancing any further on this subject, a basic foundation of understanding on such materials, elements and their valuable properties must be realized about this ‘extremely old Earth energy resource’, ‘how to harvest it ( from its original molten state )’, ‘how to capture and contain its volatile properties’, and then ‘transform it into applications’ for transportation – ‘yet unrealized factual knowledge’ on this extremely low-cost extremely powerful high-energy resource.

Niobium ( Nb ) –

[ photo ( above ): Niobium ( .9995 fine) crystals ( click to enlarge ) ]

Titanmagnetite (aka) Titanomagnetite mineral, under Fluorescent X-Ray Spectrography ( XRS ), holds detected high measurements [ from 350 ppm ( parts per million ) up to 1,000 ppm ] of the geochemical High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) Niobium [ Nb ].

‘Where’ does such a ‘mineral’ ( titanmagnetite ) ‘element’ ( niobium ) originate? Volcanic magma.

‘Where’ are specific locations holding volcanic magma Niobium element properties that possess even ’higher field strength’ magnetics – ‘at least’ six ( 6 ) times greater? The Mariana Trench or other ultra-deep sea continental plate arc locations where volcanoes exist either ‘quite active’ or ‘somewhat dormant’.

Readers may begin to awaken from any slumber when they realize that ultra-deep sea ground trench ( arc ) volcano magma, naturally located nearer to the planet Earth molten liquid superconducting magnetic High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) ’core’, sees element properties of Niobium absorbing far purer forms of High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) magnetic properties while within its ‘natural molten liquid state’. Interestingly, nowhere else ‘above ultra-deep sea Earth elevations’ obtain more natural energy power.

How can such a volatile molten resource be ‘excavated’ while simultaneously being isolated from any exposure to contaminations from ‘seawater’, ‘oxygen’ or other environmentals to harness high-energy properties?

The molten material would  additionally have to be placed into a likewise uncontaminated ‘ultra-clean chamber’, whereupon after transport, ’high-energy properties extraction’ must undergo a ‘seamless application process’ for utilization.

What type of use? More basic fundamentals must be initially understood so, let’s begin by taking a look at what’s bubbling out of ultra-deep sea volcano vents and instantly becoming contaminated by seawater ( below ):

[ photo ( above ): Ultra-Deep Sea Trench Arc Volcanic Magma Vent ( click to enlarge ) ]

Preliminary report Part 1 ( herein ) displays a photograph of an above-ground volcano eruption in Iceland experiencing plenty of superconducting High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) property fireworks, however far too little information is ever realized by the public about what ultra-deep sea trench arc volcano magmatic material element properties hold ‘naturally’ as primary key elements to a variety of other advancements.

Volcanic magma, in later stage differentiation, sees Niobium [ Nb ] and Titanium [ Ti ] ratios ‘increase’ five [ 5 ] to six [ 6 ] times above normal ( dry magma melts ).

To comprehend this, along with the importance of harnessing natural Earth high-energy magnetic properties, a basic understanding must be reached from what science, physics and astrophysics indications always seem to avoid for the public.

The purpose of this preliminary report Part 1 is to bring rare knowledge into better public understanding while stimulating solution-minded professionals wishing more done.

Have scientists, physicists, and astrophysicists ‘missed some major solution’ in their discoveries? Are portions of certain discoveries ‘kept quite’ considering serious repercussions? While highly doubtful that any small discovery having a major impact missed any application outlook, ramifications nevertheless are considered by professionals on whether a socio-economic impact will allowed to be proven helpful or otherwise.

Good advice may be to buckle your seatbelt because you are about to venture into some information few have ever known about. Whether most of those reading this may be able to absorb this information ( below ) now, or later, it is suspected that after much easier reading comes in Part 2 through Part 5, most will probably refer back to Part 1 ( herein ).

– – – –

Preliminary Report ( Part 1 of 5 )

Introduction –

High Field Strength Elements ( HFSE )

Niobium

Niobium enrichment, is possible, using two ( 2 ) natural rock-forming minerals:

– Titanmagnetite [ 350 ppm – 1000 ppm Nb ( Niobium ) ]; and, – Kaersutite [ 38 ppm – 50 ppm Nb ( Niobium ) ].

General Information:

Rock-forming Minerals: Titanmagnetite ( element symbols: Ttn/Mag ), and Kaersutite ( Krs ). Elements [ symbols ]: Titanite ( Ttn ), Magnetite ( Mag ) Geochemical Element [ symbols ]: Niobium ( Nb )

Studies & Resolutions –

Subject: Natural High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) Materials

Titanmagnetite [ Ttn/Mag ] is a natural super-magnetic mineral, that later experiences a geochemical alteration reducing its magnetic High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) Niobium ( Nb ) properties, as it exits ultra-deep sea arc volcanic magma influenced by hydrothermal fluid seawater ( see “Findings” below ). In its natural magma state where Titanmagnetite ( Ti/Mag ) holds its 6 [ X ] times greater High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) Niobium ( Nb ) than above-ground.

Niobium ( Nb ) High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) properties can be enhanced even greater by adding only one ( 1 ) mineral, Kaersutite ( Krs ).

For applications, extracting this natural combinatoric high-energy power may not easily be obtained.

Extraction Processes: Capturing Natural High Field Strength Elements ( HFSE )

Obtaining these properties may be resolved, however while natural initial ingress of high-temperature ( Tave 713° C to Tave 722° C ) fluid occurences at liquid melts [ magma ] have seen amphibole-plagioclase thermometry suggests ‘fracture and grain’ boundary ‘permeability’ – with seawater derived fluids – ‘open’ over similar temperature interval, however venturing into ultra-deep sea trench arcs and then burroughing into natural state volcanic magma dome vents capturing natural essence of titanmagnetite, and then containing it for processing HFSE properties further may be difficult so, is there an alternative to this type of extraction?

Above-ground experiment observations see major trace geochemical element fractionation trends in bulk rocks and minerals reproduced by Rayleigh fractional crystallization from dry [ magma ] melts ( < 0.5 wt. % H2O ) with oxygen fugacities of one [ 1 ] unit below the Quartz [ Qtz ] – Fayalite [ Fa ] – Magnetite [ Mag ] buffer ( QFM – 1 ).

[ photo ( above ): NASA Astrophysics Data System ( ADS ) ]

Preliminary Findings ( A – F  – below ) –

– – – –

A.

[ NOTE: Titanmagnetite mineral geochemical element Niobium … ]

Source: NASA Astrophysics Data System ( NADS ) [ Harvard University, access: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-abs_connect ]

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 29, Issue 8, pp.807-820

DOI: 10.1016/0016-7037(65)90081-5

Bibliographic Code: 1965GeCoA..29..807H

Die verteilung des niobs in den gesteinen und mineralen der alkalibasalt-assoziation der hocheifel by, Hans Gerhard Huckenholz

Publication Date: August 1965

Abstract –

Niobium [ Nb ] contents are determined by the method of fluorescent X-ray spectrography [ FXRS ] for several rock types from the Tertiary Hocheifel volcanic province ( Western Germany ).

Alkalic olivine basalt, contains:

65 ppm Niobium [ Nb ] ( 7 samples );  69 ppm hawaiite ( 4 samples );  86 ppm mugearite ( 3 samples );  95 ppm trachyte ( 5 samples ); 77 ppm basanitoid ( 6 samples );  65 ppm ankaramite ( 2 samples ); 110 ppm hauyne-bearing alkali basalt ( 2 samples ); and,  86 ppm a monchiquite dike.

Niobium enrichment, is observed in the alkalic olivine basalt trachyte [ magma ] series where, in later stage differentiation, Nb [ Niobium ] / Ti ratio increases five [ 5 ] to six [ 6 ] times.

Alkalic olivine basalt magma, however becomes poorer [ less rich ] in niobium [ Nb ] by accumulation of:

– olivine [ 10 ppm Nb ( niobium ) ]; and, – clinopyroxene [ 20 ppm Nb ( niobium ) ].

Enrichment of niobium [ Nb ] is possible by taking-up titanmagnetite ( 350 ppm – 1000 ppm Nb [ Niobium ] ) and kaersutite ( 38 ppm – 50 ppm Nb [ niobium ] ) without olivine and clinopyroxene ( ankaramite HF 5, and the basanitoids ).

The most Nb [ Niobium ] bearing rock-forming mineral is titanmagnetite, containing 65%  to 85% niobium ( in volcanic rock ), however ground-mass clinopyroxene has contents of Niobium [ Nb ] up to 45 ppm, and feldspars have contents of Nb [ Niobium ] up to 67 ppm.

Reference

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1965GeCoA..29..807H

– – – –

B.

[ NOTE: ICP-MS analysis on trace geochemical element ( Niobium, etc. ) enrichment ( 5X greater than normal ) … ]

Source: NASA Astrophysics Data System ( NADS ) [ Harvard University, access: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-abs_connect ]

Publication Date: December 2008

Title: Trace Element Geochemistry including the HFSE in Magnetites of Calc-Alkaline Plutons: the Tanzawa Complex of the Izu – Bonin – Mariana Arc and the Ladakh Batholith Complex, NW Himalaya

Authors: Basu, A. R.; Ghatak, A.; Arima, M.; Srimal, N.

Affiliation:

AA ( University of Rochester, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 227 Hutchison Hall, Rochester, NY 14627, United States; abasu@earth.rochester.edu ); AB ( University of Rochester, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 227 Hutchison Hall, Rochester, NY 14627, United States; arun@earth.rochester.edu ); AC ( Yokohama National University, Division of Natural and Environmental Information, 79-1 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama, 240-8501, Japan; arima@ed.ynu.ac.jp ); AD ( Florida International University, Department of Earth Sciences PC 344, University Park 11200 SW 8th Street, Miami, Fl 33199, United States; srimal@fiu.edu ).

Publication: American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2008, abstract #V33C-2228

Origin: AGU

AGU Keywords: 1020 Composition of the continental crust, 1031 Subduction zone processes ( 3060, 3613, 8170, 8413 ), 1036 Magma chamber processes ( 3618 ), 1042 Mineral and crystal chemistry ( 3620 ), 1065 Major and trace element geochemistry

Bibliographic Code: 2008AGUFM.V33C2228B

Abstract

In this study we attempt to contribute to the understanding of a prominent feature, namely the Nb [ Niobium ] – Ta [ Tantalum ] depletion, in arc magmatic trace element geochemistry.

Traditionally, this depletion is explained by residual mantle-wedge phases with Nb [ Niobium ] and Ta [ Tantalum ] affinities, such as titaniferous ilmenite [ Ilm ], rutile [ Rt ] or titanite [ Ttn ], or by an amphibole.

Here, we propose a mechanism – long advocated – to explain the calc-alkaline trend ( Bowen vs. Fenner ) in MgO – FeO ( total Fe ) – ( Na2O + K2O ) ternary diagram by early crystallization and separation of magnetite in ‘subduction zone magmas’ associated with ‘high oxygen’ fugacity ‘environments’.

In support of our hypothesis, we provide high-precision multiple trace element data, including the High Field Strength Elements ( HFSE ), in separated magnetites and mafic mineral phases from mafic ‘magmatic enclaves’ associated with ‘tonalite suites’ of two [ 2 ] different ‘magmatic arcs’, the:

– Tanzawa Complex of the Izu-Tanzawa Collision Zone in Japan; and, – Ladakh Batholith Complex of NW Himalayas.

The Tanzawa Complex is composed of diverse rock suites with SiO2 varying from 43% – 75%, ranging from hornblende gabbro through tonalite to leuco-tonalite. The geochemical characteristics of low K – tholeiites, enrichment of Large Ion Lithophile Elements ( LILE ), and depletion of HFSE [ High Field Strength Elements ] in rocks of this plutonic complex are similar to those observed in the volcanic rocks of the IBM arc.

The Ladakh batholith Complex is one of the granitic belts exposed north of the Indus-Tsangpo suture zone in Ladakh, representing calc-alkaline plutonism related to the subduction of the Neotethys floor in Late Cretaceous. This batholith comprises predominantly I-type granites with whole rock delta delta 18O values of 5.7-7.4 per mil, without major contribution from continental crustal material.

In separated magnetites, from five [ 5 ] gabbros of the Tanzawa tonalite-gabbro complex and from three [ 3 ] tonalitic gabbros of the Ladakh batholith, we analyzed 22 trace elements by ICP-MS, including:

Nb [ Niobium ]; Ta [ Tantalum ]; Hf [ Hafnium ]; and, Zr [ Zirconium ].

In NMORB [ N Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalt ] normalized plots, the trace element patterns of all the magnetites analyzed show enrichment ( 5X NMORB ), in:

Nb [ Niobium ]; Ta [ Tantalum ]; Pb [ Lead ]; Sr [ Strontium ]; and, ( 2X NMORB ), in: Zr [ Zirconium ] with characteristically high Nb [ Niobium ], Ta [ Tantalum ] and Zr[ Zirconium ] / Hf [ Hafnium ] ratios.

In contrast, the patterns show anomalously low ( less than 0.1 NMORB ), in:

La [ Lanthanum ]; Ce [ Cesium ]; Pr [ Praseodymium ]; Nd [ Neodymium ]; Sm [ Samarium ]; and, Hf [ Hafnium ] concentrations.

It is noteworthy that in the normalized trace element plot, all the magnetites show ‘high’ Nb [ Niobium ] / Ta ratios, and in contrast with high Ta / Nb [ Niobium ] ratios were observed in typical arc [ volcanic ] magmas.

These data support our hypothesis, that:

Magmatic crystallization, of Fe [ Iron ] – Ti [ Titanium ] oxides ( under high oxygen fugacity conditions ) during ‘initial crystallization and formation’ ( of the Izu-Bonin and Ladakh-type arc batholiths ) may be the primary cause of depletion of HFSE [ High Field Strength Elements ] in later magmatic differentiates of less mafic and more felsic granitic arc rocks.

Query Results from the ADS Database

Retrieved 1 abstracts, starting with number 1.

Total number selected: 1.

@ARTICLE{2008AGUFM.V33C2228B,

author = {{ Basu }, A.~R. and {Ghatak}, A. and { Arima }, M. and { Srimal }, N. }

title = “{ Trace Element Geochemistry including the HFSE in Magnetites of Calc-Alkaline Plutons: the Tanzawa Complex of the Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc and the Ladakh Batholith Complex, NW Himalaya }”

journal = {AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts},

keywords = {1020 Composition of the continental crust, 1031 Subduction zone processes (3060, 3613, 8170, 8413), 1036 Magma chamber processes (3618), 1042 Mineral and crystal chemistry (3620), 1065 Major and trace element geochemistry},

year = 2008, month = dec, pages = { C2228+ }

ADS url = http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008AGUFM.V33C2228B ADS note = Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System

Reference

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008AGUFM.V33C2228B

– – – –

C.

[ NOTE: multi-domain topographic elevation studies on magnetite [ Mag ] and hydrothermal fluid affection … ]

Publication Date: December 2007

Title: Spatial Distribution of Magnetic Susceptibility in the Mt. Barcroft Granodiorite, White Mountains, California: Implications for Arc Magmatic Processes

Authors: Michelsen, K. J.; Ferre, E. C.; Law, R. D.; Boyd, J. D.; Ernst, G. W.; de Saint-Blanquat, M.

Affiliation:

AA ( Virginia Tech, Department of Geosciences, Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States ; kmichels@vt.edu ); AB ( Southern Illinois University, Department of Geology, Carbondale, IL 62901, United States ; eferre@geo.siu.edu );’ AC ( Virginia Tech, Department of Geosciences, Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States ; rdlaw@vt.edu ); AD ( Southern Illinois University, Department of Geology, Carbondale, IL 62901, United States ; jdboyd77@yahoo.com ); AE ( Stanford University, Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford, CA 94305, United States ; ernst@geo.stanford.edu ); AF ( Universite Paul Sabatier, LMTG, Toulouse, 31400, France ; michel@lmtg.obs-mip.fr ).

Publication: American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2007, abstract #T11B-0567   Origin: AGU

AGU Keywords: 1020 Composition of the continental crust, 3640 Igneous petrology, 3660 Metamorphic petrology, 8104 Continental margins: convergent, 8170 Subduction zone processes ( 1031, 3060, 3613, 8413 )

Bibliographic Code: 2007AGUFM.T11B0567M

Abstract

The petrographic or chemical zonation of plutons, has been widely studied and used to constrain petrogenetic processes and emplacement mechanisms.

The time involved in modal data collection, as well as the cost of chemical analyses, makes the search for pluton-scale zoning patterns the exception rather than the norm in ‘magmatic arc studies’, however magnetic susceptibility ( Km ) of plutonic rocks – both magnetite bearing and magnetite free – can be an invaluable tool to quickly assess the internal organization of any pluton.

New field observations, new magnetic mineral data, and reprocessed Km data on the Barcroft granodiorite pluton ( White Mountains, California ) are presented.

The average Km of 660 specimens from 76 stations ranges from 140 x 10-6 [ SI ] to 75000 x 10-6 [ SI ] with an average at about 16800 x 10-6 [ SI ].

The distribution of Km is unimodal.

The hysteresis parameters of the Barcroft rocks indicate that Km is controlled mainly by multi-domain magnetite.

The contribution of mafic silicates ( biotite and hornblende ) to Km ranges from 0.4 to 99%, with an average at about 1.8%.

As in many other ferromagnetic ( i.e. magnetite – bearing ) plutons, Km variations reflect different amounts of magnetite which itself results from petrographic variations.

This is supported by the positive correlation between major oxide variations ( e.g., SiO2, FeO ) and Km.

A new Km map of the Barcroft pluton shows several important features including, a:

(a) Low Km zone in the SW corner of the pluton, near areas that exhibit economic mineralization possibly related to hydrothermal fluids;

(b) Few isolated anomalies that may be attributed to transformation of normal magnetite into lodestone;

(c) North south high Km ridge that could possibly result from local mingling between the main granodiorite rock type and syn-plutonic mafic dikes;

(d) Broad reverse Km zonation ( i.e. higher Km in the centre ); and,

(e) Possible ‘positive correlation between Km’ and ‘topographic elevation ( between 5,000 and 13,000 feet )’, which could be explained by a higher fO2 at a higher structural level in the chamber.

These preliminary results suggest that, the:

(1) Syn-plutonic diking may play a significant role in the geochemical differentiation of granodiorite plutons;

(2) Classic dichotomy between ilmenite [ Ilm ] series and magnetite [ Mag ] series of granitoids might at least – to some extent – depend on the ‘exposure level’ if such intrusions are confirmed to be vertically differentiated; and,

(3) Mapping Km in a ferromagnetic pluton can be an efficient tool to constrain its internal organization.

Reference

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007AGUFM.T11B0567M

– – – –

D.

[ NOTE: geochemistry and petrology of deep oceanic crust geothermal high-temperature ( Tave 713° C to Tave 722° C ) fluids … ]

Source: NASA Astrophysics Data System ( NADS ) [ Harvard University, access: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-abs_connect ]

Publication Date: November 2002

Title: Petrology and geochemistry of the lower ocean crust formed at the East Pacific Rise and exposed at Hess Deep: A synthesis and new results

Authors: Coogan, L. A.; Gillis, K. M.; MacLeod, C. J.; Thompson, G. M.; Hékinian, R.

Publication: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Volume 3, Issue 11, pp. 1, CiteID 8604, DOI 10.1029/2001GC000230 (GGG Homepage)

Origin: AGU [ http://www.agu.org ]

AGU Keywords: Marine Geology and Geophysics: Midocean ridge processes, Mineralogy, Petrology, and Mineral Physics: Igneous petrology, Mineralogy, Petrology, and Mineral Physics: Metamorphic petrology, Mineralogy, Petrology, and Mineral Physics: Minor and trace element composition.

Bibliographic Code: 2002GGG….3kQ…1C

Abstract

The geochemistry and petrology of the lower oceanic crust record information about the compositions of melts extracted from the mantle, how these melts mix and crystallize, and the role of hydrothermal circulation in this portion of the crust.

Unfortunately, lower oceanic crust formed at fast spreading ridges is rarely exposed at the seafloor making it difficult to study these processes.

At Hess Deep, crust formed at the East Pacific Rise ( EPR ) is exposed due to the propagation of the Cocos-Nazca spreading center westward.

Here we review our state of knowledge of the petrology of lower crustal material from Hess Deep, and document new mineral major and trace element compositions, amphibole-plagioclase thermometry, and plagioclase crystal size distributions.

Samples from the deeper parts of the gabbroic sequence contain clinopyroxene that is close to being in trace element equilibrium with erupted basalts but which can contain primitive ( moderate Cr, high Mg# ) orthopyroxene and very calcic plagioclase.

Because primitive Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts ( MORB / MORBs ) are not saturated with orthopyroxene or very calcic plagioclase this suggests that melts added to the crust have variable compositions and that some may be in major but not trace element equilibrium with shallow depleted mantle.

These apparently conflicting data, are most readily explained if some of the melt – extracted from the mantle – is fully aggregated within the mantle but reacts with the shallow mantle during melt extraction.

The occurrence of cumulates, with these characteristics, suggests that ‘melts added to the crust’ do not all get mixed with normal MORB [ Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts ] in the Axial Magma Chamber ( AMC ), but rather that ‘some melts partially crystallize’ in isolation within the lower crust.

However, evidence that primitive melts fed the AMC [ Axial Magma Chamber ], along with steep fabrics in shallow gabbros ( from near the base of the dyke complex ), provides support for models in which crystallization within the AMC followed by crystal subsidence is also an important process in lower crustal accretion.

More evolved bulk compositions of gabbros ( from the upper than lower parts of the plutonic section ), are due to greater amounts of ‘reaction with interstitial melt’ and not because their parental melt had become highly fractionated through the formation of large volumes of cumulates deeper in the crust.

Amphibole-plagioclase thermometry confirms, previous reports, that the initial ingress of fluid occurs at high-temperatures in the shallow gabbros ( Tave 713° C ) and show that the temperature of amphibole formation was similar in deeper gabbros ( Tave 722°C ).

This thermometry also suggests that fracture and grain boundary permeability for seawater derived fluids was open over the same temperature interval.

Reference

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002GGG….3kQ…1C

– – – –

E.

[ NOTE: analysis of new major data and trace element data from minerals … ]

Source: NASA Astrophysics Data System ( NADS ) [ Harvard University, access: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-abs_connect ]

Publication Date: December 2010

Title: The `Daly Gap’ and implications for magma differentiation in composite shield volcanoes: A case study from Akaroa Volcano, New Zealand

Authors: Hartung, E.; Kennedy, B.; Deering, C. D.; Trent, A.; Gane, J.; Turnbull, R. E.; Brown, S.

Affiliation:

AA ( Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; eha63@uclive.ac.nz ); AB ( Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; ben.kennedy@canterbury.ac.nz );

AC ( Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; cdeering@u.washington.edu );

AD ( Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; ajt121@pg.canterbury.ac.nz ); AE ( Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; jtg29@uclive.ac.nz ); AF ( Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; ret26@student.canterbury.ac.nz ); AG ( Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; stephen.brown@canterbury.ac.nz ).

Publication: American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2010, abstract #V52B-02

Origin: AGU

Keywords: [ 3610 ] MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY / Geochemical modeling, [ 3618 ] MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY / Magma chamber processes, [ 3620 ] MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY / Mineral and crystal chemistry, [ 3640 ] MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY / Igneous petrology

Bibliographic Code: 2010AGUFM.V52B..02H

Abstract

The origin of compositional gaps in volcanic deposits that are found worldwide, and in a range of different tectonic settings, has challenged petrologists since Daly’s first observations at mid-ocean ridges.

In the shield-forming Akaroa Volcano ( 9.6 – 8.6 Ma ) of Banks Peninsula ( New Zealand ), a dramatic compositional gap exists in both eruptive and co-genetic intrusive products between basalt and trachyte, and between gabbro and syenite respectively.

Rock compositions display mildly alkaline affinities ranging from picritic basalt, olivine alkali basalt, and hawaiite, to trachyte.

Intermediate mugearite and benmoreite ( 50 – 60 wt. % SiO2 ) are not exposed or absent.

Equivalent plutonic diorite, monzodiorite, and monzonite ( 45 – 65 wt. % SiO2 ) are also absent.

Previously, the formation of the more evolved trachyte and syenite has been ascribed to ‘crustal melting’, however our analysis of new major data and trace element data from bulk-rocks and minerals – of this hy-normative intraplate alkalic suite – provide evidence based on crystal fractionation and punctuated melt extraction for an alternative model.

In bulk rocks observed major and trace element fractionation trends can be reproduced by Rayleigh fractional crystallization from dry melts ( < 0.5 wt. % H2O ) at oxygen fugacities of one [ 1 ] unit below the Quartz [ Qtz ] – Fayalite [ Fa ] – Magnetite [ Mag ] buffer ( QFM – 1 ).

The results of our MELTS models are in agreement with experimental studies, and indicate a fractionation generated compositional gap where trachytic liquid ( 62 – 64 wt. % SiO2 ) has been extracted after the melt has reached a crystallinity of 65% – 70 %.

The fractionated assemblage, of:

– clinopyroxene [ depletes High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) Neobium ( Nb ) ]; – olivine [ depletes High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) Neobium ( Nb ) ]; – plagioclase; – magnetite; and, – apatite.

All [ of the aforementioned ] are left in a mafic cumulate residue ( 44 – 46 wt. % SiO2 ).

Calculated values of specific trace and minor elements ( Sr [ Strontium ], Cr [ Chromium ], P [ Phosphorus ] ) from a theoretical cumulate are consistent with measured concentrations from cumulate xenoliths. ‘ Compositional trends from individual mineral analysis are also supportive of fractional crystallization, but illustrate a disrupted ‘liquid line of decent for each mineral phase.

Olivine [ depletes High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) Neobium ( Nb ) ] compositions progressively decrease in Mg [ Magnesium ] concentration ( Fo83-42 ) in basaltic [ magma ] melts and shows high Fe [ Iron ] concentration in trachytic melts ( Fo5-10 ).

Clinopyroxene [ depletes High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) Neobium ( Nb ) ] analyses also displays higher Fe [ Iron ] / Mg [ Magnesium ] ratios in more evolved rocks.

Ternary feldspar [ depletes High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) Neobium ( Nb ) ] compositions shift from plagioclase ( An84-56 ) in basalt to alkali feldspar ( Or8-65Ab53-33An39-2 ) [ depletes High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) Neobium ( Nb ) ] in trachyte, but also lack the intermediate compositions.

On the other hand, analysis of mafic cumulate xenoliths reflect more evolved mineral compositions – towards the rim than volcanic equivalents – and complete observed fractionation trends.

In summary, our results indicate that these compositional gaps formed from punctuated melt extraction within an optimal crystal fraction window ( 60% – 70 % crystallinity ).

Reference

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010AGUFM.V52B..02H

– – – –

F.

Source: NASA Astrophysics Data System ( NADS ) [ Harvard University, access: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-abs_connect ]

Publication Date: October 1996

Title: The Aurora volcanic field, California-Nevada: oxygen fugacity constraints on the development of andesitic magma

Authors: Lange, R. A.; Carmichael, Ian S. E.

Affiliation:

AA ( Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA ); AB ( Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA ).

Publication: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Volume 125, Issue 2/3, pp. 167-185 (1996). (CoMP Homepage)   Origin: SPRINGER

DOI: 10.1007/s004100050214

Bibliographic Code: 1996CoMP..125..167L

Abstract

The Aurora volcanic field, located along the northeastern margin of Mono Lake in the Western Great Basin, has erupted a diverse suite of high-K and shoshonitic lava types, with 48 to 76 wt. % SiO2, over the last 3,600,000 million years.

There is no correlation between the age and composition of the lavas.

Three-quarters of the volcanic field consists of evolved ( < 4 wt. % MgO ) basaltic andesite and andesite lava cones and flows, the majority of which contain sparse, euhedral phenocrysts that are normally zoned; there is no evidence of mixed, hybrid magmas.

The average eruption rate over this time period was ˜200 m3/km2/year, which is typical of continental arcs and an order of magnitude lower than that for the slow-spreading Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

All of the Aurora lavas display a trace-element signature common to subduction-related magmas, as exemplified by Ba [ Barium ] / Nb [ Niobium ] ratios between 52 and 151.

Pre-eruptive water contents ranged from 1.5 wt. % in plagioclase – rich two-pyroxene andesites to ˜6 wt. % in a single hornblende lamprophyre and several biotite-hornblende andesites.

Calculated oxygen fugacities fall within 0.4 and + 2.4 log units of the Ni-NiO [ Nickel and Nickel-Oxygen ] buffer.

