AntiMatter Technology Problems

AntiMatter Technology Problems

 

AntiMatter Technology Problems by, Concept Activity Research Vault

May 16, 2011 09:42:4 ( PST ) Updated ( Originally Published: May 10, 2011 )

CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles – May 16, 2011 – The global scientific community is eyeing suspiciously a 1952 ‘experimental projects’ organization known as the Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire ( CERN ) [ ( also known as ) European Organization for Nuclear Research ] wherein its Large Hadron Collider ( LHC ) consists of a huge 27-mile in diameter high-energy particle collider is conducting some extremely serious experiments involving what scientists and physicisys say involves something called a “CP-violation” that deals with creating a variety of new subatomic particles that are believed to have never existed anywhere on Earth.

There is quite a bit of controversy concerning something called a “strangelet” ( strangelets ) and other particle creations within the CERN experiment, which because of conjectures in scientific theories are feared by some professionals, could create a ’new subatomic particle’ that may upset the balance of Earth as we know it, and what is even more frightening is that if something goes out-of-control, it may take anywhere between 1-year to 5-years ‘before anyone notices a chain reaction having already been created that some have already identified as a ‘micro-blackhole’ that could theoretically begin consuming Earth from within its own magnetic iron core. Sounding like ‘science fiction’, apparently CERN experiments are ’definitely not’ something to be taken lightly.

This serious and highly controversial subject amongst scientists and physicists around the world is being touched-on in this report, amongst other related information, amongst which includes video clips ( below ) for better understanding some of the many aspects for public knowledge not being addressed by mainstream news broadcasts.

CERN went even further, though, by expanding its deep underground experiments to conduct related experiments in outerspace within what it calls the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) now scheduled for launch aboard the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavor STS-134 mission set for May 16, 2011. The AMS-02 is, however, to be delivered to the International Space Station ( ISS ) where it will continue CERN designated experiments.

Interestingly, during July 2010 the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS02 ) was ‘not’ launched as the video clip ( above ) depicted. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ), being equated to that of the Hubble space telescope, actually holds far more technological advancements from CERN and is solely designed to focus on subatomic particles surrounding antimatter issues.

U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavor mission STS-134 was scheduled to launch on April 14, 2011 but was delayed until the end of April 2011, but then was delayed yet again until May 16, 2011. Why so many delays and reschedulings?

Earth anti-matter issues are rarely addressed by the mainstream news media with the public, however in-lieu of the recent NASA public warning that it is expecting a ‘significant’ “solar flare” to erupt, coming bound for Earth, as something “we all need to be concerned about,” the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) having just been recently placed onboard the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour mission – scheduled to deliver the AMS aboard the International Space Station ( ISS ) – is something the public really needs to take a closer look at.

[ PHOTO ( above ): Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) in U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour cargo bay April 2011 ( click to enlarge ) ]

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Source: Nature.Com

AntiUniverse Here We Come by, Eugenie Samuel Reich

May 4, 2011

A controversial cosmic ray detector destined for the International Space Station will soon get to prove its worth.

The next space-shuttle launch will inaugurate a quest for a realm of the Universe that few believe exists.

Nothing in the laws of physics rules out the possibility that vast regions of the cosmos consist mainly of anti-matter, with anti-galaxies, anti-stars, even anti-planets populated with anti-life.

“If there’s matter, there must be anti-matter. The question is, where’s the Universe made of antimatter?” says Professor Samuel C.C. Ting, a Nobel prize winning physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( MIT ) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. But most physicists reason that if such antimatter regions existed, we would have seen the light emitted when the particles annihilated each other along the boundaries between the antimatter and the matter realms. No wonder the Professor Samuel C.C. Ting brainchild, a $2,000,000,000 billion dollar space mission was sold ‘partly on the promise of looking for particles emanating from anti-galaxies’, is fraught with controversy.

Professor Ting’s project, however has other ‘more mainstream scientific goals’ so, most critics of which held their tongues last week as the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour STS-134 mission – prepared to deliver the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS version, known as the AMS-02 ) to the International Space Station ( ISS ) – flight was delayed ( because of problems ) until later this month ( May 2011 ).

Pushing The Boundaries

Seventeen ( 17 ) years in the making, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) is a product of the former NASA administrator Dan Goldin quest to find remarkable science projects for the Internation Space Station ( ISS ) and of the Ting fascination with anti-matter.

Funded by NASA, the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ), plus a sixteen ( 16 ) country consortium of partners, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) has prevailed – despite delays and technical problems – along with the doubts of many high-energy and particle physicists.

“Physics is not about doubt,” says Roberto Battiston, deputy spokesman for the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) and physicist at the University of Perugia, Italy. “It is about precision measurement.”

As the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) experiment headed to the Space Shuttle Endeavour launch pad, Roberto Battiston and other scientists were keen to emphasize the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) ‘unprecedented sensitivity’ to the gamut of cosmic rays, that rain down on Earth, that should allow the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) to perform two ( 2 ) things:

1. Measure Cosmic Ray High-Energy Charged ‘Particles’ and ‘Properties’ ( thereof ), sent from:

– Sun ( Earth’s ); – Supernovae ( distant ); and, – γ-ray bursts.

AND,

2. Detect AntiMatter ( errant chunks ), sent from the:

a. Universe ( far-away ).

Cosmic rays ( on Earth ) can only be indirectly detected by their showers of ‘secondary particles’ produced – when slamming into molecules of atmosphere in high regions above the Earth, but the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) in space will get an undistorted view.

“We’ll be able to measure ( solar ) Cosmic Ray Flux very precisely,” says collaboration member physicist Fernando Barão of the Laboratory of Instrumentation and Experimental Particle Physics in Lisbon, Spain. “The best place ( for detecting this ) is to be in ‘space’ because you don’t have Earth’s atmosphere that is going to destroy those cosmic rays.”

No matter what happens, with the more speculative search for antimatter, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) should produce a definitive map of the cosmic ray sky – helping to build a kind of ‘astronomy not dependent on light’.

Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) consists of a powerful permanent magnet surrounded by a suite of particle detectors.

Over 10-years ( or more ), that the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) experiment will run, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) magnet will bend the paths of cosmic rays by an amount that reveals their energy and charge, thereby their identity.

Some will be ‘heavy atomic nuclei’, while others ( made from anti-matter ), will reveal themselves by ‘bending in the opposite direction’ from their ‘matter’ counterparts ( see, e.g. cosmic curveballs ).

By ‘counting positrons’ ( i.e. antimatter ‘electrons’ ), the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) could also ‘chase a tentative signal of dark matter’, the so-far ‘undetected stuff’ thought to account for ‘much of the mass of the Universe’.

In 2009, Russia and Italy researchers – with the Payload for Antimatter Matter Exploration and Light-nuclei Astrophysics ( PAMELA ) onboard a Russia satellite – published evidence of an ‘excess amount of positrons in the space environment surrounding Earth’ ( O. Adriani et al. Nature 458 , 607–609; 2009 ). One potential source of this is the ‘annihilation of dark-matter particles’ within the ‘halo enveloping our Galaxy’.

Another speculative quest, is to follow up on hints of ‘strange matter’, a ‘hypothetical substance’ that should be found in ‘some collapsed stars’ containing ‘strange quarks’, ‘up quarks’ and ‘down quarks’ – within ordinary nuclei.

NASA Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) program manager Mark Sistilli says hints of ‘strange matter’ were seen – during a 1998 pilot flight of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-01 ) aboard the Space Shuttle, however NASA determined results ‘too tentative to publish’.

Because the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS / AMS-02 ) status was made as an “exploration mission,” the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) ‘did not need to follow’ “peer review” NASA would ‘normally have required’ for a ”science mission.”

But Sistilli emphasizes the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS ) earned flying colors from committees convened by the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ), which is supplying $50,000,000 million of the funding.

Now their ( DOE ) confidence will be put to the test.

Reference

http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110504/full/473013a.html

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While for some it may appear strangelet subatomic antimatter particle research is for advancing our knowledge of unlocking the secrets of life in the Universe, others are still asking NASA what they really know is behind ‘why’ an ‘expected significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) is something “we all need to be concerned about” on Earth.

With Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) high-energy effects capable of disrupting Earth ground-based and space-based electrical components and electricity grid infrastructure systems for up to 10-years, many wonder why billions upon billions of dollars were and are still being pumped into the CERN project studying ‘strangelets’ and want to know just why we need ‘more immediate information detection capabilities’ on high-energy solar flare proton and electron ejections coming toward Earth soon, which NASA and other agencies ‘know far more about’ than they are willing to tell the public.

How advanced has government authorities grown from private-sector science and technology knowledge? The United States has already mapped internal magma flows of the Sun.

How could the U.S. government possibly ‘see inside the Sun’ to know when a coronal mass ejection from a solar flare would occur in the future?

