Earth Events Forecast

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Earth Events Forecast
by, Kentron Intellect Research Vault ( KIRV )

March 7, 2011 17:32:08 ( PST ) Updated ( February 27, 2011 )

LOS ANGELES – November 10, 2011 – The U.S. Congress House of Representatives Committee on Science and the U.S. Congress House of Representatives Sub-Committee on Environment, Technology and Standards held a hearing on October 30, 2003 about ‘Space Weather’ and the roles and responsibilities of various government agencies held as to information collection, dissemination and use of ‘space weather’ data from the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ), U.S. National Aeronautic and Space Agency ( NASA ), U.S. Air Force Weather Agency and representatives of government contractors in the private-sector. Amongst questions presented, were the following:

– “What is the ‘proper level of funding for agencies’ involved with ‘space environmental predictions’?” and,

– “What is the importance of ‘predictions to industry and commerce’?”

Interestingly, the U.S. Congress House of Representatives Sub-Committee hearing – from October 19, 2003 through November 7, 2003 – happened to be during the same time period when the Sun’s strongest Coronal Mass Ejections ( CME ) or “Solar Flares” were erupting; greater than at any time in 30-years.

Those late 2003 enormous solar flare outbursts consisted of Solar Energetic Particle ( SEP ) energy that triggered intense Solar Energetic Particle Events ( SEPE ) on Earth resulting in Geomagnetic Storms that ‘instantly brought serious disruptions’ to U.S. national infrastructure electricity grids.

Solar Particle Element ( SPE ) releases cause Geomagnetic Induced Currents ( GIC ) – also known as – “Auroral Currents” consisting of high-energy electrons ( ‘invisible’ unless in Earth’s ’upper atmospheric region’ where the ”Aurora Borealis” or “Northern Lights” appear ) made ‘visible’ in Earth’s ‘lower atmospheric region’ bombarded resulting in serious impacts on ’national electricity infrastructure grids‘ becoming instantly overcharged ( overloaded ) by what is referred to as a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), and during latter 2003 such was this U.S. national emergency throughout North Europe where amongst many utility companies SYDKRAFT ( Sweden ) reported:

– Electricity Generation Supply Failure; – Blackouts ( ‘no electricity’ & ‘no communications’ ); and, – Transformer Explosions ( ‘coils’ therein for ‘retaining electricity’ ) damaged by overloads.

NASA issued a Space Flight Early Warning Alert, because:

– Solar Radiation level heightening caused NASA to issue its directive ordering International Space Station ( ISS ) astronauts to ‘enter their onboard solar radiation shelter’ within that Earth orbiting spacecraft.

All passenger airlines worldwide were contacted and issued an ‘unprecedented ( never before ) order’ to take ‘evasive maneuvers’ away from ‘flying within’ or ‘scheduled to fly within’, ‘both’:

Polar routes ( Earth’s ‘upper hemisphere’ and ‘lower hemisphere’ ); and,

Equator routes ( Earth’s ‘lower hemisphere’ ).

– Aircraft destinations in ‘both aforementioned routes’ normally occur in ‘high Earth latitudes’, however these flights were ‘purposely redirected’ to, avoid:

– Solar ‘radiation level exposure’ hazards for all ‘passengers’ and ‘crew members’; – Damage to aircraft from electronic system failure; and, – Communication and navigation failures from satellite damages.

Costs, for airlines, was up to $100,000 dollars for ‘each flight’ re-routed.

– Satellites, plus deep space missions, reported ‘numerous anomalies at all orbit levels’.

Later, NASA GSFC Space Science Mission Operations Team estimated a minimum of 59% of all ‘space science missions’ were impacted by the solar flares of late 2003.

– Casualties ( from solar flares ) in space, costs amongst many, were the:

– ADEOS 2 spacecraft, which cost $640,000,000 million dollars to build plus its onboard $150,000,000 million dollar NASA SeaWinds instrument, all lost by serious impact from these solar flares.

Total damage costs, resultant from the late 2003 impact of this Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), was ‘never publicly reported’.