The Aurora potassic suite, follows a classic calc-alkaline trend in a plot of FeOT / MgO vs. SiO2 and displays linear decreasing trends in FeOT and TiO2 with SiO2 content, suggesting a prominent role for Fe [ Iron ] – Ti [ Titanium ] oxides during differentiation.

However, development of the calc-alkaline trend – through fractional crystallization of titanomagnetite – would have caused the residual liquid to become so depleted in ferric iron that its oxygen fugacity would have fallen several log units below that of the Ni [ Nickel ] – NiO [ Nickel – Oxygen ] buffer.

Nor can fractionation of hornblende be invoked, since it has the same effect – as titanomagnetite – in depleting the residual liquid in ferric iron, together with a thermal stability limit that is lower than the eruption temperatures of several andesites ( ˜1040 1080°C ; derived from two-pyroxene thermometry ).

Unless some progressive oxidation process occurs, fractionation of titanomagnetite – or hornblende – cannot explain a calc-alkaline trend in which all erupted lavas have oxygen fugacites ≥ the Ni-NiO [ Nickel – Nickel-Oxygen ] buffer.

In contrast to fractional crystallization, closed system equilibrium crystallization will produce residual liquids with an oxygen fugacity that is similar to that of the initial melt.

However, the eruption of nearly aphryic lavas argues against tapping from a magma chamber during equilibrium crystallization, a process that requires crystals to remain in contact with the liquid.

A preferred model involves the accumulation of basaltic magmas at the mantle crust interface, which solidify and are later remelted during repeated intrusion of basalt.

As an end – member case, closed – system equilibrium crystallization of a basalt, followed by equilibrium partial melting of the gabbro will produce a calc-alkaline evolved liquid ( namely, high SiO2 [ Silicon-Oxygen / Oxide ] and low FeOT / MgO ) with a relative f O 2 ( corrected for the effect of changing temperature ) that is similar to that of the initial basalt.

Differentiation of the Aurora magmas by repeated partial melting of previous underplates in the lower crust, rather than by crystal fractionation in large stable magma chambers, is consistent with the low eruption rate at the Aurora volcanic field.

Reference

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996CoMP..125..167L

– – – –

While the aforementioned information material concludes the introductory portion of Part 1 in this preliminary report, more easily understood materialize is intended to be documented in Part 2 through Part 5 ( previewed below ):

Part 2, of this Preliminary Report ( Part 1 of 5 ), is intended to focus on new ‘methods of capturing’ natural essence High Field Strength Elements ( HFSE );

Part 3, of this Preliminary Report ( Part 1 ), is intended to focus on new ‘discoveries of properties’ from captured natural High Field Strength Elements ( HFSE );

Part 4, of this Preliminary Report ( Part 1 ), is intended to focus on new ‘applied theories’ of natural High Field Strength Elements ( HFSE ); and,

Part 5, of this Preliminary Report ( Part 1 ), is intended to focus on new ‘transports’ having captured natural High Field Strength Elements ( HFSE ).

 

Submitted for review and commentary by,

 

Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV ), Host
E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com
WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

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Fireball Special Projects Program

Fireball Objects

Fireball Special Projects Program
by, Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV )

August 16, 2011 12:30:08 ( PST ) Updated ( Published: April 11, 2011 )

CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles – August 16, 2011 – When a brilliant object appears twinkles while hanging motionless like a star against a darkened sky, but is ‘not a star’, what is it?

Between 2010 and 2011, residents throughout South Bay cities surrounding Los Angeles in southern California have been trying to figure out what keeps appears to them like an early dark morning star, but is not.

What’s odd about this object’s brilliance is that this ‘bright white light shines from the opposite side of the object facing the horizon where the early morning Sun rises later in the day. The only way the Sun could illuminate the object would be that the object would either have to be ‘transparent’ or equipped with the new advanced military defense ‘light reflection projection technology’ ( LRP ) also known as “Advanced Stealth.”

Does this mysterious hovering object belong to the U.S. Department of Defense ( DOD ) Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency ( DARPA ), U.S. Navy ( USN ), U.S. Air Force ( USAF ), U.S. Navy National Reconnaissance Office ( NRO ), or is it an Unidentified Flying Object ( UFO )?

In early January 2011 an early rising resident of Carson, California assumed the ‘flickering starlight’ he saw against the pitch black sky of early morning was simply a passenger airline with runway lights on its approach to Los Angeles International Airport not far away, but a Torrance, California resident claimed he had been outside sipping on a coffee for almost 2-hours and the starlight object had ‘not moved’ from its position in the darkened sky so, he believed the starlight object was just a ‘star’ and that it would disappear when the Sun rose. Both residents were wrong because as the Sun rose the brilliant starlight remained where it had been positioned in the darkened sky for hours.

One businessman, stepping from his car in a West Carson, California McDonald’s fast food parking lot walked over to see what everyone was looking up at ( the starlight object ) in the early morning darkened sky, and overheard amongst a small crowd of people one woman say, “Maybe it’s a UFO!”

Smiling as though he would settle the dispute he asked, “Don’t you people ever read the newspaper around here? That’s just the U.S. Department of Defense ‘Unmanned Aerial Vehicle’ ( UAV ) assigned to keep watch over the Port of Los Angeles from terrorist attacks.”

A homeless man, sitting nearby drinking his cup of coffee, looked at the businessman and asked, “Does that ‘look’ like any UAV or balloon you ever saw before? The businessman shook his head in a negative reply, whereupon the homeless man further enquired, “Then ‘why’ hasn’t that object moved in the sky for over 2-hours now?”

The businessman, saying nothing further in reply, turned away and went inside to get his early morning McDonald’s breakfast.

Although few bother looking up around at darkened skies, or for that matter after daybreak, there are now more people – especially in southern California – beginning to look up and study what’s hovering overhead them. Are residents expecting to see something new or becoming paranoid after watching so many television news broadcasts about the rash of UFO sightings and lights all over the world?

One man pulled-up in a minivan with Virginia license plates for his early morning breakfast, but also strolled over to where the commotion was going on at whereupon after observing it for about a minute smiled and said, “Heck, we got one of those over in Charlottesville. Shows up like clockwork, every night, ’round 8:00 p.m.,” and then walked away toward his breakfast shaking his head while mumbling, “Durn government spooks – spyin’ on us everywhere!”

As the Virginian left with his McDonald’s bagged breakfast in-hand, he stopped at the table outside to share some of his first-hand experiences with ‘fireballs’ and other ‘strange lights’ in the sky – some that look like ‘aircraft landing lights’ twinkling off in the ‘low horizon distance’ and similar lights appearing like ‘real bright stars’ that suddenly disappear a short time later.

He reported that whatever this mysterious Virginia sighting really ‘was’, there was no public information detailing its ‘flight path trajectory’ or where it landed – and it ‘did land’! In fact, it exploded, according to our Green County Record newspaper in Stanardsville, Virginia spoke to an eyewitness named Judy Kilgus who gave her own experience about what happened just outside a farm neighborhood 7-Eleven convenience store.

Further research, into the Virginian’s story, found the following details:

The 7-Eleven ( store number 21482 ) was located at 1199 29th Infantry Division Memorial Highway ( also known as ) U.S. Route 29 ( also known as ) North Seminole Trail in Madison, Virginia 22727-0024 where Judy Kilgus additionally experienced strange pungent aromatics she identified as an “eerie odor” lingering in the night air after the unidentified flying object ( UFO ) – resembling a “fireball” – crash landed. ( See Newspaper Report – Immediately Below )

 

– –

Source: GREENE COUNTY RECORD – a Medial General newspaper – ( Stanardsville, Virginia, USA )

Experts Offer Guesses On Mysterious Fire Ball Sighting
by, April Taylor – Greene County Record Reporter

April 2, 2009

VIRGINIA, Stanardsville – April 2, 2009 – Judy Kilgus of Stanardsville was driving on [ Virginia, U.S. ] Route 522 [ Sperryville Pike ] near Culpeper [ Virginia ] Sunday [ March 29, 2009 ] night when she saw what she says looked like a burning ball of fire falling from the sky.

“It was me, my mother and one of my brothers, and we were on our way back from Salem [ Virginia ],” Kilgus recalled. She said they were about 3-miles out of Culpeper ( Virginia ] when the “ball” came shooting across ( the sky ).

“At first it gave the appearance of a shooting ‘star’,  and then it was just huge,” she said continuing, This was not like some little light. The colors were brilliant and it was ‘flickering’. It was falling and looked as if it was burning like a ball of fire – reddish with the hint of a green tint.  It was frightening.”

Kilgus said that once the mysterious thing fell, “There was a big light, like an explosion. I said to my mom, ‘Oh, my gosh, it hit something’. I had never seen anything like it. It was traveling very fast.”

Kilgus said she stopped at the 7-Eleven in Madison [ Virginia ], about 15-miles or-so from where she saw the object, and then noticed an “eerie” odor when she got out of her car. She says she’s not sure if the smell is related to what she saw earlier.

Regardless, Kilgus is ‘not the only one who witnessed’ a strange “ball of fire” and big boom that night.

Reports of a “bright light,” and in some places an ‘explosion like sound’, poured into law enforcement offices across eastern Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina on Sunday night [ March 29, 2009 ].

“The phone is ringing off the hook,“ said meteorologist Sonia Mark at the U.S. National Weather Service ( NWS ) Wakefield station.

All of the reports dealt with incidents that occurred ‘about’ 9:45 p.m.

Several calls came to Richmond International Airport, but [ airport ] tower personnel did not see anything unusual related to aircraft, airport spokesman Troy Bell said.

It could have been caused by a ‘meteor’, or even a falling part from a Russia ‘spacecraft’, experts said earlier this week.

“I know it’s one of the two,” said Geoff Chester, an astronomer and public relations officer with the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C. “I just can’t tell you definitively’ which one it actually was.” Geoff Chester suggested that a falling Russian booster rocket caused the hub-bub. The booster – a steel cylinder about 25-feet long and 8-feet wide – was part of the Soyuz spacecraft launched Thursday on a mission to the International Space Station [ ISS / MIR ]. The booster was expected to fall toward Earth on a path headed ‘East’ that would have taken it across the Chesapeake Bay [ eastern-most eastcoast ] region Sunday night, Chester said. The booster would have burned in the friction of Earth’s atmosphere and, as it slowed below the speed of sound, it would have released energy that caused a sonic boom, Chester said. “My feeling is this is what people actually saw,” Chester said.

Stefan Bocchino, a spokesman for the U.S. Joint Space Operations Center [ JSOC ] at Vandenberg Air Force Base [ VAFB ] in California, said experts there [ in California ] do ‘not think the light was caused by a manmade object’.

Joint Space Operations Center tracks manmade objects that enter the atmosphere.

U.S. National Weather Service ( NWS ) has ‘ruled out any weather related cause’.

Other experts said the ‘light’ and ‘boom’ sound like the work of a meteor.

Meteors are bits of space rock or gravel that burn and create light when they hit the atmosphere.

“Some very bright ones are known to explode,” creating a sound, said Phillip Ianna, a professor emeritus of astronomy at the University of Virginia.

Meteors typically burn up in the atmosphere. Much ‘less often’, a small piece of the rock will hit Earth.

Steve Chesley, an astronomer with NASA [ National Aeronautics and Space Administration ] said the Sunday [ March 29, 2009 ] phenomena could be the work of a meteor the size of a ‘television set’ or ‘small car’. “These kinds of things hit the [ atmosphere ] once a month,” Chesley said. They usually fall over water or less populated areas and attract less attention. NASA doesn’t track such small objects, Chesley said, and focuses instead on big ones – ‘space rocks half the length of a football field or more’ – that are headed toward Earth. “It’s the big ones we’re worried about, and we need to find them decades in advance,” Chesley said.

The object on Sunday [ March 29, 2009 ] had to be ‘unusually bright’ to be ‘seen in urban areas’ where ‘artificial lights drown out’ most celestial objects, said David Hagan, a staff scientist with the Science Museum of Virginia.

At Record [ Greene County Record ] press time, on Tuesday, ‘experts were still offering various guesses’ as to ‘what the occurrence could have been’.

“One thing’s for sure,” says Kilgus, “It’s something I won’t soon forget. I was glad I saw ‘whatever it was’, but I kind-of ‘wonder what in the world is going on’,” she said. “I thought maybe it was a meteor, but whatever it was, it was ‘strange’.”

Article Reference:

http://www.greene-news.com/gcn/news/local/article/experts_offer_guesses_on_mysterious_fire_ball_sighting/38145/

– – – –

Now, the State of Virginia is infamous for its street and highway names – changing names – within a few miles of each other, making instant headaches for any outsider trying to provide location directions so, as close as can be determined – extrapolated from the newspaper description of the eyewitness ( Judy Kilgus ) account – Google Maps provides a “car” route that coincides with eyewitness Judy Kilgus’ claim she was “3-miles” outside “Culpepper, Virginia” on “Route 522″ ( also known as ) “Sperryville Pike” in “Salem, Virginia.” Interestingly, outsiders would ‘not know’ there are actually ‘two ( 2 ) towns’ named “Salem” in Virginia!

The particular town of “Salem, Virginia” the eyewitness ( Judy Kilgus ) mentions near “Culpepper, Virginia” and ‘that’ “Salem, Virginia” is ‘not easy to locate online’ at Google Maps.

After some ‘prodding’, Google Maps will eventually map ‘from’ “13300 Hunts Shade Drive, Salem, VA” providing its most direct route that quickly exits ( just outside Salem, Virginia ) off “U.S. Route 522″ ( also known as ) “Sperryville Pike” but turns onto “Norman Road” ( also known as ) “Hudson Mill Road” ( also known as ) “Reva Road” that leads to ‘yet another alias highway name’ for “U.S. Route 29″ – an address at 1199 on “29th Infantry Division Memorial Highway” in Madison, VA 22727 ( the 7-Eleven store ) where eyewitness Judy Kilgus claimed detecting a suspicious “eerie odor” outside that particular “7-Eleven” store ( Madison, Virginia ) on “U.S. Route 29.”

That aforementioned description explains why it’s no surprise as to ‘why’ or ‘how’ so many State of Virginia unidentified flying object ( UFO ) flightpath reports can so easily hide ‘landing site locations’ from much of the public observing them there.

The Green County Record newspaper account from eyewitness Judy Kilgus does not ‘detail the location’ ( e.g. NorthEast to SouthWest, etc. ) of where she was at 9:44 p.m. during the UFO fireball sighting.

Was Kilgus already traveling from Salem, Virginia – going through Madison, Virginia ( 16-miles from Salem, Virginia ) – enroute to her home ( Stanardsville, Virginia )?

Did she sight, on Sunday March 29, 2009 at 9:44 p.m., the UFO fireball ‘while she was still in Salem, Virginia’?

Did her sighting, ‘prompt her to leave’ Salem, Virginia earlier than she had planned, which placed her driving in a direction of her ‘home’ ( Stanardsville, Virginia )? If so, did the UFO sighting crash in the direction of where she resided ( Stanardsville, Virginia )?

Without a UFO ‘flightpath trajectory’ provided ( e.g. NorthEast to SouthWest, etc. ) information about this UFO fireball sighting, then perhaps only U.S. Fish & Game or U.S. Forest Service government officials located the UFO fireball landing / crash site. If so, it has undoubtedly been covered-up by now.

Was the March 29, 2009 9:44 p.m. central Virginia UFO fireball sighting really only just a “meteor” that ‘U.S. Space Command ( SPACOM ) government experts claim they were ‘unable to track’? What if it was some king of a rocket or missile launched from another location within the United States?

Could the sighting have been one of many U.S. Air Force Special Programs project spacecraft undergoing ‘classified flight tests’ for the Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) that is conducted primarily by the U.S. Department of Defense ( DoD ) National Reconnaissance Office ( NRO )?

Were Virginians used as an unsuspecting audience for part of the test flight for the new U.S. Department Of Defense ( DoD ), U.S. Navy, National Reconnaissance Office ( NRO ) new ‘stealth starlight surveillance dirigible’ – a lighter-than-air vessel believed designed from the 1990 patented Aereon lighter than airship [ similar in design to that of the NASA VentureStar, X-31 and X-33 spaceplanes  [ Image References: http://unwantedpublicity.media.officelive.com/Gallery.aspx ] – that may emit what is tantamount to ‘artificially produced starlight’; flickering akin to ‘aircraft landing lights’ on an aircraft the public would only suspect appears about ready to land but doesn’t?

May even more mysteries continue hiding amidst ‘seemingly peaceful night skies’ where reconnaissance and other spacecraft are now capable of being missioned to commence activation of ‘classified artificial landing strategies’ cleverly resembling a ‘fireball meteor flight’ – complete with a firework flares jettisoned to additionally resemble ‘meteor crash explosions’ too?

Research into conflicting news report information suggests that one ( 1 ) UFO fireball incident may have actually been confused with another UFO fireball on the same date and around the same time of night, a ‘dual event’ in Virginia.

One ( 1 ) eyewitness report – in the central Virginia geographic region – may have been mixed with ‘another press report’ using its central Virginia eyewitness interview in-conjunction with another news wire service report.

Simultaneous report sightings along the eastern seaboard of the United States from up and down the Atlantic Ocean coastline as far south North Carolina ( far northeast ), Virginia ( far east ) and Maryland ( far east ) in the region of the Chesapeake Bay as being the ‘same’ as what was seen in Madison, Virginia as reported by the Stanardsville, Virginia newspaper?

A few miles south of eyewitness Judy Kilgus UFO sighting near the 7-Eleven store ( Madison, Virginia ), also on “U.S. Route 29″ ( also known as ) “South Seminole Trail” at the east corner where 2055 Boulders Road ( Albemarle County ) sees the U.S. National Ground Intelligence Center ( NGIC ).

Adjacent to NGIC ( National Ground Intelligence Center ) is a new construction site for the new U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency ( DIA ) complex buildings as well.

Just a few miles further south – again on “South Seminole Trail” ( Virginia U.S. Route 29 ) – is the NORTHRUP-GRUMMAN Sperry Marine Division where a classified secret-sensitive multi-story windowless bricked-up test site building is perched behind an innocent looking single-story red brick office building – also on “South Seminole Trail” (aka) “U.S. Route 29″ (aka) “Emmett Road” where all these spooky government offices are popping up all around Charlottesville, Virginia.

 

A few miles further north on the west side of “South Seminole Trail” ( Virginia U.S. Route 29 ) – is the old single story red brick face building that the other three ( 3 ) sides are painted white complete with pyramid shaped surveillance cameras mounted high-up on the building, and while it only ‘appears vacant’ is a honeycombed-out floor-plan inside, shared by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency annex with the DIEBOLD CORPORATION, but you’d never know it to drive by the facility or drive up onto the terraced hill it sits atop and drive around the building either because you’ll only see a few vehicles outside where everyone enters through the north facing single glass door where everything appears just normal. Again, just a few miles north of this facility is the U.S. National Ground Intelligence Center ( NGIC ) buildings on the east side of Seminole Trail ( Virginia State Highway 29 ) about 95-miles southwest of Washington, D.C.

In any event, loud noise explosions – especially when they are conducted over U.S. population areas – should have provided the public with more concrete information, especially what it hit during its crash landing.
Submitted for review and commentary by,

Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV ), Host
E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com
WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

References

http://www.space.com/news/090330-rocket-debris.html
http://www.space.com/news/090331-likely-meteor.html
http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,511857,00.html
http://unwantedpublicity.media.officelive.com/Gallery.aspx

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NASA UFO Alien Encounters

[ PHOTO ( above ): NASA Space Shuttle STS 115 official mission photo of a an “ExtraTerrestrial BioSynthetic Entity” ( EBSE ), a mobius waveform propulsion system spaceborn infant that is also known by what others refer to as part of a “Space Serpent” that a NASA astronaut refers to as an “eel” ( click to enlarge ) ]

NASA UFO Alien Encounters
by, Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV )

December 1, 2011 14:22:08 (PST) Updated ( Originally Published: January 27, 2011 )

CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles – December 1, 2011 – NASA? We may ‘all’ have a problem! Over the past several decades multiple space flight missions from the United States and Russia have officially documented strange encounters occuring in outer space with astronauts.

Not just ‘unidentified flying objects’ ( UFO ), but other unreferenceable object encounters such as serpent like entities that appear to be biosynthetic lifeforms, plus other spaceborne phenomena that astronauts referred to as being their ”visitors.”

While all this initially sounds totally unbelievable, official audio and video film clip transmissions ( see below ) between space missioning astronauts and their mission ground control central proving NASA UFO Alien Encounters are officially very real.

Several prominent United States astronauts have now gone on public record revealing their personal experiences with official U.S. government encounters surrounding nonreferenceable objects and entities ( UFOs & Aliens ):

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XkOCwATi3tw

Introduction

The following additional ’official video clips and audio broadcasts’ ( below ) will reveal some amazing things for you if  these two ( 2 ) ’basic principles’ are remembered while viewing them:

1.  Meteorites ‘do not suddenly change direction’ and ‘do not make left-hand turns, right-hand turns or U turns’ like a ’piloted spacecraft’; and,

2. Debris in outer space, known as ‘space junk’ ( e.g. pieces of rocket boosters, expended satellites, etc. ), does not exit the Earth’s gravitational pull ( that extends – at a much lesser strength – into outerspace ) nor does it at high rates of speed’ either, but will either ‘float around in outer space’ and/or ‘return ( in a ‘decaying orbit’ ) to Earth’s atmosphere where it may either burn-up or fall to the surface of the Earth.

A few of the documentary motion picture film clips ( below ) are in ’full color’, ’black and white’, or ’tinted green’ screen resolutions – many of which are comprised of ’time-elapsed monitoring film sped-up’ so, ‘objects being monitored may not be moving as fast as they appear’, however ’other films may have objects moving in real speed ( e.g. ‘slow docking arms and astronaut manuevers’ or ‘fast electronic movements’ of ’camera lens housings’ that ‘spin around quickly’ to ‘catch a view of other objects moving in any direction at any time’ ).

Nevertheless, always keep in-mind the two ( 2 ) ‘outerspace principles’ that only ‘spacecraft make course corrections’ – turning and going in different directions – ‘not meteorites, comets, asteroids or space debris’.

Now, please enjoy watching ‘these specific four ( 4 ) videos’ ( below ) especially selected after careful analysis from ou-of ’hundreds of others found with flaws’:

By 1971, a NASA Apollo 14 rocket carried a Lunar Excursion Module ( LEM ) camera providing the following photo ( below ):

[ PHOTO ( above ): official NASA LEM camera photo of moon in background with UFO lights in right foreground ( click to enlarge ) ]

In the above photo, was there a ‘piece of lighted extermal equipment’ outside the NASA spacecraft? No. Was there any ‘distortion in the camera lense or reflection’? No.

In 1967, four ( 4 ) years before the aforementioned 1971 LEM launch, PACIFIC OPTICAL ( El Segundo, California ) generated thousands of LEM camera rose quartz glass lenses polished to perfection and tested for ‘any possible distortion factors’ using special ‘lightwave measurement instruments’ set according to ’government standards for approval’ long before being installed within those cameras used aboard the LEM, within an incredible number of NASA space rocket missions, and U.S. Air Force National Reconnaisance Office ( NRO ) missions. How are those facts known? I personally know those particular camera lenses ’do not capture any destortion whatsoever from glare or image reflections’ because I ‘personally worked on those lenses’, knew what they consisted of, as well as their unique characteristics also used in weaponized missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles.

As far back as 1966, when I was still attending high school, I also worked the graveyard shift at the McDonnel Douglas Space Systems Center ( now BOEING ) where within a special area then-known as “The Quad” a famous defecting Russian astrophysicist secretly worked for the U.S. government on the Mercury mission space capsules. Yes, and there were two ( 2 ) such capsules! Not much comes as much of a mystery to me, especially after four ( 4 ) decades of researching intelligence for the U.S. government.

The aforementioned films and broadcats document previously unknown ’new hazards surfacing in space’, believed one of the primary reasons why ‘all NASA spacecraft insurance policy coverage was cancelled’ as NASA lost its direct U.S. government funding when it became apparent to the U.S. government intelligence directorate ( CIA Science and Technology Division ) need of private-sector corporate market bids on future space mission contracts – swinging the axe into the heart of the NASA empire given its final ”tally-ho.”

That decision made perfect economic sense to the U.S. government because now its ‘secret private-sector enterprise takes on far more financial risk than it does just space mission challenges’ where shareholder investment returns will consequently realize less profit from having to absorb the costs associated with higher insurance policy coverages directly related to ‘new risk management assessments’ ( see official films and broadcasts above ) where insurance company policy directive issuances placed on ‘future mission spacecraft’ see more financial burden placed onto thebacks of ’investors’ while essening ever-growing financial burdens on U.S. Department of the Treasury foreign debt repayment plans the Federal Reserve Board decided NASA was just costing too much money and something had to be done about getting rid of the NASA burden without jeopardizing U.S. global space superiority. What began during 1985 as an intelligence mission to bury secret technology effortings within closely guarded private-sector enterprises satisfies corporate promises of long ago.

It’s simply a case of one hand washing another at the expense of the people, is all, where a new space tax that may have been pulled from tomorrow shelf concepts of George Orwell for those living in futuristic societies. Unfortunately, such activity already broke plenty of pencil point lead in private-sector workshop sessions at FANX III ( Ft. George G. Meade, Maryland ) in 1998 supporting private sector funded public insurance investment programs as yet another economic means by which U.S. Social Security Administration insurance may likely receive its axe because of the ever-looming baby boomer debt crisis the U.S. government faces dead ahead as next on its big aggenda. NASA was likely but a precursor government primer for what’s in-store next for the ‘little people’. Up, up and away, that beautiful balloon – that not so beautiful balloon anymore.

 

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NASA Elenin Coming

NASA Elenin Coming

 

[ PHOTO ( above ): April 15, 2011 Comet Elenin position and trajectory Earth dates ( click to enlarge ) ]

NASA Elenin Coming by, Concept Activity Research Vault

May 17, 2011 16:42:08 ( PST ) Updated ( May 16, 2011 11: 20 )

CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles – May 17, 2011 – After much controversy over a celestial body referred to as “Elenin,” said to be entering our solar system, NASA admits there is a ‘comet’ it calls “Elenin” that ‘is’ in-fact ‘coming very soon’ toward Earth that will simply go around our Sun and slingshott off into outerspace, however there seems to be a few missing pieces to the NASA public report.

The first ( 1st ) problem is the ‘planetary or solar body slingshot fly-by effect’, which NASA spacecraft have used for decades to ‘increase speed’ and consequently propel – ‘faster than we can engineer a rocket motor to do’ – satellites toward destinations using various forms of ’staring plane mosaic’ technology incorporated into ’electronic telemetry guidance systems’. Comet Elenin, will also be experiencing the ‘slingshot fly-by effect’, but with ‘no electronic telemetry guidance systems’ to guide it in any particular direction.

The second ( 2nd ) problem is NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory ( JPL ) Near Earth Object ( NEO ) Program Office solar system plotting system ( see below ) pictures Elenin ’on a direct collision course’ with “Mercury” around May 21, 2011 but NASA reports ‘nothing publicly’ about Elenin colliding with, hitting or glancing off-of ”Mercury” so, you be the judge:

[ IMAGE ( above ): May 16, 2011 Elenin solar system slingshot pathway  ( NOTE: distance indicated from Earth ) – View #1 ( click to enlarge ) ]

[ IMAGE ( above ): May 16, 2011 Elenin solar system slingshot path to Mercury ( NOTE: distance indicated from Earth ) – View #2 ( click to enlarge ) ]

[ IMAGE ( above ): May 21, 2011 – Elenin solar system slingshot Mercury collision path ( NOTE: distance indicated from Earth ) – View #3 ( click to enlarge ) ]

NASA news ( below ) and NASA plots for May 16, 2011 do not appear to match NASA actual plots for May 21, 2011 ( above ) when looking at “Mercury.”

– –

Source: NASA Space.Com

Comet Elenin Trajectory 22,000,000 Miles Close To Earth

Don’t Fear Comet Headed Our Way — It’s A Wimp

May 10, 2011 6:37:23 PM ET Updated ( May 10, 2011 22:37:23 )

A comet first discovered just 6-months ago will be making a visit to the inner solar system soon, but don’t expect to be completely dazzled. This comet is a bit of a wimp, NASA says.

Comet Elenin ( also known, by its astronomical name: C/2010 X1 ), was first detected on December 10, 2010 in Lyubertsy, Russia by observer Leonid Elenin who found the comet while using the remote controlled ISON Observatory near Mayhill, New Mexico, USA.

At the time of its discovery, the comet was about 401,000,000 million miles from Earth.

