AntiMatter Technology Problems

AntiMatter Technology Problems

 

AntiMatter Technology Problems by, Concept Activity Research Vault

May 16, 2011 09:42:4 ( PST ) Updated ( Originally Published: May 10, 2011 )

CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles – May 16, 2011 – The global scientific community is eyeing suspiciously a 1952 ‘experimental projects’ organization known as the Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire ( CERN ) [ ( also known as ) European Organization for Nuclear Research ] wherein its Large Hadron Collider ( LHC ) consists of a huge 27-mile in diameter high-energy particle collider is conducting some extremely serious experiments involving what scientists and physicisys say involves something called a “CP-violation” that deals with creating a variety of new subatomic particles that are believed to have never existed anywhere on Earth.

There is quite a bit of controversy concerning something called a “strangelet” ( strangelets ) and other particle creations within the CERN experiment, which because of conjectures in scientific theories are feared by some professionals, could create a ’new subatomic particle’ that may upset the balance of Earth as we know it, and what is even more frightening is that if something goes out-of-control, it may take anywhere between 1-year to 5-years ‘before anyone notices a chain reaction having already been created that some have already identified as a ‘micro-blackhole’ that could theoretically begin consuming Earth from within its own magnetic iron core. Sounding like ‘science fiction’, apparently CERN experiments are ’definitely not’ something to be taken lightly.

This serious and highly controversial subject amongst scientists and physicists around the world is being touched-on in this report, amongst other related information, amongst which includes video clips ( below ) for better understanding some of the many aspects for public knowledge not being addressed by mainstream news broadcasts.

CERN went even further, though, by expanding its deep underground experiments to conduct related experiments in outerspace within what it calls the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) now scheduled for launch aboard the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavor STS-134 mission set for May 16, 2011. The AMS-02 is, however, to be delivered to the International Space Station ( ISS ) where it will continue CERN designated experiments.

Interestingly, during July 2010 the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS02 ) was ‘not’ launched as the video clip ( above ) depicted. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ), being equated to that of the Hubble space telescope, actually holds far more technological advancements from CERN and is solely designed to focus on subatomic particles surrounding antimatter issues.

U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavor mission STS-134 was scheduled to launch on April 14, 2011 but was delayed until the end of April 2011, but then was delayed yet again until May 16, 2011. Why so many delays and reschedulings?

Earth anti-matter issues are rarely addressed by the mainstream news media with the public, however in-lieu of the recent NASA public warning that it is expecting a ‘significant’ “solar flare” to erupt, coming bound for Earth, as something “we all need to be concerned about,” the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) having just been recently placed onboard the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour mission – scheduled to deliver the AMS aboard the International Space Station ( ISS ) – is something the public really needs to take a closer look at.

[ PHOTO ( above ): Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) in U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour cargo bay April 2011 ( click to enlarge ) ]

– –

Source: Nature.Com

AntiUniverse Here We Come by, Eugenie Samuel Reich

May 4, 2011

A controversial cosmic ray detector destined for the International Space Station will soon get to prove its worth.

The next space-shuttle launch will inaugurate a quest for a realm of the Universe that few believe exists.

Nothing in the laws of physics rules out the possibility that vast regions of the cosmos consist mainly of anti-matter, with anti-galaxies, anti-stars, even anti-planets populated with anti-life.

“If there’s matter, there must be anti-matter. The question is, where’s the Universe made of antimatter?” says Professor Samuel C.C. Ting, a Nobel prize winning physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( MIT ) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. But most physicists reason that if such antimatter regions existed, we would have seen the light emitted when the particles annihilated each other along the boundaries between the antimatter and the matter realms. No wonder the Professor Samuel C.C. Ting brainchild, a $2,000,000,000 billion dollar space mission was sold ‘partly on the promise of looking for particles emanating from anti-galaxies’, is fraught with controversy.

Professor Ting’s project, however has other ‘more mainstream scientific goals’ so, most critics of which held their tongues last week as the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour STS-134 mission – prepared to deliver the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS version, known as the AMS-02 ) to the International Space Station ( ISS ) – flight was delayed ( because of problems ) until later this month ( May 2011 ).