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Solar flare outbursts, varying in intensity and variety, impact Earth global business operations ( to varying degrees ) ‘vulnerable to serious space weather’ from serious high-level solar flare activity.

Solar Energetic Particle Events ( SEPE ), which ‘affects everyone on Earth’, should mobilize governments because of, how:

– Quickly ( from a ‘few hours’ to ’4-days’ ) ‘space weather’ hits Earth; and,

– Human life can be ‘instantly impacted’ because of ‘society operational heavy reliance’ from ‘Earth based electronics’ to ‘space based communication equipment’.

Since at least 2001, ‘other superpower country governments’ ( e.g. China, Russia, France, Japan, etc. ) have been providing ‘public service early warnings” for ‘serious’ “space weather” in order to ‘preserve the human life of citizens’.

By 2004, tragically the United States of America ( USA ) National Research Council ( NRC ) Committee on Solar and Space Physics ( CSSP ) had only ‘begun to consider’ but ‘had not yet even considered’ any ‘need for ‘human impact assessments’ or ‘economic impact systematicals’ surrounding the subject of serious ‘solar flare’ impacts being an immediate ‘key critical need’ for everyone’s reliance on ‘space weather information news’ to begin reigning supreme over all publicly broadcasted ( television and radio ) news stories; ‘space weather assessments’ have been in ‘existence for decades’ – and at ‘considerable taxpayer costs’ for NASA and NOAA ‘programs’ and ‘projects’.

The United States of America government could easily provide ‘widely broadcasted public service educational announcements’ ( in multiple languages ) on a “Space Weather Channel”, providing:

1. Space Weather Education;

2. Space Weather Preparedness; and,

3. Space Weather Alert Warnings.

To-date ( 26FEB11 ), the U.S. has ‘exhibited absolutely no regard for its citizens’ surrounding ‘space weather’ importance with, ‘no’:

A. Lessons on ‘serious space weather;

B. Planning for ‘serious space weather’; and,

B. Announcements for ‘serious space weather’.

Think-tanks, under government contracts, studied and provided information to government how to order ‘national highway safety bridge improvements’ and thereby raise taxes – and by many other means for a variety of other reasons too.

Alternatively, citizens could receive an ‘immediate extension on surviving life’ upon experiencing a “National Serious Space Weather Event” with a ‘government public service television channel broadcast’ ( 24-hours a day, 7-days a week, 365-days a year ) for ‘all citizens’ ( elders & youth ) dealing more effectively by ‘single-handedly managing their own affairs’ ( as best they can ) during the onslaught of a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), by:

1. Learning.

a. Solar Flare High-Energy Particle Hazards; b. Earth Magnetic Core Trigger Mechanisms; c. Earth Axis Plate Shifts ( Earthquake & Tsunamis ); and, d. Volcanic ( Eruptions & Thermal Atmospheric Lightning Storms ).

2. Understanding.

a. Natural Disasters ( Type Dependent ); and, b. Planning ( Geography, Elevations, Weather ).

3. Planning.

a. Survival Methods ( rudimentary basics – adults & children ).

Learning – kept real simple – is important because, during an actual emergency ‘common sense’ fails to act sometimes because ‘emergencies are not routine matters’ but rarely exercised by most, except well-trained ‘emergency first responders’ whom are unfortunately ‘not trained on what to do during all types of disasters’, and this is why it is so ‘very important for everyone to know what to do’ – ‘when’ during ‘what type of disaster’.

Many do ‘not exercise proper judgment’ during an emergency, and that ‘knowledge failure’ creates ‘life threatening problems’ for ‘them’ and ‘their loved ones’ whom do know either because most ‘do not know how to effectively deal with each type of disaster’ since such are rarely experienced.

There are some basic ‘emergency common sense lessons’ easily learned that quickly become second-nature if ‘at least taught’ using a ‘proper presentation medium’ to reach people’s understandings so they ‘can know precisely what to do’ because disasters are ‘type dependent’ where ‘no disaster preparedness is the same’ but varies according to type.