Over the past 4-1/2 months, the comet has closed the distance to Earth’s vicinity as it makes its way closer to perihelion ( its closest point to the Sun ).

As of May 4, 2011 the Comet Elenin distance is about 170,000,000 million miles.

“That is what happens with these long-period comets that come in from way outside our planetary system,” said NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory ( JPL located in Pasadena, California ) Near-Earth Object ( NEO ) Program Office Don Yeomans in a statement. “They make these long majestic speedy arcs through our solar system and sometimes put on a great show, but not Elenin; right now that comet looks kind of wimpy.”

The comet doesn’t offer much of a view and is quite dim to behold.

“We’re talking about how a comet looks, as it safely flies past us,” said Yeomans. “Some cometary visitors, arriving from beyond the planetary region like the Hale-Bopp comet in 1997, have really lit-up the night sky – where you can see them easily with the naked eye – as they safely transit the inner solar system. But Elenin is trending toward the other end of the spectrum, you’ll probably need a good pair of binoculars, clear skies and a dark secluded location to see it – even on its brightest night.”

Comet Elenin, An Icy Run

Comet Elenin should be at its brightest, shortly before the time of its closest approach to Earth on October 16, 2011 when its closest point will be 22,000,000 million miles from Earth.

Even at such a distance, the Elenin comet will ‘not’ be able to shift tides or tectonic plates here on Earth – as some Internet rumors have suggested.

Some have even wondered if the comet could possibly be pushed closer to Earth than usual.

“Comet Elenin will not encounter any ‘dark bodies’ that could perturb its orbit, nor will it influence Earth in any way,” said Yeomans. “It will get no closer to Earth than 35,000,000 million kilometers.”

Not only is the Elenin comet far away but it is also on the ‘small side’ for comets, said Yeomans.

“So you’ve got a modest sized icy dirtball getting no closer than 35,000,000 million kilometers,” said Yeomans.

“It [ Elenin, the comet ] will have an immeasurably minuscule influence on our planet. By comparison, my sub-compact automobile exerts a greater influence on the ocean tide than will comet Elenin ever.”

This Fall – Cosmic Comet Show

But just because the Elenin comet ‘will not change much’ here on Earth, ‘does not mean skywatchers should not pay attention’.

“This comet [ Elenin ] may not put on a great show, just as certainly it will not cause any disruptions here on Earth, but there is a cause to marvel,” said Yeomans. “This intrepid little traveler [ Elenin, the comet ] will offer astronomers a chance to study a ‘relatively young comet’ that ‘came here from well beyond our solar system planetary region’. After a short while, it [ Elenin ] will be headed back out again, and we will not see or hear from Elenin for thousands of years. That’s pretty cool.”

NASA detects, tracks and characterizes asteroids and comets – passing relatively close to Earth – using both ground-based and space-based telescopes, and its Near Earth Object ( NEO ) Observations Program ( called: SpaceGuard ) discovers these objects, characterizes a subset of them and predicts their paths to determine if any could be potentially hazardous to Earth.

References

http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=Elenin;orb=1;cov=1;log=0;cad=1#cad http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi#top http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.cfm?release=2011-138 http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/asteroidwatch/newsfeatures.cfm?release=2011-129 http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.cfm?release=2010-144 http://www.space.com/11617-comet-elenin-wimpy-solar-system.html

– –

How big is comet Elenin? What does comet Elenin look like real close? Well, that just seems to be the third ( 3rd ) and fourth ( 4th ) problem because NASA is ‘not reporting anything about those two ( 2 ) additional items’ either.

The only public cross-section comparative information analysis on comet Elenin was found contained in a privately produced video by a ‘good ole boy’ whose factual references appear fairly represented ( below ) – less having ‘overlooked his own mis-typing input’ of ”1,700,000,000,000″ ( without ‘commas’ – as seen ‘here’ ) indicating ‘billion’ ( miles ) rather than ”170,000,000″ ‘million’ ( miles ) he ‘thought’ as he indicated typing-in in his diligent attempt trying to make a calculation demonstration:

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UFO Flight Training

[ PHOTO ( above ): Nellis AFB Range Test Site S4 UFO Flight Simulators ( click to enlarge ) ]

UFO Flight Training
by, Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV )

November 10, 2011 13:22:08 ( PST ) Updated ( Originally Published: January 25, 2011 )

NELLIS AIR FORCE BASE – November 10, 2011 – Had one not been familiar with the official background on such subjects, they might have quickly nominated a certain gentleman ( reported about below ) to receive a U.S. Academy Award ‘secondary prize’ of ‘free mental health treatment’, but after carefully considering this subject to be reported, some may see where ‘this particular information’ certainly ‘pushes the envelope of reality’ – beyond where most professionals never venture.

– – –

IMPORTANT NOTICE:

All information – contained within this report ( below ) – was obtained from ‘official U.S. federal government sources’ ( applicable ‘quoted texts’, ‘images’ and ‘videos’ – below ), ‘worldwide mainstream news media public broadcasts ( ‘text’ and ‘videos’ – below )’, ‘multiple other officially recognized as being publicly reliable information sources’ plus all those are provided additionally in a long list of “References” ( found at the bottom of this report ). The only exception a ‘usual journalistic speculative digest of remarks ( text )’ aligning ‘official information’ with ‘enhanced clarity’ plus ‘information continuity formatting’ for ‘easier public reading comprehension’.

This website report ‘does not’ asbscribe to any version of ‘religious radicalism’, ‘doomsday prophetics’, ‘conspiratorial theories’ or any ‘other imaginings’ that may or may not be circulating on the internet.

This website publicly reports ‘only factually proven information’ through ‘ardous research’ in ‘adherence to strict principles’ only ‘obtaining official information’ from ‘official information sources’ confirmed by ‘no less than’ two ( 2 ) ‘additional independent sources’. While scientific and technological information may vary, amongst professionals, only those held in ‘good standing’ by a ‘worldwide list of prominent universities’ and ‘other prominent organizations’ provided additional factual support documentation.

This website maintains a ‘private database’ of ‘official documents’ and ‘other credible source information support material’ that ‘officially serves to substantiate all information’ contained in ‘all reports published’ here.

– – –

History may someday reveal more about what the now-late William Uhouse, a mechanical engineer ( 1966 – 1979 ), outlined surrounding ‘official U.S. government contract “business agreements” relating to ’private-sector’ high-risk work involving, amongst a myriad of others, engineering companies, contractors, sub-contractors, engineering consultants and engineers hired to perform extremely dangerous high-risk work involving secret hazards surrounding such work.

Disclosure, for the most-part, is predominantly not a favorite intelligence past time, for the less private-sector individuals know about what surrounds their contracted task assignments, all the better can government maintain its secrets  – until something goes terribly wrong on a U.S. government contractor job site.

A classic example of what could go wrong was presented by a patriotic American, the now-late ( deceased ) Paul Philip Schneider (aka) Phil Schneider, an engineering consultant hired by MORRISON-KNUDSEN INC. ( Tulsa, Okalahoma ) – a sub-contractor company for CER GEONUCLEAR CORP. ( Tulsa, Oklahoma ) that was a subsidiary of the U.S. government contractor company EG&G that maintained a super secret facility building on the ground inside a U.S. government highly restricted Range Test Site ( RTS ) known as the infamously spooky Area 51 near Groom lake, Nevada.

Much like Paul P. Schneider, William Uhouse –  another engineer – at a very late stage in his lifetime began revealing – and consequently became more comfortable ( to ‘some degree’ ) about what he revealed his first-hand knowledge of – and that was, at least ‘four’ ( 4 ) ‘Extraterrestrial Biological Entities’ ( EBE ) commonly referred to as  “Extra-Terrestrials” (aka) ETs (aka) aliens held under U.S. government command directives issued to work alongside private-sector engineers cleared to work on secret-sensitive classified government Programs and Projects at specifically selected locations.

See what I mean? Sounds just like “government conspiracy” material. Well, that too was my initial knee-jerk reaction while I was simultaneously pondering an the ‘free mental health treatment’ prize for ( were he still alive ) Uhouse, however in-lieu of that curious situation, I additionally considered handing myself a ‘similar prize’ for even having considered reporting about this, until looking further into the Uhouse case where eventually all doubt came to evaporate. Doing the research, was ‘no simple task’, especially when the claimant ( Uhouse ) turned-up dead.

According to Bill Uhouse ( see, I immediately start pointing my finger at him! ), these extraterrestrial biological entities ( EBE ) were extracted from an ‘underground bunker’ where supposedly thousands more extraterrestrial biological entities ( EBE ) – controlled by the U.S. government – held in Deep Underground  Military Bases ( D.U.M.B. ) through an elaborate network of tunnels leading to various and sundry equally deep underground pockets of caves / caverns.

I know, by now, those so-far reviewing this will ensure I receive the ‘crazy prize’ instead of ( posthumously ) Uhouse, but not to worry as it only gets worse until getting better when viewing the ‘official government films’ ( further below ), but ‘reading this report further will assist skeptics’ in understanding what can be identified within the videos. Jumping the gun by advancing to view the videos will net ‘little to no information’ so, I’m counting-on ‘official government speed readers’ ( reviewing this report ) to jump-the-gun and do exactly that so, hopefully I won’t be pestered ( by them ) later-on for having publicly reported something too sensitive. I just love doing reports like this.

Bill Uhouse goes on to described – in ‘very specific words’ ( as though he were sending a coded message to someone knowing more about these EBEs ) – the four ( 4 ) beings as what he calls ” Feeling Good Guys ” ( ” FGG ” ) especially selected – by U.S. government officials – for transport ‘away from’ one Nevada ( USA ) facility and ‘sent to’ another facility in New Mexico ( USA ) but then transported ‘back to’ to Nevada ( USA ) at a facility believed to be on the Nellis Air Force Base ( NAFB ) Range Test Site ( RTS ) known as “S4″ ( ’near’ – but ‘not at’ – the infamously spooky Area 51 ) where Uhouse claims these particular four ( 4 ) EBEs or ‘aliens’ were assigned – by an official U.S. government directive – to ‘work alongside private-sector members’ of his ( Uhouse’s ) engineering team assigned likewise to the same U.S. government Program Project.

William Uhouse specifically mentions but ‘one ( 1 ) alien’ ( a “Grey” – bluish-purple skin color type of ‘extraterrestrial biological entity’ – EBE ) intimately that he was told was nicknamed ” JAYROD ” ( also known as ) ” JROD ” ( aka ) ” JRD ” (aka) ” JERROD ” who was presented to him ( Uhouse ) as a ‘personally assigned’  “scientific translator.”

This is ‘not’ the first time the name “Jerrod” has surfaced surrounding Groom Lake, Nevada NAFB S4 and Area 51 extraterrestrial reverse-engineering Program Projects where Bob Lazar referenced someone he claimed was his “friend” he cleverly gave the name “Jerrod” to, and this “Jerrod” was claimed by Bob Lazar to have revealed ‘highly classified historical background information about’ surrounding certain government Program Project activities in the same location areas.

Bill Uhouse claims JAYROD ( the alien Grey ) – also known as – “Jarod” used ‘mental telepathic communication skills’ to receive questions he ( Uhouse ) presented to it ( the alien ), but before he ( Uhouse ) could purse his lips to begin asking audible questions about ’engineering configurations’, JayRod ( alien ) instantly and telepathically transmitted ‘mental telepathy replies’ as ’engineering instructions’ back to Uhouse.

Uhouse was believed to have been dealing with what had been presented elsewhere – during the 1980s – in what was leaked to the public – during the early 21st Century – as ‘alien symbolic construct science technologies’ studying translations of a ‘materials science language’ from a strange looking ‘map’ containing ‘patterned symbols and designs’, which Uhouse ( alone ) could not possibly comprehend in order to properly lead engineering teams into formulating ‘standard basic application designs’ enabling the U.S. government military to develop an actual UFO ‘flight simulator’ – or ‘lenticular craft simulator’ ( “flying disc simulator” ) – specifically designed so ‘only human astronautic experienced pilots’ – assigned to the National Reconaissance Office ( NRO ) and NASA – could learn how to fly UFO type spacecraft equipped with secret extraterrestrial ( ET ) technology capabilities.

Official U.S. Air Force ( USAF ) ‘motion picture film footage’ shows men near one type of “flying disc demonstrator” – wrapped and resting on its ‘container base’ with its ‘container cover’ suspended above it – and film footage of ‘teams of men’ guiding ‘suspended sub-sections’ of a ‘disc’ being ‘assembled’, and ‘partially assembled sub-sections’ of a ‘disc’, plus ‘more’ ( below ):

After carefully studying the video contents thoroughly and comparing all aspects thereof to what surrounded the AVRO ‘manned aerial vehicle’ ( circa: late 1950s – early 1960s ) – test-flown under a BELL LABORATORIES ( Canada ) ”business agreement” contract under U.S. Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) supervision ( from the late 1950s through early 1960s ) – these video contents are ‘definitely not’ films of ’any early developmental stages’ of the AVRO aerial vehicle, nor do video contents of any of the discs depicted therein even remotely represent ’test engineering’ or ‘manufacturing’ facilities where even pieces of the AVRO were ever housed – including BELL LABS ( Canada ) and the MITRE CORP. ( USA ).

Should those, reviewing this report, decide I should still be awarded the ‘free mental health treatment prize’ – alluded-to at the beginning of this report – for revealing what was contained herein, please notify me immediately – otherwise try not to appear so shocked as to what you eventually realized from this report – more-so than initially believed.

As for Extraterrestrial Biological Entities (aka) aliens (aka) ETs (aka) Ancient Earth Underground Dwellers (aka) Feeling Good Guys ( FGG ) – and films thereof – one may only be reminded to ask William Uhouse on their final travel.

As for documentation? Read the “IMPORTANT NOTICE:” ( above ), for without such this report would never have been written.

 

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Unmanned Combat Aerial Submarine ( UCAS )

Unmanned Combat Aerial Submarine ( UCAS )
by, Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV )

March 17, 2011 08:42:22 ( PST) Updated ( Originally Published: January 17, 2011 22:42 )

CALIFORNIA, Mojave – March 17, 2011 – U.S. Department of Defense ( DoD ) Advanced Research Projects Agency ( DARPA ) military science and technology ( S&T ) department has created yet ‘another’ Unmanned Combat Aerial Submersible Vehicle ( UCASV ) that can descend from Low Earth Orbit ( LEO ) flightpaths to approach and submerge a body of water ( oceanic or lake ) where the target is located.

From a remote-control underground desert facility ( Muroc, California ) this aerial combat submarine ( UCASV ) also employs a strategic morphing technology offense for approaching targets beneath the surface, afterwhich mission success this UCASV rises from sea depths with its delta wing ( hydrafoil ) design water-to-air surface breaking power engages its thrust-vectoring engine propulsion system aides short distance smooth water-to-air.

Not since the DARPA program LOCCAS powered LOCKHEED project U.S. Navy remote-controlled cruise torpedo or the DARPA program TACIT BLUE experimental BOEING project Bird of Prey combat aerial vehicle ( image above ) – combined – has a more advanced program developed, however since 2008 such proceeded beyond demonstrator development garnered several private-sector developer designs pushing a DoD DARPA project contract to have begun by 2011 building several versions.

[ PHOTO ( above ): ‘early version’ LOCCAS powered remote-controlled cruise torpedo  ( click to enlarge ) ]

[ PHOTO ( above ): latter version LOCCAS powered remote-controlled cruise torpedo  ( click to enlarge ) ]

[ PHOTO ( above ): DARPA program TACIT BLUE experimental BOEING project Bird of Prey combat aerial vehicle using ‘new Stealth design-cover’ on PRATT & WHITNEY ‘cylindrical-style single engine’ ( click to enlarge ) ]

While hydrodynamics and aerodynamics have similar principle aspects, profound technological challenges existed as Unmanned Aerial Submersible Combat Vehicle ( UASCV ) must be lightweight ( Dupont carbon fiber using 3M carbon resins ) – for minimal power consumption to become airborne – while simultaneously possessing sufficient material hull density to withstand oceanic pressures at variable depths.

Aircrafts that are ‘heavier-than-air’ obtain lift from wing airflow displacement, however submarines regulate buoyancy by pumping water in and out of ballasts within certain hull locations.

One method of getting around the latter problem is to design a ‘lighter-than-water’ submarine with an ‘upside-down flexible ( morphing technology ) batwing aerial submarine vehicle’ using reverseable lift generation alternating ‘delta bat-wing’ directional force design technology facilitating craft navigation through oceanic subsurfaces ( and upon surfacing therefrom ) where drag reduction is virtually eliminated by easily altering its ‘flexible whale tail angle of attack’ generating upward lift allowing a variable propulsion drive system to move the Unmanned Aerial Submersible Combat Vehicle ( UASCV ) amidst a variety of environments.

[ PHOTO ( above ): RocketDyne Division AeroSpike XRS-2200 thrust vector navigation ‘lateral-style engine’ on testbed in Sylmar, California ( click to enlarge ) ]

[ PHOTO ( above ): BOEING RocketDyne Division XRS-2200 AeroSpike thrust vector navigation ‘lateral-style engine’ diagramatic  ( click to enlarge ) ]

[ PHOTO ( above ): DARPA program HAVE BLUE project LOCKHEED Stealth Fighter F-117E using ‘legacy Stealth design-cover’ shielding the RocketDyne XRS-2200 thrust vector navigation ‘lateral-style engines’ ( click to enlarge ) ]

Modified versions of BOEING legacy Rocketdyne XRS-2200 AeroSpike thurst vector navigation ‘lateral engines’ ( 2 ) – based on those formerly used in the U.S. Air Force LOCKHEED F-117E Stealth Reconaissance Fighter ( image ‘immediately’ above ) – are used in miniature tandems ( 2 ) on Aerial Submersible Vehicles ( ASV ).

The Unmanned Aerial Submersible Combat Vehicle ( UASCV ) ’satellite blue-green laser-guided remote-controlled navigation propulsion and underwater optical sensing detectors and camera systems’ remains as sensitive as the DARPA LOCCAS powered remote-piloted submersible torpedo ‘satellite blue-green laser-guided remote-controlled navigation propulsion and underwater optical sensing detectors and camera systems’.

 

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Secret ET Technologies

[ NOTE The video ( above ), amidst its computer graphic interface ( CGI ), manipulates many of the actual ‘image document layout photographs of symbolics technology’ and ‘laboratory premise photos of components and sub-structures’ ( removed from the U.S. government classified laboratory Project CARET ), plus ‘select photos’ of unidentified flying objects ( UFO ) bearing similar symbolics worked on by an individual using the alias name “Issac” who publicly released partial details about this story. ]

Secret ET Technologies
by, Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV )

November 22, 2010 12:37:42 ( PST ) Update ( Published: October 23, 2010 )

USA, California, Menlo Park – November 22, 2010 – What some perceived as chicken footprints  may likely be extraterrestrial symbolic construct technologies. Years ago, an individual – using the alias name “Issac” – conveyed a multi-page report ( ” CARET ” ), laboratory photographs, and detailed personal encounters ( from at least 1984 through 1987 ) on what was believed a U.S. Department of Defense ( DoD ) Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency ( DARPA ) Program recruiting to work on a specific Project ( believed Phase II or Phase III ) studying what was ‘officially briefed’ to Issac – amongst his task team –  as highly complex relatives of  ’extraterrestrial’ structures, materials, components, construct language symbolics.

Unwanted Publicity Intelligence Annex report ( herein ) will only provide more detailed analysis on Issac provided information that news media organizations half-heartedly carried to the public years ago.

Extraterrestrial materials, although highly complex to what Issac’s group had ever seen in their lives before, saw supercomputers lumber under tasking extremely complex substrates and geometric symbolics, amongst other secret-sensitive items, that Issac and others analyzed and deciphered.

Within the building, amongst other secret-sensitive items, combinatoric studies were not limited to extremely complex substrates, symbolics, and more that developed an extremely complex ‘primer’ in which Issac’s report is named “Commercial Applications Research for ExtraTerrestrial Technology” ( C.A.R.E.T. or CARET ).

Issac’s personal accounting ( further below ) reports the aforementioned work was conducted within what first appeared as only an upscale industrial office complex ‘building’, presumably located in the State of California County of Santa Clara.

Issac describes his facility adjacencies being multi-compartmentalized ‘individual government contractor offices’ – believed assigned to various sensitive tasks for the United States government – whereupon, amongst other compartmentalized secret characteristics ( never mentioned the facility being a ’self-sealing building’ ), were five ( 5 ) underground floors hidden.

Five ( 5 ) stories down, sub-surface levels – not reported by Issac – but easily ascertained must have included:

– One [ 1 ] underground level dedicated parking for ‘secondary staff’ and/or ‘special visitors ( e.g. military officials, etc. ) standard passenger vehicles; and,

– Two [ 2 ] underground level dedicated parking for ‘equipment delivery’ trucks; and,

– Three [ 3 ] underground level dedicated parking for ‘militarized troop personnel’ vans and/or buses.

Carefull observation, when combining all the aforementioned, initially bring a ‘few new questions’ followed by a few ‘remote suppositions’ ( immediately below ):

1. Could Issac’s seemingly ‘personal account’ have actually been ‘cleverly ghost written’ for ‘someone else’?

2. Could Issac have actually been a ‘female’?

3. Could the ‘name’ of the author, “Issac,” have actually been derived from the ‘name’ of a ‘male sibling or spouse’?

4. Could Issac’s seemingly ‘personal account’ have actually ‘taken place geographically elsewhere’?

“Issac” ‘reports’ ( further below ) begin ‘personal accountings’ by ‘laying a foundation scene’ surrounding the State of California County of Santa Clara “Silicon Valley” industrial technology history. Issac then simply includes a report ‘cover page’ entitled, “Palo Alto CARET Laboratory” so, for all intents and purposes readers may ‘then instantly gravitate with the assumption’ that Issac’s ‘personal account took place in Palo Alto, California’, but then “Issac” mentions – but does not detail – only very few ‘building characteristics’ and uses the most ‘general of terms’. Might Issac have ‘purposely laid such a foundation’ after ‘altering the true facility name on he report’ to only be known as the “Palo Alto CARET Laboratory” or “PACL” when the ‘building’ may have actually been ‘remotely located elsewhere’ albeit within or under a ‘temporary U.S. government contract project’ and/or ‘adjunct’ of yet another larger organization.

Was Issac’s ‘reported building’ just a stand-alone upscale city street-side industrial office building made of normal iron re-enforced concrete / cement walled tilt-up construction?

At the time, of Issac’s personal account’, the former ROCKWELL SCIENCE CENTER PALO ALTO LABORATORY ( 444 High Street, Suite #400, Palo Alto, California 94301 ) existed near a plethora of ‘other such organization buildings’ performing secret-sensitive work in the Silicon Valley area of northern California.

Plenty of such ‘remotely located buildings’ exist.

To name a ‘few’, are ‘buildings remotely situated’ at the U.S. National Laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico and although ‘such buildings and private contractors are geographically situated there’, funding secrets are hidden under ‘administrative domain auspices’ of the ‘University of California’.

But where do “Issac’s” reported ‘armed military personnel’ easily appear from in such a ‘building’?

Other ‘remotely situated buildings’ also exist – under U.S. government contract to private companies – on military reservations such as the United States Air Force Research Laboratory ( ARL ) that oversees “PHILIPS Laboratory” secret-sensitive work performed and tested ‘near but not within’ Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico but secretly hidden on that huge ‘reservation’.

[ PHOTO ( above): PHILIPS Laboratory at Kirkland Air Force Base, New Mexico ( USA ) NOTE: click to enlarge photo details. ]

In southern California, Edwards Air Force Base reservation holds unique offerings, amongst other secrets, where after a vehicle passes the ‘entrance sign’ it must continue to be driven an additional 20-miles further before even reaching the ‘main gate’ to gain ‘official admittance’ but with ‘further restricted movement’, whereupon scattered – all around that ‘reservation’ – are a plethora of ‘remotely situated buildings’ under ‘use’ by ‘private business U.S. government contract holders performing, amongst other things, U.S. government secret-sensitive work within a complex of buildings such as  those seen inside Area 51 ( also known as ) the Lazy G Ranch ( also known as ) The Ranch ( Nevada, USA ).

[ PHOTO ( above): Area 51 (aka) Lazy G Ranch (aka) The Ranch ‘main gate’ ( Nevada, USA ) circa 1970s. NOTE: click to enlarge photo details. ]

[ PHOTO ( above): Area 51 (aka) Lazy G Ranch (aka) The Ranch ( Nevada, USA ) circa 1970s. NOTE: click to enlarge photo details. ]

But even Area 51 (aka) the Lazy G Ranch (aka) The Ranch located in the Nevada desert cannot be compared ( here ) to its secret-sensitive  ’sister reservation’ that is only known as a ’proving ground’ someone named ”Dugway” ( Utah, USA ).

In  1968, the U.S. Navy had private contractors build its secret-sensitive China Lake Naval Weapons Station ( near Trona, California ) whereon that ‘reservation’ holds one ( 1 ) building, with eight ( 8 ) subterrainean story floor levels, that is stuck out in the middle of the southern California desert. If the U.S. Navy is a military ship sailing and aircraft flying defense organization, what is it doingwith an 8-story subterrainean building in the middle of a desert?

From within Issac’s given parameter basics describing the reported ‘upscale city industrial office building’ complex – with five ( 5 ) subterrainian stories – the closest resemblance ‘within the State of California County of Santa Clara Silicon Valley area’ that was the  ’unknown building predecessor’ of what later became known as the ‘first privately-owned and operated business’ belonging to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) named QIC ( believed known as ) QUANTUM INTEFACE CENTER ( formerly known as ) IN-Q-IT CORPORATION ( formerly known as ) IN-Q-TEL ( affectionately nicknamed ) CIA-IN-Q-TEL where the CIA business ’special technology’ research and development ( R&D ) was performed – although ‘never fully reported’ about – on ‘applications’ for what would later also be known as ” Commercial Off The Shelf ” ( C.O.T.S. / COTS ) product development of secret-sensitive technologies – ‘products’ in-essence, there would accumulate plenty of, for later distribution –  to be eventually traded for ‘other valuable considerations’ ( only very little press coverage reported it, as “… products to be sold to …”  ) ‘in-exchange’ for which a few ‘private companies’ ( e.g. ‘foreign based company’ PHILIPS, and a few select others ) could possibly offer ‘in-exchange’ for what they ‘could’ or ‘were already providing’ under U.S. government contract(s) that could ‘then’  secretly return U.S. Congress ‘budget approved’ U.S. Department of the Treasury funds by re-routing or mirroring bank wire transferred monies back into the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) private business that could then re-route those monies as deemed fit secretly into yet other out-of U.S. Congressional scrutinized intelligence projects and programs.

But could all this ‘really happen’?

The webpage links ( above ) show who was initially put in-charge and what senior executives were selectively chosen from key private industries that led the private U.S. Central Intelligence Agency business so, it really should come as no surprise to a few understanding mechanics behind international stock market trading and international bank wire transfers between domestic and foreign operations of the United States Federal Reserve System.

[ PHOTO ( above ) : U.S. Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) business IN-Q-TEL CORPORATION logo. ]

A few such secret-sensitive self-sealing rad-hard ( anti-radiation hardening concrete / cement via ‘gamma radiation saturation’ ) buildings reposturate – ‘prior to the onslaught of’ a U.S. national emergency – via remote triggering such buildings to submerge their entire mass into underground special covering multi-story holes dug in the ground beneath them.

So, did Issac’s ‘reported building’ have such ‘additional capacities’ or ‘more’?

One might consider such to be more distinct possibilities based on what the “CARET” report entailed and according to “Issac’s” ‘personal accountings’ surrounding such.

Courtesy: Unwanted Publicity Information Group

====

My Experience With The CARET Program And Extra-Terrestrial Technology

by, Isaac [ alias moniker used by the original author ]

June 2007

This letter is part of a package I’ve assembled for Coast to Coast AM [ a nightly broadcast radio station located in the United States of America ] to distribute to its audience. It is a companion to numerous ‘document’ and ‘photo’ scans and should not be separated from them.

You can call me Isaac, an alias I’ve chosen as a simple measure of protection while I release what would be called tremendously ‘sensitive information’ even by todays standards.

‘Sensitive’ is not necessarily synonymous with ‘dangerous’, though, which is why my conscience is clear as I offer this material up for the public.

My government [ United States of America ] has its reasons for its continual secrecy, and I sympathize with many of them, but the truth is that I’m getting old and I’m not interested in meeting my maker one day with any more baggage than necessary.

Furthermore, I put a little more faith in humanity than my former bosses do, and I think that a release of at least some of this information could help a lot ‘more’ than it could ‘hurt’, especially in today’s world.