Pushing The Boundaries

Seventeen ( 17 ) years in the making, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) is a product of the former NASA administrator Dan Goldin quest to find remarkable science projects for the Internation Space Station ( ISS ) and of the Ting fascination with anti-matter.

Funded by NASA, the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ), plus a sixteen ( 16 ) country consortium of partners, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) has prevailed – despite delays and technical problems – along with the doubts of many high-energy and particle physicists.

“Physics is not about doubt,” says Roberto Battiston, deputy spokesman for the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) and physicist at the University of Perugia, Italy. “It is about precision measurement.”

As the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) experiment headed to the Space Shuttle Endeavour launch pad, Roberto Battiston and other scientists were keen to emphasize the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) ‘unprecedented sensitivity’ to the gamut of cosmic rays, that rain down on Earth, that should allow the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) to perform two ( 2 ) things:

1. Measure Cosmic Ray High-Energy Charged ‘Particles’ and ‘Properties’ ( thereof ), sent from:

– Sun ( Earth’s ); – Supernovae ( distant ); and, – γ-ray bursts.

AND,

2. Detect AntiMatter ( errant chunks ), sent from the:

a. Universe ( far-away ).

Cosmic rays ( on Earth ) can only be indirectly detected by their showers of ‘secondary particles’ produced – when slamming into molecules of atmosphere in high regions above the Earth, but the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) in space will get an undistorted view.

“We’ll be able to measure ( solar ) Cosmic Ray Flux very precisely,” says collaboration member physicist Fernando Barão of the Laboratory of Instrumentation and Experimental Particle Physics in Lisbon, Spain. “The best place ( for detecting this ) is to be in ‘space’ because you don’t have Earth’s atmosphere that is going to destroy those cosmic rays.”

No matter what happens, with the more speculative search for antimatter, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) should produce a definitive map of the cosmic ray sky – helping to build a kind of ‘astronomy not dependent on light’.

Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) consists of a powerful permanent magnet surrounded by a suite of particle detectors.

Over 10-years ( or more ), that the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) experiment will run, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) magnet will bend the paths of cosmic rays by an amount that reveals their energy and charge, thereby their identity.

Some will be ‘heavy atomic nuclei’, while others ( made from anti-matter ), will reveal themselves by ‘bending in the opposite direction’ from their ‘matter’ counterparts ( see, e.g. cosmic curveballs ).

By ‘counting positrons’ ( i.e. antimatter ‘electrons’ ), the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) could also ‘chase a tentative signal of dark matter’, the so-far ‘undetected stuff’ thought to account for ‘much of the mass of the Universe’.

In 2009, Russia and Italy researchers – with the Payload for Antimatter Matter Exploration and Light-nuclei Astrophysics ( PAMELA ) onboard a Russia satellite – published evidence of an ‘excess amount of positrons in the space environment surrounding Earth’ ( O. Adriani et al. Nature 458 , 607–609; 2009 ). One potential source of this is the ‘annihilation of dark-matter particles’ within the ‘halo enveloping our Galaxy’.

Another speculative quest, is to follow up on hints of ‘strange matter’, a ‘hypothetical substance’ that should be found in ‘some collapsed stars’ containing ‘strange quarks’, ‘up quarks’ and ‘down quarks’ – within ordinary nuclei.

NASA Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) program manager Mark Sistilli says hints of ‘strange matter’ were seen – during a 1998 pilot flight of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-01 ) aboard the Space Shuttle, however NASA determined results ‘too tentative to publish’.

Because the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) status was made as an “exploration mission,” the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) ‘did not need to follow’ “peer review” NASA would ‘normally have required’ for a ”science mission.”

But Sistilli emphasizes the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) earned flying colors from committees convened by the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ), which is supplying $50,000,000 million of the funding.

Now their ( DOE ) confidence will be put to the test.

Reference

http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110504/full/473013a.html

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While for some it may appear strangelet subatomic antimatter particle research is for advancing our knowledge of unlocking the secrets of life in the Universe, others are still asking NASA what they really know is behind ‘why’ an ‘expected significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) is something “we all need to be concerned about” on Earth.

With Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) high-energy effects capable of disrupting Earth ground-based and space-based electrical components and electricity grid infrastructure systems for up to 10-years, many wonder why billions upon billions of dollars were and are still being pumped into the CERN project studying ‘strangelets’ and want to know just why we need ‘more immediate information detection capabilities’ on high-energy solar flare proton and electron ejections coming toward Earth soon, which NASA and other agencies ‘know far more about’ than they are willing to tell the public.

How advanced has government authorities grown from private-sector science and technology knowledge? The United States has already mapped internal magma flows of the Sun.

How could the U.S. government possibly ‘see inside the Sun’ to know when a coronal mass ejection from a solar flare would occur in the future?

In layman terms, for government it was like looking through a clear glass Pyrex bowl positioned atop a stove burner, watching as water starts to boil inside it, and then predicting – based on the flame heating it the water – when bubbles will come to the surface, when one takes into account a government ’ground-based’ ( does ‘not’ require ‘space-based placement’ ) observatory telescope equipped with a “super lens” used for imaging ( observing ) ‘objects at great distances inside matter’ – a “superlens” that now even ‘defies light-speed’ and ‘matter’. ( Read Below )

– –

[ PHOTO ( above ): Antimatter photon ‘optic’ substrate structure material for ‘subsurface solar imaging plasma flows’ inside Sun enables plotting Coronal Mass Ejections ‘before solar surface eruptions’ ( click to enlarge ) ]

Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Operated by the University of California

Optical Antimatter Structure Shows The Way For New Super Lens by, Aditi Risbud

April 21, 2009

A device, made from alternating layers of ‘air’ and ‘silicon photonic crystal’, behaves like a ‘super lens’ – providing the first experimental demonstration of optical antimatter.

Scientists at Berkeley Lab ( Berkeley, California, USA ) and the Institute for Microelectronics and Microsystems ( CNR ) in Naples, Italy have experimentally demonstrated – for the first time – the ‘concept of optical antimatter’ by ‘light traveling through a material without being distorted’.

By engineering a material focusing light through its own internal structure, a beam of light can enter and exit ( unperturbed ) after traveling through millimeters of material.

For years, optics researchers have struggled to bypass the ‘diffraction limit’, a physical law restricting imaging resolution to about 1/2 the wavelength of light used to make the image.

If a material with a negative index of refraction ( a property describing how light bends as it enters or exits a material ) could be designed, this diffraction hurdle could be lowered.

Such a material could also behave as a superlens, useful in observing objects from imaging equipment with ‘details finer than allowed by the diffraction limit’, a physical law restricting imaging resolution to about 1/2 the wavelength of light used to make the image.

Despite the intriguing possibilities posed, by a substance with a negative index of refraction, ‘this property is inaccessible through naturally occurring ( positive index ) materials’.

During the mid 1990s, English theoretical physicist Sir John Pendry proposed his clever ‘sleight of light’ using so-called metamaterials – engineered ‘materials’ whose underlying structure ‘can alter overall responses’ to ‘electrical fields’ and ‘magnetic fields’.

Inspired by the Sir John Pendry proposal, scientists have made progress in scaling metamaterials from microwave to infrared wavelengths while illuminating the nuances of light-speed and direction-of-motion in such engineered structures.

“We’ve shown a ‘completely new way to control and manipulate light’, ‘using a silicon photonic crystal’ as a ‘real metamaterial’ – and it works,” said Stefano Cabrini, Facility Director of the Nanofabrication Facility in the Molecular Foundry, a U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) User Facility located at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( LBNL ) providing support to nanoscience researchers around the world.

“Our findings will open-up an easier way to make structures and use them effectively as a ‘super-lens’.”

Through the Molecular Foundry user program, Cabrini and post-doctoral researcher Allan Chang collaborated with Vito Mocella, a theoretical scientist at the Institute of Microelectronics and Microsystems ( CNR ) in Naples, Italy to fabricate a 2 X 2 millimeter device consisting of alternating layers of air and a silicon based photonic crystal containing air holes.

Using high precision nanofabrication processes, the team designed the spacing and thicknesses of each layer to behave like the metamaterial Sir John Pendry had envisioned.

This device was then used to focus a beam of near-infrared ( I-R ) light, essentially ‘annihilating’ 2 millimeters of ‘space’.

