AntiMatter Technology Problems

AntiMatter Technology Problems

 

AntiMatter Technology Problems by, Concept Activity Research Vault

May 16, 2011 09:42:4 ( PST ) Updated ( Originally Published: May 10, 2011 )

CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles – May 16, 2011 – The global scientific community is eyeing suspiciously a 1952 ‘experimental projects’ organization known as the Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire ( CERN ) [ ( also known as ) European Organization for Nuclear Research ] wherein its Large Hadron Collider ( LHC ) consists of a huge 27-mile in diameter high-energy particle collider is conducting some extremely serious experiments involving what scientists and physicisys say involves something called a “CP-violation” that deals with creating a variety of new subatomic particles that are believed to have never existed anywhere on Earth.

There is quite a bit of controversy concerning something called a “strangelet” ( strangelets ) and other particle creations within the CERN experiment, which because of conjectures in scientific theories are feared by some professionals, could create a ’new subatomic particle’ that may upset the balance of Earth as we know it, and what is even more frightening is that if something goes out-of-control, it may take anywhere between 1-year to 5-years ‘before anyone notices a chain reaction having already been created that some have already identified as a ‘micro-blackhole’ that could theoretically begin consuming Earth from within its own magnetic iron core. Sounding like ‘science fiction’, apparently CERN experiments are ’definitely not’ something to be taken lightly.

This serious and highly controversial subject amongst scientists and physicists around the world is being touched-on in this report, amongst other related information, amongst which includes video clips ( below ) for better understanding some of the many aspects for public knowledge not being addressed by mainstream news broadcasts.

CERN went even further, though, by expanding its deep underground experiments to conduct related experiments in outerspace within what it calls the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) now scheduled for launch aboard the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavor STS-134 mission set for May 16, 2011. The AMS-02 is, however, to be delivered to the International Space Station ( ISS ) where it will continue CERN designated experiments.

Interestingly, during July 2010 the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS02 ) was ‘not’ launched as the video clip ( above ) depicted. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ), being equated to that of the Hubble space telescope, actually holds far more technological advancements from CERN and is solely designed to focus on subatomic particles surrounding antimatter issues.

U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavor mission STS-134 was scheduled to launch on April 14, 2011 but was delayed until the end of April 2011, but then was delayed yet again until May 16, 2011. Why so many delays and reschedulings?

Earth anti-matter issues are rarely addressed by the mainstream news media with the public, however in-lieu of the recent NASA public warning that it is expecting a ‘significant’ “solar flare” to erupt, coming bound for Earth, as something “we all need to be concerned about,” the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) having just been recently placed onboard the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour mission – scheduled to deliver the AMS aboard the International Space Station ( ISS ) – is something the public really needs to take a closer look at.

[ PHOTO ( above ): Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) in U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour cargo bay April 2011 ( click to enlarge ) ]

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Source: Nature.Com

AntiUniverse Here We Come by, Eugenie Samuel Reich

May 4, 2011

A controversial cosmic ray detector destined for the International Space Station will soon get to prove its worth.

The next space-shuttle launch will inaugurate a quest for a realm of the Universe that few believe exists.

Nothing in the laws of physics rules out the possibility that vast regions of the cosmos consist mainly of anti-matter, with anti-galaxies, anti-stars, even anti-planets populated with anti-life.

“If there’s matter, there must be anti-matter. The question is, where’s the Universe made of antimatter?” says Professor Samuel C.C. Ting, a Nobel prize winning physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( MIT ) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. But most physicists reason that if such antimatter regions existed, we would have seen the light emitted when the particles annihilated each other along the boundaries between the antimatter and the matter realms. No wonder the Professor Samuel C.C. Ting brainchild, a $2,000,000,000 billion dollar space mission was sold ‘partly on the promise of looking for particles emanating from anti-galaxies’, is fraught with controversy.

Professor Ting’s project, however has other ‘more mainstream scientific goals’ so, most critics of which held their tongues last week as the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour STS-134 mission – prepared to deliver the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS version, known as the AMS-02 ) to the International Space Station ( ISS ) – flight was delayed ( because of problems ) until later this month ( May 2011 ).

Pushing The Boundaries

Seventeen ( 17 ) years in the making, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) is a product of the former NASA administrator Dan Goldin quest to find remarkable science projects for the Internation Space Station ( ISS ) and of the Ting fascination with anti-matter.

Funded by NASA, the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ), plus a sixteen ( 16 ) country consortium of partners, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) has prevailed – despite delays and technical problems – along with the doubts of many high-energy and particle physicists.

“Physics is not about doubt,” says Roberto Battiston, deputy spokesman for the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) and physicist at the University of Perugia, Italy. “It is about precision measurement.”

As the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) experiment headed to the Space Shuttle Endeavour launch pad, Roberto Battiston and other scientists were keen to emphasize the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) ‘unprecedented sensitivity’ to the gamut of cosmic rays, that rain down on Earth, that should allow the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) to perform two ( 2 ) things:

1. Measure Cosmic Ray High-Energy Charged ‘Particles’ and ‘Properties’ ( thereof ), sent from:

– Sun ( Earth’s ); – Supernovae ( distant ); and, – γ-ray bursts.

AND,

2. Detect AntiMatter ( errant chunks ), sent from the:

a. Universe ( far-away ).

Cosmic rays ( on Earth ) can only be indirectly detected by their showers of ‘secondary particles’ produced – when slamming into molecules of atmosphere in high regions above the Earth, but the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) in space will get an undistorted view.

“We’ll be able to measure ( solar ) Cosmic Ray Flux very precisely,” says collaboration member physicist Fernando Barão of the Laboratory of Instrumentation and Experimental Particle Physics in Lisbon, Spain. “The best place ( for detecting this ) is to be in ‘space’ because you don’t have Earth’s atmosphere that is going to destroy those cosmic rays.”