I should be clear before I begin, as a final note:

I am not interested in making myself vulnerable to the consequences of betraying the trust of my superiors and will not divulge any personal information that could determine my identity.

However my intent is not to deceive, so ‘information that I think is too risky to share’ will be simply ‘left out’ rather than obfuscated in some way ( aside from my alias, which I freely admit is not my real name ).

I would estimate that with the information contained in this letter, I could be narrowed down to one [ 1 ] of maybe 30 to 50 people at best, so I feel reasonably secure.

Some Explanation for the Recent Sightings –

For many years I’ve occasionally considered the release of at least some of the material I possess, but the recent wave of photos and sightings has prompted me to cut to the chase and do so now.

I should first be clear that I’m not directly familiar with any of the crafts seen in the photos in their entirety. I’ve never seen them in a hangar or worked on them myself or seen aliens zipping around in them. However, I have worked with and seen many of the parts visible in these crafts, some of which can be seen in the Q3-85 Inventory Review scan found at the top of this page.

More importantly though, I’m very familiar with the ‘language’ on their [ craft(s) ] ‘undersides’ [ under bellies ] seen clearly in photos by Chad, Rajman, and – ‘another form’ – in the Big Basin photos.

One question I can answer – for sure – is why they are suddenly here.

These crafts have probably existed – in their current form – for decades, and I can say – for sure – that the technology behind [ abut ] them has existed for decades before that.

The ‘language’, in fact – I’ll explain shortly why I keep putting that in quotes – was the subject of ‘my work’ in years past. I’ll cover ‘that’ as well.

The reason they [ extraterrestrial craft(s) ] are suddenly ‘visible’, however is ‘another matter’ entirely.

These crafts – assuming they’re anything like the hardware I worked with in the 1980s ( assuming they’re better, in fact ) – are equipped with technology that enables invisibility. That ‘ability’ can be controlled both ‘on board’ the craft, and ‘remotely’.

However, what’s important in this case is that this ‘invisibility’ can also be ‘disrupted’ by ‘other technology’. Think of it like ‘radar jamming’.

I would bet my life savings ( since I know this has happened before ) that these craft are ‘becoming visible’ and then ‘returning to invisibility’ arbitrarily – probably unintentionally – and undoubtedly for only ‘short periods’ due to the ‘activity of a kind’ of ‘disrupting technology’ [ sonic flocculation ] being ‘set-off elsewhere’ but ‘near-by’.

I’m especially sure of this in the case of the Big Basin sightings where the witnesses themselves reported seeing the craft just ‘appear’ and ‘disappear’.

This is especially likely because of the way the witness described one [ 1 ] of the appearances being only a ‘momentary flicker’, which is consistent with the ‘unintentional’, ‘intermittent triggering’ of such a ‘device’.

It’s no surprise that these sightings are all taking place in ‘California’ ( USA ), and especially the Saratoga Bay / South Bay area.

Not far from Saratoga is Mountain View, California ( USA ) / Sunnyvale, California ( USA ) home to Moffett Field [ formerly, a United States Army Air Corps military airfield / United States Air Force Base ( USAFB ) ] and the [ National Aeronautic Space Administration ] NASA Ames Research center.

Again, I’d be willing to bet – just about anything – that the device capable of hijacking the cloaking of these nearby craft was inadvertently triggered, probably during some kind of experiment, at the exact moment they were being seen.

Miles away, in Big Basin, the witnesses were in the right place – at the right time – and saw the results of this disruption with their own eyes.

God knows what else was suddenly appearing in the skies at that moment, and who else may have seen it.

I’ve had some direct contact with this device, or at least a device capable of the same thing, and this kind of mistake is not unprecedented.

I am personally aware of at least one [ 1 ] other incident in which this kind of technology was accidentally set off, resulting in the sudden visibility of normally invisible things.

The only difference is that these days, cameras are alot more common!

The technology itself is ‘not’ ours, or at least it was ‘not in the 1980s.

Much like the technology, in these crafts themselves, the device capable of remotely hijacking vehicle clacking comes from a non-human source too.

Why we were given this technology has never been clear to me, but it’s responsible for a lot.

Our having access to this kind of device, along with our occasionally hap-hazard experimentation on them, has lead to everything from cloaking malfunctions like this to full-blown crashes.

I can assure you that most ( and in my opinion all) incidents of UFO crashes or that kind of thing had more to do with our meddling with extremely powerful technology at an inopportune time than it did mechanical failure on their part.

Trust me, those things don’t fail unless something even more powerful than them makes them fail ( intentionally or not ). Think of it like a stray bullet. You can be hit by one at any time, without warning, and even the shooter did ‘not’ intend to hit you.

I can assure you heads are rolling over this as well.

If anyone notices a brilliant but sloppy ‘physicist’ patrolling the streets of Baghdad [ Iraq ] in the next couple weeks, I’d be willing to guess how he got there. ( I kid – of course – as I certainly hope that has ‘not’ actually happened in this case ).

I would now like to explain how it is that I know this.

The CARET Program –

My story begins the same as it did for many of my co-workers, with graduate and post-graduate work at university in electrical engineering. And I had always been interested in computer science, which was a very new field at the time, and my interest piqued with my first exposure to a Tixo during grad school.

In the years following school I took a scenic route through the tech industry and worked for the kinds of companies you would expect, until I was offered a job at the United States Department of Defense [ DoD ] and things took a very different turn.

My time at the DoD [ United States Department of Defense ] was mostly uneventful but I was there for quite a while. I apparently proved myself to be reasonably intelligent and loyal.

By 1984 these qualities along with my technical background made me a likely candidate for a new program they were recruiting for called “CARET.”

Before I explain, what CARET was, I should back up a little.

By 1984, Silicon Valley had been a juggernaut of technology for decades. In the less than 40-years since the appearance of Shockley’s transistor, this part of the world had already produced a multi billion dollar computer industry and made technological strides that were unprecedented in other fields – from hypertext and online collaboration in 1968 to the Alto in 1973.

Private industry in Silicon Valley was responsible for some of the most incredible technological leaps in history and this fact did not go unnoticed by the US government and military.

I don’t claim to have any special knowledge about Roswell [ New Mexico, USA incident believed to be an extraterrestrial flying object ( UFO ) crash ] or any of the other alleged early UFO events, but I do know that whatever the exact origin, the ‘military’ was hard at work trying to understand and use the ‘extraterrestrial artifacts’ it had in its ‘possession’.

While there had been a great deal of progress overall, things were not moving as quickly as some would have liked.

So, in 1984, the CARET program was created with the aim of harnessing the abilities of private industry in silicon valley and applying it to the ongoing task of understanding extra-terrestrial technology.

One of the best examples of the power of the tech sector was XEROX PARC, a research center in Palo Alto, California [ USA ].

XPARC was responsible for some of the major milestones in the history of computing.

While I never had the privilege of working there [ XEROX PARC ( Palo Alto, California, USA ], myself, I ‘did’ know many of the people who ‘did’ and I can say that they were among the brightest engineers I ever knew.

XPARC served as one [ 1 ] of the models for the CARET program’s first incarnation, a facility called the PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( PACL ) – lovingly pronounced, “packle” during my time there.

This [ Palo Alto CARET Laboratory ] was where [ Palo Alto, California, USA ] I worked, along with numerous other civilians, under the auspices of military brass who were eager to find out how the tech sector made so much progress so quickly.

My time at the DoD [ U.S. Department Of Defense ] was a major factor behind why I was chosen, and in fact about 30+ [ 30 or more ] others – who were hired around the same time – had also been at the Department [ U.S. Department Of Defense ] about as long but this was not the case for everyone.

A couple of my co-workers were plucked right from places like IBM [ INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES ] and, at least two [ 2 ] of them came from XPARC [ XEROX PARC ( Palo Alto, California, USA ] itself.

My DoD [ U.S. Department Of Defense ] experience did make me more eligable [ eligible ] for positions of management, however, which is how I have so much of this material [ documents, photos, etc. ] in my possession to begin with.

So, in other words, civilians ( like myself ) who had – at most – some decent experience working for the DoD [ U.S. Department Of Defense ] but no actual military training or involvement were suddenly finding ourselves in the same room as highly classified extra-terrestrial technology.

Of course they spent about 2-months briefing us all before we saw or did anything, and did their best to convince us that if we ever leaked a single detail about what we were being told, they’d do everything short of digging up our ancestors and putting a few slugs in them too – just for good measure.

It seemed like there was an armed guard in every corner of every room.

I’d [ I had ] worked under some pretty hefty NDAs [ National Defense Administrations ] in my time but this was so far out of my depth. I didn’t think I was going to last 2-weeks in an environment like that. But amazingly things got off to a good start.

They wanted us, plain and simple, and our industry – had shown itself to be so good at what it did – that they were just about ready to give us carte blanche.

Of course, nothing with the military is ever that simple, and as is often the case they wanted to have their cake and eat it too. What I mean by this is that despite their interest in picking our brains and learning whatever they could from our way of doing things, they still wanted to do it ‘their way’ often enough to frustrate us. At this point I’m going to gloss over the emotional side of this experience, because this letter isn’t intended to be a memoir, but I will say that there’s almost no way to describe the impact this kind of revelation has on your mind.

There are very few moments in life in which your entire world view is turned forever upside down, but this was one of them.

I still remember that turning point – during the briefing – when I realized what he’d just told us, and that I hadn’t heard him wrong, and that it wasn’t some kind of joke.

In retrospect, the whole thing feels like it was in slow motion, from that ‘slight pause’ he took – just before the term “extra-terrestrial” came out for the first time – to the way the room itself seemed to go off kilter as we collectively tried to grasp what was being said.

My reflex kept jumping back and forth between trying to look at the speaker, to understand him better, and looking at everyone else around me, to make sure I wasn’t the only one that was hearing this.

At the risk of sounding melodramatic, it’s a lot like a child learning his parents are divorcing. I never experienced that myself, but a very close friend of mine did when were boys, and he confided in me a great deal about what the experience felt like. A lot of what he said would aptly describe what I was feeling in that room.

Here was a ‘trusted authority figure’ telling you something that you just don’t feel ready for, and putting a burden on your mind that you don’t necessarily want to carry. The moment that first word comes out, all you can think about it is, what it was like only ‘seconds ago’, and knowing that life is never going to be as simple as it was ‘then’.

After all that time at the DoD [ U.S. Department Of Defense ], I thought I at least had some idea of what was going on in the world, but I’d never heard so much as a peep about this.

Maybe one day I’ll write more on this aspect, because it’s the kind of thing I really would like to get off my chest, but for now I’ll digress.

Unlike traditional research in this area, we weren’t working on new toys for the air force.

For numerous reasons, the CARET people decided to aim its efforts at ‘commercial applications’ rather than ‘military’ ones.

They basically wanted us to turn these ‘artifacts’ into something they could ‘patent’ and ‘sell’.

One of CARET’s most ‘appealing promises’ was the revenue generated by these product-ready technologies, which could be funneled right back into ‘black projects’. Working with a ‘commercial application’ in-mind was also yet another way to keep us in a familiar mind state. Developing technology for the military is very different than doing so for the ‘commercial sector’, and not having to worry about the difference was another way that CARET was very much ‘like private industry’.

CARET shined, in the way it let us work the way we were used to working. They wanted to recreate as much of the environment we were used to as they could without compromising issues like security. That meant we got ‘free reign to set up’ our own ‘workflow’, ‘internal management structure’, ‘style manuals’, ‘documentation’, and the like. They wanted this to look and ‘feel like private industry’, ‘not the military’. They ‘knew’ this was ‘how to get the best work out of us’, and they were right.

But things didn’t go as smoothly when it came to matters like access to classified information.

They were exposing what is probably their single biggest secret to a group of people who had never even been through basic training and it was obvious that the gravity of this decision was never far from their minds.

We started the program with a small set of ‘extra-terrestrial artifacts’ along with ‘fairly elaborate briefings’ on ‘each’ as well as ‘access to a modest amount of what research had already been completed’.

It wasn’t long before we realized ‘we needed more’ though, and getting them to provide even the smallest amount of new material was like pulling teeth.

CARET stood for “Commercial Applications Research for Extra-Terrestrial Technology”, but we often joked that it should have stood for “Civilians Are Rarely Ever Trusted.”

PACL [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ] was located in Palo Alto [ California, USA ], but unlike XPARC [ XEROX XPARC ( Palo Alto, California, USA ], it wasn’t at the end of a long road in the middle of a big complex surrounded by rolling hills and trees.

PACL was hidden in an ‘office complex’ – owned entirely by the military but ‘made to look like an unassuming tech company’.

From the street, all you could see was what appeared to be a normal ‘parking lot’ with a ‘gate’ and a ‘guard [ security ] booth’, and a 1-story building inside with a ‘fictitious name’ and ‘[ fictitious ] logo’.

What was ‘not visible’ – from the street – was that ‘behind’ the very ‘first set of doors’ was enough ‘armed guards’ to invade Poland, plus five [ 5 ] additional underground stories [ levels ].

They wanted to be as close as possible to the kinds of people they were looking to hire, and be able to bring them in with a minimum of fuss.

Inside, we had everything we needed. State of the art hardware and a staff of over 200 computer scientists, electrical engineers, mechanical engineers, physicists and mathematicians.

Most of us were civilians, as I’ve said, but some were military, a few of them had been working on this technology already.

Of course, you were never far from the barrel of a ‘machine gun’ – even ‘inside the labs’ themselves ( something many of us never got used to ) – and ‘bi-weekly tours’ were made by ‘military brass’ to ensure that not a single detail was out of line. Most of us underwent extensive searches on our way into and out of the building. There it was, probably the biggest secret in the world, in a bunch of parts spread out on laboratory tables in the middle of Palo Alto so you can imagine their concern.

One ‘downside’ to CARET was that it was ‘not’ as ‘well-connected’ as ‘other operations’ undoubtedly ‘were’.

I ‘never got to see’ any ‘actual extra-terrestrials’ ( not even photos ), and in fact ‘never even saw’ one [ 1 ] of their ‘complete vehicles’ – ’99% of what I saw’ was ‘related to the work at-hand’, all of which was conducted within a very narrow context on ‘individual artifacts only’. The remaining ’1% came from people’ I met through the program, many of which ‘working more closely’ with “the good stuff” or ‘had [ worked with ] in the past’.

In fact, what was especially amusing about the whole affair was the way that our ‘military management’ almost ‘tried to act’ as if the ‘technology’ – we were essentially ‘reverse engineering’ – was ‘not extra-terrestrial’ at all.

Aside from the word “extra-terrestrial,” itself, we rarely heard any other terms like “alien” or “UFO” or “outer space” or anything. ‘Those aspects’ were ‘only mentioned briefly’ when absolutely ‘necessary to explain something’.

In many cases it was necessary to ‘differentiate’ between the different ‘races’ and ‘their’ respective ‘technology’, and they did ‘not’ even use the word “races.” They were referred to simply as different “sources.”

The Technology –

A lot of the technology we worked on was what you would expect, namely ‘anti-gravity’. Most of the ‘researchers’ ( on the staff ) – with ‘backgrounds’ in ‘propulsion’ and ‘rocketry’ – were ‘military’ men, but the ‘technology’ we were dealing with was so ‘out of this world’ that it didn’t really matter all that much what your background was because none of it applied.

All we could hope to do was use the ‘vocabulary’ of our respective fields as a way ‘to model’ the extremely bizarre ‘new concepts’ we were very slowly ‘beginning to understand’ as best we could.

A ‘rocket engineer’ doesn’t usually rub elbows much with a ‘computer scientist’, but inside PACL [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ], we were all ‘equally mystified’ and were ready to ‘entertain any and all ideas’.

The ‘physicists’ made the most headway, initially because out of all of our skills, their’s ‘overlapped the most’ with the ‘concepts behind this technology’ ( although that isn’t saying much! ). Once they [ physicists ] got the ball rolling though, we began to find that many of the ‘concepts found in computer science’ were applicable as well, albeit in very vague ways.

While I didn’t do a lot of work with the antigrav [ anti-gravity ] ‘hardware’, myself, I was occasionally involved in the ‘assessment’ of ‘how’ that ‘technology’ was meant to ‘interface’ with its ‘user’.

The antigrav [ anti-gravity ] was amazing, of course, as were the ‘advances’ we were making with ‘materials engineering’ and so on.

But what interested me most then, and still amazes me most to this day, was something completely unrelated.

In fact, it was this ‘technology’ that immediately jumped out at me when I ‘saw’ the Chad and Rajman ‘photos’, and even more-so in the ‘Big Basin photos’.

The “Language” –

I put the word Language in quotes because calling what I am about to describe a “language” is a misnomer, although it is an easy mistake to make.

Their [ extraterrestrial ] ‘hardware’ was ‘not’ operated in quite the same way as ours.

In our technology, even today, we have a combination of ‘hardware and software’ running almost everything on the planet.

Software is more abstract than hardware, but ultimately it needs hardware to run it.

In other words, there’s no way to write a computer program on a piece of paper, set that piece of paper on a table or something, and expect it to actually do something.

The most powerful ‘code’ in the world still ‘does not actually do anything’ until a piece of ‘hardware interprets it [ software ]‘ and ‘translates’ its ‘commands’ into ‘actions’.

But ‘their [ extraterestrial ] technology’ is ‘different’.

It really did operate like the magical piece of paper sitting on a table, in a manner of speaking.

They had something akin to a ‘language’ that could quite literally ‘execute’ itself – at least in the ‘presence’ of a very specific type of ‘field’ [ ‘field presence execution’ ].

The ‘language’, a term I am still using very loosely, is a ‘system’ of ‘symbols’ ( which does admittedly very much resemble a written language ) along with ‘geometric forms’ and ‘[ geometric ] patterns’ that fit together [ ‘interlocking’ ] to ‘form diagrams’ that are themselves ‘functional’.

Once they [ interlocking symbolic format diagrams ] are ‘drawn’ – so to speak – on a suitable ‘surface’ made of a suitable ‘material’ and in the ‘presence’ of a certain type of ‘field’, they immediately begin performing the desired tasks. It really did seem like magic to us, even after we began to understand the principles behind it.

I worked with these ‘symbols’ – more than anything [ else ] – during my time at PACL [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ], and ‘recognized them’ the moment I saw them in the ‘photos’.

They appear in a very simple ‘form’ on Chad’s ‘craft’, but appear in the ‘more complex diagram form’ on the ‘underside’ of the ‘Big Basin craft’ as well.

Both are unmistakable, even at the small size of the Big Basin photos.

An example of a diagram in the style of the Big Basin craft is included with this in a series of scanned pages from the [ mistitled ] “Linguistic Analysis Primer”.

We needed a copy of that diagram to be utterly precise, and it took about a [ one – 1 ] month [ 30-days ] for a team of six [ 6 ] to ‘copy’ that ‘diagram’ into our drafting program!

Explaining everything I learned about this technology would fill up several volumes, but I will do my best to explain at least ‘some’ of the ‘concepts’ – as long as I am taking the time to write all this down.

First of all, you wouldn’t open-up their [ extraterrestrial ] ‘hardware’ to find a CPU here, and a data bus there, and some kind of memory over there.

Their [ extraterrestrial ] ‘hardware’ appeared to be ‘perfectly solid’, and consistent, in terms of ‘material’ – from one side to the other. Like a rock or a hunk of metal.

But upon [ much ] closer inspection, we began to learn that it was actually one [ 1 ] big ‘holographic computational substrate’ – each “computational element” ( essentially, individual ‘particles’ ) can ‘function independently’ but are ‘designed to function together’ in tremendously ‘large clusters’.

I say its ‘holographic’ because you can ‘divide it up into the smallest chunks’ you want and still find a scaled-down but complete representation of the whole system.

They produce a ‘non-linear computational output’ when ‘grouped’.

So four [ 4 ] elements, working together, is actually more than four [ 4 ] times ‘more powerful than’ one [ 1 ].

Most of the internal “matter” in their [ extraterrestrial ] ‘crafts’, usually everything – except the outermost housing – is actually ‘this [ extraterestrial] substrate’ and can ‘contribute to computation’ at ‘any time’ and in ‘any state’.

The ‘shape’ of these [ extraterrestrial ] “chunks” of ‘substrate’ also had a profound ‘effect’ on its [ extraterrestrial ] ‘functionality’, and often served as a “shortcut” to achieve a goal that might ‘otherwise’ be more ‘complex’.

So back to the language.

The language is actually a “functional blueprint.”

The ‘forms’ of the ‘shapes’, ‘symbols’ and ‘arrangements’ thereof is itself ‘functional’.

What makes it all especially ‘difficult to grasp’ is that every ‘element’ of each “diagram” is ‘dependant on’ and ‘related to’ every ‘other element’ [ elements ], which means ‘no single detail’ can be ‘created’, ‘removed’ or ‘modified’ independently.

Humans like written language because each element of the language can be understood on its own, and from this, complex expressions can be built.

However, their “language” is entirely ‘context sensitive’, which means that ‘a given symbol’ could mean as little as a ’1-bit flag’ in ‘one [ 1 ] context’, or – quite literally – contain the entire human genome or a galaxy star map in another.

The ability for a single, small symbol to contain, not just represent, tremendous amounts of data is another counter-intuitive aspect of this ‘concept’.

We quickly realized that even ‘working in groups’ of ten [ 10 ] or more on the ‘simplest of diagrams’, we found it virtually impossible to get anything done. As each new feature was added, the ‘complexity of the diagram exponentially grew’ to unmanageable proportions.

For this reason we began to develop computer-based systems to manage these details and achieved some success, although again we found that a threshold was quickly reached beyond which even the supercomputers of the day were unable to keep up.

Word was that the ‘extraterrestrials could design’ these ‘diagrams’ as ‘quickly’, and [ as ] easily as a human programmer could write a [ computer language ] Fortran program.

It’s humbling to think that even a ‘network of supercomputers’ was ‘not’ able to ‘duplicate’ what they could do in their [ extraterrestrial ] own heads.

Our entire system of language is based on the idea of assigning meaning to symbols.

Their [ extraterrestrial ] technology, however, somehow ‘merges’ the ‘symbol’ and the ‘meaning’, so a subjective audience is not needed.

You can put whatever meaning you want on the symbols, but their behavior and functionality will not change, any more than a transistor will function differently if you give it another name.

Here’s an example of how complex the process is.

Imagine I ask you to incrementally add random words to a list such that no two [ 2 ] words use any of the same letters, and you must perform this exercise entirely in your head, so you can’t rely on a computer or even a pen and paper.

If the first [ 1st ] in the list was, say, “fox”, the second [ 2nd ] item excludes all words with the letters F, O and X.

If the next word you choose is “tree”, then the third [ 3rd ] word in the list can’t have the letters F, O, X, T, R, or E in it.

As you can imagine, coming up with even a third [ 3rd ] word might start to get just a bit tricky, especially since you can’t easily visualize the excluded letters by writing down the words.

By the time you get to the fourth [ 4th ], fifth [ 5th ] and sixth [ 6th ] words, the problem has spiraled out of control.

Now imagine trying to add the billionth [ 1,000,000,000 ] word to the list ( imagine also that we’re working with an ‘infinite alphabet’ so you don’t run out of letters ) and you can imagine how difficult it is for even a computer to keep up.

Needless to say, writing this kind of thing “by hand” is orders of magnitude beyond the capabilities of the brain.

My background lent itself well to this kind of work though. I’d spent years ‘writing code’ and ‘designing’ both ‘analog’ and ‘digital’ circuits, a process that at least visually resembled these diagrams in some way.

I also had a personal affinity for ‘combinatorics’, which served me well as I helped with the ‘design of software’ running on ‘supercomputers’ that could juggle the often trillions [ 1,000,000,000,000 ] of rules necessary to create a ‘valid diagram’ of any ‘reasonable complexity’.

This overlapped quite a bit with ‘compiler theory’ as well, a subject I always found fascinating, and in particular ‘compiler optimization’, a field that was ‘not’ half [ 50% ] of what it is today back then.

A running joke among the linguistics team was that Big-O notation couldn’t adequately describe the scale of the task, so we’d substitute other words for “big”.

By the time I left I remember the consensus was “Astronomical-O” finally did it justice.

Like I said, I could go on for hours about this subject, and would love to write at least an introductory book on the subject if it was not – still completely – ‘classified’, but that’s not the point of this letter so I’ll try to get back on track.

The last thing I’d like to discuss is how I got copies of this material, what else I have in my possession, and what I plan to do with it in the future.

My Collection –

I worked at PACL [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ] from 1984 to 1987, by which time I was utterly burned out.

The sheer volume of details to keep in mind while working with the diagrams was enough to challenge anyone’s sanity, and I was really at the end of my rope with the military attitude towards our “need to know”. Our ability to get work done was constantly hampered by their reluctance to provide us with the necessary information, and I was tired of bureaucracy getting in the way of research and development [ R&D ].

I left somewhere in the middle of a 3-month bell curve in which about a quarter of the entire PACL [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ] staff left for similar reasons.

I was also starting to disagree with the direction the leadership wanted to take as far as the subject of extra-terrestrials went.

I always felt that at least some form of disclosure would be beneficial, but as a lowly CARET ‘engineer’ I wasn’t exactly in the position to call shots.

The truth is, our management didn’t even want us discussing – even among ourselves – non-technical aspects of this subject ( such as ethical or philosophical issues, as they felt it was enough of a breach of security to let civilians like us anywhere near this kind of thing in the first place.

So, about 3-months before I resigned ( which was about 8-months before I was really out – since you don’t just walk out of a job like that with a 2-week notice ) – I decided to start taking advantage [ remove PACL work documents, etc. ] of my ‘position’ [ a ‘situational position’ wherein his ( Issac ) PACL ‘security inspections’ on his ( Issac ) ‘person’ became lessened or ‘weak’ upon his ( Issac ) ‘departures from the PACL facility’ ].

As I mentioned earlier, my DoD [ United States Department Of Defense ] experience got me into an internal management role sooner than some of my colleagues, and after about a [ one – 1 ] year of that kind of status, the outgoing [ departing ] searches [ security inspections ] each night became slightly less rigorous.

Normally, we were to empty out any containers, bags or briefcases, then remove our shirt and shoes and submit to a kind of frisking. Work was never allowed to go home with you, no matter who you were.

For me, though, the briefcase search [ secuity inspection ] was [ had become ] eventually enough [ all that the security inspection became on him ( Issac ) ].

Even before I [ Issac ] actually decided to do it [ remove PACL work documents, etc. ], I was sure that I would be able to sneak certain materials out with me.

I wanted to do this [ remove PACL work documents, photos, etc. ] because I knew the day would come when I would want to write something like this, and I knew I’d regret it until the day I died if I didn’t at least leave the possibility open to do so.

So I started photocopying [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ] documents and reports by the dozen.

I had then [ 3-months before he ( Issac ) resigned from PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ] put the papers [ documents, etc. ] under my shirt around my lower back, tucked enough into my belt to ensure they wouldn’t fall out.

I could do this [ ‘physically able to do’ but ‘not authorized to do’ ] in any one of a few ‘short windowless hallways’ on some of the ‘lower floors’, which were among the few places that did ‘not’ have an ‘armed guard watching’ my every move.

I would walk in one end [ of the ‘short windowless hallways’ ] with a stack of papers large enough that when I came out the other end [ of the ‘short windowless hallways’ ] with some of them [ documents, photos, etc. ] in my shirt – there would ‘not’ be a visible [ observational ] difference in what I was holding.

You absolutely cannot be too careful if you’re going to pull a stunt like this.

As long as I walked carefully they would ‘not’ make a crinkling noise [ paper flex rustling upon movement ].

In fact, the more papers I took, the less noise they made, since they were ‘not’ as flimsy [ resistant to flex upon restricted movement ] that way.

I’d often take upwards of 10-pages up to 20-pages at once [ each time ].

By the time I was done, I had made out with [ unlawfully removed documents, photos, etc. away from PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ] ‘hundreds’ [ 200+ or more ] of ‘photocopies’, as well as a few ‘originals’ and a ‘large collection’ of ‘original photographs’.

With this ‘initial letter’, I have attached high resolution scans of the following:

– One [ 1 ] page is from a [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ] “inventory review” with a ‘photo’ – appears to depict one ( 1 ) of the ‘parts’ found in the Rajman sighting and ‘parts’ very similar to the Big Basin craft;

– The first [ 1st ] nine ( 9 ) pages of one ( 1 ) of our [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ] ‘quarterly’ research ‘reports’;

– Scans of the ‘original photographs’ used ‘in that report’ – since the ‘photocopies obscure’ most of the ‘details’; and

– Five [ 5 ] pages from a ‘report’ on our [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ] ongoing analysis of the “language” ( inappropriately titled “linguistic analysis” ) depicting the kind of diagram – just barely visible on the underside of the Big Basin craft.