“Now that we have a prototype to demonstrate the concept, our next step will be to find the geometry and material that will work for visible light,” said Cabrini.

Along with possibilities in imaging, the researchers’ findings could also be used to develop hybrid negative-index and positive-index materials, Cabrini added, which may lead to novel ‘devices’ and ‘systems’ unachievable through either material alone.

“Self-collimation of light over millimeter-scale distance in a quasi zero average index metamaterial,” by Vito Mocella, Stefano Cabrini, Allan S.P. Chang, P. Dardano, L. Moretti, I. Rendina, Deirdre Olynick, Bruce Harteneck and Scott Dhuey, appears in Physical Review Letters available in Physical Review Letters online.

Portions of this work were supported by the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Contract No. DE-AC0205CH11231.

The Molecular Foundry is one ( 1 ) of five ( 5 ) U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) that are premier national user facilities for interdisciplinary research at the nanoscale. Together, the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) comprise a suite of complementary facilities providing researchers with state-of-the-art capabilities to fabricate, process, characterize and model nanoscale materials, which constitutes the ‘largest infrastructure investment’ of the National Nanotechnology Initiative ( NNI ).

U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) are located at these six ( 6 ) locations:

– Argonne National Laboratory ( ANL ); – Brookhaven National Laboratory ( BNL ); – Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( LBNL ); – Oak Ridge National Laboratory ( ORNL ); – Sandia National Laboratory ( SNL ); and, – Los Alamos National Laboratory ( LANL ).

For more information about the DOE NSRCs, please visit http://nano.energy.gov.

Berkeley Lab is a U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) National Laboratory located in Berkeley, California conducting ‘unclassified scientific research’ managed by the University of California.

References

http://www.lbl.gov http://foundry.lbl.gov http://newscenter.lbl.gov/feature-stories/2009/04/21/optical-antimatter

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If the public could keep its eye open for one second, it would see what is coming at them before it hits them with a surprise that only government knows anything about, but governments have spoken mysteriously to citizens for a very long time, but perhaps a mere fact ’known today’ may eventually come as no surprise to many whom would have otherwise been kept in the dark while only a few know far more about what awaits the masses.

Perhaps, people may begin asking more questions of their country’s agencies spending so much money so quickly for apparently some ‘mysterious emergency purpose’, and if not for some ‘mysterious emergency purpose’, why is so much money being spent on science and space projects while the global public is told about serious government budget cutbacks causing so many people to suffer? If there is no ’emergency’, then people should know ‘why they are suffering financially more’ – just for the sake of ‘growing science experiment budgets’? Might be a good idea for everyone to begin keeping their eyes open a little more often and trained on something more than light-hearted mainstream media news comedy broadcasts.

If people think they get real serious about ‘what they know’ as told on television news broadcasts, imagine how much more serious they will become when they learn about what they ‘were not told’?

Think about it. How Fast Is Technology Growing? Just beginning to grasp something ‘new’? Now think about something even newer than the Large Hadron Collider ( LHC ) at CERN, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider ( RHIC ) that added its Solenoidal Tracker At RHIC ( STAR ) claiming to ‘reverse time’ by ultra super computers reconstructing sub-atomic particle interactions producing particles – emerging from each collision – that STAR is believed to be able to ‘run time backward’ in a process equated to examining final products coming out-of a factory that scientists and physicists have no idea ’what kinds of machines produced the products’. Basically, they are developing items so fast, they do not know how they were formed, much less what the capabilities are. Fact is, ’they could easily produce a monster’ and ‘not know what it is until after they are eaten by it’. Scary, really, like kids being given matches to play with.

They are being educated beyond their own intelligence, so much so and to the point by which scientists and physicists ’cannot even grasp what ‘it’ is they’re looking at – much less know what they are trying to manipulate to ‘see what it does next’ – nevertheless they are conducting experiments like children playing with dynamite.

Think this is science fiction? Think they are mad scientists at play? Check the research reference links ( below ). Think antimatter technology has advanced alot since you began reading this report? calculate ‘more’ because the public does not even know half of it.

CERN has been operating since 2002, and the “SuperLens” was worked-on ‘before’ 2002, making ‘both’ today now 10-years old.