No matter what happens, with the more speculative search for antimatter, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) should produce a definitive map of the cosmic ray sky – helping to build a kind of ‘astronomy not dependent on light’.

Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) consists of a powerful permanent magnet surrounded by a suite of particle detectors.

Over 10-years ( or more ), that the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) experiment will run, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) magnet will bend the paths of cosmic rays by an amount that reveals their energy and charge, thereby their identity.

Some will be ‘heavy atomic nuclei’, while others ( made from anti-matter ), will reveal themselves by ‘bending in the opposite direction’ from their ‘matter’ counterparts ( see, e.g. cosmic curveballs ).

By ‘counting positrons’ ( i.e. antimatter ‘electrons’ ), the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) could also ‘chase a tentative signal of dark matter’, the so-far ‘undetected stuff’ thought to account for ‘much of the mass of the Universe’.

In 2009, Russia and Italy researchers – with the Payload for Antimatter Matter Exploration and Light-nuclei Astrophysics ( PAMELA ) onboard a Russia satellite – published evidence of an ‘excess amount of positrons in the space environment surrounding Earth’ ( O. Adriani et al. Nature 458 , 607–609; 2009 ). One potential source of this is the ‘annihilation of dark-matter particles’ within the ‘halo enveloping our Galaxy’.

Another speculative quest, is to follow up on hints of ‘strange matter’, a ‘hypothetical substance’ that should be found in ‘some collapsed stars’ containing ‘strange quarks’, ‘up quarks’ and ‘down quarks’ – within ordinary nuclei.

NASA Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) program manager Mark Sistilli says hints of ‘strange matter’ were seen – during a 1998 pilot flight of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-01 ) aboard the Space Shuttle, however NASA determined results ‘too tentative to publish’.

Because the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) status was made as an “exploration mission,” the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) ‘did not need to follow’ “peer review” NASA would ‘normally have required’ for a ”science mission.”

But Sistilli emphasizes the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) earned flying colors from committees convened by the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ), which is supplying $50,000,000 million of the funding.

Now their ( DOE ) confidence will be put to the test.

Reference

http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110504/full/473013a.html

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While for some it may appear strangelet subatomic antimatter particle research is for advancing our knowledge of unlocking the secrets of life in the Universe, others are still asking NASA what they really know is behind ‘why’ an ‘expected significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) is something “we all need to be concerned about” on Earth.

With Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) high-energy effects capable of disrupting Earth ground-based and space-based electrical components and electricity grid infrastructure systems for up to 10-years, many wonder why billions upon billions of dollars were and are still being pumped into the CERN project studying ‘strangelets’ and want to know just why we need ‘more immediate information detection capabilities’ on high-energy solar flare proton and electron ejections coming toward Earth soon, which NASA and other agencies ‘know far more about’ than they are willing to tell the public.

How advanced has government authorities grown from private-sector science and technology knowledge? The United States has already mapped internal magma flows of the Sun.

How could the U.S. government possibly ‘see inside the Sun’ to know when a coronal mass ejection from a solar flare would occur in the future?

In layman terms, for government it was like looking through a clear glass Pyrex bowl positioned atop a stove burner, watching as water starts to boil inside it, and then predicting – based on the flame heating it the water – when bubbles will come to the surface, when one takes into account a government ’ground-based’ ( does ‘not’ require ‘space-based placement’ ) observatory telescope equipped with a “super lens” used for imaging ( observing ) ‘objects at great distances inside matter’ – a “superlens” that now even ‘defies light-speed’ and ‘matter’. ( Read Below )

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[ PHOTO ( above ): Antimatter photon ‘optic’ substrate structure material for ‘subsurface solar imaging plasma flows’ inside Sun enables plotting Coronal Mass Ejections ‘before solar surface eruptions’ ( click to enlarge ) ]

Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Operated by the University of California

Optical Antimatter Structure Shows The Way For New Super Lens by, Aditi Risbud

April 21, 2009

A device, made from alternating layers of ‘air’ and ‘silicon photonic crystal’, behaves like a ‘super lens’ – providing the first experimental demonstration of optical antimatter.

Scientists at Berkeley Lab ( Berkeley, California, USA ) and the Institute for Microelectronics and Microsystems ( CNR ) in Naples, Italy have experimentally demonstrated – for the first time – the ‘concept of optical antimatter’ by ‘light traveling through a material without being distorted’.

By engineering a material focusing light through its own internal structure, a beam of light can enter and exit ( unperturbed ) after traveling through millimeters of material.

For years, optics researchers have struggled to bypass the ‘diffraction limit’, a physical law restricting imaging resolution to about 1/2 the wavelength of light used to make the image.

If a material with a negative index of refraction ( a property describing how light bends as it enters or exits a material ) could be designed, this diffraction hurdle could be lowered.

Such a material could also behave as a superlens, useful in observing objects from imaging equipment with ‘details finer than allowed by the diffraction limit’, a physical law restricting imaging resolution to about 1/2 the wavelength of light used to make the image.

Despite the intriguing possibilities posed, by a substance with a negative index of refraction, ‘this property is inaccessible through naturally occurring ( positive index ) materials’.

During the mid 1990s, English theoretical physicist Sir John Pendry proposed his clever ‘sleight of light’ using so-called metamaterials – engineered ‘materials’ whose underlying structure ‘can alter overall responses’ to ‘electrical fields’ and ‘magnetic fields’.

Inspired by the Sir John Pendry proposal, scientists have made progress in scaling metamaterials from microwave to infrared wavelengths while illuminating the nuances of light-speed and direction-of-motion in such engineered structures.