This material is the most, ‘relevant’ and ‘explanatory’, I could find on ‘short notice’.

Now that these are up [ on the internet ], ‘if’ I decide to release more in the future, I’ll be able to take my time and better search this rather large collection of mine that I’ve sadly never organized.

I’m not sure what I’ll be doing with the rest of the collection in the future.

I suppose I’ll wait and see how this all plays out, and then play it by ear.

There are certainly risks involved in what I’m doing, and if I were to actually be identified and caught, there could be rather serious consequences.

However, I’ve taken the proper steps to ensure a ‘reasonable level of anonymity’ and am quite secure in the fact that the information I’ve so far provided is by ‘no means unique’ among many of the CARET participants [ had access to ].

Besides, part of me has always suspected that the [ United States of America ] government ‘relies on the occasional leak’ – like this – and actually wants them to happen, because it ‘contributes to a steady slow-paced path towards revealing’ the ‘truth’ of this ‘matter’.

Since Leaving CARET –

Like I said, I left PACL in 1987, but have kept in touch with a great many of my friends and co-workers from those days.

Most of us are retired by now, except – of course – for those of us that went-on to get ‘teaching jobs’, but a few of us ‘still hear things’ [ ‘still told of these matters’ ] through the grapevine.

As for CARET itself, I’m not sure what’s become of it.

Whether it’s still known by the same name, I’m quite sure it’s ‘still active’ in ‘some capacity’, although who knows where.

I heard from a number of people that PACL [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ] closed up shop a few years after I left, but I’ve still yet to get a clear answer on why exactly that happened.

But I’m sure ‘the kind of work we did there’ [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ] is ‘still going’ strong.

I’ve heard from a lot of friends that there are multiple sites like PACL in Sunnyvale, California ( USA ) and Mountain View, California ( USA ) also disguised to look like ‘unremarkable office space’.

But this is all second-hand information so you can make of it what you will.

Around 2002, or so, I came across Coast to Coast AM [ radio station in the United States of America ] and have been hooked ever since.

I admit, I don’t take most of the [ radio program ] show’s content as anything more than entertainment, but there have been occasions when I could be sure a guest was clearly speaking from experience or a well-informed source.

For me, there’s just something very ‘surreal about hearing all this speculation’ and ‘so-called inside information’ about UFOs [ Unidentified Flying Objects ] ( and the like ) but [ my ( Issac ) ] being ‘personally able to verify’ at least ‘some of it’ as being true or false. It’s [ Coast to Coast AM radio program ( USA ) ] also a ‘nightly’ [ time period, when Coast to Coast AM radio is broadcasted ] reminder of how hectic things were in those days, which helps me enjoy my retirement all the more.

Knowing I’m not part of that crazy world anymore really is something I enjoy on a daily basis, as much as I miss some of it.

Conclusion –

What I’ve shared so far is only a very small portion of what I have, and what I know.

Despite the very sheltered and insulated atmosphere within CARET, I did ultimately learn a great deal from various colleagues, and some of what I learned is truly incredible.

I’d also like to say that for what it’s worth, during my time [ 1983 – 1987 ] there [ PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY ( Palo Alto, California, USA ) ] I never heard anything about invasions, or abductions, or many of the more frightening topics that often pop up on Coast to Coast AM [ radio program ( USA ) ].

That’s not to say that none of it is true, but in my time working alongside some of the most well-connected people in this field, it never came up.

So at the very least I can say my intent is not to scare anyone.

My view on the extra-terrestrial situation is very much a positive, albiet still highly secretive one.

One thing I can definitely say is that if they wanted us gone, we would have been gone a very, very long time ago, and we wouldn’t even have seen it coming.

Throw out your ideas about a space war or anything silly like that. We’d be capable of fighting back against them about as much as ants could fight back against a stampede of buffalo.

But that’s okay, we are the ‘primitive race’, they [ extraterrestrials ] are the ‘advanced races’, and that’s just the way it is.

The ‘other advanced races let them live through their primitive years’ back in ‘their day’, and there is no reason to think it will be any different for us.

They [ extraterrestrials ] are not in the market for a new planet, and even if they [ extraterrestrials ] were there are way too many planets out there for them [ extraterrestrials ] to care about ours enough to take it by force.

To reiterate my take on the recent sightings, I would guess that experimentation – done in the last couple months – on a device that, among other things, is capable of interfering with various crafts onboard invisibility has resulted in a sudden wave of sightings.

It may ‘not’ explain ‘all’ of the recent events, but like I said, I’d bet my life that ‘is’ exactly what happened at Big Basin – at least – and it’s probably related in some way to the Chad, Rajman and Tahoe [ Lake Tahoe, California / Nevada ( USA ) ] sightings [ of the unidentified flying object ( UFO ) ].

So, despite all the recent fanfare over this, I’d say this does ‘not’ mean much.

Most importantly, they are ‘not suddenly’ “here,” they [ extraterrestrials ] have been here for a long time, but just [ have ] happened to turn ‘intentionally visible’ for brief periods ‘recently’.

Lastly, there are so many people selling books, and DVDs, and doing lectures and all that so, I would like to reiterate the fact that I am ‘not’ here to ‘sell’ anything.

The material I’m sharing is ‘free to distribute’ provided it’s all kept intact and unmodified, and this letter is included.

I tend to question the motives of anyone charging money for their information, and will assure you that I [ Issac ] will never do such a thing.

And in the future, just to cover all the bases, anyone claiming to be ‘me’ [ Issac ] who ‘is’ selling a DVD or book is most certainly ‘not going to be me’ [ Issac ].

Any future releases from me [ Issac ] will come from the e-mail address I’ve used to contact Coast to Coast AM [ USA radio station ], and will be sent to them [ Coast to Coast AM ( USA radio station ) ] only.

I’d like to make this clear as well to ensure that people can be sure that any future information comes from the same source, although I must be clear:

At this time I do not have any future plans for additional information. Time will tell how long I will maintain this policy, but do not expect anything soon.

I’d really like to let this information “settle” for a while and see how it goes.

If I find out I’m getting an IRS [ United States Department of the Treasury, Office of Internal Revenue Service ( IRS ) ] audit tomorrow, then maybe this wasn’t too smart.

Until then, I’m going to take it slow.

I hope this information has been helpful.

– Issac

– –

One of the documents ( in the form of high resolution scans of the original ) uploaded was called “PALO ALTO CARET LABORATORY Q-4 1986 RESEARCH REPORT” – here are some excerpts:

1. OVERVIEW –

This document is intended as a primer for the tentative findings of the Q4 1986 research phase ( referred to herein as “Q-4 1986″ ) at the Palo Alto CARET Laboratory (aka) PACL. In accordance with the CARET program mission statement, the goal of this research has been achieving a greater understanding of extraterrestrial technology within the context of commercial applications and civilian use. Examples of such applications, in no particular order, include transportation, medicine, construction, energy, computing and communication.

The ultimate goal of this research is to provide a core set of advanced technologies in a condition suitable for patent review.

2. EXTRACTION –

The process of converting raw artifacts of extraterrestrial origin to usable, fully-documented human technology is termed extraction. The extraction process ultimately consists of two phases:

First [ 1st ] is the establishment of a complete theoretical and operational understanding of the artifact; and,

Second [ 2nd ] is a distillation of the artifact’s underlying principles into usable, product-oriented technology.

Suggestions of specific product applications on behalf of PACL have been encouraged, but are not considered mandatory or essential.

– –

From: Isaac Subject: Re: “Drones” Date: June 27, 2007

Isaac:

“There are a few misconceptions that I have noticed so far and would like to clear them up, and will also answer your questions:

1) I realize now that I did not make this clear, but I should clarify that I am not responsible for the blacking out of the Q4-86 report. Most of the copies I was able to make came from documents that were already archived, which meant that they had already been censored for use by outside parties that needed access to some, but not all, of CARET’s information. I’m trying to share this information, not hide it, but if I did feel that if a given topic was too sensitive for some reason, I would make it clear that I had personally covered it up and probably try to give a reason why.

2) I do not understand the question about why the diagram would be “formatted for 8.5 x 11″… As I mention in my letter, the diagram is a reproduction, not the original. We had a team of technical artists painstakingly copy the diagram from its original source, which was a slightly curved panel not unlike the one seen in the Big Basin craft, although this one was apparently inside the craft, not on the outside. We copied it into a drafting program over the course of about a month.

Our software was understandably primitive by today’s standards, but it was still orders of magnitude more powerful than a pencil and paper would have been. This made a task that would have otherwise been nearly impossible relatively feasible, albeit extremely time-consuming. I can assure you, “they” did not make anything particularly convenient for us. One of the reasons we chose to reproduce that particular diagram was because out of all the diagram-artifacts we had access to, it was on the flattest surface.

Since the geometry of the forms is extremely important, curvature of the surface it’s printed on must be “corrected” if it is to be reproduced in a surface with a different contour (such as a flat page). This can be done in a number of ways, by either using a mathematical model to reverse the effect of the surface curves on the diagram’s shapes, or by methods of physical measuring that allow precise measuring of irregular surfaces. In either case, however, it adds a significant new dimension of labor to an already extremely labor-intensive task, so it’s avoided whenever possible. We really just needed one or two accurately copied diagrams to serve as convenient examples for our own work in decoding and reproducing it, so luckily this was not something we had to do often. Some experimentation was being done on ways to “scan” the diagrams as well, using an almost completely automated process that could automatically account for curved surfaces, but during my time there, very little progress was made on this front.

3) I think the confusion over the quality of the documents stems from the fact that he (critic) is under the impression they (CARET document) were typeset. They were not. First of all, I’m no guru when it comes to graphics or design, but being in close contact with numerous people from places like XPARC will give you enough background to know the lay of the land. What’s first important to note is that systems capable of desktop publishing had been in development for many years before CARET, mostly starting with the Xerox Alto (in 1973), which XPARC developed themselves.

In fact, I once remember hearing from someone related to the original Alto team that Boeing (I believe) used the Alto to lay out and print the documentation for one of their planes (or something to that effect, I heard the story years ago). The joke was apparently that there was so MUCH documentation that the plane itself could essentially be filled with the pages. Furthermore, laser printing itself had also been around for many years (albeit in an extremely expensive form), and was also developed within XPARC (more or less). Other systems, such as PERQ and Lilith, also came out around the late 70′s and while none of them turned into major commercial products, they were not uncommon among large companies and [mostly] universities and were put to very productive use.

These systems were also the inspiration for the Apple Lisa and Macintosh, which was of course perhaps the biggest factor in the consumer-level desktop publishing boom of the late 80′s and early 90′s. By 1984, there were quite a few options available for producing these kinds of documents, they were just ABSURDLY expensive, so they weren’t on every street corner. Obviously it was nowhere near as turnkey and simple as it is today, but it was a very crude approximation of the same process with similar tools. We just had far less features and everything was a hell of a lot slower. But the point I’m trying to make is that while our method of documentation was somewhat advanced for its time, and also somewhat uncommon, it was hardly unattainable by a sufficiently motivated, financed, and well-connected organization.

I had very little contact with the technical writers for the most part, but I do know that we were using this kind of technology for both page layout and printing. CARET was expected to produce a massive amount of detailed, well-formatted documentation that could be easily modified and re-used for numerous drafts and revisions, and we would not have been able to keep up using traditional page layout and typesetting techniques. The mid-1980′s were a very transitional period for these fields, and I would suggest that people do not assume we were using run-of-the-mill standards.

One of the things I appreciated most about CARET was that if the technology was available, and we needed it to work better or more effectively, it was given to us with little debate. But typesetting and digital page layout are apples and oranges, so I think most of this is a moot point anyway.

The bottom line is that many people both inside and outside the engineering world frequently underestimate how long we’ve had a lot of the technology we have. 99% of the algorithms we use today were developed decades ago, they just didn’t have the same practical applications immediately available. Most of the engineers of the 60′s and 70′s would have been right at home with today’s developments and technologies. The only difference is that things have gotten smaller and faster. In the vast majority of technologies, that is the only thing that REALLY changes from one era to the next. If I told the average person that we had speech-synthesizing technology in 1936, they probably wouldn’t believe me.

I could show you a prototype of a simple drafting/design system that was operated by a light pen directly on a screen from the 1960′s. You could draw a shape freehand, then immediately rotate it, modify it, duplicate it, or whatever. You could draw lines connecting different objects, then erase them by simply drawing a squiggly line over it. The computer could interpret the squiggles as a sign to erase something, all in real time. And this was half a century ago, and decades before CARET. Think about that for a moment. The point is, most of what we have today is much older than we think. The only differences are that it’s faster, cheaper, and a marketing team has given it a glossy finish and found a commercial application for it. But if you take away some of the speed, power, ubiquity and consumer appeal, you’ll find a lot of today’s technology scattered throughout much of the 20th century. I hope this is helpful.

Isaac”

– –

From: Isaac Subject: Re: “Drones” Date: June 27, 2007

Isaac:

“1) While I wasn’t a major player in the (CARET) organization, I was hardly ‘some worker.’ My middle-management position is the only reason I was able to make out with what I did. Bear in mind that even someone in my position would never get the chance to leave with even the smallest of actual artifacts, but paperwork smuggling was feasible for anyone who wasn’t subjected to the frisking.

Also, let’s not forget that paperwork only proves so much. I’ll be the first to agree that everything I’ve provided could be faked, I suppose. It is, after all, just a series of images. While the powers that be obviously don’t want this material leaking if they can help it, they’re certainly aware that scans of documents aren’t in the same league as UFOs landing on the White House lawn. I’m not the first person to leak a document or a photo, and I won’t be the last. The information I’ve shared is very unlikely to change the world, and this is the reason I’m not worried about being literally murdered if I’m identified. I’ll face consequences to be sure, but it’s not the kind of thing they kill for.

2) Of course the manual doesn’t look anything like typical government and military documents. The entire purpose of CARET was to recreate the look and feel of silicon valley private enterprise, populate it with private industry engineers, and let it tackle the problem of extraterrestrial technology research. Style manuals were among the numerous things we brought with us from the ‘outside world.’ I’m not sure what else can be said about this. I agree it’s uncommon for non-standard documents to come out of this kind of research, but it’s even more uncommon for people like myself (and even more so for many of my co-workers) to be brought into this kind of project in the first place. Most of us were decidedly not military men. I find it a lot more bizarre than the fact that we were able to design our reports a certain way. CARET was an exception to many of the usual rules.

3) If he (one of many critics who emailed Earthfiles and which I shared with Isaac) believes the pictures are fake, I certainly can’t do or say anything to prove otherwise. He sounds very sure of himself.

4) Most importantly, be very wary of anyone who claims to ‘know the mind’ of extraterrestrials. The comments he’s made are, to put it lightly, naive and extremely presumptuous. Firstly, he’s referring to ‘the aliens’ as if there is a single collective group of them. The universe is not split into ‘humans’ and ‘non-humans,’ any more than Earth is split up into ‘Spanish’ and ‘non-Spanish’ or something equally arbitrary. There are numerous races – and again, like our own races of humans here on earth, they do things in very different ways.

His comment that ‘the aliens don’t do this or that’ is akin to saying ‘humans don’t speak Japanese.’ Well, many humans don’t, but Japanese humans certainly do. The point is not that his statement is right or wrong, but simply that it’s phrased illogically. He then goes on to suggest that the design of the drones is wasting space, which is again, alarming in its arrogance. We had some of the brightest minds in the world spending years just to understand a single facet of their technology, while this individual claims to be able to assess basically every detail of a given design after looking at a single photo and conclude that it’s inefficient. I’m not even sure such a statement should be dignified with a response, and I’m sure you can understand why.

To be honest, whoever this person is, I wrote him off as soon as he said ‘the aliens would never design as these pictures depict.’ That’s about as presumptuous (if not ignorant) as a statement on this subject can be, at least coming from a fellow human. Unless there’s an alien engineer on the other side of this email, there’s simply no way such statements could have merit. I’m really only writing this as a courtesy to you.

At best, he’s been exposed to technology from a radically different race, and at worst, he doesn’t know what he’s talking about. This individual may have access to real information, and he might not. If he is a fellow ‘whistle blower,’ then I’m not interested in attacking him. If he’s not, and is simply making things up, then I’m even less interested. Whatever he is or isn’t is not for me to say, but judging by the way he talks about this issue I have my doubts.

It’s a big world and these are complicated issues. A sense of humility and the admission we don’t know everything is one of our greatest assets.

Isaac”

====

 

Submitted for review and commentary by,

 

Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV ), Host
E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com
WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

 

Quantum Crypto Keys

Quantum Cryptographic Control screen QCrypt QKey

[ IMAGE ( above ): Quantum Cryptographic Control QCrypt QKey Display Screen. Click on image to enlarge. ]

Quantum Crypto Keys
by, Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV )

November 19, 2011 11:34:08 ( PST ) Update ( Published: November 4, 2010 )

USA, Virginia, Tysons Corner – November 19, 2011 – What business continually builds its inventory, no matter what happens anywhere in the world, and never stops building it?

While some may fear big brother, others are financially profiting from carefully researching otherwise unknown private sector business investment portfolios strategically partnered with government intelligence agencies.

Quantum Cryptography –

Expect quantum cryptography to become known in the future as the first practical application for “Quantum Communications.”

Quantum cryptography is a form of cryptography exploiting quantum theory, in-particular with uncertainty principle stating it is impossible to measure all aspects of an object with absolute certainty.

Background –

Im 1984, Charles H. Bennett ( fellow at IBM THOMAS J. WATSON RESEARCH CENTER ) and Gilles Brassard ( researcher at the University of Montreal, Canada ) first devised quantum cryptography as part of their study of relationships between physics and information.

They were not searching for a new cryptographic method but applying basic principles of quantum mechanics to real world uses and discovered quantum mechanics ideally suited for cryptography because of photons one-wayness. [49.]

In 1989, Charles H. Bennett and IBM colleagues built the first working quantum cryptographic prototypes sending photons a distance of 30 centimeters through the air of a laboratory.

Many authorities predicted at least 25-years would pass before any form of quantum cryptography would have practical utility, however at least three ( 3 ) manufacturers now have ‘quantum cryptography products on the market’ and developing more technology such as ‘range’ plus more in the future.

Some of the latest cryptologic technologies are still subject to continuing scientific investigation or are already in research and development stages, although early commercial products exist where standards are under development for some new technologies.

In the increasingly competitive Information Age – where the Internet spreads knowledge rapidly – protecting U.S. next-generation weapon systems, empirical SE&I, M&S applications, and intellectual property sees technical data became critical.

Cryptologic scientific investigations and developing technologies are closely related to those in the area of information technology ( IT ) because information security modules, components, and systems must be tightly integrated with – if not an integral component or module of – basic information processing hardware and software architecture where many applications now incorporate high-performance features and metaprocessing techniques shortening cryptanalytic time required for an exhaustive key search.

– –

Zero-Knowledge Proofs ( ZNP ) –

Zero-knowledge proofs ( ZNP ) are methods for proving knowledge of a secret without revealing any information about the secret.

Technology Parameter(s)

1. Prove knowledge of a secret without revealing any knowledge of the secret; 92

2. Prove identification;

3. Provide verification;

4. Reproducible results that significantly enhance or degrade current U.S. military zero-knowledge proof schemes; and,

5. Significantly enhance or degraded existing cryptographic capabilities for U.S. government ( USG ) Class A and Class B cryptographic systems.

Critical Materials: None identified.

Unique Test, Production, Inspection Equipment: None identified.

Unique Software

ZNP models.

Major Commercial Applications –

ZNP characteristic of anonymity is an important part of some concepts for e-commerce transactions.

For example, proof of certain generic authority or credit ‘credentials’ might be provided for e-commerce without revealing identity by using ZNP systems.

E-commerce transactions that protect privacy.

Like all requirements for security on the Internet, the threats from independent hackers and from nation states, rogue states, terrorists, and international criminals drive this technology.

Affordability Issues: Not an issue at this time.

Background –

ZNP allows a prover to demonstrate knowledge ( of a secret ) while revealing no information ( whatsoever of use to the verifier ) in conveying this demonstration of knowledge beyond what the verifier was able to deduce before the protocol run.

Only a single bit of information has to be conveyed, namely:

That the prover actually does know the secret.

ZNP protocols provide trusted authentication mechanisms and anonymity.

For example, one could prove U.S. citizenship without providing any other specific information such as name, address, sex, or exact age.

A protocol that is a proof of knowledge has the zero-knowledge property if it can be simulated in the following sense:

There exists an expected polynomial-time algorithm ( simulator ) which can produce – upon input of the assertion(s) to be proven but without interacting with the real prover – transcripts indistinguishable from those resulting from interaction with the real prover.

The zero-knowledge property implies that a prover – executing the protocol, even when interacting with a malicious verifier – does not release any information about its ( prover’s ) secret knowledge other than the particular assertion itself is true, not otherwise computable in polynomial time from public information alone.

Thus, participation does not increase the chances of subsequent impersonation.

A protocol is computationally zero-knowledge if an observer – restricted to probabilistic polynomial time tests – cannot distinguish real from simulated transcripts.

For perfect zero-knowledge, the probability distributions ( of the transcripts ) must be identical.

Zero-knowledge means computational zero-knowledge, when not qualified by further convention.

In the case of computational zero-knowledge, real and simulated transcripts are said to be polynomially indistinguishable ( indistinguishable using polynomial-time algorithms ).

Any information extracted by a verifier – through interaction with a prover – provides no advantage to the verifier within polynomial time.

Interesting work has been done in statistical zero-knowledge work performed by Jan Camenisch and Markus Michels exemplifying ‘statistical zero-knowledge protocols to prove statements’ saw these three ( 3 ) protocols:

– A committed number is a prime;

– A committed ( or revealed ) number is the product of two ( 2 ) safe primes, i.e. primes p and q such that (p-1)/2 and (q-1)/2 are prime; and,

– A given integer has large multiplicative order modulo, a composite number consisting of two ( 2 ) safe prime factors.

Main building blocks of aforementioned protocols are statistical zero-knowledge proofs of knowledge that are of independent interest where there has been proof of the correct computation of a modular addition, a modular multiplication, and a modular exponentiation whereby all values – including the modulus – are committed-to but not publicly known. Apart from the validity of the equations, no other information about the modulus ( e.g., a generator whose order equals the modulus ) or any other operand is exposed.

These techniques can be generalized to prove that any multi-variate modular polynomial equation is satisfied where only commitments to the variables of the polynomial – and to the modulus – need be known. Thus improving previous results where the modulus is publicly known.

– –

Digital Data Steganography –

Steganography is that branch of cryptology that attempts to obscure the existence of data through the use of subliminal channels.

Cleartext or encrypted information can be randomly embedded in the quantization noise of ‘digital images’ or other ‘imprecise digital data files, without noticeably increasing the size of the host file.

Background –

Image steganography can be used to conceal an encrypted message.

Technique by ‘combining image steganography and encryption or multiple-encryption could present a challenge to National Security and law enforcement agency cryptanalysts whereby ‘even if a message were known to exist in an electronic image’, the ‘message bits’ would have to be ‘identified’ and ‘isolated’ in cryptanalysis processing that could make ‘plain text recovery incredibly time consuming’ – if not ‘impracticable’. Steganography, in various forms, are ‘not strictly digital image steganography’.

Banks make use of a code-word execution technique when they need to send highly secure “action” messages to execute preplanned actions. Predetermined and mutually agreed actions are then set in motion, with instructions implicit in one short phrase embedded in routine banking message traffic.

Key critical to profiting from private intelligence investments in private sector arenas is to aquire even better predictives than what intelligence agencies currently understand future necessities will be.

Predictives, in brief formats presented to government directorates, are typically derived from a broad ‘studies and analysis collective’.

Predictives are rarely derived from only one ( 1 ) individual – save for leadership occassional fortune tellers – because few fluidly exercise simultaneous abilities quickly, i.e. identifying target specific information, limitedly broadening core targets outward to key multiple arenas requiring in-depth research and then analyzing all combinatorically with trend based progressive direction. Finding someone who can do all this, albeit step-by-step, could possibly benefit some leadership while even wiser leadership might add ‘socio-economic analysis’ in that mix to more effectively buffet any social unrest outcomes.

While considering one ( 1 ) individual doing it all, the word ‘impossible’ may initially come to mind, however that may not necessarily be true. Even ‘without mind reading’ or Mensa abilities, one ( 1 ) key to sucessfully profiting from investing in private sector businesses – tied to emerging government intelligence agency venture capital investments – may only require special skill sets in researching and analyzing what already slipped past intelligence information technology ( IT ) software protocols or think-tank collectives that would have otherwise already hammered-out an intelligence business investment shelf-ready decision awaiting a key trigger for implementation.

The first and easiest task to perform is becoming knowledgeable in historical intelligence business investments and where new knowledge will precisely profit in the not too distant future – thereby beating lumbering bears, busy bees and pesky flies – to ‘their honey’.

Profiting from those inept is not unlawful – at least not ‘yet’ – and so long as the insatiable sweet tooth of bears and bees can have the ‘majority of their honey’ they ‘might not mind sharing a little new honey’ shown them. Then again, ‘maybe not’.

For some, what is involved may only be tantamount to collecting a finder’s fee for doing some treasure hunting, however one must know how and where to look for some ‘old technology’ lost in yesterday’s bureaucratic confusion.

To place a bet, on a private business or the stock market, one needs to research more carefully than others – never underestimating machine-to-machine communications ( M2M ) either.

The following initial report ( below ) is only but a related research exercise that may prepare financial freedom futures.

– – – –

Circa: 2002 – 2008

IN-Q-TEL INCORPORATED (aka) IN-Q-IT CORPORATION 2500 Sand Hill Road – Suite 113 Menlo Park, California 94025 – 7061 USA TEL: +1 (650) 234-8999 TEL: +1 (650) 234-8983 FAX: +1 (650) 234-8997 WWW: http://www.inqtel.com WWW: http://www.in-q-tel.org WWW: http://www.in-q-tel.com

IN-Q-TEL INCORPORATED (aka) IN-Q-IT CORPORATION P.O. Box 12407 Arlington, Virginia 22219 USA TEL: +1 (703) 248-3000 FAX: +1 (703) 248-3001

– –

IN-Q-TEL focus areas, surround:

– Physical Technologies; – Biological Technologies; – Security; and, – Software Infrastructure.

– –

IN-Q-TEL

Investments –

Strategic Investments, Targeted Returns

In-Q-Tel is ‘building’ a ‘portfolio of companies’ that are ‘developing innovative solutions’ in ‘key technology areas’

Similar to many ‘corporate strategic venture’ firms, In-Q-Tel seeks to ‘optimize potential returns’ for our clients — the CIA and the broader Intelligence Community— by investing in companies of strategic interest.

In-Q-Tel engages ‘start-ups’, ‘emerging’ and ‘established’ companies, universities and research labs.

In-Q-Tel structure attractive win-win relationships through ‘equity investments’, as well ‘strategic product development funding’, and ‘innovative intellectual property arrangements’ and ‘government business development guidance’.

An Enterprising Partner –

In-Q-Tel ‘portfolio companies’ value a ‘strategic relationship’ with a ‘proactive partner’.

Companies, that work through In-Q-Tel due diligence process, know their technologies have the potential to address the needs of one of the most discriminating enterprise customers in the world.

In-Q-Tel takes a hands-on approach, working closely with our ‘portfolio companies’ to help ‘drive their success’ in the ‘marketplace’ and to ‘mature [ ‘grow’ ] their technologies’.

In-Q-Tel ‘investment goals’ are focused on ‘return’ on technology – a ‘blend of factors’ that will ‘deliver strategic impact’ on the Agency [ CIA ] mission:

– Effective ‘deployments’ of innovative technologies to the CIA; – Commercially successful ‘companies that can continue’ to ‘deliver’ and ‘support’ innovate technologies; and, – Financial ‘returns to fund further technology investments’ to ‘benefit the Intelligence Community’.   Investing In Our National Security –

In just a few short years, In-Q-Tel has ‘evaluated’ nearly two thousand [ 2,000 ] ‘proposals’:

75% [ 1,500 ] of which have come from companies that had never previously considered working with the government.

To date, In-Q-Tel ‘established strategic relationships’ with more than ‘twenty’ ( 20 ) of these ‘companies’.

Read more about our ‘portfolio companies’ and ‘technology partners’, or learn how to submit a business plan to In-Q-Tel.