Want newer ‘news’?

Superlenses – created from perovskite oxides – are simpler and easier to fabricate than ‘metamaterials’.

Superlenses are ideal for capturing light travelling in the mid-infra-red ( IR ) spectrum range, opening even newer technological highly sensitive imaging devices, and this superlensing effect can be selectively turned ‘on’ and ‘off’, opening yet another technology of ‘highly dense data storage writing’ for ‘far more advanced capability computers’.

Plasmonic whispering gallery microcavities, consisting of a silica interior coated with a thin layer of silver, ‘improves quality by better than an order of magnitude’ of current plasmonic microcavities. and paves the way for ‘plasmonic nanolasers’.

Expand your knowledge, begin researching the six ( 6 ) reference links ( below ) so that the next time you watch the ‘news’ you’ll begin to realize just how much you’re ‘not being told’ about what is ‘actually far more important’ – far more than you’re used to imagining.

 

Submitted for review and commentary by,

 

Concept Activity Research Vault E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

References

http://www.bnl.gov/rhic/
http://www.bnl.gov/rhic/STAR.asp
http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/pubaf/pr/PR_display.asp?prID=1075&template=Today
http://newscenter.lbl.gov/news-releases/2011/03/29/perovskite-based-superlens-for-the-infrared/
http://newscenter.lbl.gov/news-releases/2009/01/22/plasmonic-whispering-gallery/
http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1018060

 

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Secret HFSE Properties Part 3

[ PHOTO ( above ):  Vanuatu Island Ambae Volcano Vent At It’s Manaro Ngoro Summit Lake Voui New Island Mt. Manaro (aka) Aoba Volcano ‘In Just Days’ During November 2006 ( click to enlarge ) ]

Secret HFSE Properties – Part 3
GeoAstrophysics
by, Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV )

December 26, 2010 23:08:42 ( PST )

VANUATU ISLAND, Port Vila — December 26, 2010 — It may be difficult for some to realize this report is ‘not science fiction’, but within the Pacific Ocean volcanic arc “Ring of Fire,” in just a few days of November 26, 2005 Vanuatu Island residents did not even realize their island Lake Voui was where its ’new inner island mountain’ Mt. Manaro (aka) Aoba volcano was ‘created in merely a matter of a few days’ after their 420-year old volcano highly volatile magma was mixed into their lakebed hydrochloride sulfuric acid geochemicals, only just learned last year ( 2009 ),  as the actual trigger mechanism setting off the incredibly explosive eruption.

The Ambae volcano vent inside the Lake Voui new island Mt. Manaro ( also known as ) Aoba volcano is the largest basaltic shield volcano in the New Hebrides arc. Aoba volcano is one of the largest active volcano caldera crater lakes in the world today.

Warning Signs –

On February 16, 2005 a succession of earthquakes were felt by the Vanuatu islanders during the evening. Several days later, a seismometer was installed on the north coast of Vanuatu Island where no ‘significant seismic activity’ was recorded there prior to the November 26, 2006 volcano eruption.

On October 5, 2005 NASA Earth Observing System ( EOS ) AM-1 satellite ( TERRA ) carried onboard a Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-Radiometer ( MODIS ) that first ( 1st ) detected volcano Ambae volcano summit Lake Voui area registering a thermal imaging anomaly ( highly volatile magma emission degassing ), which was “8-days” ‘before’ the Ambae volcano erupted in the middle of Lake Voui on November 26, 2005 when Vanuatu Island residents were rocked with a Volcano Alert Level 2 ( representating the level of volcanic eruption activity ).

Shockingly, on November 21, 2005 – “2-days” after the November 19, 2005 thermal imaging anomaly ( highly volatile magma emission degassing ) – and yet still “6-days” ‘before’ the eruption on November 26, 2005 – the MODIS SST ( MOD28L2 Infra-Red imaging sensor product ) later detected – in Lake Voui on Vanuatu Island – a ‘definite visual IR display’ of ‘strong hydrothermal activity’ reported only as an “anomaly” that was clearly seeing Ambae volcano ( GEO-REF coordinates: 167°50′E, 15°23′S ) ‘highly volatile magma degassing emissions’ entering the high chloride sulfuric acid contents of Lake Voui’ where mixing those two ( 2 ) ingredients would most certainly cause a phreatic explosion.