“We’ve shown a ‘completely new way to control and manipulate light’, ‘using a silicon photonic crystal’ as a ‘real metamaterial’ – and it works,” said Stefano Cabrini, Facility Director of the Nanofabrication Facility in the Molecular Foundry, a U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) User Facility located at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( LBNL ) providing support to nanoscience researchers around the world.

“Our findings will open-up an easier way to make structures and use them effectively as a ‘super-lens’.”

Through the Molecular Foundry user program, Cabrini and post-doctoral researcher Allan Chang collaborated with Vito Mocella, a theoretical scientist at the Institute of Microelectronics and Microsystems ( CNR ) in Naples, Italy to fabricate a 2 X 2 millimeter device consisting of alternating layers of air and a silicon based photonic crystal containing air holes.

Using high precision nanofabrication processes, the team designed the spacing and thicknesses of each layer to behave like the metamaterial Sir John Pendry had envisioned.

This device was then used to focus a beam of near-infrared ( I-R ) light, essentially ‘annihilating’ 2 millimeters of ‘space’.

“Now that we have a prototype to demonstrate the concept, our next step will be to find the geometry and material that will work for visible light,” said Cabrini.

Along with possibilities in imaging, the researchers’ findings could also be used to develop hybrid negative-index and positive-index materials, Cabrini added, which may lead to novel ‘devices’ and ‘systems’ unachievable through either material alone.

“Self-collimation of light over millimeter-scale distance in a quasi zero average index metamaterial,” by Vito Mocella, Stefano Cabrini, Allan S.P. Chang, P. Dardano, L. Moretti, I. Rendina, Deirdre Olynick, Bruce Harteneck and Scott Dhuey, appears in Physical Review Letters available in Physical Review Letters online.

Portions of this work were supported by the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Contract No. DE-AC0205CH11231.

The Molecular Foundry is one ( 1 ) of five ( 5 ) U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) that are premier national user facilities for interdisciplinary research at the nanoscale. Together, the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) comprise a suite of complementary facilities providing researchers with state-of-the-art capabilities to fabricate, process, characterize and model nanoscale materials, which constitutes the ‘largest infrastructure investment’ of the National Nanotechnology Initiative ( NNI ).

U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) are located at these six ( 6 ) locations:

– Argonne National Laboratory ( ANL ); – Brookhaven National Laboratory ( BNL ); – Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( LBNL ); – Oak Ridge National Laboratory ( ORNL ); – Sandia National Laboratory ( SNL ); and, – Los Alamos National Laboratory ( LANL ).

For more information about the DOE NSRCs, please visit http://nano.energy.gov.

Berkeley Lab is a U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) National Laboratory located in Berkeley, California conducting ‘unclassified scientific research’ managed by the University of California.

References

http://www.lbl.gov http://foundry.lbl.gov http://newscenter.lbl.gov/feature-stories/2009/04/21/optical-antimatter

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If the public could keep its eye open for one second, it would see what is coming at them before it hits them with a surprise that only government knows anything about, but governments have spoken mysteriously to citizens for a very long time, but perhaps a mere fact ’known today’ may eventually come as no surprise to many whom would have otherwise been kept in the dark while only a few know far more about what awaits the masses.

Perhaps, people may begin asking more questions of their country’s agencies spending so much money so quickly for apparently some ‘mysterious emergency purpose’, and if not for some ‘mysterious emergency purpose’, why is so much money being spent on science and space projects while the global public is told about serious government budget cutbacks causing so many people to suffer? If there is no ’emergency’, then people should know ‘why they are suffering financially more’ – just for the sake of ‘growing science experiment budgets’? Might be a good idea for everyone to begin keeping their eyes open a little more often and trained on something more than light-hearted mainstream media news comedy broadcasts.

If people think they get real serious about ‘what they know’ as told on television news broadcasts, imagine how much more serious they will become when they learn about what they ‘were not told’?

Think about it. How Fast Is Technology Growing? Just beginning to grasp something ‘new’? Now think about something even newer than the Large Hadron Collider ( LHC ) at CERN, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider ( RHIC ) that added its Solenoidal Tracker At RHIC ( STAR ) claiming to ‘reverse time’ by ultra super computers reconstructing sub-atomic particle interactions producing particles – emerging from each collision – that STAR is believed to be able to ‘run time backward’ in a process equated to examining final products coming out-of a factory that scientists and physicists have no idea ’what kinds of machines produced the products’. Basically, they are developing items so fast, they do not know how they were formed, much less what the capabilities are. Fact is, ’they could easily produce a monster’ and ‘not know what it is until after they are eaten by it’. Scary, really, like kids being given matches to play with.

They are being educated beyond their own intelligence, so much so and to the point by which scientists and physicists ’cannot even grasp what ‘it’ is they’re looking at – much less know what they are trying to manipulate to ‘see what it does next’ – nevertheless they are conducting experiments like children playing with dynamite.

Think this is science fiction? Think they are mad scientists at play? Check the research reference links ( below ). Think antimatter technology has advanced alot since you began reading this report? calculate ‘more’ because the public does not even know half of it.

CERN has been operating since 2002, and the “SuperLens” was worked-on ‘before’ 2002, making ‘both’ today now 10-years old.

Want newer ‘news’?

Superlenses – created from perovskite oxides – are simpler and easier to fabricate than ‘metamaterials’.

Superlenses are ideal for capturing light travelling in the mid-infra-red ( IR ) spectrum range, opening even newer technological highly sensitive imaging devices, and this superlensing effect can be selectively turned ‘on’ and ‘off’, opening yet another technology of ‘highly dense data storage writing’ for ‘far more advanced capability computers’.