In layman terms, for government it was like looking through a clear glass Pyrex bowl positioned atop a stove burner, watching as water starts to boil inside it, and then predicting – based on the flame heating it the water – when bubbles will come to the surface, when one takes into account a government ’ground-based’ ( does ‘not’ require ‘space-based placement’ ) observatory telescope equipped with a “super lens” used for imaging ( observing ) ‘objects at great distances inside matter’ – a “superlens” that now even ‘defies light-speed’ and ‘matter’. ( Read Below )

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[ PHOTO ( above ): Antimatter photon ‘optic’ substrate structure material for ‘subsurface solar imaging plasma flows’ inside Sun enables plotting Coronal Mass Ejections ‘before solar surface eruptions’ ( click to enlarge ) ]

Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Operated by the University of California

Optical Antimatter Structure Shows The Way For New Super Lens by, Aditi Risbud

April 21, 2009

A device, made from alternating layers of ‘air’ and ‘silicon photonic crystal’, behaves like a ‘super lens’ – providing the first experimental demonstration of optical antimatter.

Scientists at Berkeley Lab ( Berkeley, California, USA ) and the Institute for Microelectronics and Microsystems ( CNR ) in Naples, Italy have experimentally demonstrated – for the first time – the ‘concept of optical antimatter’ by ‘light traveling through a material without being distorted’.

By engineering a material focusing light through its own internal structure, a beam of light can enter and exit ( unperturbed ) after traveling through millimeters of material.

For years, optics researchers have struggled to bypass the ‘diffraction limit’, a physical law restricting imaging resolution to about 1/2 the wavelength of light used to make the image.

If a material with a negative index of refraction ( a property describing how light bends as it enters or exits a material ) could be designed, this diffraction hurdle could be lowered.

Such a material could also behave as a superlens, useful in observing objects from imaging equipment with ‘details finer than allowed by the diffraction limit’, a physical law restricting imaging resolution to about 1/2 the wavelength of light used to make the image.

Despite the intriguing possibilities posed, by a substance with a negative index of refraction, ‘this property is inaccessible through naturally occurring ( positive index ) materials’.

During the mid 1990s, English theoretical physicist Sir John Pendry proposed his clever ‘sleight of light’ using so-called metamaterials – engineered ‘materials’ whose underlying structure ‘can alter overall responses’ to ‘electrical fields’ and ‘magnetic fields’.

Inspired by the Sir John Pendry proposal, scientists have made progress in scaling metamaterials from microwave to infrared wavelengths while illuminating the nuances of light-speed and direction-of-motion in such engineered structures.

“We’ve shown a ‘completely new way to control and manipulate light’, ‘using a silicon photonic crystal’ as a ‘real metamaterial’ – and it works,” said Stefano Cabrini, Facility Director of the Nanofabrication Facility in the Molecular Foundry, a U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) User Facility located at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( LBNL ) providing support to nanoscience researchers around the world.

“Our findings will open-up an easier way to make structures and use them effectively as a ‘super-lens’.”

Through the Molecular Foundry user program, Cabrini and post-doctoral researcher Allan Chang collaborated with Vito Mocella, a theoretical scientist at the Institute of Microelectronics and Microsystems ( CNR ) in Naples, Italy to fabricate a 2 X 2 millimeter device consisting of alternating layers of air and a silicon based photonic crystal containing air holes.

Using high precision nanofabrication processes, the team designed the spacing and thicknesses of each layer to behave like the metamaterial Sir John Pendry had envisioned.

This device was then used to focus a beam of near-infrared ( I-R ) light, essentially ‘annihilating’ 2 millimeters of ‘space’.

“Now that we have a prototype to demonstrate the concept, our next step will be to find the geometry and material that will work for visible light,” said Cabrini.

Along with possibilities in imaging, the researchers’ findings could also be used to develop hybrid negative-index and positive-index materials, Cabrini added, which may lead to novel ‘devices’ and ‘systems’ unachievable through either material alone.

“Self-collimation of light over millimeter-scale distance in a quasi zero average index metamaterial,” by Vito Mocella, Stefano Cabrini, Allan S.P. Chang, P. Dardano, L. Moretti, I. Rendina, Deirdre Olynick, Bruce Harteneck and Scott Dhuey, appears in Physical Review Letters available in Physical Review Letters online.

Portions of this work were supported by the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Contract No. DE-AC0205CH11231.

The Molecular Foundry is one ( 1 ) of five ( 5 ) U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) that are premier national user facilities for interdisciplinary research at the nanoscale. Together, the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) comprise a suite of complementary facilities providing researchers with state-of-the-art capabilities to fabricate, process, characterize and model nanoscale materials, which constitutes the ‘largest infrastructure investment’ of the National Nanotechnology Initiative ( NNI ).

U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) Nanoscale Science Research Centers ( NSRC ) are located at these six ( 6 ) locations:

– Argonne National Laboratory ( ANL ); – Brookhaven National Laboratory ( BNL ); – Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( LBNL ); – Oak Ridge National Laboratory ( ORNL ); – Sandia National Laboratory ( SNL ); and, – Los Alamos National Laboratory ( LANL ).

For more information about the DOE NSRCs, please visit http://nano.energy.gov.

Berkeley Lab is a U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) National Laboratory located in Berkeley, California conducting ‘unclassified scientific research’ managed by the University of California.

References

http://www.lbl.gov http://foundry.lbl.gov http://newscenter.lbl.gov/feature-stories/2009/04/21/optical-antimatter

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If the public could keep its eye open for one second, it would see what is coming at them before it hits them with a surprise that only government knows anything about, but governments have spoken mysteriously to citizens for a very long time, but perhaps a mere fact ’known today’ may eventually come as no surprise to many whom would have otherwise been kept in the dark while only a few know far more about what awaits the masses.

Perhaps, people may begin asking more questions of their country’s agencies spending so much money so quickly for apparently some ‘mysterious emergency purpose’, and if not for some ‘mysterious emergency purpose’, why is so much money being spent on science and space projects while the global public is told about serious government budget cutbacks causing so many people to suffer? If there is no ’emergency’, then people should know ‘why they are suffering financially more’ – just for the sake of ‘growing science experiment budgets’? Might be a good idea for everyone to begin keeping their eyes open a little more often and trained on something more than light-hearted mainstream media news comedy broadcasts.

If people think they get real serious about ‘what they know’ as told on television news broadcasts, imagine how much more serious they will become when they learn about what they ‘were not told’?

Think about it. How Fast Is Technology Growing? Just beginning to grasp something ‘new’? Now think about something even newer than the Large Hadron Collider ( LHC ) at CERN, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider ( RHIC ) that added its Solenoidal Tracker At RHIC ( STAR ) claiming to ‘reverse time’ by ultra super computers reconstructing sub-atomic particle interactions producing particles – emerging from each collision – that STAR is believed to be able to ‘run time backward’ in a process equated to examining final products coming out-of a factory that scientists and physicists have no idea ’what kinds of machines produced the products’. Basically, they are developing items so fast, they do not know how they were formed, much less what the capabilities are. Fact is, ’they could easily produce a monster’ and ‘not know what it is until after they are eaten by it’. Scary, really, like kids being given matches to play with.

They are being educated beyond their own intelligence, so much so and to the point by which scientists and physicists ’cannot even grasp what ‘it’ is they’re looking at – much less know what they are trying to manipulate to ‘see what it does next’ – nevertheless they are conducting experiments like children playing with dynamite.

Think this is science fiction? Think they are mad scientists at play? Check the research reference links ( below ). Think antimatter technology has advanced alot since you began reading this report? calculate ‘more’ because the public does not even know half of it.

CERN has been operating since 2002, and the “SuperLens” was worked-on ‘before’ 2002, making ‘both’ today now 10-years old.

Want newer ‘news’?

Superlenses – created from perovskite oxides – are simpler and easier to fabricate than ‘metamaterials’.

Superlenses are ideal for capturing light travelling in the mid-infra-red ( IR ) spectrum range, opening even newer technological highly sensitive imaging devices, and this superlensing effect can be selectively turned ‘on’ and ‘off’, opening yet another technology of ‘highly dense data storage writing’ for ‘far more advanced capability computers’.

Plasmonic whispering gallery microcavities, consisting of a silica interior coated with a thin layer of silver, ‘improves quality by better than an order of magnitude’ of current plasmonic microcavities. and paves the way for ‘plasmonic nanolasers’.

Expand your knowledge, begin researching the six ( 6 ) reference links ( below ) so that the next time you watch the ‘news’ you’ll begin to realize just how much you’re ‘not being told’ about what is ‘actually far more important’ – far more than you’re used to imagining.

 

Submitted for review and commentary by,

 

Concept Activity Research Vault E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

References

http://www.bnl.gov/rhic/
http://www.bnl.gov/rhic/STAR.asp
http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/pubaf/pr/PR_display.asp?prID=1075&template=Today
http://newscenter.lbl.gov/news-releases/2011/03/29/perovskite-based-superlens-for-the-infrared/
http://newscenter.lbl.gov/news-releases/2009/01/22/plasmonic-whispering-gallery/
http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1018060

 

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Earth Events Forecast

Eyjafjallajokull Iceland volcano
[ PHOTO ( above ): click to enlarge image ]

Earth Events Forecast
by, Kentron Intellect Research Vault ( KIRV )

March 7, 2011 17:32:08 ( PST ) Updated ( February 27, 2011 )

LOS ANGELES – November 10, 2011 – The U.S. Congress House of Representatives Committee on Science and the U.S. Congress House of Representatives Sub-Committee on Environment, Technology and Standards held a hearing on October 30, 2003 about ‘Space Weather’ and the roles and responsibilities of various government agencies held as to information collection, dissemination and use of ‘space weather’ data from the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ), U.S. National Aeronautic and Space Agency ( NASA ), U.S. Air Force Weather Agency and representatives of government contractors in the private-sector. Amongst questions presented, were the following:

– “What is the ‘proper level of funding for agencies’ involved with ‘space environmental predictions’?” and,

– “What is the importance of ‘predictions to industry and commerce’?”