Fatal Mistakes During Disasters

Citizen’s ‘disaster emergency preparedness’ seriously saves lives but because of a ‘lack of understanding’ there continues to be a significant number of ‘serious mistakes made by ‘many believing they are exercising logical steps at-first to save their life’ – until they die from having made that mistake – because they have ‘not been taught certain ramifications of type-dependent disasters’.

For serious space weather, a prime example of this is a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) occurring during a Winter cold weather where electricity becomes completely shut-off and people bring their ‘barbeque pits indoors’ where they can ‘create wood fires’. The end result is, ‘all occupants of the dwelling die overnight’ because ‘constant wood-fire burning depletes oxygen levels that become overpowered with carbon monoxide levels’.

Somewhat similar are those who retreat to their vehicle – inside a closed garage – where the engine is started to run the heater to stay warm, but a steady stream of ‘vehicle exhaust fumes slowly enter the interior of the car’ – unnoticeably to vehicle occupants who get put to sleep and their death from being slowly asphyxiated.

The U.S. government, for years, has been providing a very expensive ( to taxpayers ) NASA television channel broadcast ( 24-hours a day, 7-days a week, year round ) that continues ‘interrupted’ – whether there is a NASA spacecraft in space or not ( sometimes with a ‘blackened screen only filled with trajectory lines for hours on-end’ ), which ‘does absolutely nothing for the preservation of human life of any taxpaying American citizen’; yet American taxpayers continue paying for this ‘government wasteful spending’ nonsense.

Why No Government Lessons Teach The Public Anything

Global panic, is the only reason ‘why’ most were ‘not warned in-advance’, and as the following ( below ) points-out, there is ‘absolutely no time left for people to wait for their government warning’ because ‘no warning will ever be issued’ – people are going to just live-out their lives until the end comes soon.

No longer a ‘doomsday prediction’, because the following information ( below ) is based on ‘official information compiled’ clearly demonstrating ‘why’ it has now become logical for everyone to ‘self-mandate learning how to self-prepare’ for a ‘serious space weather disaster’ that will soon affect the very ground stood upon today that was ‘secretly predicted for key citizens’ as far back as at least 2004.

The Government Is Always Correct, Right? Wrong!

Had anyone from the public been tasked to closely monitor not only mainstream news media broadcasts as to certain events, but also obtained background studies from ‘official U.S. government data’ supplied by both NASA and NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center providing data from several spacecraft, had college studies in ‘plate tectonics’, plus performed significant comparative analysis with ‘ultra-deep sea arc volcanic explosive phreatic magmatic activity’ the ‘government secret would have been revealed a lot sooner – after ‘ascertaining it all in a final understanding’.

What began on February 8, 2011 with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security elevating its Threat Level to “YELLOW” for a “Significant National Weather Alert” issued by the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA ) based on NASA and NOAA information left only a few to wonder ‘why’ many U.S. government agencies are all climbing into the same information bed at one time. Why are they all so nervous? Might they have somehow forgotten to tell the ‘little people’ ( public ) some ‘new information’ that is now ‘old news’ to only but a few in government?

Recent facts about Earth ‘true north’ has ‘quickly shifted’ dramatically in the ‘opposite direction’ of what ‘government reported as its “earlier prediction” that was recently ‘officially admitted’ as having ‘earlier been incorrect’.

Why has such information been recently released by mainstream news broadcast reports?

Airline pilots noticed their aircraft navigation compass headings required changes to navigate according to airport runway heading indicator signs and neither agree.

The anomaly instantly saw airline pilots and navigators talking amongst themselves worldwide about their ‘compass headings no longer point “True North,” now requiring navigation corrections on aircraft onboard computers and even airport runways as recently reported in February 2011.

Many do not realize that if an airplane or ship ‘navigation is incorrect by only a few degrees’ that entire land masses will be missed and fuel will run-out leaving passengers either stranded or dead from airlines running out-of fuel in mid-air.

Recently, it was discovered that the entire Earth axis has ‘definitely shifted’ and ‘much quicker’ than expected.