When Did The Public Know? –

It wasn’t until ‘after’ the November 26, 2005 phreatic ( violent ) explosion of the Ambae volcano vent inside Lake Voui that the Vanuatu Island government then began to take precautions, by:

– Evacuating nearly 4,000 people away from the immediate area; – Dispatching its own local volcanologists; – Asked the New Zealand government to contribute aid assistance; – Asked donor agencies for assistance contributions; and, – Asked other aid contributors to additional assist.

U.S. National Aeronautic And Space Administration ( NASA ) Notified The New Zealand Government When? –

The New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade – via NZAID – contracted INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGICAL & NUCLEAR SCIENCES LTD. ( IGNS ) to mount a response dispatch of two [ 2 ] volcanologists [ Brad Scott ( E-MAIL: b.scott@gns.cri.nz ) and Steve Sherburn ( seismologist ) ] assigned objectives that also included:

– Assisting Vanuatu Island geological and government emergency response organization interpretations of its Ambae volcano eruption;

– Providing detailed assessment of Vanuatu Island Ambae volcano eruption current activity levels; and,

– Offer some prognosis of future Ambae volcano activity.

INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGICAL & NUCLEAR SCIENCES LTD. ( IGNS ) was asked to, establish:

– Temporary seismic monitoring system to collect activity data for assessments; and,

– Provide a foreseeable means how Vanuatu Island scientists could continue monitoring future activity.

Steve Sherburn and Brad Scott departed, for Vanuatu Island, with provided:

– Seismic recording systems ( 3 ); plus,

– Additional volcano monitoring tools.

Prior Incident Response Experience On Vanuatu Island –

Due to such a short lead-time notice [ <?> ], remoteness of the Ambae volcano location on Vanautu Island, and lack of volcanological ( historical ) data, Vanuatu Island was a challenging assignment – offset somewhat by Steve Sherburn ( seismologist ) and Brad Scott ( volcanologist ) past eruption monitoring and assessment experience on Vanuatu Island, Tonga and Papua New Guinea.

The INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGICAL & NUCLEAR SCIENCES LTD. ( IGNS ) – under New Zealand government contract – dispatched Brad Scott and Steve Sherburn whom upon arrival on Vanuatu Island found that one of Ambae volcano summit lakes named Lake Voui ( a 2 square kilometer and 150 meter deep chloride sulfuric acid lake ) was undergoing small-scale eruptions that in ‘just a few days’ grew into a ‘new volcano cone’ that became known as Mt. Manaro (aka) Aoba volcano mountain more than 656-feet wide and 229-feet tall.

On Vanuatu Island, Steve Sherburn and Brad Scott spent 6-days:

– Establishing seismic equipment; – Collecting and analyzing data; – Observing Ambae volcano eruptions; and, – Providing Ambae volcanic activity level status reports for the government of Vanuatu Island.

Support and data additional information were supplied, by:

– French [ Polynesia – Tahiti, Wallis and Futuna (aka) Fakauvea (aka) Fakafutuna Islands, Vanautu Island, Melanasia, Kanak ( formerly known as ) Canaque, Indonesia and Viet Nam populace ] scientists from Nouméa, New Caledonia; and,

– Staffers and students from Massey University, Manawatu campus in the Manawatu-Wanganui region City of Palmerston, North Island, New Zealand.

Then-secret use of Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy ( DOAS ) retrieval methods found sulphur dioxide column abundances from magma SO2 and H2S gas flux emission analysis, seismic data analysis, visual observations of Inter-établissements de Recherche pour le Développement ( IRD ) Nouméa, New Caledonia ( Nouvelle-Calédonie ) team of French scientists Ambae volcano historical activity review was followed by Ambae volcano activity level assessments.

Later, it was all declared a ‘small-scale eruption’ of ‘no major threat’ to the Vanuatu Island population, ‘after information began being passed on in bulletins’ ( with Bislma language translations ) to, the:

– Disaster Co-ordination Group ( Port Vila, Vanuatu Island ); – Government of Vanuatu Island; and, – Community of Vanuatu Island.