Plasmonic whispering gallery microcavities, consisting of a silica interior coated with a thin layer of silver, ‘improves quality by better than an order of magnitude’ of current plasmonic microcavities. and paves the way for ‘plasmonic nanolasers’.

Expand your knowledge, begin researching the six ( 6 ) reference links ( below ) so that the next time you watch the ‘news’ you’ll begin to realize just how much you’re ‘not being told’ about what is ‘actually far more important’ – far more than you’re used to imagining.

 

Submitted for review and commentary by,

 

Concept Activity Research Vault E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

References

http://www.bnl.gov/rhic/
http://www.bnl.gov/rhic/STAR.asp
http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/pubaf/pr/PR_display.asp?prID=1075&template=Today
http://newscenter.lbl.gov/news-releases/2011/03/29/perovskite-based-superlens-for-the-infrared/
http://newscenter.lbl.gov/news-releases/2009/01/22/plasmonic-whispering-gallery/
http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1018060

 

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Satellites Critical Data Problems

Satellites Critical Data Problems

 

Satellites Critical Data Problems by, Concept Activity Research Vault [ ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com ]

April 10, 2012 22:42:08 ( PST ) Updated ( Originally Published: May 18, 2011 )

CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles – April 10, 2012 – In 1997, NASA could provide Earth with “space weather” ( also known as ) “solar wind” (aka) “solar flare” disturbances ‘early warning’ of between 15-minutes to 45-minutes from the Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) spacecraft satellite probe that detects inbound solar geomagnetic storm streams of highly excited and disorderly flowing ‘electron particles’ ( invisible to the naked eye ), the effects thereof wreak havoc on national electricity grid system transformers and satellites that both burn-out if they are not ‘shutdown’ beforehand because they both become overly loaded from what are called ‘significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) effects above Earth, on the ground, and underwater.

The environments of near-Earth space and the upper atmosphere pose unique challenges for the design and deployment of satellite systems. Highly energetic solar Coronal Mass Ejections ( CME ) from the Sun can penetrate spacecraft disrupting critical electronic systems and interfere with or damage electronic switches and memory devices onboard satellites. Large electrostatic charge potentials can build up on the surface of spacecraft and suddenly discharge, damaging or destroying sensitive electronic instruments.

The Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) spacecraft satellite probe onboard sensing camera detectors, however rely on the ‘orderly flow of electrons’ for it to function properly in sending signals back to Earth station receivers, but amidst a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) from an ‘extremely fast’ Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) solar flare, the highly excited electrons from the Sun will cause ACE and other satellite monitors to experience electrical power outages that could take NASA longer than 15-minutes to determine ‘why’ the ACE spacecraft went out. Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) was only built to withstand the effects from ‘average solar flare’, not a ‘significant solar flare’. NASA knows ACE 13-year old sensors will ‘cease to function before a significant solar flare even passes ACE in space’. NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) sensing detectors are now 13-years old, not as sensitive as newer technology detectors today, plus ACE has exceeded its NASA calculated life expectance.

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Source: Source: National Aeronautic and Space Administration ( NASA ) National Space Science Data Center ( NSSDC )

The objective of the Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) is to collect observations of particles of solar [ Sun ], interplanetary, interstellar, and galactic origins, spanning the energy range from that of KeV solar wind ions to galactic cosmic ray nuclei up to 600 MeV/nucleon.

Definitive studies will be made of the abundances of essentially all isotopes from H to Zn ( Z = 1-30 ), with exploratory isotope studies extending to Zr ( Z = 40 ).

ACE payload includes six [ 6 ] high resolution spectrometers, each designed to provide the optimum charge, mass, or charge-state resolution in its particular energy range.

Each spectrometer has a geometry factor optimized for expected flux levels, so as to provide a collecting power greater by a factor of 10 times to 1000 times that of previous or planned experiments.

The payload also includes three [ 3 ] additional instruments of standard design to monitor ‘energetic electrons’, H and He ions, and a magnetometer.

ACE spacecraft is based on the design of the Charge Composition Explorer [ CCE ], built at JHU/APL for the Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorer ( AMPTE ) program.

The spacecraft ( ACE ) spin-axis is pointed towards the Sun ( to within +/- 20 degrees ), and it [ ACE ] occupies a halo orbit about the L1 Earth-Sun libration point.

Powered by solar cells, the spacecraft [ ACE ] has a design life of ‘at least 5-years’, and it returns data in daily tape recorder dumps, received through the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory ( JPL ) Deep Space Network and initially processed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center ( GSFC ).

The average data telemetry rate is 6.7 Kbs.

Reference

http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1997-045A

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National Security Electricity Infrastructure Concerns

While the ‘official report’ ( above ) states, “… the spacecraft [ ACE ] has a ‘design life’ of at least 5-years …,” a ‘national security concern’ in yet another ’official report’ ( see below ) states, the “… Advanced Composition Explorer …” ( ACE ) “… exceeded …” its “… 2-year ‘design life’ …”

How long ’really’ was the ”design life” of the Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) spacecraft satellite probe that to-date ( 2011 ) was still operating.

Do U.S. government federal agencies ‘really mean’ what they ’officially state’, or when it comes toU.S. federal budget justification ‘needs’ does mentioning a ‘national security concern’ reveal credibility gaps between one ‘official statement’ and another ‘official statement’?