Areas Of Focus –

IN-Q-TEL focuses on next generation technologies for gathering, analyzing, managing and disseminating data. Learn more about our areas of focus:

Knowledge Management: [ http://web.archive.org/web/20020630223724/http://www.inqtel.com/tech/km.html ];

Security and Privacy: [ http://web.archive.org/web/20020630223724/http://www.inqtel.com/tech/sp.html ];

Search and Discovery: [ http://web.archive.org/web/20020630223724/http://www.inqtel.com/tech/sd.html ];

Distributed Data Collection: [ http://web.archive.org/web/20020630223724/http://www.inqtel.com/tech/dd.html ]; and,

Geospatial Information Services: [ http://web.archive.org/web/20020630223724/http://www.inqtel.com/tech/gi.html ].

Submit A Business Plan –

“In-Q-Tel also has garnered a reputation in the tech and VC [ Venture Capital ] worlds for being hard-nosed during due diligence. Unlike some venture firms, In-Q-Tel is staffed with hard-core techies who know how to put a program through the ringer. They’ve also got one of the roughest testing domains: the computer systems of the CIA.” – Washington Business Journal ( November 19, 2001 )

– View our criteria [ http://web.archive.org/web/20020630223724/http://www.inqtel.com/submit/index.html ] for submission, and apply for consideration online.

Media Resources –

– Investment Portfolio: [ http://web.archive.org/web/20020630223724/http://www.inqtel.com/news/attachments/InQTelInvestmentPortfolio.pdf ].

Reference

http://web.archive.org/web/20020630223724/www.inqtel.com/invest/index.html

– – – –

Circa: 2002

IN-Q-TEL

Investments –

Technology Partners ( 2002 ) –

INKTOMI [ http://www.inktomi.com ] ( Leading Edge Search and Retrieval Technology )

INKTOMI, based in Foster City, California ( USA ), has offices elsewhere in North America, Asia and Europe.

INKTOMI division business, involves:

Network Products – comprised of industry leading solutions for network caching, content distribution, media broadcasting, and wireless technologies; and,

Search Solutions – comprised of general Web search and related services, and ‘enterprise’ search.

Inktomi ‘develops’ and ‘markets’ network infrastructure software essential for ‘service providers’ and ‘global enterprises’.

Inktomi ‘customer’ and ‘strategic partner’ base of leading companies, include:

MERRILL LYNCH; INTEL: AT&T; MICROSOFT; SUN MICROSYSTEMS; HEWLETT-PACKARD; COMPAQ; DELL; NOKIA; AMERICA ONLINE ( AOL ); and, YAHOO.

SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) Lead System Integrator ( LSI ) – SAIC LSI [ http://www.saic.com/contractcenter/ites-2s/clients.html  ]

SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ), founded in 1969 by Dr. J. R. Beyster who remained with SAIC for 30-years until at least November 3, 2003, has had as part of its management, and on its Board of Directors, many well known former U.S. government personnel, including:

– Melvin Laird, Secretary of Defense in the Richard Milhouse Nixon Presidential Administration;

– William Perry, Secretary of Defense in the William Jefferson Clinton Presidential Administration;

– John M. Deutch, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) Director of Central Intelligence ( DCI ) in the William Jefferson Clinton Presidential Administration;

– U.S. Navy Admiral Bobby Ray Inman, U.S. National Security Agency ( NSA ) and U.S. Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) – various employed capacities in ‘both’ Agencies – in the Gerald Ford Presidential Administration, Billy Carter Presidential Administration and Ronald Reagan Presidential Administration;

– David Kay, who led the search for Weapons of Mass Destruction ( WMD ) – following the 1991 U.S. Persian Gulf War – for the United Nations ( UN ) and in the George W. Bush Sr. Presidential Administration following the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq.

In 2009, SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) moved corporate headquarters to Tysons Corner at 1710 SAIC Drive, McLean, Virginia ( USA ).

SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) is a scientific, engineering and technology ‘applications company’ with numerous ‘state government clients’, ‘federal government clients’, and ‘private sector clients’.

SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) works extensively, with:

U.S. Department of Defense ( DOD ); U.S. Department of Homeland Security ( DHS ); U.S. National Security Agency ( NSA ); U.S. intelligence community ( others ); U.S. government civil agencies; and, Selected commercial markets.

SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) Subsidiaries –

SAIC VENTURE CAPITAL CORPORATION; SCICOM TECHNOLOGIES NOIDA ( INDIA ); BD SYSTEMS ( BDS ); BECHTEL SAIC COMPANY LLC; BECK DISASTER RECOVERY ( BDR ); R.W. BECK; BENHAM; CLOUDSHIELD; DANET; EAGAN MCALLISTER ASSOCIATES INC.; HICKS & ASSOCIATES MEDPROTECT LLC REVEAL; SAIC-FREDERICK INC.; NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE ( NCI ); SAIC INTERNATIONAL SUBSIDIARIES; SAIC LIMITED ( UK ); CALANAIS ( SCOTLAND ); VAREC; APPLIED MARINE TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION; EAI CORPORATION; and, Others.

In 1991, SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) received transference of the U.S. Department of Defense ( DOJ ), U.S. Army ( USA ), Defense Intelligence Agency ( DIA ) ‘Remote Viewing Program’ renamed STARGATE Project.

In January 1999, SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) consultant Steven Hatfill saw SAIC vice president Joseph Soukup internally ( with no outside client ) commission ( with no outside client ) William C. Patrick – a retired leading figure in the legacy U.S. bioweapons program – see a report produced ( 28-pages on Feburary 1999 ) on terrorist anthrax attack possibilities via Unitd States postal mailings prior to 2001 anthrax attacks in the United States.

In March 2001, the U.S. National Security Agency ( NSA ) had SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) in ‘concept definition’ phase for what later became known as the NSA TRAILBLAZER Project, a “Digital Network Intelligence” system intended to ‘analyze data’ carried across computer ‘networks’.

In 2002, the U.S. National Security Agency ( NSA ) chose SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) to produce a ‘technology demonstration platform’ for the NSA TRAILBLAZER Project, a contract worth $280,000,000 million ( USD ).

TRAILBLAZER Project participants, included:

BOEING; COMPUTER SCIENCES CORPORATION ( CSC ); and, BOOZ ALLEN HAMILTON.

In 2005, TRAILBLAZER – believed by speculators ( http://www.PhysOrg.Com et. al. ) to be a continuation of an earlier data mining project THINTHREAD program – saw U.S. National Security Agency ( NSA ) Director Michael Hayden inform a U.S. Senate hearing that the TRAILBLAZER program required several hundred million dollars over budget – consequently trailing years behind schedule waiting for approvals.

From 2001 through 2005, SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) was primary contractor for the $600,000,000 million ( USD ) TRILOGY Program, a three ( 3 ) part program – intended to replace obsolete FBI computers with a then-new state-of-the-art cutting edge technology ‘secure high-speed computer network system’ that would install 500 computer network servers, 1600 scanners and thousands of desktop computers in FBI field offices – that on December 2003 delivered to the U.S. Department of Justice ( DOJ ) Federal Bureau of Investigation ( FBI ) its SAIC “Virtual Case File” ( VCF ), a $170,000,000 million ( USD ) software system designed to speed tracking of terrorists, better accurize communications amongst agents fighting criminals with this FBI ‘critical case management system’, however nineteen ( 19 ) different government managers involved 36 contract modifications averaging 1.3 FBI changes everyday totaling 399 changes during 15-months afterwhich the FBI continued arguing ( through its own intermediary, AEROSPACE CORPORATION ) changes until the U.S. Department of Justice ( DOJ ) Inspector General ( IG ) criticized its ‘FBI handling’ of SAIC software, whereon February 2005 SAIC ‘recommended’ the FBI at-least ‘begin using’ the SAIC TRILOGY VCF ‘case management system’.

On September 27, 2006 during a special meeting of SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) stockholders, employee-owners voted by a margin of 86% to proceed with the initial public offering ( IPO ) whereupon completion SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) also paid – to existing stockholders – a ‘special dividend’ of $1,600,000,000 billion to $2,400,000,000 billion ( USD ).

On October 17, 2006 SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) conducted an initial public offering ( IPO ) of common stock offering of 86,250,000 shares priced at $15.00 per share. Underwriters – BEAR STEARNS and MORGAN STANLEY – exercised over-allotment options resulting in 11,025,000 million shares seeing the IPO raise $1,245,000,000 billion ( USD ).

SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ( SAIC ) had approximately 46,000 total employees, 16,000 employees were in McLean, Virginia ( USA ) and another 5,000 employees were in San Diego, California ( USA ).

SRA INTERNATIONAL INC. ( SRA ) [ http://www.sra.com/about-us/profile.php ]

SRA INTERNATIONAL INC., founded in 1978, headquartered in Fairfax, Virginia has additional U.S. offices.

SRA INTERNATIONAL INC. is a leading provider of information technology services and solutions to clients in national security, health care and public health, and civil government markets, requiring:

– Strategic Consulting; – Systems Design, Development, and Integration; – OutSourcing; and, – Operations Management.

SRA INTERNATIONAL INC. also delivers business solutions, for:

– Text mining; – Data mining; – Disaster and Contingency Response Planning; – Information Sssurance; – Environmental Strategies – Environmental Technology; – Enterprise Systems Management; and, – Wireless Integration.

SRA INTERNATIONAL INC. ORIONMagic ®

– –

Circa: 2002

IN-Q-TEL

Investments –

Portfolio Of Companies ( 2002 ) – Partial List

ARCSIGHT [ http://www.arcsight.com ] ( Security Management Software for The Enterprise )

ArcSight, founded in May 2000, is located in the heart of Silicon Valley, California ( USA ).

ArcSight is a leading supplier of enterprise software that provides the security “air traffic control system” for large, geographically dispersed organizations. These organizations are augmenting their network infrastructure with a wide variety of security devices such as firewalls, intrusion detection and identity management systems that produce a barrage of uncoordinated alarms and alerts that overwhelm the security staff.

With its ‘centralized view’ of ‘all security activity’ combined with ‘real time analysis’ of ‘events’, by both ‘operating at the perimeter and inside’ the organization, ArcSight provides a ‘single solution’, for:

Event capture; Log aggregation; Real time correlation; Incident investigation; and, Reporting.

ArcSight ‘separates’, the ‘true threats and attacks’ from the ‘millions of false alarms and non-threatening activities’ that occur each day, focusing attention and resources on high-priority problems.

The company has delivered enterprise, ‘security management solutions’ to leading ‘financial services’, ‘government’ and ‘manufacturing’ organizations while ‘attracting capital’ from ‘leading investors’, such as:

IN-Q-TEL; KLEINER PERKINS CAUFIELD & BYERS ( KPCB ); and, SUMITOMO CORPORATION.

ATTENSITY CORPORATION [ http://www.attensity.com ] ( Text Extraction for Threat Detection )

Attensity Corp., founded in 2000, is a privately held company with dual headquarters in Mountain View, California ( USA ) and Salt Lake City, Utah ( USA ).

Attensity Corp. provides enterprise, ‘analytic software’ and ‘services’, to:

Government agencies; and,

Fortune 500 companies.

Attensity has developed breakthrough text extraction technology that transforms information captured in free form text into structured, relational data.

Attensity enables government agencies to dramatically expand their analytical capabilities in the area of ‘threat detection’ by, powering:

Link analysis; Trending; Exception reporting; Other advanced analytics; and, Knowledge management applications.

Attensity technology is the culmination of nearly a decade [ 10-years ] of research in computational linguistics.

Attensity Corporation customers include:

IN-Q-TEL, a strategic venture group funded by the CIA; WHIRLPOOL; and, JOHN DEERE.

ATTENSITY CORPORATION investor, is:

IN-Q-TEL

BROWSE3D [ http://www.browse3d.com ] ( Advanced Web Navigation )

BROWSE3D, founded in 2000, is located in the Dulles Technology Corridor of northern Virgina.

The company’s first Knowledge Management product, the Browse3D Browser, enables Internet users to browse Web sites using a dynamic, interactive, 3 dimensional ( 3-D ) display environment.

One year later [ 2001 ] the Browse3D Browser was recognized as the Best Internet Software of 2001 at the COMDEX Fall Technology Show ( Las Vegas, Nevada, USA ).

Browse3D launched its ‘consumer product’ in January 2002.

For the past 2-years [ since 2000 ], Browse3D has been working to re-invent the online researcher’s tool set. A researcher’s ability to ‘harvest relevant online data’ is often limited by the tools available to view that data.

Future products and technologies promise additional improvements in the way users ‘find’, ‘organize’, ‘save’ and ‘exchange’ web-based ‘content’.

BROWSE3D early-stage venture funding provided, by:

IN-Q-TEL; and, angel investors.

CANDERA INC. [ http://www.candera.com ] ( Enterprise Storage )

Candera Incorporated, founded in 2000, is a development stage stealth mode company headquartered in Milpitas, California ( USA ).

Candera Inc. is developing a new generation, purpose built, network based storage management platform that gives businesses unprecedented ‘control over’ and ‘visibility into’ their networked storage environments.

With the Candera Confluence solution, businesses can dramatically improve the utilization of their existing heterogeneous storage assets by consolidating them into a centrally managed storage pool. These can then be quickly and dynamically allocated to meet the needs of current and future network based applications, giving large enterprises a strategic advantage.

Candera is building the first [ 1st ] system, of a new generation of systems, that will enable customers to unleash the ultimate value of networked information storage.

CONVERA [ http://www.convera.com ] ( Mission Critical Enterprise Search and Categorization Software )

Convera RetrievalWare is a high-performance intelligent search system that allows broad flexibility and scalability for implementation across corporate intranets and extranets, enabling users to index and search a wide range of distributed information resources, including text files, HTML, XML, over 200 proprietary document formats, relational database tables, document management systems and groupware repositories. Convera RetrievalWare excels in distributed client environments and server environments with hundreds or thousands of users, documents, images and / or multiple media assets.

Advanced search capabilities include concept and keyword searching, pattern searching and query by example.

Convera is a leading provider of enterprise mission-critical ‘search’, ‘retrieval’ and ‘categorizing’ solutions.

More than 800 customers – in 33 countries – rely on Convera search solutions to power a broad range of mission critical applications, including enterprise:

Portals; Knowledge management; Intelligence gathering; Profiling; Corporate policy compliance; Regulatory compliance; Customer service; and, More.

DECRU [ http://www.decru.com ] ( Secure Networked Storage )

Decru, founded in April 2001, is headquartered in Redwood City, California ( USA ).

Decru solves the problem of secure data storage with a robust, wire-speed encryption appliance that fits transparently into any SAN or NAS storage environment, protecting data from both internal and external threats.

Markets include essentially any organization with a need to protect proprietary or confidential information ( e.g. government, technology, financial services, health care ).

Investors, include:

IN-Q-TEL; NEA; GREYLOCK; and, BENCHMARK.

GRAVITRON [ http://www.graviton.com ] ( Early Warning Detection and Notification System for Homeland Security Over Wireless Mesh Networks )

GRAVITON, founded in 1999, is located in La Jolla, California, USA.

Solomon Trujillo, former head of U.S. WEST ( baby bell telephone company ), leads GRAVITRON.

GRAVITON is on leading edge of a fledgling ( small ) industry, known as:

Machine to Machine Communications ( M2M ).

GRAVITON is developing an advanced integrated wireless sensor platform uniquely optimized for large-scale distributed sensor network applications working with Micro Electro Mechanical Systems ( MEMS ) sensor and spread spectrum wireless technologies licensed exclusively to GRAVITON from the U.S. National Laboratory at Oakridge ( also known as ) Oakridge National Laboratory ( Tennessee, USA ) – managed by the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ).

GRAVITON products and solutions integrate wireless, sensor and data management technology enabling enterprises to efficiently and transparently monitor, control, send, receive, and update system information from devices anywhere in the world.

GRAVITON is supported and funded by a number of corporate partners and investors, including:

IN-Q-TEL; GLOBAL CROSSING; ROYAL DUTCH SHELL ( oil / petroleum ); MITSUI; SIEMENS; QUALCOM; OMRON; MOTOROLA; and, SUN MICROSYSTEMS.

GRAVITON ‘primary’ financial investors, include:

MERRILL LYNCH;

GRAVITON ‘venture capital’ firms, include:

KLEINER PERKINS CAUFIELD & BYERS ( KPCB ); and, EARLYBIRD.

INTELLISEEK [ http://www.intelliseek.com ] ( Enterprise Intelligence Solutions )

INTELLISEEK, founded in 1997, has since 1998 been changing the way organizations ‘understand’, ‘gather’ and ‘use’ enterprise ‘intelligence’.

INTELLISEEK ‘knowledge discovery tools’ [ as of: 2002 ] enable the nation’s largest enterprises with up-to-the-minute consumer, industry information and ‘competitive intelligence’.

INTELLISEEK ‘Enterprise Search Server’™ ( ESS ) search platform provides a suite of intelligent applications that automate ‘knowledge discovery’ and ‘knowledge aggregation’ from hundreds of disparate, and often hard-to-locate data sources.

INTELLISEEK ‘Knowledge Management’ and ‘Search and Discovery’ solutions solve the fundamental problem of “information overload” by identifying and searching relevant, targeted and personalized content from the internet, intranets and extranets.

INTELLISEEK clients, include:

FORD MOTOR COMPANY ( FOMOCO ); NOKIA; and, PROCTOR AND GAMBLE.

Investors include:

IN-Q-TEL; FORD VENTURES; RIVER CITIES CAPITAL; GENERAL ATLANTIC PARTNERS LLC; FLAT IRON PARTNERS; BLUE CHIP VENTURE COMPANY; NOKIA VENTURES; and, Other private investors.

METACARTA [ http://www.metacarta.com ] ( Geospatial Data Fusion )

MetaCarta, established in 1999, was launched on more than $1,000,000 million in funding from the U.S. Department Of Defense ( DOD ) Defense Advanced Projects Agency ( DARPA ) and private investors.

MetaCarta CEO John Frank, with a doctorate from the Massachusets Institute Of Technology ( MIT ) where during 1999 – as a Hertz Fellow in physics working on a PhD – conceived a new way to view – geographically – ‘collections of text’ that later saw MetaCarta combine his interests in algorithms, information design, and scientific models of real world phenomena.

Metacarta provides a new knowledge management platform that integrates ‘text data with geography’ providing a ‘cohesive system’ for ‘problem solving’.

METACARTA Geographic Text Search ( GTS ) appliance, the software solution, redefines how people interact with information, enabling analysts to view text reports and geographic information in one ( 1 ) logical view through integration of text and geography delivering new information not obtainable from any other source.

MetaCarta CEO John Frank graduated from Yale University.

MOHOMINE [ http://www.mohomine.com ] ( Transforming Unstructured Multi-Language Data Into Actionable Information )

MOHOMINE, founded in 1999, is privately-held and located in San Diego, California, USA.

MOHOMINE technology has been deployed by United States national security organizations.

MOHOMINE mohoClassifier for National Security Organizations ™ reviews ‘text information’ in ‘cables’, ‘e-mails’, ‘system files’, ‘intranets’, ‘extranets’ and ‘internet’ providing ‘automated document classification’, ‘routing’ – based upon ‘learn-by-example pattern recognition’ technology – and ‘reports’ on user defined properties such as ‘topic’, ‘subject’, ‘tone’ ( ‘urgent’, plus others ), ‘author’, ‘source’ ( geographic locations, ‘country’, etc. ), and more.

MOHOMINE mohoClassifier users can easily set up ‘filters’ to automatically ‘identify’ and ‘prioritize’ ( ‘read first’ requirement ) documents that are quickly processed – out-of large volumes of other data – and then quickly route prioritized information to quickly reach the proper people.

MOHOMINE, from Global 5000, currently [ since 2002 ] has more than one hundred fifty ( 150 ) customers across numerous vertical industries, including:

CITICORP; WELLS FARGO; INTEL; TEXAS INSTRUMENTS; PFIZER; BOEING; ORACLE; PEOPLESOFT; and, NIKE.

MOHOMINE investors, include:

IN-Q-TEL; HAMILTON APEX TECHNOLOGY VENTURES; and, WINDWARD VENTURES.

QYNERGY CORPORATION [ http://www.qynergy.com ] ( Long-Lasting Power Solutions For Multiple Applications And Small-Tech )

QYNERGY CORP., founded in 2001, is located in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

QYNERGY technology originated at the U.S. National Laboratory at Sandia ( also known as ) Sandia National Laboratories ( New Mexico, USA ) and at the University of New Mexico ( New Mexico, USA ).

QYNERGY Corp. develops leading-edge energy solutions based on QYNERGY proprietary QynCell ™ technology that made an exciting breakthrough – over other ‘battery’ or ‘portable energy’ devices – in ‘materials science’ allowing QYNERGY to possess several unique competitive advantages.

QYNERGY QynCell ™ is an ‘electrical energy device’ revolution, providing:

Long-lived Batteries – QynCell usable life is potentially over a period of ‘several decades’ ( 10-year multiples ), during which time the QynCell device ‘does not require external charging’;

Miniature and Micro Applications – QynCell™ technology is scaleable, thus can be ‘miniaturized’, for:

Micro Electro Mechanical Systems ( MEMS ); MicroPower™ applications; Small microelectronics; and, Power-on-a-chip applications.

SAFEWEB [ http://www.safewebinc.com ] ( Secure Remote Access )

SAFEWEB, established in April 2000, is based in Emeryville, California, USA.

SAFEWEB built the world’s largest ‘online privacy network’, however in 2001 its ‘free online service’ was ‘concluded’ – to focus on developing its ‘enterprise’ product.

SAFEWEB is a leading provider of innovative security and privacy technologies that are effective, economical and simple.

SAFEWEB Secure Extranet Appliance ( SEA ), the first [ 1st ] SAFEWEB enterprise security release – reduces the cost and complexity traditionally involved in securing corporate network resources.

SAFEWEB Secure Extranet Appliance ( SEA ), named Tsunami, is a fundamental ‘redesign of extranet architecture’ integrating disparate technologies into a ‘modular plug-in network appliance’ ( SEA Tsunami).

SAFEWEB SEA Tsunami is an ‘all-in-one solution’ simplifying implementation of ‘extranets’ and ‘Virtual Private Networks’ ( VPN ) reducing Total Cost of Ownership ( TCO ) by innovative architecture letting companies build – in less than 1-hour – ‘secure extranets’ providing ‘remote stationed’ enablement of ‘employees’, ‘clients’ and ‘partners’ to access ‘internal applications’ and ‘secure data’ from anywhere using a standard internet website browser.

SAFEWEB delivers, through established strategic partnerships, customized versions of its Secure Extranet Appliance ( SEA ) Tsunami technology to U.S. intelligence [ CIA, etc. ] and communications agencies [ NSA, etc. ].

SAFEWEB investors, include:

IN-Q-TEL; CHILTON INVESTMENTS; and, KINGDON CAPITAL.

STRATIFY INCORPORATED [  ] ( Unstructured Data Management Software )

In 1999, PURPLE YOGI was founded by former INTEL Microcomputer Research Laboratory scientists Ramana Venkata and Ramesh Subramonian.

PURPLE YOGI, became known as STRATIFY INCORPORATED ( a privately-held company ).

In early 2001, ORACLE CORPORATION veteran and senior executive Nimish Mehta became president and chief executive officer ( CEO ).

STRATIFY INC., headquartered in Mountain View, California ( USA ), is [ 2002 ] the ‘emerging’ leader in ‘unstructured data management’ software.

STRATIFY Discovery System is a ‘complete enterprise software platform’ helping todays [ 2002 ] organizations ‘harness vast information overload’ by ‘automating the process’ of ‘organizing’, ‘classifying’ and ‘presenting’ business-critical unstructured information usually found in ‘documents’, ‘presentations’ and internet website pages.

STRATIFY Discovery System platform ‘transforms unstructured internal and external data’ into ‘immediately accessible relevant information’ automatically organizing millions of documents displayed in easy navigational hierarchy.

STRATIFY INC. clients, include:

INLUMEN and INFOSYS TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED, named in 2001 as one ( 1 ) of The Red Herring 100.

STRATIFY INC. received funding, from:

IN-Q-TEL; H & Q AT INDIA (also known as ) H & Q ASIA PACIFIC; SOFTBANK VENTURE CAPITAL ( now known as ) MOBIUS VENTURE CAPITAL; SKYBLAZE VENTURES LLC; and, INTEL CAPITAL.

SRD [ http://www.srdnet.com ] ( Near Real Time Data Warehousing and Link Analysis )

SYSTEMS RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT ( SRD ), founded in 1983, develops software applications to combat fraud, theft, and collusion.

SYSTEMS RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Non-Obvious Relationship Awareness ™ ( NORA ™ ) was originally developed for the gambling casino gaming industry

SYSTEMS RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT NORA software is designed to identify correlations across vast amounts of structured data, from hundreds or thousands of data sources, in near real-time, and alert users to potentially harmful relationships between and among people.

SRD NORA software technology leverages SYSTEMS RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT proven expertise in ‘aggregating’, ‘warehousing’ and ‘leveraging people data’ and ‘transaction data’ to strengthen corporate management and security systems.

SYSTEMS RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT clients [ 2002 ], include:

U.S. Depaartment of Defense ( DOD ); CENDANT; TARGET; MGM MIRAGE; MANDALAY BAY RESORT GROUP; and, Food Marketing Institute.

TACIT [ http://www.tacit.com ] ( Enterprise Expertise Automation )

TACIT, founded in 1997, is located in Palo Alto, California ( USA ) with regional sales offices in Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Illinois.

David Gilmour serves as president and chief executive officer ( CEO ).

TACIT Knowledge Systems is the pioneer and leader in ‘Enterprise Expertise Automation’.

TACIT products ‘automatically and continuously inventories’ the ‘skills’ and ‘work focus’ of an ‘entire organization’ for ‘dynamic location’ of ‘connections to expertise needed’ – when needed to make decisions, solve problems, and serve customers.

TACIT products also include its award winning flagship product KnowledgeMail™. In June 200, TACIT was voted one of the “Hot 100 Private Companies,” by Upside Magazine.

In 2000 and 2001, TACIT was one ( 1 ) of the “100 Companies that Matter,” by KM World [ Knowledge Management World ].

TACIT attracted a ‘world class advisory board’ with interest from ‘venture capital’ and Fortune 500 ‘clients’ of ‘enterprise’ and ‘customers’, including:

IN-Q-TEL; JP MORGAN; CHEVRON-TEXACO ( petroleum and chemical ); UNISYS; HEWLETT-PACKARD; NORTHROP-GRUMAN ( aerospace & defense ); and, ELI LILLY ( pharmaceuticals ).

TACIT investors, include:

IN-Q-TEL; DRAPER FISHER JURVETSON; REUTERS GREENHOUSE FUND; and, ALTA PARTNERS.

TRACTION SOFTWARE [ http://www.tractionsoftware.com ] ( Harvest and Use Information from All Sources )

TRACTION SOFTWARE, founded in 1996, is located in Providence, Rhode Island ( USA ).

TRACTION® Software is the leader in ‘Enterprise Weblog’ software, bringing together working ‘communications’, ‘knowledge management’, ‘content management’, ‘collaboration’, and the ‘writable intranet portal’.

TRACTION TeamPage™ product addresses the need for ‘unified on-demand view’ of ‘team content’ and ‘team communication’ from ‘all document sources’ in ‘context’ and over ‘time’.

TRACTION TeamPage deploys quickly and easily on an existing network and delivers a ‘capstone communication system’ by turning ‘e-mail’ and ‘web browser’ into powerful tools for end-users.

TeamPage targets ‘program teams’ and ‘product management teams’ in ‘government’ and ‘business’.

TRACTION also supports a wide range of applications and business processes, including but not limited, to:

Business Intelligence and Market Research;

Collection Highlighting and Media Distribution;

Investor Relations E-Mail and Public Relations E-Mail Triage and Response; and,

Tracking Exception Process and Reporting Exception Process.

TRACTION SOFTWARE investors, include:

IN-Q-TEL; SLATER CENTER FOR INTERACTIVE TECHNOLOGY; and, private investors.

ZAPLET INCORPORATED [ http://www.zaplet.com ] ( Enterprise Collaboration Tools For Email )

ZAPLET INC., founded in 1999, is located in Redwood Shores, California ( USA ).

ZAPLET INC. is an enterprise software and services company and creator of the Zaplet Appmail System™ collaboration software that brings application functionality directly to a user’s inbox to complete business processes.

ZAPLET INC. Appmail, using a server-based platform, combines power, ‘centralized control’ and ‘robust security’ for traditional enterprise application systems with the convenience and ease-of-use of e-mail.