Interestingly, the U.S. Congress House of Representatives Sub-Committee hearing – from October 19, 2003 through November 7, 2003 – happened to be during the same time period when the Sun’s strongest Coronal Mass Ejections ( CME ) or “Solar Flares” were erupting; greater than at any time in 30-years.

Those late 2003 enormous solar flare outbursts consisted of Solar Energetic Particle ( SEP ) energy that triggered intense Solar Energetic Particle Events ( SEPE ) on Earth resulting in Geomagnetic Storms that ‘instantly brought serious disruptions’ to U.S. national infrastructure electricity grids.

Solar Particle Element ( SPE ) releases cause Geomagnetic Induced Currents ( GIC ) – also known as – “Auroral Currents” consisting of high-energy electrons ( ‘invisible’ unless in Earth’s ’upper atmospheric region’ where the ”Aurora Borealis” or “Northern Lights” appear ) made ‘visible’ in Earth’s ‘lower atmospheric region’ bombarded resulting in serious impacts on ’national electricity infrastructure grids‘ becoming instantly overcharged ( overloaded ) by what is referred to as a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), and during latter 2003 such was this U.S. national emergency throughout North Europe where amongst many utility companies SYDKRAFT ( Sweden ) reported:

– Electricity Generation Supply Failure; – Blackouts ( ‘no electricity’ & ‘no communications’ ); and, – Transformer Explosions ( ‘coils’ therein for ‘retaining electricity’ ) damaged by overloads.

NASA issued a Space Flight Early Warning Alert, because:

– Solar Radiation level heightening caused NASA to issue its directive ordering International Space Station ( ISS ) astronauts to ‘enter their onboard solar radiation shelter’ within that Earth orbiting spacecraft.

All passenger airlines worldwide were contacted and issued an ‘unprecedented ( never before ) order’ to take ‘evasive maneuvers’ away from ‘flying within’ or ‘scheduled to fly within’, ‘both’:

Polar routes ( Earth’s ‘upper hemisphere’ and ‘lower hemisphere’ ); and,

Equator routes ( Earth’s ‘lower hemisphere’ ).

– Aircraft destinations in ‘both aforementioned routes’ normally occur in ‘high Earth latitudes’, however these flights were ‘purposely redirected’ to, avoid:

– Solar ‘radiation level exposure’ hazards for all ‘passengers’ and ‘crew members’; – Damage to aircraft from electronic system failure; and, – Communication and navigation failures from satellite damages.

Costs, for airlines, was up to $100,000 dollars for ‘each flight’ re-routed.

– Satellites, plus deep space missions, reported ‘numerous anomalies at all orbit levels’.

Later, NASA GSFC Space Science Mission Operations Team estimated a minimum of 59% of all ‘space science missions’ were impacted by the solar flares of late 2003.

– Casualties ( from solar flares ) in space, costs amongst many, were the:

– ADEOS 2 spacecraft, which cost $640,000,000 million dollars to build plus its onboard $150,000,000 million dollar NASA SeaWinds instrument, all lost by serious impact from these solar flares.

Total damage costs, resultant from the late 2003 impact of this Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), was ‘never publicly reported’.

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Solar flare outbursts, varying in intensity and variety, impact Earth global business operations ( to varying degrees ) ‘vulnerable to serious space weather’ from serious high-level solar flare activity.

Solar Energetic Particle Events ( SEPE ), which ‘affects everyone on Earth’, should mobilize governments because of, how:

– Quickly ( from a ‘few hours’ to ’4-days’ ) ‘space weather’ hits Earth; and,

– Human life can be ‘instantly impacted’ because of ‘society operational heavy reliance’ from ‘Earth based electronics’ to ‘space based communication equipment’.

Since at least 2001, ‘other superpower country governments’ ( e.g. China, Russia, France, Japan, etc. ) have been providing ‘public service early warnings” for ‘serious’ “space weather” in order to ‘preserve the human life of citizens’.

By 2004, tragically the United States of America ( USA ) National Research Council ( NRC ) Committee on Solar and Space Physics ( CSSP ) had only ‘begun to consider’ but ‘had not yet even considered’ any ‘need for ‘human impact assessments’ or ‘economic impact systematicals’ surrounding the subject of serious ‘solar flare’ impacts being an immediate ‘key critical need’ for everyone’s reliance on ‘space weather information news’ to begin reigning supreme over all publicly broadcasted ( television and radio ) news stories; ‘space weather assessments’ have been in ‘existence for decades’ – and at ‘considerable taxpayer costs’ for NASA and NOAA ‘programs’ and ‘projects’.

The United States of America government could easily provide ‘widely broadcasted public service educational announcements’ ( in multiple languages ) on a “Space Weather Channel”, providing:

1. Space Weather Education;

2. Space Weather Preparedness; and,

3. Space Weather Alert Warnings.

To-date ( 26FEB11 ), the U.S. has ‘exhibited absolutely no regard for its citizens’ surrounding ‘space weather’ importance with, ‘no’:

A. Lessons on ‘serious space weather;

B. Planning for ‘serious space weather’; and,

B. Announcements for ‘serious space weather’.

Think-tanks, under government contracts, studied and provided information to government how to order ‘national highway safety bridge improvements’ and thereby raise taxes – and by many other means for a variety of other reasons too.

Alternatively, citizens could receive an ‘immediate extension on surviving life’ upon experiencing a “National Serious Space Weather Event” with a ‘government public service television channel broadcast’ ( 24-hours a day, 7-days a week, 365-days a year ) for ‘all citizens’ ( elders & youth ) dealing more effectively by ‘single-handedly managing their own affairs’ ( as best they can ) during the onslaught of a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), by:

1. Learning.

a. Solar Flare High-Energy Particle Hazards; b. Earth Magnetic Core Trigger Mechanisms; c. Earth Axis Plate Shifts ( Earthquake & Tsunamis ); and, d. Volcanic ( Eruptions & Thermal Atmospheric Lightning Storms ).

2. Understanding.

a. Natural Disasters ( Type Dependent ); and, b. Planning ( Geography, Elevations, Weather ).

3. Planning.

a. Survival Methods ( rudimentary basics – adults & children ).

Learning – kept real simple – is important because, during an actual emergency ‘common sense’ fails to act sometimes because ‘emergencies are not routine matters’ but rarely exercised by most, except well-trained ‘emergency first responders’ whom are unfortunately ‘not trained on what to do during all types of disasters’, and this is why it is so ‘very important for everyone to know what to do’ – ‘when’ during ‘what type of disaster’.

Many do ‘not exercise proper judgment’ during an emergency, and that ‘knowledge failure’ creates ‘life threatening problems’ for ‘them’ and ‘their loved ones’ whom do know either because most ‘do not know how to effectively deal with each type of disaster’ since such are rarely experienced.

There are some basic ‘emergency common sense lessons’ easily learned that quickly become second-nature if ‘at least taught’ using a ‘proper presentation medium’ to reach people’s understandings so they ‘can know precisely what to do’ because disasters are ‘type dependent’ where ‘no disaster preparedness is the same’ but varies according to type.

Fatal Mistakes During Disasters

Citizen’s ‘disaster emergency preparedness’ seriously saves lives but because of a ‘lack of understanding’ there continues to be a significant number of ‘serious mistakes made by ‘many believing they are exercising logical steps at-first to save their life’ – until they die from having made that mistake – because they have ‘not been taught certain ramifications of type-dependent disasters’.

For serious space weather, a prime example of this is a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) occurring during a Winter cold weather where electricity becomes completely shut-off and people bring their ‘barbeque pits indoors’ where they can ‘create wood fires’. The end result is, ‘all occupants of the dwelling die overnight’ because ‘constant wood-fire burning depletes oxygen levels that become overpowered with carbon monoxide levels’.

Somewhat similar are those who retreat to their vehicle – inside a closed garage – where the engine is started to run the heater to stay warm, but a steady stream of ‘vehicle exhaust fumes slowly enter the interior of the car’ – unnoticeably to vehicle occupants who get put to sleep and their death from being slowly asphyxiated.

The U.S. government, for years, has been providing a very expensive ( to taxpayers ) NASA television channel broadcast ( 24-hours a day, 7-days a week, year round ) that continues ‘interrupted’ – whether there is a NASA spacecraft in space or not ( sometimes with a ‘blackened screen only filled with trajectory lines for hours on-end’ ), which ‘does absolutely nothing for the preservation of human life of any taxpaying American citizen’; yet American taxpayers continue paying for this ‘government wasteful spending’ nonsense.