Inconsistencies in ‘official statements’ directed to U.S. federal government elected officials within the U.S. Congress – as well as what the public – is told to believe according to U.S. government ‘official statements’, such as this ( above and below ), demonstrateshow U.S. ’official statements’ can so easily mislead a nation and its people unable to recall earlier official statements from newer official statements they hear during current time periods.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) National Environmental Satellite Service ( NESS ) budget justification report for Fiscal Year 2012 ( FY 2012 ) indicates a ‘serious national security concern’ specifically mentioning ‘critical data’ the United States receives from the NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) spacecraft satellite probe ( below ):

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Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA )

Fiscal Year 2012

National Environmental Satellite Service ( NESS )

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

Early warning of major weather events saves countless lives and prevents substantial property damage. Billions of dollars in damage and hundreds of lives are lost each year due to natural disasters. These losses would be significantly worse if NOAA satellite data and services were unavailable due to interference with, or the failure of, critical satellite command and data acquisition infrastructure.

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

The NOAA Satellite Command and Control program forms the backbone of the ground systems that command, control, and acquire data from NOAA satellites on orbit 24-hours per day, 365-days per year.

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

Satellite Operations Control Center ( SOCC ) / Command and Data Acquisition ( CDA ) Facilities command and control both the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) and non-NOAA environmental satellites … and pass these data to other National Environmental Satellite Service ( NESS ) offices, primarily the Office of Satellite Data Processing & Distribution ( OSDPD ). The SOCC/CDA provides the vital link between the satellites and every data user.

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

Statement of Need and Economic Benefits:

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

“Currently, the only data source for geomagnetic storm warnings ( providing 15-minute to 45-minute lead times for impending space weather storms ) is the NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) satellite, which is operating 12-years past its design life. The geomagnetic storm forecasts, which provide 1-day to 4-day warnings of impending space weather storms, use Coronal Mass Ejection [ CME ] imagery received now from NASA / ESA SOHO and NASA STEREO satellites. Launched in 1995, 1997 and 2006, all of these satellites have exceeded their 2-year design life.

Without immediate action, NOAA wll lose two [ 2 ] of its most critical space weather observation data sources when the NASA ACE and the NASA / ESA SOHO satellites fail.

Low reliability of the satellites and sensors and the high risk of unavailability of the data pose one [ 1 ] of the ‘most serious gaps’ for NOAA space weather services.

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

In 2005, NOAA issued a press release informing its geomagnetic storm warning customers that the alert might be discontinued at any time due to the current data source of solar wind, the ACE satellite, being years beyond its design life. Customers were invited to respond to NOAA documenting the impact of the loss of the warning on them. Their responses were summarized in a report “Evaluation of Public Response to the Termination of Solar Wind Data”, October 2006.

Members of the ‘electrical power industry’, which is vulnerable to ‘geomagnetic storm induced blackouts and transformer damage’, have ‘repeatedly corresponded’ with the Department of Commerce, White House, and U.S. Congress regarding their concerns for the ‘risk posed by the potential loss in geomagnetic storm forecasting data’.”

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

Reference

http://www.corporateservices.noaa.gov/~nbo/fy12_presidents_budget/Climate_Service_FY12.pdf http://www.corporateservices.noaa.gov/nbo/fy12_budget_highlights/NESS_FY12_One_pager.pdf http://science.house.gov/sites/republicans.science.house.gov/files/documents/hearings/NOAA%20EPA%20FY12%20Budget%20Hearing%20Charter%20FINAL.pdf

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Upon a ‘significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), predicted by NASA to occur sometime between 2010 and 2013, the NASA ACE spacecraft – and others – will become overloaded and burn-out from solar electron particle disruption and shut down in space ‘before a significant solar flare even passes its sensors’. No time soon could a replacement, for the NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ), launch another into space.

There is no intelligence in relying on ACE because in addition to all of the aforementioned, ACE is positioned 92,000,000 million miles away from the Sun and only 900,000 miles away from Earth making it about 93,000,000 million miles away from the Sun, meaning that within only a few seconds after a ‘significant solar flare’ passes ACE detection sensors – a large geomagnetic storm will have already shutdown other satelllites, hit Earth and wiped-out national electricity infrastructure grids to many people.

Other solar observation satellites, such as Solar and Heliospheric Observatory ( SOHO ) only provides ‘some warning’, but with ‘far less detailed information’ than the NASA Advanced Composition explorer ( ACE ).

In the wake of the recent NASA ‘predicted’ ( depending on ‘which NASA report’ one reviews ) Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) coming to Earth sometime between 2011 and 2013.

After reading the following, you will see the conflicting bafoonery of reports issued by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather Service ( NWS ) to the public ( below ) when between May 17, 2011 and May 18, 2011 they are told everything remains calm, but then the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) reports to the public that the ACE spacecraft satellite probe has been disrupted as have other satellites. Why?

Well, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather Service ( NWS ) reports to the public that the reason why they are ‘not posting’ “critical data” publicly anymore is because, of the:

1. Japan tsunami on March 11, 2011; and,

2. ACE satellite and other spacecraft disruptions.

What does a March 11, 2011 Japan tsunami have anything to do with spacecraft outages and NOAA SWPC NWS failure to report “solar flare” data on their website anymore?

Has a ‘significant’ solar Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) from the Sun occured recently? The image ( above ) plus the data ( near the bottom of this report ) would be considered “Space Weather,” however National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) ‘official reports’ of May 16, 2011 thru May 18, 2011 ( see further below ) indicate something entirely contrary with, the following ( below ):

1. “No space weather storms were observed for the ‘past’ 24-hours;” and,

2. “No space weather storms are predicted for the ‘next’ 24-hours.”

The ‘official reports’ ( see further below ) indicate only solar flare “A-index” but on the ‘same day’ a “K-index” was ‘officially reported’ when ACE and the other satellites and NOAA quit providing “critical data” – blaming the lack of public information on a March 11, 2011 Japan tsunami occurring months before now ( May 18, 2011 ).