ZAPLET Appmail in-box becomes the gateway to a protected server where the application functionality and data securely reside.

Zaplet™ Appmail can be used, to:

Manage and Streamline mission-critical business processes; Requires no additional client-side upgrades; and, Instantly expandable for work teams ‘beyond’ the ‘enterprise’.

ZAPLET INC. has received numerous awards, including:

Red Herring 100; Enterprise Outlook – Investors’ Choice; and, Internet Outlook – Investors’ Choice.

ZAPLET INC. customers, include leading companies, in:

Finance; Telecommunication; High technologies; and, Government.

ZAPLET INC. is backed by world class investors, including:

KLEINER PERKINS CAUFIELD & BYERS ( KPCB ); ACCENTURE TECHNOLOGY VENTURES; QUESTMARK PARTNERS L.P.; RESEARCH IN MOTION LIMITED ( RIM ); INTEGRAL CAPITAL PARTNERS; ORACLE CORPORATION; CISCO SYSTEMS INC.; and, NOVELL INC.

– –

Circa: 2010

IN-Q-TEL

Investments –

Portfolio of Companies ( 2010 ) – Partial List

3VR Security AdaptivEnergy Adapx Arcxis Asankya Basis Technology Bay Microsystems CallMiner Cambrios Carnegie Speech CleverSafe ( SAIC ) CopperEye Destineer Elemental Technlogies Ember Corporation Endeca Etherstack FEBIT FireEye FluiDigm

Reference(s)

http://web.archive.org/web/20020630223724/http://www.inqtel.com/news/attachments/InQTelInvestmentPortfolio.pdf http://www.iqt.org/technology-portfolio/orionmagic.html http://defense-ventures.com/in-q-tel/

– – – –

Now if you thought you graduated with honors magna cum laude – think again and begin reading ( below ):

QUCOMM – Long Distance Photonic Quantum Communication

Brief –

An overview of the work done at Los Alamos National Laboratory ( New Mexico, USA ) on Quantum Computation and Cryptography

The idea of quantum computation and cryptography is to use the laws of quantum mechanics for either computing or exchange secrets messages.

Los Alamos is a leader in Experimental Quantum Computation [ EQC ].

The recent discovery that it was possible to use Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ( NMR ) for quantum computation has made experimental work leap forward.

The 3-qubit quantum computer – using NMR techniques with the molecule trichloroethylene – is state-of-the-art at present ( winter 1998 ).

We have succeeded at creating a GHZ state.

This is the “big brother” of an Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen ( EPR ) state.

Using qubits with state |0> and |1>, we have created the state |000> + |111>. It is well known form the foundations of quantum mechanics.

Both the EPR and the GHZ state have properties that are non-classical. For more details see our paper NMR-GHZ [ http://xxx.lanl.gov/ps/quant-ph/9709025 ].

Quantum error correction is required to compensate for the fragility of the state of a quantum computer.

We report the first [ 1st ] experimental implementations of quantum error correction and confirm the expected state stabilization.

A precise study of the decay behavior is studied in alanine and a full implementation of error correction protocol is implemented in trichloroethylene.

In NMR computing, however, a net improvement in the signal-to-noise would require very high polarization.

The experiment implemented the 3-bit code for phase errors in liquid state-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ( NMR ).

Quantum mechanics provides spectacular new information processing abilities.

One of the most unexpected is a procedure called ‘quantum teleportation’ – suggested by Bennet, et al. [  http://www.research.ibm.com/quantuminfo/teleportation ] – that allows the ‘quantum state of a system’ to be ‘transported from one location to another’ – without moving through the intervening space.

We have implemented the ‘full quantum teleportation operation’ over ‘inter-atomic distances’ using ‘liquid state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)’. [ see, e.g. Electronic Transfer In Mesoscopic Systems, Quantum Kinetics, Magnetoresistance Within Magnetic Layering, Liquid State NMR, etc. (http://www.quantiki.org/wiki/Liquid-state_NMR ) ]

The inclusion of the final stage enables – for the first [ 1st ] time – a teleportation implementation, that may be used as a ‘subroutine’ in ‘larger quantum computations’, or for ‘quantum communication’.

Our experiment also demonstrates the use of ‘quantum process tomography’, a procedure to ‘completely characterize the dynamics of a quantum system’.

Finally, we demonstrate a controlled exploitation of decoherence as a tool to assist in the performance of an experiment.

Using quantum mechanics – instead of classical mechanics – has huge advantages but also some drawbacks; quantum mechanics make the ‘applications much more powerful’ but at the same time much more ‘fragile’ against ‘noise’.

Organization Information –

KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOGSKOLAN Valhallavaegen 79 100 44 Stockholm SWEDEN

CONTACT: Anders Karlsson

TEL: +46-8-7521272

FAX: +46-8-7521240

E-MAIL: aandkar@ele.kth.se

WWW : http://www.ele.kth.se/QEO/qucomm ( Project website )

Long Distance Photonic Quantum Communication (aka) LDPQC interalia the QuComm Project, will:

1. Scale secure quantum communication towards longer distances;

2. Realize novel applications; and,

3. Identify and transfer ‘spin-off applications’ to ‘industry’ [ i.e. ‘private sector’ businesses ].

The physical resources explored, are:

Entangled quantum states having no classical counterpart.

Work will be pursued on novel sources, for:

1. Direct ‘generation of entangled photon states’ in ‘electrically pumped structures’;

2. Diode-laser pumped ‘non-linear optical crystals’; and,

3. Detectors or ‘multiphoton states’.

Basic quantum information building blocks, such as teleportation and entanglement swapping, will be developed. Field demonstrations will be used to validate the technology, both at 700nm – 800nm ( free space and optical fibers ) and at 1300 nm and 1550 nm ( telecommunication fibers and systems ).

The consortium consists of both ‘universities’ and ‘industries’ [ private sector businesses ] – those with a broad ‘physics’ and ‘technology’ background.

QuComm Objectives –

1. Extend experimental quantum communication protocols – notably ‘quantum teleportation entanglement swapping’ and ‘entanglement quantum cryptography’ towards ‘longer distances’. In particular, to explore ‘physical resource of entangled states’ of ‘multiple photons’ that otherwise lack finding a counterpart in classical physics;

2. Experimentally demonstrate quantum communication protocols for cryptographic applications in point-to-point and multiparty quantum cryptography – using ‘entangled quantum states’ to ‘achieve’ an ‘increased level of security’ – compared to ‘faint-pulse quantum cryptography’;

3. Validate optical quantum communication technologies – in an ‘application context’ through various field tests of the developed concepts and technologies; and,

4. Identify and transfer ‘spin off’ results – from ‘quantum communication technologies’ – to industries [ private sector businesses ] or to industries-to-be [ ‘emerging’ technology businesses’ ], notably SMEs.

Work Description –

The work will be divided into six [ 6 ] quantum state Work Packages ( WP ) [ ‘problem sets’ ], each with designated WP [ ‘problem set’ ] ‘leaders’:

WP0, leads – ‘Management’ [ i.e. IN-Q-TEL Quantum Interface Center ( QIC ) interalia CIA ], additionally dealing with ‘dissemination’ and ‘industrial take-up’ [ private sector transfers to private sector businesses ] of results [ ‘products’ / ‘solutions’ to ‘market’ for ‘profitability’ ];

WP1, leads – ‘Sources’ [ ‘partners’ ( i.e. ‘businesses’ / ‘institutions’ ]; and,

WP2, leads – ‘Analyzers’ ( i.e. ‘detectors’ / ‘analysts’ / ‘individuals’ ) enabling ‘building block formations’ for ‘subsequent work’.

[ NOTE: Once “sources” and “analyzers” ( ‘detectors’ interalia ‘analysts’ ) are available – in some cases, during project infancy – they will be transferred to later [ “subsequent” ] quantum state Work Packages. ]

WP3, leads – Entanglement enhanced quantum cryptography – focused on ‘entangled states’ – and ‘multi-party quantum cryptography’;

WP4, leads – Teleporting entanglement; and,

WP5, leads – Protocols ( multimode and multistate ) utilizing optimized sources and analyzers for the realization of quantum communication protocols, both ‘significantly improved versions’ of ‘earlier demonstrations’, as well as ‘entirely novel protocols’.  [ NOTE: In WP5, ALCATEL THALES III-V Lab ( Palaiseau Cedex, France ) will work on different schemes of ‘phase locked loop’ to ‘reduce phase noise’ of generated mmW, and will also facilitate exploitation of the ‘results’ achieved through small scale fabrication and/or ‘technology transfer’ ( http://www.ist-iphobac.org/partners/index.asp?id=3 ).

WP 6, leads – Field tests ‘assembled work’ – in earlier work packages ( WPs ) used – to ‘conduct trials outside the laboratory setting’.

By having a ‘separately delineated’ [ sensitive ‘compartmentalized’ information ( SCI ) ] work packages ( WP ) [ ‘problem sets’ ], it will be possible, to:

1. Assure ‘availability of test sites’;

2. Provide ‘coherence in goals’ of ‘field trials’; and,

3. Provide ‘joint experience’ for ‘realization of trials’.

The ‘management’ of the consortium [ http://www.ist-iphobac.org/login.asp ] will be with a ‘management committee’:

1. One [ 1 ] person from each ‘partner’ ( same person as the WP leader, in most cases ); and,

2. One [ 1 ] person from the ‘associated partner’.

The progress of work will be monitored through ‘bi-monthly management reports’ assembled by the WP leader and sent to the ‘coordinator’ [ ? ].

The consortium will meet every 6-months, to:

1. Highlight scientific work;

2. Discuss progress; and,

3. Discuss modifications to the project.

A small ‘industrial advisory committee’, will:

1. Monitor progress of the project; and,

2. Advise and assist in ‘transferring’ – industrial relevant – ‘results’.

The project will ‘disseminate results’, through:

1. Channels Established;

2. Industrial Advisors; and,

3. Community Others [ ‘select attendees’ of organized ‘joint meetings’ and ‘workshops’ ].

QuComm Member List –

Number | Name | Short name | Country

P01 Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan [ http://www.ele.kth.se/QEO/ ]  KTH S [ Sweden ]

P02 Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München [ http://scotty.quantum.physik.uni-muenchen.de/ ]  LMU G [ Munich, Germany ]

P03 Institut Experimentalphysik der Universität Wien [ http://www.quantum.univie.ac.at/ ] EXPENIVIE A [ Vienna, Austria ]

P04 University of Oxford [ http://www.qubit.org/ ] Oxford UK [ United Kingdom ]

P05 University of Geneva, Group of Applied Physics [ http://www.gapoptique.unige.ch/ ] GAP CH [ Switzerland ]

P06 Los Alamos National Laboratory [ http://qso.lanl.gov/qc/ ] LANL US

P07 THOMSON-HOUSTON ( THALES ) LABORATOIRE CENTRAL DE RECHERCHES ( LCR ) [ http://www.thalesgroup.com/Press_Releases/Descartes_prize_awarded_to_a_European_project_invo/ ] THLCR F [ Domaine de Corbeville, 91400 Orsay, Cedex, FRANCE ] [ NOTE: Second ( 2nd ) largest participant in the UK defense industry. On December 6, 2000 was eventually renamed THALES OPTRONIQUE S.A. ( Elancourt, France ), an electronics company delivering information systems and services for aerospace, defense, and security markets. THALES GROUP is partially state-owned ( France ), operates in more than 50 countries, has 68,000 employees, generated €12.9 billion in 2009 revenues, ranked 485th world’s largest company by Fortune 500 Global, is the 9th largest defense contractor in the world, and sees military sales that are 63% of THALES GROUP total sales. ]

P08 Defence Evaluation and Research Agency [ http://www.dera.gov.uk/html/electronics/single_photon_optics_and_quantum_cryptography.htm ] DERA UK

GAP-Optique

University of Geneva, Department of Physics [ http://mpej.unige.ch/physics.html ] ( Geneva, Switzerland )

University of Geneva [ http://www.unige.ch ] ( Geneva, Switzerland )

QRandom is a physical random number generator ( RNG ) based on the intrinsic randomness of quantum mechanics. The random process used is the choice of a photon between the two outputs of a beam-splitter.

The generator is easy to use ( USB plug’n play support and self-powered ) and sufficiently fast for cryptographic applications (100 kHz of raw bits rate ).

The generated files can be processed by the program RNG Tester. This program allows to acquire, to apply an unbiasing procedure and to test files of random bits.

See Photo:

BT Quantum Optics Group:

We live in a quantum world – something physicists have considered with amazement for more than seventy years. It is only now that we realize that quantum physics is more than a radical departure from classical physics. It also offers many new possibilities for information processing.

In particular, quantum theory is non-local: it predicts entanglement between distant systems leading to correlations that cannot be explained by any theory based only on local variables, as demonstrated by Bell inequality.

All experiments are in remarkable agreement with quantum theory. Hence, the physics community faces a very strange worldview: in theory, everything is entangled, but, in practice, decoherence makes it impossible to reveal this entanglement. In addition to its “experimental metaphysics” aspects, quantum entanglement has recently gained much interest and respect because it is at the heart of quantum information processing.

The general idea is that entanglement provides means to carry out tasks that are either impossible classically ( like quantum cryptography ) or that would require significantly more steps to perform on a classical computer ( like factorization ).

However, how robust is quantum entanglement?

How long can one maintain it under control? Over which distances?

Can one really exploit it?

It is worth to emphasize this psychological revolution: for decades entanglement was considered as a source for quantum paradoxes, now it is considered as a resource to achieve tasks classically impossible.

Our activities in experimental quantum optics started in 1993 with a project on cavity effects in silvered microfibers. Almost at the same time we performed a first simple experiment in Quantum Cryptography ( QC ) [ see, e.g. publications, look up ] just for fun.

Nobody then [ 1993 ] would have imagined that in 1999 we would be one of the world leaders in this field. In fact, during a 2-years project supported by SWISSCOM, we developed an automated [ see, e.g. QC-setup, News, Crypto 98, Plug & Play ] with unprecedented performances.

We are currently participating in the Esprit-Project ” European Quantum Cryptography and Single Photon Technologies ” ( EQCSPOT ) in order to develop a QC-prototype.

Within national projects we developed compact sources of entangled photon pairs. With such a source we performed a record-breaking Bell experiment [ see, e.g. QC, Publications, Look Up ] between two [ 2 ] villages near Geneva [ Switzerland ] separated by more than 10 kilometers [ km ].

More generally, we are studying now the relation between non-locality and relativity and the application of novel sources of entangled photons for quantum communication. Our basic research also led to practical results such as an original setup for chromatic dispersion measurements, a novel technique for absolute detector calibration and the development of single-photon detectors in the near infra-red [ IR ].

Reference

http://www.dstl.gov.uk/html/electronics/single_photon_optics_and_quantum_cryptography.htm

Research

http://www.ist-optimist.unibo.it/pdf/network/projects_public/QUCOMM/Deliverables/D8.pdf

– – – –

Example

Since 2005, the THALES Group has successfully manufactured TV/4 format QWIP sensitive arrays in high rate production at the THALES Research and Technology Laboratory.

The full-TV array manufacturing started in 2007.

Uniformity and stability were the key parameters that led to the selection of this technology for thermal cameras.

Another widely claimed advantage for QWIPs was the versatility of the band-gap engineering and of III-V processing allowing custom design of quantum structures to fulfill the requirements of specific applications such as:

1. Very long wavelength ( VLWIR );

2. Multi-spectral detection; and,

3. Polarimetric detection.

Serial production of CATHERINE-XP and CATHERINE-MP has now started for the various programs for which both cameras have been selected. A review of the QWIP Production status, CATHERINE achievements and current programs are presented.

THALES based current strategy on very compact TI in order to address the largest range of platforms and applications.

THALES is working in cooperation with Sofradir and TRT / III-V lab on the evolution of product taking advantage of new capabilities offered by QWIP technology.

Future products are under development, based on:

1. Dual band;

2. Multi-band; and,

3. Polarimetric imagery.

Research

http://www.photonics.com/Article.aspx?AID=40105

http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/MAR10/Event/121362

http://www.thalesgroup.com/Portfolio/Aerospace/LandJoint_Products_Optronic_self-protection_LWR/?pid=1568

http://www.thalesgroup.com/Markets/Security/Related_Activities/Hypervisor/Content/Next_generation_supervision_architecture/

http://www.ist-isis.org/index/isis-partners.html

http://web.archive.org/web/20080319045528/www.opera2015.org/links/default.asp

http://www.dtic.mil/mctl/DSTL/DSTLSec17gg.pdf

– – – –

To begin tying aforementioned information into a perspective where one needs further research, read these Unwanted Intelligence Annex I reports, at:

http://upintelligence.wordpress.com/2010/10/25/information-technology-directorate

http://upintelligence.wordpress.com/2010/10/23/extraterrestrial-information-technologies

When you’re ready, e-mail, for more.

 

Submitted for review and commentary by,

 

Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV ), Host
E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com
WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

/

/

 

Robot Combat Intelligence

[ PHOTO ( above ): W-88 miniature nuclear bomb property of USA ( click to enlarge ) ]

Robot Combat Intelligence
by, Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV )

January 18, 2011 21:08:42 ( PST ) ( Originally Published: February 1, 2002 )

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Washington – January 18, 2011 – Over 12-years ago, after the United States realized too late that its ‘miniature nuclear weapons technology delivery system’ ( W-88 ) secrets had already been stolen ( from the vault of its insurance carrier ) after the People’s Republic of China ( PRC ) rapidly produced their own version, ‘only a select few’ realized a secret U.S. decision took futuristic concepts into development for U.S. global military applications deploying technologies that only seemed to have been conceived from science-fiction motion picture films ( e.g. STAR TREK, STAR WARS, MATRIX, and more ) shocking audiences worldwide.   In 1999, U.S. secret defense endeavors forgings – with several universities and U.S. government contract private sector organizations – were led by the U.S. Department of Defense ( DoD ), Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency ( DARPA ) created even newer more advanced multiple Program stratagems employing various forms of ‘combinatoric’ technologies developed for globally deploying U.S. military dominance with various and sundry secret-sensitive devices and systems far beyond many imaginations.

DARPA SIMBIOSYS Program –

DARPA SIMBIOSYS Program entails, amongst other things, multi-functional microbiological nano technology robot android devices primarily for military applications, where such remained until just a few years ago, until it began being applied in some medical arenas today.

To understand what is ‘current’, one must first look briefly at DARPA Programs ‘past’ ( 1999 – 2002 ), which ( alone ) is enough to ‘still send chills down many people’s spines today’. Once realizing what DARPA was doing 12-years ago, it’s not all that unfathomable to comprehend where DARPA has taken and will continue taking many.

SIMBIOSYS ( 1999 – 2002 ) –

In 1999, DARPA SIMBIOSYS developed a combined quantitative understanding of various biological phenomena characteristics opening the DARPA door to what amounts to MicroElectroMechanical Systems ( MEMS ) integrating microphotonics in, amongst many things such as electro-optic spatial light modulators ( SLM ) combining very short pulse solid state lasers providing powerful new capabilities for secure communication up-links ( multi-gigabits per second ), ‘aberration free’ 3-D imaging and targeting performed at very long ranges ( greater than 1,000 kilometers away ), innovative design system integration of MEMS spatial light modulators ( SLM ) providing quantum wavefront control leaps in photonics and high speed electronics, and even ‘flexible cloth-like smart materials’ DARPA wants hardware placed into production devices and systems applications optimizing both U.S. and ‘its specially selected few other foreign nation U.S. friendlies’ ( Israel ) to hold in future warfaring battlespace management superiority over other foreign nation threats.

DARPA SIMBIOSYS includes classes of biological molecules ( i.e. antigens, antibodies, DNA, cytokines, enzymes, etc. ) for analyses and diagnoses studies, from:

1. Biochemical sensors, sensing ‘details from environments’; and,

2. Biochemical sensors, sensing ‘details from human body fluids’.

Specific examples under each of those two ( 2 ) groups being left up to the discretion of the PI.

Bio-molecules importance slect criteria, includes:

1. Microsystem sensors, for automated sampling and analyses, extendibility;

2. Bio-molecules simulant, to which it represents U.S. Department of Defense ( DoD ) relevant extents; and,

3. Bio-detection high degree of sensitivity and specificity processing, etc.

DARPA SIMBIOSYS emphasis is at the ‘molecular level’ for ‘sensing’ and ‘detection’.

SIMBIOSYS Program precludes human cells and human tissue based sensing because other DARPA programs currently address those issues in combination thereof.

SIMBIOSYS Goals –

SIMBIOSYS Program ‘stimulates multi-disciplinary research’ – bringing together biologists, chemists, engineers, physicists, computer scientists and others to address difficult and pressing challenges in advancing micro and nano-biotechnology.

SIMBIOSYS Program goal is to ‘utilize phenomena’ in ‘bio-fluidic transport’, ‘molecular recognition’ and ‘signal transduction from joint studies in modeling and experiments.

SIMBIOSYS Program joint effort expects results in ‘new hardware device, new hardware processes and new hardware production communities that will begin utilizing new models, new rules, new methods and new processes together enabling design and development of enhanced performance next generation bio-microdevices.

DARPA Advanced Projects –

DARPA is focusing on, amongst many, these advanced projects:

1. Bioengineering artificial intelligence ( AI ) systems sized from nanometers and meters up to large-scale robotic systems deployed globally;

2. Biological hybrid devices and systems, inspired from computational algorithms and models;

3. Biosynthesized composite materials incorporating synthetic enzymes and pathways from biochemical cellular engineered concepts for application productions;

4. Neural phenomena control over system science computation measurement application interfaces addressing humans;

5. Micro-scale reagents biochemically engineered;

6. Biosynthesis signal processing control platform studies;

7. Molecular biological population level behavior dynamic simulation modeling complexes; and,

8. Subcellular device physics affects and cellular device physics affects within biological component systems using real-time non-destructive observation study techniques.

[ PHOTO ( above ): legacy MicroFlyer, only a Microelectronic Aerial Vehicle – MAV ( click to enlarge ) ]

Bioengineered MicroBots Developed & Deployed –

Battlefields now require ‘unmanned combat aerial vehicles’ ( UCAV ) and ‘advanced weapons’ that self-navigate and self-reconfigure with autonomous communication systems accomplishing time-critical commands, however while many use Commercial Off The Shelf ( COTS ) products, such is not the case for developed and deployed bioengineered microrobots.

MicroBot AMR Control By MARS –

DARPA mobile autonomous robot software ( MARS ) Project is designed to develop and transition ‘currently unavailable software technologies programming’ operations of autonomous mobile robots ( AMR ) in partially known changing and unpredictable environments.

DARPA SIMBIOSYS Program aims provide new software removing humans from combat, conveyance, reconnaissance, and surveillance processes by:

1. Extending military hardware range;

2. Lowering manpower costs;

3. Removing human physiology for swifter concepts, designs, engineering, development, and deployment successes; and,

4. Researchers demonstrating autonomous navigation of humanoid robots, unmanned military vehicles, autonomous vehicles and interactions between humans.

DARPA indicates that robots – to be meaningful – must be fully integrated into human lives in military, commercial, educational and domestic usages must be capable of interacting in more natural human ways.

DARPA funded research and development of robots given similar bodies with human-like intelligence for humanoid interaction providing new ways for the human world.

COG Robot –

DARPA funded Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( MIT ) researchers, employing a set of sensors and actuators ( with small microcontrollers for joint level control, up to larger audio-visual digital signal network pre-processors for controlling different levels of its heterogeneous hierarchy network ) approximating human body sensory and motor dynamics, created the robot named COG that eventually allowed DARPA further development of deployable, modular, reconfigurable and autonomous robots.

[ PHOTO ( above ): legacy Biomorphic Explorers – Snakes and Bats ( click to enlarge ) ]

CONRO Robots –

CONRO robots, developed through DARPA, employed autonomous capabilities, of:

1. Self-repair; and, 2. Morphogenesis ( changing shapes ).

Examples, amongst many, included design styled:

Snake robots, able to move ‘in-to’ and ‘out-of’ tight spaces; and,

Insect robots, able to move faster ( covering more ground meeting military mission swifter needs ).

[ PHOTO ( above ): legacy Spider, and Payload biochemical delivery simulation ( click to enlarge ) ]

CONRO robots were design equipped to perform two ( 2 ) missions:

1. Reconnaissance ( activity detection, monitorization, and reporting – surveillance ); and,

2. Deliver small ‘military payloads’ ( bio-chemical weapons, etc. ) into ‘enemy occupied remote territory locations’ ( away-from friendly warfighters ).

CONRO robots are comprised of multiple SPIDERLINK modules.

In 1999, DARPA built both ‘snakes’ and ‘hexapods’ as ‘initially tethered’ prototypes termed 1-DOF, equipped with abilities to both ‘dock’ and ‘gait ambulate’ based on applied computational algorithms.

In 2000, DARPA had twenty ( 20 ) autonomous self-sufficient ‘modules’ – not mentioning what those resembled – built designated as 2-DOF, after:

1. Hormone based control developed and tested theory;

2. Hormone hexapods and snakes implemented motions ( for 2-DOF );

3. Quadrupeds, hexapods and snakes implemented locomotion with centralized control for 2-DOF;

4. Morphing self-repair ‘modules’ delivering small payloads used ‘miniature cameras’ that were designed and tested; and,

5. Snake head with snake tail with configured docking capabilities were implemented laboratory two dimensional ( 2-D ) testing.

CONRO DARPA Near-Term Milestones:

1. Modules’ reconfigurability ( morphogenesis ) robust automation designed and demonstrated ( for 2-DOF );

2. Topology ‘discovery’ ( automatic topography recognition ) demonstration;

3. Gait reconfiguration ( morphogenesis ) automation for ambulating a ‘given’ ( programmed instruction ) topology designed and demonstrated;

4. Gait reconfiguration ( morphogenesis ) automation for ambulating a ‘discovery’ ( automatic topography recognition ) designed and demonstrated;

5. Wireless ( radio frequency, infra-red, etc. ) control of miniature cameras demonstrated;

6. Pointing ( waving, mousepad, etc. ) control of miniature cameras demonstrated; and,

7. Large scale deployment of CONRO robots demonstrated.

[ PHOTO ( above ): DARPA BioBot named Blaberus ( click to enlarge ) ]

Deployer Robot ( DR ) –

Deployer Robots ( DR ) ‘support’ and ‘deploy’ distributed ‘teams of other smaller robots’ termed “Joeys” ( singular, “Joey” ) that perform either ‘hazardous tasks’ or ‘tedious tasks’.

Deployer Robots ( DR ) have two ( 2 ) roles, that:

1. Carry and launch given numbers of smaller Joey robots ( Joeys ); and,

2. Command and control ( C2 ) – after launching – Joey robots ( Joeys ).

[ PHOTO ( above ): legacy CyberLink HID test USAF personnel with DARPA robots ( click to enlarge ) ]

Robot Loop Pyramid –

Robot-in-the-Loop ( RIL ) concept, augments Human-in-Loop ( HIL ), building a ‘pyramid of robots’ – supervised by one ( 1 ) person.

‘Launch’ and ‘Command and Control’ ( C2 ) – of different Joey robots ( multiple, i.e. Joeys ) – two ( 2 ) goals are handled independently, as:

1. ‘Launch’ of robots, via grenade sized Joey robot clusters ( multiple ), developed under DARPA Deployer Robot ( DR ) Program availability of smaller Joeys; and,

2. ‘Command and Control’ ( C2 ), is investigated using ‘larger robots’ developed for DARPA ITO sister Software for Distributed Robotics ( SDR ) Program enabling fully leverage of both Deployer Robot ( DR Program and Software for Distributed Robotics ( SDR ) Program development of algorithms leveraging heterogeneous interaction between a ‘smart’ highly mobile ‘Deployer Robot’ ( DR ) and a ‘team’ of Joey robots that are more powerful, less computational and less mobile.

[ PHOTO ( above ): legacy Virtual Combiman digital glove waving battlespace management ( click to enlarge ) ]

DARPA key universal elements of robot deployment examined:

1. Emplacement – Launching and dynamically situating the Joeys for mission goals;

2. Operations – Maintaining the infrastructure to support the distributed front, including communications and error detection and recovery ( e.g., getting back on course after positional drift ); and,

3. Recovery – Collecting Joey robots data to analyze after delivery into a format useful for the human operator.

DARPA Deployer Robot ( DR ) Program development acquired and refitted two ( 2 ) Urban Robot Upgrades ( URU ) in new Deployer Robots ( DR ) types.