Why No Government Lessons Teach The Public Anything

Global panic, is the only reason ‘why’ most were ‘not warned in-advance’, and as the following ( below ) points-out, there is ‘absolutely no time left for people to wait for their government warning’ because ‘no warning will ever be issued’ – people are going to just live-out their lives until the end comes soon.

No longer a ‘doomsday prediction’, because the following information ( below ) is based on ‘official information compiled’ clearly demonstrating ‘why’ it has now become logical for everyone to ‘self-mandate learning how to self-prepare’ for a ‘serious space weather disaster’ that will soon affect the very ground stood upon today that was ‘secretly predicted for key citizens’ as far back as at least 2004.

The Government Is Always Correct, Right? Wrong!

Had anyone from the public been tasked to closely monitor not only mainstream news media broadcasts as to certain events, but also obtained background studies from ‘official U.S. government data’ supplied by both NASA and NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center providing data from several spacecraft, had college studies in ‘plate tectonics’, plus performed significant comparative analysis with ‘ultra-deep sea arc volcanic explosive phreatic magmatic activity’ the ‘government secret would have been revealed a lot sooner – after ‘ascertaining it all in a final understanding’.

What began on February 8, 2011 with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security elevating its Threat Level to “YELLOW” for a “Significant National Weather Alert” issued by the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA ) based on NASA and NOAA information left only a few to wonder ‘why’ many U.S. government agencies are all climbing into the same information bed at one time. Why are they all so nervous? Might they have somehow forgotten to tell the ‘little people’ ( public ) some ‘new information’ that is now ‘old news’ to only but a few in government?

Recent facts about Earth ‘true north’ has ‘quickly shifted’ dramatically in the ‘opposite direction’ of what ‘government reported as its “earlier prediction” that was recently ‘officially admitted’ as having ‘earlier been incorrect’.

Why has such information been recently released by mainstream news broadcast reports?

Airline pilots noticed their aircraft navigation compass headings required changes to navigate according to airport runway heading indicator signs and neither agree.

The anomaly instantly saw airline pilots and navigators talking amongst themselves worldwide about their ‘compass headings no longer point “True North,” now requiring navigation corrections on aircraft onboard computers and even airport runways as recently reported in February 2011.

Many do not realize that if an airplane or ship ‘navigation is incorrect by only a few degrees’ that entire land masses will be missed and fuel will run-out leaving passengers either stranded or dead from airlines running out-of fuel in mid-air.

Recently, it was discovered that the entire Earth axis has ‘definitely shifted’ and ‘much quicker’ than expected.

What was ‘unexpected’ was, this Earth axis shift was ‘totally in the opposite direction’ of what ‘government standards of measurement’ provided for ‘scientific data accuracy outcomes’.

That was only a few ‘small parts’ of what has gone seriously wrong about a ‘much greater secret’ never leaked to the press.

What recently came next, in February 2011, was yet another secret leaked just last week: The Earth axis not only shifted a total of 4-degrees, but it did-so due ‘East’ but not ‘West’ as the government again predicted.

Unless government ‘did not make any mistakes for what it predicted earlier to the public’ could it have secretly wanted to see people worldwide taken by surprise? If not, then ‘how could the government make so many serious scientific mistakes’?

Pole Shift Reported By Mainstream News Broadcasts

In February 2011, when ‘airports began changing runway compass number headings’ displayed on ‘extremely large portrait-size shaped signs’ standing upright at the end of runways, news of such was leaked to the mainstream press outlets that saw broadcast television news reports announcing a “sudden pole shift” in the Earth.

Science Fiction “Deep Space 9″ Strange ISS Payloads & Movements

Since at least 2004, government secrets surrounding ‘space weather’ ( extremely serious solar flare activity ) is very capable of ‘triggering magnetic mechanisms’ deep within the magnetic core of the Earth – the effects of which extend upward to the surface in something most are unaware of called ‘ultra-deep sea volcanoes that erupt so incredibly explosive ( volcanic explosive phreatic magamatics or phreatomagmatic eruptions ) causing Earth’s crust plate tectonics to begin moving as a result of ‘ultra-deep magmatic and magnetic force increases from increased high-energy particles received and stored in Earth’s core’ – something that ‘geoscientific astrophysicists’ know plenty about.

This is believed the ‘secret reason’ behind ‘why’, since 2004, the following ( below ) has been conducted, and precisely ‘why’ the United States of America ( USA ), Russia ( CIS ), Japan and French government timelines have been ‘secretly speeding’ “unmanned space freighters” ( see NASA news below ) with ‘continual non-stop secret payload amounts’ from Earth up into the International Space Station ( ISS ) that is experiencing ‘significant increases in its fuel payloads’ NASA says is “designed to boost the International Space Station ( ISS ) further into orbit” should it become necessary for the ISS to be moved further away from the Earth.

Questions have recently begun to surface, which see ‘no answers being provided to the public by any government agency service’:

– “Why is the International Space Station ( ISS ) being considered ‘moved further away from Earth’?”

– “Could there be a government secret that brought about a plan to send the International Space Station ( ISS ) ‘farther away from Earth into space’ so the NASA “Robonaut 2” ( also known as ) “R2” ‘may eventually be the only thing performing any physical work aboard’, but that may only be to ‘maintain an earlier recorded Earth event’ that to-date has not yet occurred?”

– “Is the ISS secretly expected to ‘hitch a galactic ride’ due to a ‘gravity well’ created by another interstellar body ( asteroid, comet, planet, or dwarf star ) entering our Solar System planetary plane soon?”

– “Is the ISS being ‘secretly missioned to record data of a cataclysmic Earth Extinction Level Event ( ELE ) so, in the future ‘other space goers will know that we once existed and had progressed as far as we did in technology and outer space use? If so, does a ‘limited few on Earth’ – knowing this – believe such ‘interstellar historical information’ may be valued by others coming upon it later? If so, then what is about to happen on Earth that people are not being told?”

Geoscience and astrophysics data facts, once researched and extrapolated for comparative analysis, points directly to an Earth Extinction Level Event ( ELE ) coming soon, and taking all that data and coupling it with known facts that ‘certain superpower governments’ and building deep underground military-protected bases

Not Science Fiction But Geoscience Astrophysics Reality

Before February 16, 2011 an ‘earlier secret payload’ of ‘extreme long-range optical sensors and data recorders’ was delivered to the International Space Station ( ISS ) to ‘record from space only’ an ‘extremely powerful global seismic shock’ ( earthquake ) that ‘Earth seismic detectors will be unable to fully and accurately record’ overall Earth plate tectonic movement the likes which has never been recorded during the history of man.

On February 17, 2011 the aforementioned monitoring equipment consisting of optical imaging long-range sensing detectors and data recording equipment rendered the International Space Station ( ISS ) a Space-based Planet Monitoring System ( PMS ) focusing on Earth ground events coming, was finally completed by two ( 2 ) Russia cosmonauts positioning the space-based external sensors ( SES ) outside the International Space Station ( ISS ) to record a major Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) impact triggering affects in yet other Earth mechanisms beginning, with:

Earth axis ‘pole shift’ as ‘high-energy particles invisibly penetrate the magnetic core of the Earth’, much of which danger ‘primarily enters en-masse through planet Earth’s ‘now open’ Magnetosphere no longer protecting the entire circumference of the Earth due to a hole in it, followed by explosive volcanic phreatomagmatic eruptions forcing great tectonic movement with resultant ‘major earthquakes’, ‘thermal lightning storms’, and great waterway upheavals of lakes, major rivers and oceanic tsunamis; and event that – for the surface of the Earth – will likely result in what is known as an Extinction Level Event ( ELE ).

Known well in-advance, by only a few, a greater growing number of what are called ‘conspiracy nuts’ and ‘doomsday prophets’ have been surmising for decades that ‘some unknown but catastrophic event or chain of events is going to occur on Earth’.

Now, recent information – contained in this report – could explain the primary reason behind why so many government protected ‘ultra-deep underground facilities’ are being ‘stockpiled with only the purest of natural agricultural produce seeds’ ( recently obtained from a few Native American Indian tribes ), and why ‘ultra-deep subterranean bases have alternative suboceanic tunnel system entry and exit access points as well’.

Deep underground ( subterranean ) ‘bases’ have been photographed and even ‘recently videotaped on a high-quality cellphone camera’ used by a ‘truck driver making secret deliveries’ deep down inside one ( 1 ) facility carved into gigantic cavern warehouse size rooms with blast proof doors and extremely huge tunnel access protected by armed government military soldiers. Hence, the nickname “DUMB” ( ” Deep Underground Military Base ” ).

Deep underground ( subterranean ) ‘tunnels’ have also been recently filmed with still-image cameras providing amazingly crystal clear color photographs showing tunnels ‘carved out-of solid rock’ where huge equipment believed propelled by what are known as “Terron Drives” ‘cut-through and liquefy rock cuts simultaneously providing a seamless seal that is totally impenetrable by anything known to man; including multiple back-to-back ‘bunker buster’ directed nuclear bomb strikes.

On February 24, 2011 NASA Discovery space shuttle left Earth with the first ( 1st ), and probably last for a long while, ‘humanoid robot’ nicknamed “Robonaut” ( also known as ) “R-2″ that will be placed under a ‘top secret assignment’ aboard the International Space Station ( ISS ).