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May 16, 2011 thru May 17, 2011 ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

WWV

Product: Geophysical Alert Message Issued: May 17, 2011 21:05 UTC

Prepared by the U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center

Please send comments and suggestions to SWPC.Webmaster@noaa.gov

3-hourly messages issued this UT [ Universal Time ] day.

Geophysical Alert Message

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 0000 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 18 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 0300 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 1 ( 8 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 0600 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 18 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 0900 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 3 ( 32 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1200 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 15 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1500 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 14 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1800 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 15 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and estimated mid-latitude A-Index 6.

The mid-latitude K-index at 2100 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 12 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpdir/forecasts/wwv/0517wwv.txt

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May 17, 2011 thru May 18, 2011 ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

Product: Geophysical Alert Message wwv.txt Issued: May 18, 2011 18:05 UTC

Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center

Please send comments and suggestions to SWPC.Webmaster@noaa.gov

3-hourly messages issued this UT [ Universal Time ] day.

Geophysical Alert Message

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 00:00 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 3 ( 28 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 03:00 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 2 ( 17 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow. Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8. The mid-latitude K-index at 06:00 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 2 ( 17 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 09:00 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 2 ( 10 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1200 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 1 ( 5 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1500 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 2 ( 13 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1800 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 2 ( 14 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpdir/forecasts/wwv/0518wwv.txt

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May 18, 2011 ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

May 18, 2011

NOAA Scales Activity:

LEGEND: Range 1 ( minor ) to 5 ( extreme )

NOAA Scale…………….Past 24-hrs…..Current

Geomagnetic Storms………- none -……- none – Solar Radiation Storms…..- none -……- none –  Radio Blackouts…………- none -……- none –

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/SWN/index.html

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May 17, 2011 thru May 18, 2011 ( below ) –

 

Product: Geomagnetic Data Issued: 22:29 UTC 18 May 2011

Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center

Please send comments and suggestions to SWPC.Webmaster@noaa.gov

Updated every hour beginning at 00:29 UTC.

Values shown as reported, SEC does not verify accuracy.

Missing Data = -1

Geomagnetic A indices and K indices from the U.S. Geological Survey [ USGS ] Stations:

#               Geomagnetic #                 Dipole      A   ————- 3 Hourly K Indices ————– # Station        Lat. Long. Index 00-03 03-06 06-09 09-12 12-15 15-18 18-21 21-24 #——————————————————————————-

May 17, 2011

Boulder          N49 W 42    8     1     2     3     2     2     2     2     3 Chambon-la-foret N– E—   15     2     2     2     3     2     2     2     2 College          N65 W102   17     1     2     5     5     3     2     1     2 Fredericksburg   N38 W 78    8     1     2     3     2     2     2     2     2 Kergulen Island  S57 E130   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Learmonth        S22 E114   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Planetary(estimated Ap)     10     2     2     3     3     2     3     3     3 Wingst           N54 E 95   13     2     2     3     3     3     3     3     3 May 18, 2011

Boulder          N49 W 42    5     2     2     2     1     2     2     1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Chambon-la-foret N– E—   -1     2     2    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] College          N65 W102   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Fredericksburg   N38 W 78   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Kergulen Island  S57 E130   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Learmonth        S22 E114   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Planetary(estimated Ap)     -1     2     2     1     1     1     2     1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Wingst           N54 E 95   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ]

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpdir/lists/geomag/AK.txt

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The ‘official chart’ ( immediately above ) is ‘missing data’ ( -1 ). All data ( further above ) indicates the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather service see ‘no significant’ “space weather,” right? Then again, who really knows because ‘those official reports’ are ‘missing’ an awful lot of “critical data” – none of which was released to the public.

What is indicated ( above ), however is ‘not what’s indicated’ ( below ) on these ‘other official reports issued on the exact same day’ by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather service ( NWS ) as were ‘posted on their official website’, which begins revealing ‘contradictory information’ about a significant solar Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) “solar flare” event ( below ):

– –

May 12, 2011 thru May 18, 2011 ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

Alerts / Bulletins:

Latest Alert: May 17, 2011 07:44 UTC [ Universal Time ]

WARNING: Geomagnetic [ “Sudden Impulse” ( solar flare storm ) ] “K-index” of “4″ [ ” S 4 ” ] expected

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/SWN/index.html

– –

To ‘view the official’ NOAA chart on how it ranks a Geomagnetic Storm K-index category 4 [ “Extended Warning” ], click on: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/alerts/AlertsTable.html

The “officially stated effects” on the “K-index” for “4″ ( also known as ) “S4″ is ( below ):

– –

[ NOTE: Bracketed [ information ] ‘added information detail’ ( below ) was obtained from additional ’official source’ research. ]

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA )

[ SPECIFIC INFORMATION EXCERPT ONLY ( BELOW ) ]

Space Weather Scales

S 4 = SEVERE

BIOLOGICAL: ‘unavoidable radiation hazard to astronauts’ on EVA; ‘passengers and crew in high-flying aircraft’ at high latitudes [ ‘polar regions’ and ‘equator’ ]may be ‘exposed to radiation risk’. ***

SATELLITE OPERATIONS: may ‘experience memory device problems’ and ‘noise on imaging systems’; ‘star tracker problems’ may ’cause orientation problems’, and ‘solar panel’ [ batteries using solar cells ] efficiency can be ‘degraded’.

SYSTEMS ( OTHER ): blackout of HF [ High Frequency ] radio communications through the polar regions and ‘increased navigation errors’ over ‘several days are likely’.

*** High energy particle measurements ( >100 MeV ) are a better indicator of radiation risk to passenger and crews. ‘Pregnant women are particularly susceptible’.