What was ‘unexpected’ was, this Earth axis shift was ‘totally in the opposite direction’ of what ‘government standards of measurement’ provided for ‘scientific data accuracy outcomes’.

That was only a few ‘small parts’ of what has gone seriously wrong about a ‘much greater secret’ never leaked to the press.

What recently came next, in February 2011, was yet another secret leaked just last week: The Earth axis not only shifted a total of 4-degrees, but it did-so due ‘East’ but not ‘West’ as the government again predicted.

Unless government ‘did not make any mistakes for what it predicted earlier to the public’ could it have secretly wanted to see people worldwide taken by surprise? If not, then ‘how could the government make so many serious scientific mistakes’?

Pole Shift Reported By Mainstream News Broadcasts

In February 2011, when ‘airports began changing runway compass number headings’ displayed on ‘extremely large portrait-size shaped signs’ standing upright at the end of runways, news of such was leaked to the mainstream press outlets that saw broadcast television news reports announcing a “sudden pole shift” in the Earth.

Science Fiction “Deep Space 9″ Strange ISS Payloads & Movements

Since at least 2004, government secrets surrounding ‘space weather’ ( extremely serious solar flare activity ) is very capable of ‘triggering magnetic mechanisms’ deep within the magnetic core of the Earth – the effects of which extend upward to the surface in something most are unaware of called ‘ultra-deep sea volcanoes that erupt so incredibly explosive ( volcanic explosive phreatic magamatics or phreatomagmatic eruptions ) causing Earth’s crust plate tectonics to begin moving as a result of ‘ultra-deep magmatic and magnetic force increases from increased high-energy particles received and stored in Earth’s core’ – something that ‘geoscientific astrophysicists’ know plenty about.

This is believed the ‘secret reason’ behind ‘why’, since 2004, the following ( below ) has been conducted, and precisely ‘why’ the United States of America ( USA ), Russia ( CIS ), Japan and French government timelines have been ‘secretly speeding’ “unmanned space freighters” ( see NASA news below ) with ‘continual non-stop secret payload amounts’ from Earth up into the International Space Station ( ISS ) that is experiencing ‘significant increases in its fuel payloads’ NASA says is “designed to boost the International Space Station ( ISS ) further into orbit” should it become necessary for the ISS to be moved further away from the Earth.

Questions have recently begun to surface, which see ‘no answers being provided to the public by any government agency service’:

– “Why is the International Space Station ( ISS ) being considered ‘moved further away from Earth’?”

– “Could there be a government secret that brought about a plan to send the International Space Station ( ISS ) ‘farther away from Earth into space’ so the NASA “Robonaut 2” ( also known as ) “R2” ‘may eventually be the only thing performing any physical work aboard’, but that may only be to ‘maintain an earlier recorded Earth event’ that to-date has not yet occurred?”

– “Is the ISS secretly expected to ‘hitch a galactic ride’ due to a ‘gravity well’ created by another interstellar body ( asteroid, comet, planet, or dwarf star ) entering our Solar System planetary plane soon?”

– “Is the ISS being ‘secretly missioned to record data of a cataclysmic Earth Extinction Level Event ( ELE ) so, in the future ‘other space goers will know that we once existed and had progressed as far as we did in technology and outer space use? If so, does a ‘limited few on Earth’ – knowing this – believe such ‘interstellar historical information’ may be valued by others coming upon it later? If so, then what is about to happen on Earth that people are not being told?”

Geoscience and astrophysics data facts, once researched and extrapolated for comparative analysis, points directly to an Earth Extinction Level Event ( ELE ) coming soon, and taking all that data and coupling it with known facts that ‘certain superpower governments’ and building deep underground military-protected bases

Not Science Fiction But Geoscience Astrophysics Reality

Before February 16, 2011 an ‘earlier secret payload’ of ‘extreme long-range optical sensors and data recorders’ was delivered to the International Space Station ( ISS ) to ‘record from space only’ an ‘extremely powerful global seismic shock’ ( earthquake ) that ‘Earth seismic detectors will be unable to fully and accurately record’ overall Earth plate tectonic movement the likes which has never been recorded during the history of man.