It is believed the purpose of the “Robonaut” ‘secret assignment’ will be to ‘eventually takeover ISS space-based data recording’ of ‘multiple Earth events unfolding’ whereupon from ‘extreme solar flare high-energy particle irradiation exposure’ after the Earth “occurrence” thereupon eventually ‘rendering prohibition of human life ever to be stationed aboard the International Space Station ( ISS )’.

The rapid increases in ISS payload, recent types of payloads brought onboard the ISS, and ISS projected movement is ‘absolutely chilling’.

Official documented reports by government coupled with ‘genuine news facts reported’ from mainstream media television broadcasts, leaves information analysis up to be ascertained by the public.

Here are only ‘a very few’ but ‘key critical officially recorded’ recent ‘facts’ – but ‘not all’ from what is additionally contained within the Concept Activity Research Vault database. ( see below )

– –

Source ( secondary ): MSNBC.Com – Space

[ PHOTO ( above ): The European Space Agency ( ESA ) ATV-2 “Johannes Kepler” docks at the International Space Station ( ISS ) on February 24, 2011 after an 8-day flight. ]

Cargo Ship Gets To Space Station Ahead Of Shuttle Discovery

Source ( primary ): Space.Com

Robotic Spacecraft Delivers 7 Tons Of Supplies For Crew by, Tarik Malik [ Space.Com Managing Editor ]

February 24, 2011 18:10:33 Thursday ( Updated: 2 hours 21 minutes ago )

A huge European cargo ship linked up with the International Space Station Thursday, delivering tons of supplies for the outpost’s crew just ‘hours before’ NASA’s planned launch of the shuttle Discovery [ STS-133 ].

The robotic spacecraft ( the ‘size of a double-decker bus’ ) – docked with the space station ( ISS ) [ on February 24, 2011 ] at 10:59 a.m. EST ( 15:59 GMT ) as the two [ 2 ] vehicles [ ATV-2 & ISS ] soared high over the Atlantic Ocean – known as the Automated Transfer Vehicle 2 ( ATV-2 ) – hefty space freighter is packed with 7 tons [ 14,000 pounds ] of supplies for the station’s [ ISS ] 6 person crew.

“Contact confirmed, capture confirmed,” Russia cosmonauts on the station [ ISS ] radioed mission control [ <?> NASA / ESA <?> ] after the successful docking.

The ATV-2, named the ” Johannes Kepler ” [ http://www.space.com/10884-huge-european-spaceship-launches.html ], is the second [ 2nd ] ‘robotic cargo spacecraft’ built by the European Space Agency [ ESA ] to ferry supplies to the International Space Station [ ISS ]. It launched atop a [ France ] Ariane 5 rocket on February 16, 2011 – beating NASA space shuttle [ Discovery STS 133 ].

The cargo ship [ ATV 2 ] hooked-up with the space station [ ISS ] in less than ’6-hours before’ the Discovery [ STS 133 ] space shuttle planned launch [ http://www.space.com/10937-space-shuttle-discovery-final-launch-preview.html ] toward the orbiting laboratory [ ISS ] – clearing the way for the orbiter’s [ Discovery space shuttle ] flight, NASA officials said.

NASA had already fueled Discovery [ space shuttle ] – for a 4:50 p.m. EST ( 21:50 GMT ) launch from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida – at the time of the docking in space.

The six [ 6 ] astronauts – set to launch on Discovery – were apparently keeping track of the ATV-2 docking even as they geared-up for their own flight [ Discovery ].

“ATV docking complete! ISS just got bigger,” Discovery astronaut Nicole Stott wrote in a Twitter post. “Congrats to ESA and all the station partners around the world!

‘If’ Discovery ‘launches on time’, the shuttle will arrive at the International Space Station [ ISS ] on Saturday [ 26FEB11 ] – and will be the final flight of space shuttle Discovery [ http://www.space.com/10938-space-shuttle-discovery-legacy-numbers.html ] before the orbiter is retired later this year [ 2011 ].

When NASA’s shuttle Discovery docks at the station, spacecraft and robotic arms from all five of the major international space agencies building the $100 billion space station will be at the orbiting laboratory at the same time.

NASA and its Russian Federal Space Agency ( FSA ) partners are discussing the possibility of staging a photo session to capture the space station scene.

That idea, would send station [ ISS ] crew members ‘around the orbiting lab [ ISS external visual inspection photos ]‘ – on a flight in a Russia Soyuz spacecraft, from which they would snap ‘photographs’.

A final decision, on whether to go ahead with the photo opportunity, is expected during Discovery’s mission, NASA officials have said.

Europe’s Space Freighters –

Like their name suggests, Europe’s Automated Transfer Vehicles [ ATV ] [ http://www.space.com/10859-heaviest-atv-orbit.html ] are ‘unmanned spacecraft’ designed to ‘fly themselves to a docking port’ on the aft [ anterior ] end of the space station [ ISS ].

After months parked at the station [ ISS ], they un-dock, and are then ‘intentionally destroyed’ – burned up in Earth’s atmosphere.

ATV spacecraft look like large cylindrical objects – with four [ 4 ] solar arrays – giving them a ‘dragonfly’ like appearance – they are about 35-feet long and 14.7-feet wide.

The first [ 1st ] vehicle of the fleet [ Automated Transfer Vehicles – space freighters ] was the ATV-1 [ known as the ] ” Jules Verne ” – launched to the space station [ ISS ] in March 2008 – concluded its mission in September of that year [ 2008 ].

ESA [ European Space Agency ] officials have said each ATV [ Automated Transfer Vehicle – space freighter ] mission costs about $600,000,000 million, and the ‘entire fleet’ cost about $2,000,000,000 billion just to develop, according to Spaceflight Now.

The cargo, packed inside the ATV-2 Johannes Kepler, includes:

– 3,527 pounds of ‘equipment’ and ‘other dry supplies’; – 2,200 pounds of ‘rocket propellant’ ( for the station [ ISS ] thrusters ); – 220 pounds of ‘oxygen’ ( for the station [ ISS ] crew ); and, – 10,700 pounds of propellant stored aboard the ATV-2 craft itself ( to ‘help the space station [ ISS ] boost orbit’ – from time-to-time ), NASA officials said today 24FEB11.

January 2011 Other Deliveries To ISS –

The ATV-2 Johannes Kepler is expected to spend about 4-months docked at the International Space Station.

The ATV-2, followed the earlier arrival of ‘two’ [ 2 ] ‘other unmanned cargo ships’ [ space freighters ] – sent to the space station [ ISS ] last month [ January 2011 ]:

– H-2 Transfer Vehicle ( Japan ); and,

– Progress 41 ( Russia ).

After the NASA space shuttle fleet retires, this year [ 2011 ], the United States plans to rely, on spacecraft, from:

Russia; Europe; and, Japan.

As the U.S. only means to ‘ferry crews and cargo’ to the International Space Station [ ISS ] – until American built commercial [ private-sector ] space vehicles become available.

After Discovery [ space shuttle ] launches today [ 24FEB11 ], NASA plans to fly two [ 2 ] more shuttle missions [ Endeavor STS-134 ( 14APR11 ) & Atlantis STS-135 ( 28JUN11 ); the latter returning a ‘failed ammonia pump module’ ] – and ‘then retire the fleet’ [ space shuttles ] for good after [ their ] 30-years of service.

SPACE.com Managing Editor, Tariq Malik, on: Twitter@tariqjmalik

Staff writer Denise Chow@denisechow ) is providing mission coverage of Discovery’s final space voyage from Cape Canaveral, Fla.

– Gallery – Building the International Space Station [ http://www.space.com/50-building-international-space-station.html ]; and,

– Video – Europe’s Heaviest Spaceship: ATV Johannes Kepler [ http://www.space.com/10859-heaviest-atv-orbit.html ];

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41761320/ns/technology_and_science-space/?GT1=43001

– –

Source: MSNBC.Com

TV Video Clip

Cosmonauts Install Earthquake Predictor On ISS by, Al Stirrett ( NBC News reporter )

February 24, 2011

On February 16, 2011 two ( 2 ) Russia cosmonauts – aboard the International Space Station ( ISS ) – ‘began installing outside the ISS’, the following:

– ‘Earthquake prediction and seismic forecast’ monitoring via ‘experimental optic video camera sensor’ ( the MSNBC.Com TV broadcast pronounced the monitoring program in ‘Russia language phonetics’ as “Radio Metria,” which in English translates to “radiometry” ); and;

– ‘Terrestrial lightning storms’ monitoring via ‘experimental optical radiation sensors’ ( multiple ).

On February 23, 2011 both installations were completed ‘outside the ISS’, which began providing both ‘long-range optical image data streams’ and ‘long-range scientific sensing measurements.

These data monitorization feeds are being received ‘in’ Moscow, Russia – according to the MSNBC.Com TV video report ( 24FEB11 ).