DARPA, investigated five ( 5 ) alternate launch strategies, but selected only one ( 1 ):

1. Grenade barrel launch, delivery of robots, into a three ( 3 ) story building.

2. Grenade barrel launcher was designed, equipped and developed, with:

3. Grenade Magazine contains ‘multiple Joey robots’ for ejection – supports full mobility integrity of the Deployer Robot ( DR );

4. Sensor mast ( collapsible ) – for Deployer Robot ( DR ) interaction with Joey robots launched on arrival at destination location; and,

5. Communication ( 916 MHz ) link between Deployer Robot ( DR ) and Joey robots.

DARPA SDR Program –

DARPA Software for Distributed Robotics ( SDR ) Program development designed and built Joey robot prototypes ( approximately 3-1/2 inch cube ) for ultimate fabrication in a production lot quantity of 120 Joey robot units.

DARPA Software for Distributed Robotics ( SDR ) Program leverage and adaptation controls swarms of Joey robots.

DARPA Near-Term Milestones:

1. Launch propulsion mechanisms ( C02 cartridge, .22 caliber shell, or other ) deployment testing of Joey robots into battlefield areas;

2. Launcher ( of multiple Joey robot deployment ) mechanism built on-board first ( 1st ) Deployer Robot ( DR ) named Bandicoot;

3. Sensor mast ( collapsible ) built and installed on-board second ( 2nd ) Deployer Robot ( DR ) named Wombat;

4. Radio Frequency ( RF ) development protocols for interaction between Deployer Robot ( DR ) and Joey robots;

5. Infra-Red ( IR ) deployment protocols for interaction mechanisms between Deployer Robot ( DR ) and Joey robots using IR ( Infra-Red );

6. Human Interface Device ( HID ) operator remote control unit ( ORCU ) development for Deployer Robot ( DR ).

DARPA SIMBIOSYS began over 12-years ago. All the photographs ( above ) are almost one decade ( 10-years ) old.

Current careful research on this subject further provides more information about where the U.S. stands today.

Submitted for review and commentary by,

Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV ), Host
E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com
WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

Reference

http://web.archive.org/web/20021214110038/http://groups.msn.com/AnExCIA/rampdintell.msnw

X-CIA Files Archives 2

[ NOTE: Legacy ( 1998 – 2003 ) X-CIA FILES website reports and images ( below ). ]

WARNING & DISCLAIMER: THIS IS NOT A GOVERNMENT WEBSITE

X-CIA Files Archive 2

” Details, Usually ‘Unavailable’ Elsewhere, Are Typically ‘Available’ Here! “

ExtraTerrestrial Technologies ( ETT )

Plasma Torch Rectenna Propulsion

3D Penrose Tiling Structures

Quasi-Crystal Materials Sciences

Lenticular Tactical Aerospace Vehicles ( LTAV )

Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle ( UCAV ) Linear Engines

Single-Stage To Orbit ( STO ) Vehicle Propulsion

Space-Time Continuum Manipulations

INTEL ( DOCILE ) Digital IC Orbit Communication Technologies

ExtraTerrestrial Biological Entities ( EBE )

Rare Unidentified Flying Objects ( UFO )

[ PHOTO ( above ): LOCKHEED SR-75 Penetrator legacy cut-away shows 4 PRATT & WHITNEY engines ( click on image to enlarge ) ]

[ PHOTO ( above ): LOCKHEED SR-75 Penetrator with ROCKETDYNE AeroSpike engines ( click on image to enlarge ) ]

[ PHOTO ( above ): ROCKETDYNE XRS-2200 AeroSpike thrust-vector engine testbed ( click on image to enlarge ) ]

[ PHOTO ( above ): ROCKETDYNE XRS-2200 AeroSpike diagramatic of thrust-vectoring engine technology ( click on image to enlarge ) ]

 [ PHOTO ( above ): F-117-E Stealth Reconnaissance Vehicle with dual ( 2 ) ROCKETDYNE XRS-2200 AeroSpike thrust vector engines installed ( click on image to enlarge ) ]

[ PHOTO ( above ): LOCKHEED LASRE SR-74 Scramp with hypersonic nuclear electric ion engine ( click on image to enlarge ) ]

Linear AeroSpike Engines for Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles ( UCAV )

ROCKETDYNE linear AeroSpike XRS-2200 ( RS-2200 ) engines utilize a design first developed in the early 1970s incorporating Apollo space mission era hardware from J-2S engines. Although this AeroSpike engine began almost 30-years ago it is of strategic importance today in the F-117-E Stealth reconnaissance aircraft it will be for future aerospace vehicles now under development.

21st Century propulsion technology was derived from a combination of 1960s era hardware developed from several decades of engine designs plus 1990s era design/analysis tools and fiscal realities that ushered in an entirely new era of commercial and military space flight where ‘old technology’ was found to be a primary key to developing even newer technological advancements.

The AeroSpike team located vendors, who more than 30-years ago, manufactured the original J-2S legacy engine hardware that AeroSpike based its turbo-machinery on.

Vendors, still in existence, were contracted to provide the Program with newly built J-2S hardware.

In cases where vendors had gone out-of business, new generation vendors were identified for producing new hardware from 30-year old legacy designs.

Panels, that make up the unique AeroSpike nozzle, presented a huge design challenge.

AeroSpike nozzles have a form like a large curved ramp – unlike traditional bell shaped nozzle characteristics for most rocket engines.

AeroSpike nozzle thermal and structural loads required development of new manufacturing processes and toolings to fabricate and assemble AeroSpike nozzle hardware.

The AeroSpike team found a way to accommodate huge thermal expansions and induced mechanical forces in mechanical and brazed joints of the assemblies where appropriate materials and attachment techniques were identified so effective manufacturing processes were developed.

In early 1997, a small half span model packaged equipped with an AeroSpike 8 thrust-celled nozzle engine equipped Lift-Body Vehicle [ SR-74 Scramp ( see further below ) ] – called the LASRE experiment – was piggy-back mounted onto a LOCKHEED SR-71 BlackBird high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft that was then tasked to operate like a ‘flying wind test tunnel’ to determine a Single-Stage-To-Orbit ( STO ) Reusable Launch Vehicle ( RLV ) onboard AeroSpike engine plume would affect aerodynamics of the Lifting Body Vehicle shape at specific altitudes and speeds initially reaching approximately 750-mph.

The interaction of the aerodynamic flow with the engine plume could create drag and design refinements minimized that interaction.

The lifting body model, eight [ 8 ] nozzled AeroSpike engine and, canoe collective was called the “pod.” The entire pod was 41-feet in length and weighed 14,300 pounds. The experimental pod, mounted onto an Air Force LOCKHEED SR-71 BlackBird stealth reconnaissance aircraft loaner, was completed in November 1998.

Successfully completion braze of the first flight ramp was accomplished as well as the fabrication and assemblies of the parts for the first thrusters.

With completion of those milestones the AeroSpike engine proceeded through fabrication, test and, delivery enabling support for the planned first flight in 1999.

Now, the AeroSpike XRS-2200 linear thrust-vectoring engine’s eventual “new placement’ was set for the sub-orbital technology air/space vehicle – referred to as the X-33 VentureStar – had a Rocketdyne team anticipating delivery of their first XRS-2200 AeroSpike flight engine by September of 1999.

Also, a “combined industry and government team” at LOCKHEED-MARTIN Skunk Works ( Palmdale, California ) was developing the X-33 for its AeroSpike XRS-2200 engine flight out of Edwards Air Force Base ( California ) scheduled for December of 1999.

The Linear Aerospike XRS-2200 ( RS-2200 ) engine was developed by the ROCKETDYNE PROPULSION AND POWER UNIT of the BOEING COMPANY indicating they completed the engine in early 2000 although the F-117A Stealth fighter was already secretly flying ‘long before’ their official public information release.

The difference between the linear AeroSpike engine and conventional rocket engines are the shape of the nozzle – unlike conventional rocket engines using a bell shaped nozzle to constrict expanding gases – the Aerospike nozzle is V-shaped and called a “ramp”.

The performance of Electro-Mechanical Actuators ( EMA ) are used in propellant valving for these engines. EMA is seen as a technology of choice in new rocket engines that would be developed under the Space Launch Initiative ( SLI ).

The XRS-2200 gas generator operated successfully in the flow-rate range of proposed X-33 operating conditions. The gas generator essentially was a J2 gas generator modified for the higher chamber pressure and flow-rate required for the XRS-2200.

The gas generator must be able to operate in conditions significantly higher than normal J2 operating conditions.

A review of the data showed the gas generator operated in these conditions but that also, the combustor shell wall temperatures were within acceptable tolerances. Post test inspections also found the hardware to be in good operating condition which showed signs of marked improvements from past hardware weakening. Engineers at Marshall Space Flight Center ( MFSC ) were able to demonstrate the gas generator could be started with a softer ramp, to minimize overpressure of the combustor shell, by accurately sequencing valve timings and ramps on the XRS-2200 AeroSpike engine.

Successful component tests followed a series of AeroSpike multi-cell engine tests at Marshall Space Flight Center that successfully demonstrated hydrogen-oxygen combustion at full power, emergency power, and low throttle conditions.

The pressure fed thrusters and AeroSpike nozzles were developed at the Rocketdyne Division of Boeing under a technology agreement with NASA and Lockheed-Martin who was set to build the VentureStar X-33 transport aerospace vehicle.

The XRS-2200 AeroSpike engine shoots hot gases, from multiple linear placed chamber nozzles along the outside of the ramp surface. This unusual design allows the engine to be more efficient and effective than today’s rocket engines by ‘modulating the thrust to various positioned sets of these nozzels acting in concert with vectoring – shaping direction of engine propulsion / thrust.

Hot test firings were performed with tests on the powerpack at the John C. Stennis Space Center, which included the turbo-machinery and gas generator that ran a program duration of 45-seconds with a start to the 80% power level transition to mainstage operation at 100% power and then throttled down to 57% power.

Test data indicated normal shutdown with no anomalies for the ROCKETDYNE AeroSpike XRS-2200 linear engine designed for use onboard the VentureStar X-33 – Reusable Launch Vehicle ( RLV ) – prior to delivery at the LOCKHEED-MARTIN VentureStar X-33 assembly facility ( Palmdale, California ) where the X-33 was to be flown from Edwards Air Force Base ( California ) into outerspace followed by a return touchdown at one ( 1 ) of two ( 2 ) landing sites ( i.e. Utah or Montana ).

Some VentureStar X-33 and XRS-2200 ROCKETDYNE engine project participants, were:

– Gene Austin, Program Manager for NASA VentureStar X-33 at Marshall Space Flight Center; – Cleon Lacefield, Vice-President LOCKHEED-MARTIN Space Systems ( Palmdale, California ) VentureStar X-33; – Don Chenevert, Program Manager, NASA X-33, Aerospike Engine Testing at Stennis Space Center, MS; – Mike McKeon, Program Manager X-33 Aerospike Engine, ROCKETDYNE Propulsion and Power Unit, BOEING ( Canoga Park, California ); and, – Steve Bouley, Division Director, Propulsion Development, ROCKETDYNE Propulsion & Power Unit, BOEING.

Instead of hydraulics, future propulsion systems may use EMAs to control major propellant valves so gaining performance data in ‘real world testing’ has significant value.

There are six ( 6 ) EMAs – on each AeroSpike test engine – used to deliver propellants to the thruster banks and gas generators. Two ( 2 ) engines will use forty ( 40 ) thrusters – 20 per XRS-2200 AeroSpike engine achieves aircraft velocities exceeding Mach 13 +.

A total of seven ( 7 ) variations of the Advanced Linear AeroSpike Engines – built by the ROCKETDYNE DIVISION of BOEING – were to power the X-33 VentureStar RLV to have been built by LOCKHEED-MARTIN.

There were three ( 3 ) additional powerpack assemblies and four ( 4 ) full-up AeroSpike XRS-2200 linear engines – including two ( 2 ) flight units that existed during the remainder of the development program.

ROCKETDYNE developed the XRS-2200 Aerospike linear engine at its Canoga Park, California facility for the later cancelled ( 2001 ) VentureStar X-33 Single-Stage To Orbit ( STO ) Reusable Launch Vehicle ( RLV ) space transport program. A joint BOEING and NASA team at Stennis Space Center did the final XRS-2200 AeroSpike engine assembly.

The RS-2200 Linear Aerospike Engine is being developed for use on the LOCKHEED-MARTIN Skunk Works Reusable Launch Vehicle ( RLV ).

The Aerospike linear engine allows the smallest lowest cost RLV ( Reusable Launch Vehicle ) to be developed because the engine fills the base ( reducing base drag ) and is integral to the vehicle – reducing installed weight when compared to a bell shaped conventional rocket engine.

The Aerospike is somewhat the same as bell shaped rocket engines, except for its nozzle open to the atmosphere. The open plume compensates for decreasing atmospheric pressure as the vehicle ascends – keeping engine performance very-high along the entire trajectory.

This altitude compensating feature allows a simple low-risk gas generator cycle to be used. Over $500,000,000 million has been invested to-date in AeroSpike engines, and full size linear engines have accumulated seventy=three [ 73 ] tests and over 4,000 seconds of operation.

Following the series of tests, XRS-2200 AeroSpike engines were removed from the test stand facility and put into storage at the Stennis Space Center – awaiting NASA instructions on engine final dispositions.

The precursor to the AURORA Transport-Lift Vehicle X-43 placed three ( 3 ) such X-43A aerospace vehicles inside the Dryden Space Flight facility at Edwards Air Force Base, California where a 12-foot-long under wing test vehicle existed for the NASA “Hyper-X” multi-year hypersonic research program [ AURORA ] to demonstrate “airframe integrated and air breathing ( AeroSpike ) engine technologies” that promise to increase payload capacity for future vehicles by consuming ambient oxygen at altitudes higher than previously possible.

This will remove the need for carrying oxygen tanks onboard to promote combustion, as traditional rockets must do now.

Two flights are planned at Mach 7 ( approximately 5,000 mph ) and one ( 1 ) flight at Mach 10 ( almost 7,200 mph ) to a top speed of Mach 13 +.

By comparison, the world’s fastest “air-breathing plane” – to date – was the LOCKHEED SR-71 Blackbird that could fly at an ‘unclassified airspeed’ of Mach 3 + to an extimated top speed of Mach 7.

Future generations of EMAs will be even more compact – than those currently in operation – that will pave the way for linear AeroSpike acceleration thrust-vectoring engines to be deployed onboard ‘newly designed’ Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles ( UAV ).

Some X-33 and ROCKETDYNE XRS-2200 AeroSpike engine project participants, were:

– Gene Austin, NASA X-33 Program Manager, Marshall Space Flight Center; – Cleon Lacefield, Lockheed-Martin Space Systems Company Vice President for X-33, Palmdale, CA; – Don Chenevert, NASA X-33 Program Manager, Aerospike Engine Testing, Stennis Space Center, MS; – Mike McKeon, X-33 Aerospike Engine Program Manager, Rocketdyne Propulsion and Power, The Boeing Company, Canoga Park, CA; and, – Steve Bouley, Division Director, Propulsion Development, Rocketdyne Propulsion & Power Unit, the Boeing Company.

August 8, 2001 – The NASA Second Generation Reusable Launch Vehicle Program – also known as the Space Launch Initiative ( SLI ) – is making advances in propulsion technology with this third and final successful engine hot-fire designed to test electro-mechanical actuators. Information learned from this hot-fire test series about new electro-mechanical actuator technology – which controls the flow of propellants in rocket engines – could provide key advancements for the propulsion systems of future spacecraft. The test of twin ( 2 ) Linear Aerospike XRS-2200 engines originally built for the X-33 program, was performed Monday, August 6, 2001 at the NASA Stennis Space Center, Mississippi where the engines were fired for the planned 90-seconds and reached a planned maximum power of 85%. The test was originally slated to attain full power during 100-seconds of testing. Prior to the test, engineers determined the necessary results could be achieved at reduced duration and power. Based on this determination, both planned duration and planned power were reduced. Two [ 2 ] shorter hot-fires of the AeroSpike engines were performed last month [ July 2001 ] in preparation for the final test firing on August 6, 2001.

The Second Generation Reusable Launch Vehicle ( RLV ) Program, led by the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama is a technology development program designed to increase safety and reliability while reducing costs for space travel.

“Because every engine proposed by industry for a second generation vehicle has electro-mechanical actuators, we took advantage of these AeroSpike engines already on the test stand to explore this relatively new technology now – saving us valuable time later,” said Garry Lyles, Propulsion Projects Office manager of the Second Generation Reusable Launch Vehicle Program at the Marshall Center. “This data is critical toward developing the confidence required to support the use of these actuators on future launch vehicles.”

Electro-mechanical actuators electronically regulate the amount of propellant (fuel and oxidizer) flow in the engine. The new technology is a potential alternative and improvement to the older pneumatic and hydraulic fluid systems currently used by the aerospace industry to drive and control critical rocket engine valves.

“This series of engine firings tested the actuator control system in what we call a ‘real condition of use’ environment,” said Dr. Donald Chenevert, electro-mechanical actuator project manager at the Stennis Center. “Firing allows us to see how the integrated system handles the extreme cold of cryogenic propellants, the stress loads of the propellants pushing through the valves, and the dynamic response to commanded flow rate changes. Additionally, we have many other unique conditions such as shock and vibration loads not found in a lab, so we capture more realistic data about the true performance of the actuators.” Engineers are performing engine post-test inspections, and early indications are that all test objectives have been met, Chenevert said.

The final data is to be fed directly into the engine systems being considered for a second-generation reusable launch vehicle, Lyles said. “Propulsion is one of the highest and most critical technology areas that we are exploring,” said Dennis Smith, manager of the Second Generation Reusable Launch Vehicle Program Office at the Marshall Center. “Our goal also is to find, improve or develop technologies such as airframes, avionics, health management systems and ground operations – all to make getting people and payloads into space safer and cheaper.”

The Rocketdyne Propulsion and Power Unit of The Boeing Company in Canoga Park, Calif., developed the AeroSpike engine and supported the engine tests at Stennis Space Center.

– –

[ photo ( above ) none, like the large UFO below, exists to-date ]

USA, California, Hesperia – 1997 – Local area residents of the Victor Valley southern California area formed a collective having focused new attentions toward the sky where a rash of ‘satellite failures’, unidentified flying objects ( UFO ) including one ( 1 ) that stopped 2-way traffic for 10-minutes at night along a popular California interstate where a very large triangle craft hovered while actually blocking out starlight, and – further south – a few extraterrestrial biological entity ( EBE ) sightings.

Local newspapers only reported that local area residents, curious from too many unexplained sightings, were holding an open to the public Town Hall Meeting ( Main Street in Hesperia, California ) to discuss and compare what they were encountering.

The town hall meeting, held in a small retail center with a fast food store, unfortunately did not discuss UFo sightings because a woman – operating an overhead transparency slide projector – placed images of ‘foreign’ ( Mexico ) area Chupacabra sightings for discussion. Frustrated by the obviously lengthy Chupacabra distraction, not taking local area UFO questions, most residents in-attendance abandoned the town hall office meeting to stretch their legs outside where some began talking amongst themselves about ‘UFO and alien local encounters’ they thought the town hall meeting was supposed to be allowing for open discussions.

Noticing town hall meeting attendees pouring outside, freelance reporter Paul Collin interviewed the disenfranchised residents whom left their off-topic town hall meeting inside. Eyewitnesses, came with family members, some providing additional eyewitness accounts. Providing one-on-one interviews for only first-hand reports describing details, residents were also allowed to personally sketch drawings of personal UFO and alien entity encounters.

A good investigative journalist may play unknowledgeable while subtly and quite effectively being able to quickly assess normal human frailties from purposeful deceit in getting to the bottom of the truth. Easy to spot, are armchair storytellers ( with plenty of time on their hands who invariably stray from the topic to talk about what they did or do for a living ), narcissists ( rambling on about themselves while exhibiting rather odd personal quirks ), weird-os and opportunists ( some wearing partial Star Trek or Wonder Woman costumes, alien face masks, spring-wired tinfoil antenna balls sprouting from headbands, or constantly looking in their compact mirrors to see if their make-up is still on their face correct ), and then move-on to interview others whose purpose stems from serious concerns as a resident member of the community.

Even then, trying to detrmine fact from fictionalized accountings is not an easy task. You look deep into these people’s faces as they convey their stories. “Did they really see what they’re claiming?” Look at their faces, closer, any micromomentary facial expressions? Also look carefully at their eyes and the direction they quickly snap ‘just before beginning to answer your question’. Look carefully at their reactions after throwing their own statement back at them, but with a purposeful small inaccuracy, to see whether they correct it, become exacerbated by your having just twisted what they just conveyed, or continue as though that’s what they said – but actually didn’t. Can they provide details as to what they were doing ‘just before the time of their encounter’? Do they appear to be easily disturbed emotionally or do they offer light-hearted concerns while discussing their more serious concerns on-topic?

Most were rather ‘original’, several did not match what was mostly being reported, some interviewees were very apolegetic for not having more than just a little to report. The culmination of many reports served to quickly narrow the scope of ‘believeable encounters’ from those ‘otherwise’.

Analysis of all boiled down to the following six ( 6 ) essential facts:

1. High-volume ( PUBLIC ) sightings;

2. Short-term duration ( 30-DAY ) reportings;

3. Small region ( HIGH DESERT ) locations;

4. Near ground Low Earth Orbit ( LEO ) altitudes.

5. Limited design ( UFO ) triangles; and,

6. Incident ( MAJOR ) highways.

Over all reports, only four ( 4 ) really stood-out:

A. There was the Hesperia, California family in their minivan – homebound east on Main Street ( Hesperia, California ) with a clear sunset behind them having just left a soccer game when all occupants began to comment about what appeared outside their windshield in the low horizon distance where a slimline triangle shaped UFO just lingered ( for about 5-minutes ) but then suddenly ( in seconds ) snapped its location due south and shot upward where all of a sudden – and in’mid-sky’ – just blinked-out before even reaching the upper darkening sky. The triangle UFO exhibited ‘no contrails’, ‘no sound barrier boom’, nothing. Just a brief low earth hover, quick snap south and then up out of sight in the blink of an eye. While the kids were all excited, the parents tried calming them down – along with their own unsettled nerves – explaining it all away as only being some new Air Force jet. Deep inside, the parents knew it was ‘not any aircraft’, but only one ( 1 ) of other unexplained sightings plaguing yet other residents over the past month;

B. All alone, a middle-aged man traveling west on Main Street ( Hesperia, California ) homebound for Phelan, California spotted in the southwest sky over the Wrightwood mountains a large triangle craft slowly moving upward. Stopping at California state highway 395 traffic light. He looked back up out his windshield and saw nothing there anymore, but it gave him something to tell his wife when he arrived home. The wife, rolling her eyes, put dinner on the table, but interestingly was also present by his side at the town hall meeting as well. Residents wanted to know what was going on in their local community, especially after local UFO sightings appeared to begin registering in their local paper;

C. Further southwest and beyond the Wrightwood mountains – in Azusa, California – a grandmother and her live-in daughter nurse both witnessed – on two ( 2 ) separate occasions while driving home slowly down their semi-rural neighborhood street at night – two ( 2 ) glowing red eyes in the head of what appeared to them to be a small 2-legged ape-like creature hunched down by the side of their road where although well ahead of their vehicle the creature suddenly darted across the street but with what they both claimed was at a ‘frightening blur’ of a pace. The women also spotted what they believed was the same 2-legged ape-like creature with red eyes three ( 3 ) additional times but inside the furthest corner of their backyard where it seemed to be glaring at them both through the rear kitchen window. Immediately scared to death, both residents – whom by the time they thought to call police – then witnessed the creature pop-up – rather unusually – bounding over and outside their backyard fence. I had to ask if they remained in the town hall meeting for the Chupacabra discussion, and they glanced at each other and let me know that what they saw was ‘not’ a Chupacabra. I asked, “Could it have been a baby Chupacabra? They looked at each other and then back at me, shaking their heads in the negative. Their ‘thing’ was ‘not hairy’, did ‘not have head horn spikes’, was ‘not a color shade of grey, blue, or eggshell’. It was ‘black’, ‘short’, and when it moved – it moved ‘extremely fast’ with an ‘odd blur’ you couldn’t focus-in on. I thought to myself, “Probably darn hard to target fire onto;” and,

D. What brought the freelance reporter to the meeting in the first place was his own personal encounter in the same general area of the High Desert of southern California where 1-week earlier at night while 20-minutes northeast of Victorville, California in the middle of the desert on California Interstate 15 ( I-15 ) on his way to Las Vegas, Nevada he noticed traffic on ‘both sides of the that highway pulling over and stopping. He figured a serious accident occured and pulled over to exit his vehicle to look out into the desert along the highway, but didn’t see any vehicles there. He walked back a couple of cars and noticed a group of people talking together and asked where the accident was. He was told to look up just a little off to the east of the intersate highway to see what was stopping traffic, and there ‘it’ was – an incredibly huge black triangle shaped object just hovering without any lights on. The oddest thing about it was that it was so huge that a whole section of the night sky had no starlight while all around the flying object anyone ‘could easily see starlight all around’ but no starlight directly above the behemoth. I asked the group what the thing was doing and what had it been doing. They said they didn’t know what it was doing now, but that it had been exhibiting a low hum, which stopped, and it was just continuing to linger where it had been for what they estimated had been 15-minutes. I called the California Highway Patrol office and they said they were already responding to it. I heard no emergency sirens and saw no red lights. I waited another 15-minutes and nothing happened. It just lingered a few hundred feet above ground off in the desert. Not being too much braver I decided to get back into my car and turn around and go back home.

The following week, I located one ( 1 ) particular Blockbuster video store on Bear Valley Road in southwest Victorville, California. That particular store carried an unusually large selection of UFO documentary videos placed in a special section. I decidely watched over 100 of those videos to determine if anyone else might have seen any huge triangle UFOs. At the time ( 1997 ) there were unfortunately ‘no flying triangle videos’ I could lay my hands on.

Apparently my frequent selections attracted the attention of the store owner, John Pflughoft of MPM INVEST, who eventually approached me and politel asked why I was interested in watching so many UFO videos. I think he knew something had startled me into that habit so, I conveyed what I had seen the previous week.

I also shared my late night experiences during 1972 while assigned to the Intelligence Section Station at George Air Force Base and later Edwards Air Force Base in the High Desert. I told him about strange red, orange, and yellow ‘firelight’ coming out the tops of some of the smaller mountains scattered between George AFB and Edwards AFB out in the middle of the desert. The video proprietor asked if I knew what the ‘firelights’ were. I told him I figured it was just rocket engine testing going on inside some of those small mountains.

He asked if I had ever seen any UFOs before last week. All I had to convey was an experience in 1976 while camping with a couple of my military buddies of mine up in the Iron Mountain range between Randsburg, California and Mojave, California at night, and while we ‘saw nothing’ all three ( 3 ) of us ‘heard’ a very unusual ‘electronic whirring sound’ that seemed to be travelling up and down both sides of the foothills a few hundred feet from where we were trying to sleep. I told him we walked in the direction of where we heard the whirring sound coming from last but saw nothing. Then when we returned to our camp where 30-minutes later we all heard it start back up again so, we left in the middle of the night and drove 90-miles to get home. He smiled and said, “Well, I guess that until last week you’ve been pretty lucky to have remained out-of the UFO experience.”

He then asked if an upcoming town hall meeting in Hesperia, California where residents were going to discuss their own personal UFO and extraterrestrial encounters during the recent month might interest me. I knew nothing of any other sightings so, he suggested I attend and asked if I would report back to him what I learned. I agreed, attended the meeting, but when it began being abandonded, dug-out a yellow legal pad of paper and began interviewing attendees upon exit. A final report was  prepared, and along with resident sketches, placed in a manila envelope sealed-up and dropped-off at the Blockbuster store for his later review.

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[ PHOTO ( above ): Circa 12OCT62 – Ames Langley Research Center lenticular vehicle aero-space body designs ( click on image to enlarge ) ]

As far back as October 12, 1962 Ames Langley and Dryden Flight Research Centers began feasibility studies and designs for developing a lenticular design space re-entry air vehicle with speeds capable of reaching Mach 25 + to Mach 50 +.

[ photo ( above ) TR-3B Astra – Flying Triangle ( click to enlarge ) ]

In 1995, at Nellis Air Force Base Test Range S-4 ( near Papoose Lake, Nevada ) the TR3-B ( a lenticular-shaped aerial vehicle ) was seen and reported to be between 300-feet and 500-feet in diameter.

Reportedly, the TR3B flies at speeds of Mach 15 + and reflects a bright blue grey color believed to be biological electro-chromatic 3-D Penrose tiling polymer material providing highly advanced stealth qualities.

TR3B is also believed to have carried the INTEL comp