Vanuatu Island “Volcano Alert Level 2,” however ‘remained’ – until activity declined – as bulletins indicated.

Again on Vanuatu Island, GEOLOGICAL & NUCLEAR SCIENCES LTD. ( GNS ) marked as ‘important’ values to permanently monitoring ( over a period of time ) each active volcano for which activity has unique characteristics observed for correlating data on any changes in volcano geophysical measurements and behaviors.

As of November 25, 2006 the Ambae volcano Mt. Manaro island vent crater wall collapsed on one side opening-up its cauldron to a chloride sulfuric acid bath from Lake Voui halting its gasious plume cloud into the atmosphere.

Volcano Magma Knowledge Not Being Shared Why? –

In 2009, it was finally learned amongst public professionals that as the Lake Voui lake-bed received approaching degassed but ‘volatile-rich magma’ ( from the Ambae volcano ) that was the trigger mechanism to begin the surtseyan eruption of November 2005 on Vanuatu Island.

Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy ( ICP-OES ) Technicon Auto-Analyzer II Analysis –

Even today magmatic–hydrothermal system eruption-related gas fluxes into the atmosphere and geochemistry associated therewith is sorely lacking professional knowledge throughout the world.

[ PHOTO ( above ): Bathymetric map of Aoba Volcano on Vanuatu Island with adjacent islands ( click to enlarge ) ]

On December 25, 2010  shortly after midnight and approximately 140-miles south of Vanuatu Island – although nearer to the Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer ( ORSTOM )  seismic stations on Espiritu Santo Island and Efate Island – and 15-miles down at the bottom of the ultra deep sea where the epicenter was believed located.

Rainforest covered Vanuatu Island is positioned in front of the d’Entrecasteaux collision zone of geographic plates, beneath the ulta deep sea, between the North Aoba Basin and South Aoba Basin and along a fracture ( Geographic Reference coordinate: N50E ) transverse to the volcanic arc Ring of Fire.

The December 25, 2010 earthquake registered a 7.8 Richter scale, however later the U.S. Geological Survey ( USGS ) ’officially downgraded’ that same earthquake to a 7.3 Richter scale measurement reported to the public by the Associated Press ( AP ).

 

Submitted for review and commentary by,

 

Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV ), Host
E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com
WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

References

http://www.volcano.si.edu/reports/bulletin/pdf/3011bgvn.pdf http://www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/cvl/aoba/Modis_voui.html http://www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/cvl/aoba/Ambae1.html http://www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/southeast_asia/vanuatu/aoba/gvn/aoba.v20n02.html http://www.wesleyan.edu/planetary/bani2009.pdf http://www.ird.nc/actualites/volcanology.htm http://en.ird.fr/the-ird-in-the-world/pacific-ocean http://www.geonet.org.nz/docs/news/geonet-news-issue-6-jul-06.pdf

Sources

Université Libre de Bruxelles ( Brussels, Belgium );
Department of Geology, Mines and Water Resources ( Port Vila, Vanuatu Island );
Inter-établissements de Recherche pour le Développement ( Nouméa, New Caledonia );
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research;
INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGICAL & NUCLEAR SCIENCES LTD. ( New Zealand );
GEONET ( New Zealand );
Smithsonian Institution ( USA );
NASA ( USA );
Unwanted Publicity Information Group;
Kentron Intellect Research; and,
Others.

Notes

In 2001, the INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGICAL & NUCLEAR SCIENCES LTD. (aka) IGNS (aka) GNS (aka) GNS SCIENCE – with core funding from the Earthquake Commission – began a 10-year project to provide real-time monitoring and data collection to be operated by GEONET ( a non-profit organization ), for:

– Rapid response to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and landslides; and,

– Research into earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and landslides.

GEONET involves the INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGICAL & NUCLEAR SCIENCES LTD. ( IGNS ) building and operating a modern ‘geological hazards monitoring system’ for New Zealand.

GEONET exchanges information with various international institutions.

New Zealand focuses tsunami efforts with GEONET.

Pacific Ocean nations saw NZAID [ New Zealand government agency ] response with GEONET demonstrations in the Vanuatu Island Ambae volcano eruption.