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/vp/41626743#41626743

Image: http://msnbcmedia1.msn.com/j/MSNBC/Components/Video/110216/a_ast_space_110216.thumb-m.jpg

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41761320/ns/technology_and_science-space/?GT1=43001

– –

Source: MSNBC.COM & Associated Press ( AP )

Space

February 24, 2011 13:58 PM ( PST ) – Updated 42-minutes ago

Space Shuttle Discovery Blasts Off On Its Final Flight by, MSNBC.Com Staff and Associated Press news service reports

Problem with ‘range safety’ [ Discovery space shuttle ] adds ‘last minute drama’ to space station mission

CAPE CANAVERAL, Florida — After a last-minute glitch, the space shuttle Discovery lifted off Thursday on its final voyage, heading for the International Space Station with 6 astronauts and 1 humanoid robot.

The countdown proceeded smoothly, until there were just minutes left before liftoff.

Range safety officers reported that their ‘command system display was not working’, which could have forced a halt to the count.

“Calm down,” shuttle launch director Mike Leinbach told his colleagues.

He asked for some extra time to get the problem fixed — and received the go-ahead.

The countdown had to be held at T-minus-5 minutes, but the range safety system was fixed with just seconds left to make Thursday’s launch window.

It was an extra bit of drama for a mission that was initially scheduled for launch last November [ 2010 ]. At that time, ‘fueling problems’ held up the launch, forcing months of repairs.

No such problems arose this time.

“Enjoy the ride,” mission control told Discovery commander Steven Lindsey as the clock wound down toward zero. “For those watching, get ready to witness the majesty and power of Discovery as she lifts off one last time,” Lindsey replied.

Launch came at 4:53 p.m. ET, 3-minutes later than scheduled.

“The final liftoff of Discovery,” launch commentator Mike Curie said, “a tribute to the dedication, hard work and pride of America’s space shuttle team.”

The shuttle is heading to the International Space Station [ ISS ] with a load of supplies, a new orbital closet, and a humanoid robot.

Docking is set for Saturday [ 26FEB11 ].

World’s Most Traveled Spaceship

Discovery is NASA’s most traveled space shuttle, putting in nearly three decades [ 30-years ] of service.

Now it’s slated to become the first [ 1st ] of NASA’s three [ 3 ] remaining  shuttles to retire.

This is the 39th flight for Discovery, which has logged 143,000,000 million miles ( 230,000,000 million kilometers ) since its first [ 1st ] mission in 1984.

After retirement, the orbiter is expected to go on display at the Smithsonian Institution Udvar-Hazy Center, an annex of the National Air and Space Museum.

NASA estimated that 40,000 guests were on hand for Discovery’s farewell launch, including a small contingent from Congress and Florida’s new governor, Rick Scott.

Watching with special interest, from Mission Control in Houston, was astronaut Timothy Kopra, who was supposed to be the flight’s lead spacewalker. He was hurt in a bicycle crash last month and was replaced by Stephen Bowen, who will become the first [ 1st ] astronaut to fly ‘back-to-back shuttle missions’.

In addition to Lindsey and Bowen, Discovery’s crew includes pilot Eric Boe, spacewalker Benjamin Alvin Drew Jr. and mission specialists Michael Barratt and Nicole Stott. All 6 astronauts are veterans.

Stott and Barratt served long-term stints on the space station in 2009.

Onlookers Flock To Watch Launch

Roads leading to the launch site were jammed with cars parked two and three deep; recreational vehicles snagged prime viewing spots along the Banana River well before dawn. Businesses and governments joined in, their signs offering words of encouragement. “The heavens await Discovery,” a Cocoa Beach church proclaimed. Groceries stocked up on extra red, white and blue cakes with shuttle pictures. Stores ran out of camera batteries.

The launch team also got into the act. A competition was held to craft the departing salutation from Launch Control; Kennedy Space Center’s public affairs office normally comes up with the parting line. Souvenir photos of Discovery were set aside for controllers in the firing room. Many posed for group shots.

Leinbach noted that it would be “tough” to see Discovery soar one last time. “What will be most difficult will be on landing day when we know that that’s the end of her mission completely,” he said.

Discovery will spend 11-days in orbit — on top of the 352-days it’s already spent circling the planet — and will rack up another 4,500,000 million miles ( 7,200,000 million kilometers ).

Its achievements include delivering the Hubble Space Telescope to orbit, carrying the first Russian cosmonaut to launch on a U.S. spaceship, returning Mercury astronaut John Glenn to orbit, and bringing shuttle flights back to life after the Challenger [ space shuttle ] and Columbia [ space shuttle ] accidents.

“She’s been an amazing machine,” Leinbach said Wednesday. “She’s done everything we’ve asked of her.”

Discovery’s crew will deliver and install a closet-like compartment full of space station supplies. The Italy manufactured module was named Leonardo, after the Italian artist / inventor Da Vinci.

Packed inside the compartment is “Robonaut 2″ or R2, set to become the ‘first humanoid robot in space’. The experimental machine — looking human from the waist up — [ < ! > ] ‘will remain boxed until after Discovery departs’[ < ! > ].

Up at the space station [ ISS ], meanwhile, the 6 person crew welcomed a European cargo ship [ yet another “space freighter” ] that was ‘launched last week’ from French Guiana. The robotic [ ‘unmanned’ ] spaceship [ “space freighter” ] docked successfully, ‘just 6-hours before’ Discovery lift-off, keeping the shuttle countdown on-track.

“Busy day in space,” [ ISS ] station commander Scott Kelly noted in a Twitter tweet.

NASA is under a [ U.S. ] Presidential Directive to retire the shuttle fleet this [ 2011 ] summer, letting private companies [ private sector ] take over trips [ in space ] to orbit, and focus on ‘getting astronauts to asteroids and Mars’.

There has been ‘considerable disagreement, among lawmakers and the space community’, on ‘how best to accomplish this’.

“Godspeed Discovery,” retired space shuttle program manager Wayne Hale said in a Twitter update Thursday. “Prayers for a safe flight and wisdom for decision makers.”

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41757735/ns/technology_and_science-space/

– –

The U.S. Geological Survey ( USGS ) provides a relatively recent ( 2004 ) report indicating “strong solar storm activity” ( also known as ) Coronal Mass Ejection Flares ( also known as ) “Solar Wind” from the Sun that brings Geomagnetic Storms to Earth experiences magnetosphere ( ionosphere ) interaction resonance cavity field fluctuations [ Berdichevsky and Dmitriev ( 2002 ) ] of apparent magnetic resistivity has had little ‘long term monitoring’, which was only done ‘passively in the past’ by [ Eisel and Egbert ( 2002 ) ] and [ Zhao and Qian ( 1992 ) ]. This report studies strong geomagnetic storms bringing “strong solar particle radiation” and – with it – strong “magnetic effects” on Earth tectonic plate movement ( earthquake ) reactions.

In this USGS relatively recent report, the only variations anywhere near as large as those reported in the paper of Fraser-Smith et al. ( 1990 ), ‘occurred during times of enhanced solar activity’. It is important to note this because of the fact that now there exists a ‘huge hole’ in the center of Earth’s magnetosphere ( ionosphere ) where there will be ‘absolutely no protection against other consequential reactions’ when Earth is hit by ‘significant solar flare amounts of high-energy ( energetic ) ‘electron’ particles that will enter through it, eventually be absorbed into Earth’s ‘liquid molten magnetic core magma flowing upward into volcanoes’ that erupt explosively outward pushing Earth crust plates up and on-top-of one another.

If a significant solar flare, like the one recently predicted by NASA indicating it is already something “we all need to be concerned about,” strikes Earth in its ‘most vulnerable spot’ ( magnetosphere / ionosphere ), weights of Earth’s crust plates moving up, over and on-top-of other plates will ‘weigh Earth down in highly concentrated new locations’ triggering an Earth “wobble” on its axis that may also see Earth’s magnetic Polar region shift a significant number of degrees even further than it recently has where Earth may then remain for many-many years to come, and ‘this’ could very well result in the aforementioned serious events occurring sooner here on Earth.

Geoscientists and astrophysicists whom have studied events for many years know Earth’s ‘geomagnetic activity’ is ‘typically stable’, however recent studies at astrophysics observatories have been analyzing ‘significant record periods of Earth seismic instability’ during which ’serious solar flare storms’ have been hitting Earth.

Is this what ‘a few governments are secretly preparing for’, the ‘possibility occurring soon’ triggering more events on Earth than just a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE )?

Unfortunately, recent research and analysis indicates, “yes.”

 

Submitted for review and open public commentary by,

 

Kentron Intellect Research Vault ( KIRV )
E-MAIL: KentronIntellectResearchVault@gmail.com
WWW: http://KentronIntellectResearchVault.WordPress.Com

References

http://earthquake.usgs.gov/research/external/reports/05HQGR0077.pdf
http://www.jstor.org/pss/74163
http://lasp.colorado.edu/education/journalists/solar_dynamics_ws/papers/lowres%20Severe%20Space%20Weather%20FINAL.pdf
http://conceptactivityresearchvault.wordpress.com/2011/01/02/solar-energetic-particle-event-effects
http://upintelligence.wordpress.com/2010/12/09/secret-hfse-properties-part-1
http://upintelligence.wordpress.com/2010/12/26/secret-hfse-properties-part-3
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqscanv/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Types_of_volcanic_eruptions

 

MSN Warns Disasters

MSN Warns Disasters

 

MSN Warns Disasters by, Concept Activity Research Vault

March 7, 2012 18:22:42 ( PST ) Updated ( Originally Published: May 16, 2011 )

Los Angeles – May 16, 2011 – MSN Slate News reported ( read article below ) that a host of disasters are coming, which ‘the public should not become overly worried about’, but suggests throwing a celebration-like “18th Century Weekend” in-advance so ‘people can experience what a solar flare disaster might be like to live through’.