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/NOAAscales/

– –

What makes matters even more difficult for ‘public comprehension’ is that ‘on the exact same day’, then the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) issued another ‘official report’ minimizing a ‘significant’ solar Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) from the Sun in a particular solar flare ( below ):

– –

May 18, 2011 ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

SWPC Anonymous FTP Server

Latest Solar-Geophysical Data

WWV

Product: Geophysical Alert Message Issued: 2011 May 18 21:05 UTC

Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center

Geophysical Alert Message

Solar-terrestrial indices for 18 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 91 and estimated mid-latitude A-Index 5.

The mid-latitude K-index at 21:00 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 1 ( 5 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpdir/latest/wwv.txt

– –

We now see ( immediately above ) that a “K-index” of only “1″ was ‘underestimated’ and turned-out being a “4″ ( S4 ), which is “Severe.”

What makes matters worse for the public is that ‘on the exact same day’ ( May 18, 2011 ), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) issued its ‘official’ “Top News Of The Day” announcement, but dated it “May 19, 2011″ ( tommorrow ); providing ‘no indication’ as having being according to “Universal Time” ( UT / UTC ) that might have made sense except for one ( 1 ) thing – it was posted ‘early’ on “May 18, 2011″ in the “United States.”

It gets worse, then on the ‘exact same day’ ( May 18, 2011 ) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather service ( NWS ) goes even further by providing ‘extremely bizzare rationale information’ that somehow ( they don’t say ‘how’ ) the ACE spacecraft satellite probe and other satellites had “Tracking Outages” that were in-part affected by the March 11, 2011 Japan tsunami. The image ( above ) does ‘not appear’ to indicate any Earth ground stations receiving any critical data link from “Japan.”

How does a 60-day old tsunami in Japan affect satellites in space ( ACE, etc. ) that are ‘supposedly observing the Sun’ is publicly incomprehensable – unless the ‘all satellites depended on only one ( 1 ) ground receiver on Earth ( in Japan ) connected in some way with something in Japan that is somehow supposed to be wiped-out ‘tommorrow’ ( May 19, 2011 )?

A more sensible public explanation might be if a solar flare, having a K-index and category 4 rating, shutdown ACE and other satellites observing the Sun.

The public is ‘not stupid’ and can detect ‘when’ the U.S. government is trying to hide a ‘secret’. What is that ‘government secret’?

A massive earthquake in Japan, ‘sometime tommorow’ ( May 19, 2011 ), bringing a ‘significant tsunami in Japan‘ on May 19, 2011?

Is a significant Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) from the Sun going to send a ‘significant solar flare’ into outerspace – or to Earth – with a consequential Solar Energetic Particle Event ‘tommorrow’ ( May 19, 2011 )?

Are any of the ‘aforementioned speculations’ a reason ‘why’ the government may have ‘secretly shutdown satellites’ ( including ACE ) to prevent NASA spacecraft electronics from being ‘burned-out’ from the highly excited or ‘high-energy electron burst’?

If all of the aforementioned was not bad enough for the public, again on the ‘exact same day’ ( May 18, 2011 – today! ) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather service ( NWS ) drops their hammer on the public stating, it will not be providing any further “critical data” – then ‘never mentions when they might ever again provide this information’.

Nothing like a government bureaucracy – once again – leaving the public hanging to guess what all this means, but one thing is for sure – a public information back-out – if the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather service ( NWS ) is ever to be publicly believed again!

All of the aforementioned and on the ‘exact same day’ ( May 18, 2011 ) or if you can believe them ( May 19, 2011 ), makes absolutely ‘no public sense’ whatsoever ( review immediately below ):

– –

May 18, 2011 [ publicly provided by NOAA SWPC dated May 19, 2011 ]  ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

“Top News of the Day:

May 19, 2011 – ACE [ Advanced Composition Explorer ] Tracking Outages: We have experienced recent outages from ACE due to several stations having problems that are expected to continue for some time. Solar radio interference, on the one hand, and equipment problems exacerbated by the continued effects of the recent Japan tsunami on the other. SWPC [ Space Weather Prediction Center ] and our partners in the Air Force and at NASA [ National Aeronautics & Space Administration ] are working hard to fill the gaps in these critical data.”

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov

– –

According to NASA this ( current ) Solar Maximum Cycle 24 is “something we all need to be concerned about” so, sooner or later a significant Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) will be an experience facing the World.

From the aforementioned information, now ask yourself:

1. When is the ‘significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) ‘coming to Earth’?

2. Who will you be able to obtain ‘quick, accurate and thoroughly understandable information’ from?

3. Can you wait until the last minute for an ‘official government detailed public report’?

4. Do ‘you’ know ‘what to do’ about a ‘significant solar flare’ right ‘now’?

5. Do ‘you’ know ‘how to prepare’ for what ‘government officials’ say is ‘coming soon’?

5. Do ‘you’ have a ‘plan’ and a ‘back-up plan’ established?

If you either ‘do not understand’or ‘have no meaningful answer’ for any one ( 1 ) of the aforementioned six ( 6 ) questions, ‘at-least begin preparing’ by easily reviewing the ‘detailed color images’ and ‘color video clip entertainmant’ within the ‘official information based’ report “Solar Energetic Particle Event Effects” at: http://conceptactivityresearchvault.wordpress.com/2011/01/02/solar-energetic-particle-event-effects

Learn the ‘history’ of what occurred to others encountering in the ‘past’ what officials are warning about what’s coming again ‘now’, and discover ‘critical details’ others wished they had known about on ‘this subject’.