While the suggested Medieval celebratory affair ‘concept’ is ‘unique’, MSN suggesting the public ‘stock up on batteries’ was a bit off because apparently the journalist did not realize ‘batteries become drained’ subsequent to an environmental anomaly ‘overcharging’ from an ambient auroral current attributable to what occurs during a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE );  ‘candles’ or ‘lumeniscent gel sticks’ ( shake lights ) would work amidst such, however mainstream news media broadcasts and print media, without thoroughly researching facts first, have a habit of passing inaccurate information on to the general public, and at the same time, doing it mostly in a whimsical fashion so it can be easily swallowed by the public. That type of reporting does ‘not’ help the public, but only serves to provide the illusion that what is being reported about will probably never happen. Big mistake!

News reporting, as a public service, should take far more care when reporting about emergency disaster preparedness on ‘what to do’ and just ‘how to prepare’; especially when it comes to mentioning a ‘significant’ solar flare ( also known as ) a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) that could quickly and very seriously disable the national electricity infrastructure without warning.

To let CARV readers review how MSN Slate News recently put it to the general public, we cordially invite ‘you’ ( our readers ) to review the MSN Slate News report ( below ) so, you can be the judge on whom to rely on for delivering your emergency disaster preparedness information from.

– –

Source: MSN Slate News

Meltdowns. Floods. Tornadoes. Oil spills. Grid crashes. Why more and more things seem to be going wrong, and what we can do about it.

The Century of Disasters by, Joel Achenbach

May 13, 2011 5:56 PM ( EST )

This will be the century of disasters.

In the same way that the 20th century was the century of world wars, genocide, and grinding ideological conflict, the 21st century will be the century of natural disasters and technological crises and unholy combinations of the two.

It will be the century when the things we count on to go right will – for whatever reason – go wrong.

Late last month ( April 2011 ), as the Mississippi River rose in what is destined to be the worst flood in decades, residents of Alabama and other states rummaged through the debris of a historic tornado outbreak.

Physicists at a meeting in Anaheim, California had a discussion about the dangers posed by the Sun.

Solar flares, scientists believe, are a disaster waiting to happen. Thus one of the sessions at the American Physical Society annual meeting was devoted to discussing the hazard of electromagnetic pulses ( EMP ) caused by solar flares – or terrorist attacks. Such pulses ( EMP ) could fry transformers and knock out the electrical grid over much of the nation. Last year the Oak Ridge National Laboratory released a study saying the damage might take years to fix and cost trillions of dollars.

But maybe even that is not the disaster people should be worrying about.

Maybe they should worry instead about the “ARkStorm.” That’s the name the U.S. Geological Survey ( USGS ) Multihazards Demonstration Project ( MDP ) gave to a hypothetical storm that would essentially turn much of the California Central Valley into a bathtub. It has happened before, in 1861 – 1862, when it rained for 45-days continously. USGS explains, “The ARkStorm draws heat and moisture from the tropical Pacific, forming a series of “Atmospheric Rivers” ( AR ) that approach the ferocity of hurricanes and then slam into the United States West Coast over several weeks.” The result, the USGS determined, could be a flood that would cost $725,000,000 billion in direct property losses and economic impact.

While pondering this, don’t forget the Cascadia subduction zone, the plate boundary off the coast of the Pacific Northwest, that could generate a tsunami much like the one that devastated Japan in March 2011. The Cascadia subduction zone, runs from Vancouver Island to northern California, last rupturing in a major tsunami spawning earthquake on January 26, 1700. It could break at any moment, with catastrophic consequences.

All of these things have the common feature of low probability and high consequence.

They are known as “black swan” events.

They are unpredictable in any practical sense.

There are also things ordinary people probably should not worry about on a daily basis.

You can’t fear the Sun.

You cannot worry a rock will fall out of the sky and smash the Earth, or that the ground will open up and swallow you like a vitamin.

A key element of maintaining one’s sanity is ‘knowing how to ignore risks’ that are highly improbable at any given point in time.

And yet in the coming century, these or other ‘black swan events’ will seem to occur with surprising frequency.

There are several reasons for this.

We have chosen to engineer the planet.

We have built vast networks of technology.

We have created systems that, in general, work very well, but are still vulnerable to catastrophic failures.

It is harder and harder for any one person, institution, or agency to perceive all the interconnected elements of the technological society.

Failures can cascade.

There are unseen weak points in the network.

Small failures can have broad consequences.

Most importantly, we have more people and more stuff standing in the way of calamity.

We are not suddenly having more earthquakes, but there are now 7,000,000,000 billion of us, a majority living in cities.

In 1800, only Beijing, China could count 1,000,000 inhabitants, but at last count there were 381 cities with at least 1,000,000 people.

Many are MegaCities in seismically hazardous places like Mexico City, Caracas, Venezuela; Tehran, Iran and Kathmandu amongst those with a lethal combination of weak infrastructure ( unreinforced masonry buildings ) and shaky foundations.

Natural disasters will increasingly be accompanied by technological crises, and the other way around.

In March 2011, the Japan earthquake triggered the Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear power plant meltdown.

Last year ( 2010 ), a technological failure on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig – in the Gulf of Mexico – led to the environmental crisis of the oil spill. ( I chronicle the Deepwater Horizon blowout and the ensuing crisis management in a new book: A Hole at the Bottom of the Sea: The Race to Kill the BP Oil Gusher. )

In both the Deepwater Horizon and Fukushima disasters, the safety systems were not nearly as robust as the industries believed.

In these technological accidents, there are hidden pathways for the gremlins to infiltrate the operation.

In the case of Deepwater Horizon, a series of decisions by BP ( oil company ) and its contractors led to a loss of well control — the initial blowout. The massive blowout preventer on the sea floor was equipped with a pair of pinchers known as ‘blind shear rams’. They were supposed to cut the drillpipe and shear the well. The forensic investigation indicated the initial eruption of gas buckled the pipe and prevented the blind shear rams from getting a clean bite on it so, the “backup” plan — of cutting the pipe — was effectively eliminated in the initial event; the loss of well control.

Fukushima also had a backup plan that was not far enough back. The nuclear power plant had backup generators – in case the grid went down – but the generators were on ‘low’ ground and were blasted by the tsunami.

Without electricity the power company had no way to cool the nuclear fuel rods.

In a sense, it was a very simple problem: a power outage.

Some modern reactors coming online have passive cooling systems for backups that rely on gravity and evaporation to circulate the cooling water.

Charles Perrow, author of Normal Accidents, told me that computer infrastructure is a disaster in the making.

“Watch out for failures in cloud computing,” he said by e-mail, “They will have consequences for medical monitoring systems and much else.”

Technology also mitigates disasters, of course.

Pandemics remain a threat, but modern medicine can help us stay a step ahead of evolving microbes.

Satellites and computer models helped meteorologists anticipate the deadly storms of April 27, 2011 and warn people to find cover in advance of the twisters.

Better building codes save lives in earthquakes. Chile, which has strict building codes, was hit with a powerful earthquake last year ( 2010 ) but suffered only a fraction of the fatalities and damage that impoverished Haiti endured just weeks earlier.

The current ( 2011 ) Mississippi flood is an example of technology at work for better and for worse.

As I write, the Army Corps of Engineers are poised to open the Morganza spillway and flood much of the Atchafalaya basin. That’s not a “disaster” but a solution of sorts, since the alternative is the flooding of cities downstream and possible levee failure. Of course, the levees might still fail. We’ll see. But this is how the system is ‘supposed’ to work.

On the other hand, the broader drainage system of the Mississippi River watershed is set up in a way that it makes floods more likely. Corn fields, for example in parts of the upper Midwest, have been “tiled” with pipes that carry excess rainwater rapidly to the rip-rap ( small stone ladden ) streams and onward down to rivers lined with levees. We gave up natural drainage decades ago.

The Mississippi is like a catheter, at this point. Had nature remained in charge, the river would have mitigated much of its downstream flooding by spreading into natural floodplains further up river ( and the main channel would have long ago switched to the Atchafalaya river basin — see John McPhee “The Control of Nature” — and New Orleans would no longer be a riverfront city).

One wild card for how disastrous this century will become is climate change.

There’s been a robust debate on the blogs about whether the recent weather events ( tornadoes and floods ) can be attributed to climate change.

It is a briar patch of an issue and I’ll exercise my right to skip past it for the most part.

But I think it’s clear that climate change will exacerbate natural disasters in general in coming years, and introduce a new element of risk and uncertainty into a future in which we have plenty of risks and uncertainties already. This, we don’t need.

And by the way, any discussion of “geoengineering” as a solution to climate change needs to be examined with the understanding that engineering systems can and will fail.