The report is ‘not a religious experience’ or ‘metaphysical enlightment’, it’s just cut-to-the-chase facts you will walk away with, as one of a few who know, realizing it ‘truly is a matter of life or death’ – sooner for more than a few who took the time to review the Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV ) report on Solar Energetic Particle Event Effects ( SEPE ).

Review it for yourself, your loved ones, or anyone you care to give ‘half a chance to survive’.

Although lengthy, as it initially appears, it is colorfully entertaining, filled with ‘official facts’ and more from a variety of credibly recognizeable sources you are familiar with. Report, click here:  Solar Energetic Particle Event Effects

– – – –

Source: MSNBC.COM

Huge Solar Flare’s Magnetic Storm May Disrupt Satellites, Power Grids

March 7, 2012 13:19 p.m. Eastern Standard Time ( EST )

A massive solar flare that erupted from the Sun late Tuesday ( March 6, 2012 ) is unleashing one of the most powerful solar storms in more than 5-years, ‘a solar tempest that may potentially interfere with satellites in orbit and power grids when it reaches Earth’.

“Space weather has gotten very interesting over the last 24 hours,” Joseph Kunches, a space weather scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ), told reporters today ( March 7, 2012 ). “This was quite the Super Tuesday — you bet.”

Several NASA spacecraft caught videos of the solar flare as it hurled a wave of solar plasma and charged particles, called a Coronal mass Ejection ( CME ), into space. The CME is not expected to hit Earth directly, but the cloud of charged particles could deliver a glancing blow to the planet.

Early predictions estimate that the Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) will reach Earth tomorrow ( March 8, 2012 ) at 07:00 a.m. Eastern Standard Time ( EST ), with the ‘effects likely lasting for 24-hours and possibly lingering into Friday ( March 9, 2012 )’, Kunches said.

The solar eruptions occurred late Tuesday night ( March 6, 2012 ) when the sun let loose two ( 2 ) huge X-Class solar flares that ‘ranked among the strongest type’ of sun storms. The biggest of those 2 flares registered as an X Class Category 5.4 solar flare geomagnetic storm on the space weather scale, making it ‘the strongest sun eruption so far this year’.

Typically, Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) contain 10,000,000,000 billion tons of solar plasma and material, and the CME triggered by last night’s ( March 6, 2012 ) X-Class Category 5.4 solar flare is ‘the one’ that could disrupt satellite operations, Kunches said.

“When the shock arrives, the expectation is for heightened geomagnetic storm activity and the potential for heightened solar radiation,” Kunches said.

This heightened geomagnetic activity and increase in solar radiation could impact satellites in space and ‘power grids on the ground’.

Some high-precision GPS ( Global Positioning Satellite ) users could also be affected, he said.

“There is the potential for ‘induced currents in power grids’,” Kunches said. “‘Power grid operators have all been alerted’. It could start to ’cause some unwanted induced currents’.”

Airplanes that fly over the polar caps could also experience communications issues during this time, and some commercial airliners have already taken precautionary actions, Kunches said.

Powerful solar storms can also be hazardous to astronauts in space, and NOAA is working close with NASA’s Johnson Space Center to determine if the six ( 6 ) spacecraft residents of the International Space Station ( ISS ) need to take shelter in more protected areas of the orbiting laboratory, he added.

The flurry of recent space weather events could also supercharge aurora displays ( also known as the Northern Lights and Southern Lights ) for sky-watchers at high latitudes.

“Auroras are probably the treat that we get when the sun erupts,” Kunches said.

Over the next couple days, Kunches estimates that brightened auroras could potentially be seen as far south as the southern Great Lakes region, provided the skies are clear.

Yesterday’s ( March 6, 2012 ) solar flares erupted from the giant active sunspot AR1429, which spewed an earlier X Class Category 1.1 solar flare on Sunday ( March 4, 2012 ). The CME from that one ( 1 ) outburst mostly missed Earth, passing Earth by last night ( March 6, 2012 ) at around 11 p.m. EST, according to the Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ), which is jointly managed by NOAA and the National Weather Service ( NWS ).

This means that the planet ( Earth ) is ‘already experiencing heightened geomagnetic and radiation effects in-advance’ of the next oncoming ( March 8, 2012 thru March 9, 2012 ) Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ).

“We’ve got ‘a whole series of things going off’, and ‘they take different times to arrive’, so they’re ‘all piling on top of each other’,” Harlan Spence, an astrophysicist at the University of New Hampshire, told SPACE.com. “It ‘complicates the forecasting and predicting’ because ‘there are always inherent uncertainties with any single event’ but now ‘with multiple events piling on top of one another’, that ‘uncertainty grows’.”

Scientists are closely monitoring the situation, particularly because ‘the AR1429 sunspot region remains potent’. “We think ‘there will be more coming’,” Kunches said. “The ‘potential for more activity’ still looms.”

As the Sun rotates, ‘the AR1429 region is shifting closer to the central meridian of the solar disk where flares and associated Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) may ‘pack more a punch’ because ‘they are more directly pointed at Earth’.

“The Sun is waking up at a time in the month when ‘Earth is coming into harms way’,” Spence said. “Think of these ‘CMEs somewhat like a bullet that is shot from the sun in more or less a straight line’. ‘When the sunspot is right in the middle of the sun’, something ‘launched from there is more or less directed right at Earth’. It’s kind of like how getting sideswiped by a car is different than ‘a head-on collision’. Even still, being ‘sideswiped by a big CME can be quite dramatic’.” Spence estimates that ‘sunspot region AR 1429 will rotate past the central meridian in about 1-week’.

The sun’s activity ebbs and flows on an 11-year cycle. The sun is in the midst of Solar Maximum Cycle 24, and activity is expected to ramp up toward the height of the Solar Maximum in 2013.

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/46655901/

– – – –

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Concept Activity Research Vault E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com