You don’t want to bet, the future of the planet, on an elaborate technological fix in which everything has to work perfectly. If failure is not an option, maybe you ‘should not’ try-it to begin-with.

So if we cannot engineer our-way out-of our ‘engineered disasters’, and if ‘natural disasters’ are going to keep pummeling us – as they have since the dawn of time — what is our strategy? Other than, you-know, despair? Well, that has always worked for me, but here are a few more practical thoughts to throw in the mix:

First [ 1st ], we might want to try some regulation by people with no skin in the game. That might mean, for example, government regulators who make as much money as the people they’re regulating. Or it could even mean a ‘private-sector regulatory apparatus policing the industry’, cracking down on rogue operators. The point is, we don’t want every risky decision made by people with pecuniary interests.

Second [ 2nd ], we need to keep things in perspective. The apparent onslaught of disasters does not portend the end of the world. Beware of ‘disaster hysteria in the news media’. The serial disasters of the 21st century will be – to some extent – a matter of perception. It will feel like we are bouncing from disaster-to-disaster in-part because of the shrinking of the world and the ubiquity of communications technology. Anderson Cooper and Sanjay Gupta are always in a disaster zone somewhere – demanding to know why the cavalry [ emergency first responders ] has not showed up.

Third [ 3rd ], we should think in terms of ‘how we can boost’ our “societal resilience;” the buzz-word in the ‘disaster preparedness industry’.

Think of what you would do, and what your community would do, after a disaster.

You cannot always dodge the disaster, but perhaps you can still figure-out how to recover quickly.

How would we ‘communicate’ if we got [ solar ] flared by the Sun and the [ electricity ] grid went down over 2/3rds of the country?

How would we even know what was going on?

Maybe we need to have the occasional “18th Century weekend” – to see how people might get through a couple of days without the [ electricity ] grid, cell [ telephone ] towers, cable TV [ television ], iTunes downloads – the full Hobbesian nightmare. And make an emergency plan: Buy some ‘batteries’ [ < ? > NOTE: solar flare effects, during a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), renders ‘all batteries dead’. ] and jugs of water – just for starters.

Figure-out how things around you work.

Learn about your community infrastructure.

Read about science, technology, engineering and ‘do not worry if you do not understand all the jargon’.

And then – having done that – go on about your lives, pursuing happiness on a planet that, though sometimes dangerous, is by-far the best one we’ve got.

Reference

http://www.slate.com/id/2294013/pagenum/all/#p2

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Hopefully, people will take an opportunity to read the CARV report on Solar Energetic Particle Event Effects so they can ‘really know what to prepare for soon’,  ’before celebrating’ an “18th Century weekend” affair – complete with “batteries” – as suggested by the MSN Slate News article ( above ).

Although the aforementioned Slate News article indicates, “Solar flares, scientists believe, are a disaster waiting to happen. Thus one of the sessions at the American Physical Society annual meeting was devoted to discussing the hazard of electromagnetic pulses ( EMP ) caused by solar flares – or terrorist attacks. Such pulses ( EMP ) could fry transformers and knock out the electrical grid over much of the nation. Last year the Oak Ridge National Laboratory released a study saying the damage might take years to fix and cost trillions of dollars. But maybe even that is not the disaster people should be worrying about,” – we actually ‘may’ have ‘something “people should be worrying about,” as MSNBC puts it, or “concerned about,” according to NASA, in-lieu of the following MSNBC Space.Com report ( below ):

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Source: MSNBC.COM

 

Huge Solar Flare’s Magnetic Storm May Disrupt Satellites, Power Grids

 

March 7, 2012 13:19 p.m. Eastern Standard Time ( EST )

 

A massive solar flare that erupted from the Sun late Tuesday ( March 6, 2012 ) is unleashing one of the most powerful solar storms in more than 5-years, ‘a solar tempest that may potentially interfere with satellites in orbit and power grids when it reaches Earth’.

 

“Space weather has gotten very interesting over the last 24 hours,” Joseph Kunches, a space weather scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ), told reporters today ( March 7, 2012 ). “This was quite the Super Tuesday — you bet.”

 

Several NASA spacecraft caught videos of the solar flare as it hurled a wave of solar plasma and charged particles, called a Coronal mass Ejection ( CME ), into space. The CME is not expected to hit Earth directly, but the cloud of charged particles could deliver a glancing blow to the planet.

 

Early predictions estimate that the Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) will reach Earth tomorrow ( March 8, 2012 ) at 07:00 a.m. Eastern Standard Time ( EST ), with the ‘effects likely lasting for 24-hours and possibly lingering into Friday ( March 9, 2012 )’, Kunches said.

 

The solar eruptions occurred late Tuesday night ( March 6, 2012 ) when the sun let loose two ( 2 ) huge X-Class solar flares that ‘ranked among the strongest type’ of sun storms. The biggest of those 2 flares registered as an X Class Category 5.4 solar flare geomagnetic storm on the space weather scale, making it ‘the strongest sun eruption so far this year’.

 

Typically, Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) contain 10,000,000,000 billion tons of solar plasma and material, and the CME triggered by last night’s ( March 6, 2012 ) X-Class Category 5.4 solar flare is ‘the one’ that could disrupt satellite operations, Kunches said.

 

“When the shock arrives, the expectation is for heightened geomagnetic storm activity and the potential for heightened solar radiation,” Kunches said.

 

This heightened geomagnetic activity and increase in solar radiation could impact satellites in space and ‘power grids on the ground’.

 

Some high-precision GPS ( Global Positioning Satellite ) users could also be affected, he said.

 

“There is the potential for ‘induced currents in power grids’,” Kunches said. “‘Power grid operators have all been alerted’. It could start to ’cause some unwanted induced currents’.”

 

Airplanes that fly over the polar caps could also experience communications issues during this time, and some commercial airliners have already taken precautionary actions, Kunches said.

 

Powerful solar storms can also be hazardous to astronauts in space, and NOAA is working close with NASA’s Johnson Space Center to determine if the six ( 6 ) spacecraft residents of the International Space Station ( ISS ) need to take shelter in more protected areas of the orbiting laboratory, he added.

 

The flurry of recent space weather events could also supercharge aurora displays ( also known as the Northern Lights and Southern Lights ) for sky-watchers at high latitudes.

 

“Auroras are probably the treat that we get when the sun erupts,” Kunches said.

 

Over the next couple days, Kunches estimates that brightened auroras could potentially be seen as far south as the southern Great Lakes region, provided the skies are clear.

 

Yesterday’s ( March 6, 2012 ) solar flares erupted from the giant active sunspot AR1429, which spewed an earlier X Class Category 1.1 solar flare on Sunday ( March 4, 2012 ). The CME from that one ( 1 ) outburst mostly missed Earth, passing Earth by last night ( March 6, 2012 ) at around 11 p.m. EST, according to the Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ), which is jointly managed by NOAA and the National Weather Service ( NWS ).

 

This means that the planet ( Earth ) is ‘already experiencing heightened geomagnetic and radiation effects in-advance’ of the next oncoming ( March 8, 2012 thru March 9, 2012 ) Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ).

 

“We’ve got ‘a whole series of things going off’, and ‘they take different times to arrive’, so they’re ‘all piling on top of each other’,” Harlan Spence, an astrophysicist at the University of New Hampshire, told SPACE.com. “It ‘complicates the forecasting and predicting’ because ‘there are always inherent uncertainties with any single event’ but now ‘with multiple events piling on top of one another’, that ‘uncertainty grows’.”

 

Scientists are closely monitoring the situation, particularly because ‘the AR1429 sunspot region remains potent’. “We think ‘there will be more coming’,” Kunches said. “The ‘potential for more activity’ still looms.”

 

As the Sun rotates, ‘the AR1429 region is shifting closer to the central meridian of the solar disk where flares and associated Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) may ‘pack more a punch’ because ‘they are more directly pointed at Earth’.

 

“The Sun is waking up at a time in the month when ‘Earth is coming into harms way’,” Spence said. “Think of these ‘CMEs somewhat like a bullet that is shot from the sun in more or less a straight line’. ‘When the sunspot is right in the middle of the sun’, something ‘launched from there is more or less directed right at Earth’. It’s kind of like how getting sideswiped by a car is different than ‘a head-on collision’. Even still, being ‘sideswiped by a big CME can be quite dramatic’.” Spence estimates that ‘sunspot region AR 1429 will rotate past the central meridian in about 1-week’.

 

The sun’s activity ebbs and flows on an 11-year cycle. The sun is in the midst of Solar Maximum Cycle 24, and activity is expected to ramp up toward the height of the Solar Maximum in 2013.

 

Reference

 

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/46655901/

 

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Do we need “Planetary Protection?” NASA has a specific website, referenced here ( below ) as do others ( below ), including The Guardians of the Millennium.

Submitted for review and commentary by,

Concept Activity Research Vault E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

Reference

http://planetaryprotection.nasa.gov/about/ [ Planetary Protection ) http://www.lpi.usra.edu/captem/ [ CAPTEM ] http://www.nrl.navy.mil/pao/pressRelease.php?Y=2008&R=39-08r [ U.S. Naval Research Laboratory ] http://hesperia.gsfc.nasa.gov/sftheory/imager.htm [ RHESSI ]