On February 17, 2011 the aforementioned monitoring equipment consisting of optical imaging long-range sensing detectors and data recording equipment rendered the International Space Station ( ISS ) a Space-based Planet Monitoring System ( PMS ) focusing on Earth ground events coming, was finally completed by two ( 2 ) Russia cosmonauts positioning the space-based external sensors ( SES ) outside the International Space Station ( ISS ) to record a major Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) impact triggering affects in yet other Earth mechanisms beginning, with:

Earth axis ‘pole shift’ as ‘high-energy particles invisibly penetrate the magnetic core of the Earth’, much of which danger ‘primarily enters en-masse through planet Earth’s ‘now open’ Magnetosphere no longer protecting the entire circumference of the Earth due to a hole in it, followed by explosive volcanic phreatomagmatic eruptions forcing great tectonic movement with resultant ‘major earthquakes’, ‘thermal lightning storms’, and great waterway upheavals of lakes, major rivers and oceanic tsunamis; and event that – for the surface of the Earth – will likely result in what is known as an Extinction Level Event ( ELE ).

Known well in-advance, by only a few, a greater growing number of what are called ‘conspiracy nuts’ and ‘doomsday prophets’ have been surmising for decades that ‘some unknown but catastrophic event or chain of events is going to occur on Earth’.

Now, recent information – contained in this report – could explain the primary reason behind why so many government protected ‘ultra-deep underground facilities’ are being ‘stockpiled with only the purest of natural agricultural produce seeds’ ( recently obtained from a few Native American Indian tribes ), and why ‘ultra-deep subterranean bases have alternative suboceanic tunnel system entry and exit access points as well’.

Deep underground ( subterranean ) ‘bases’ have been photographed and even ‘recently videotaped on a high-quality cellphone camera’ used by a ‘truck driver making secret deliveries’ deep down inside one ( 1 ) facility carved into gigantic cavern warehouse size rooms with blast proof doors and extremely huge tunnel access protected by armed government military soldiers. Hence, the nickname “DUMB” ( ” Deep Underground Military Base ” ).

Deep underground ( subterranean ) ‘tunnels’ have also been recently filmed with still-image cameras providing amazingly crystal clear color photographs showing tunnels ‘carved out-of solid rock’ where huge equipment believed propelled by what are known as “Terron Drives” ‘cut-through and liquefy rock cuts simultaneously providing a seamless seal that is totally impenetrable by anything known to man; including multiple back-to-back ‘bunker buster’ directed nuclear bomb strikes.

On February 24, 2011 NASA Discovery space shuttle left Earth with the first ( 1st ), and probably last for a long while, ‘humanoid robot’ nicknamed “Robonaut” ( also known as ) “R-2″ that will be placed under a ‘top secret assignment’ aboard the International Space Station ( ISS ).

It is believed the purpose of the “Robonaut” ‘secret assignment’ will be to ‘eventually takeover ISS space-based data recording’ of ‘multiple Earth events unfolding’ whereupon from ‘extreme solar flare high-energy particle irradiation exposure’ after the Earth “occurrence” thereupon eventually ‘rendering prohibition of human life ever to be stationed aboard the International Space Station ( ISS )’.

The rapid increases in ISS payload, recent types of payloads brought onboard the ISS, and ISS projected movement is ‘absolutely chilling’.

Official documented reports by government coupled with ‘genuine news facts reported’ from mainstream media television broadcasts, leaves information analysis up to be ascertained by the public.

Here are only ‘a very few’ but ‘key critical officially recorded’ recent ‘facts’ – but ‘not all’ from what is additionally contained within the Concept Activity Research Vault database. ( see below )

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Source ( secondary ): MSNBC.Com – Space

[ PHOTO ( above ): The European Space Agency ( ESA ) ATV-2 “Johannes Kepler” docks at the International Space Station ( ISS ) on February 24, 2011 after an 8-day flight. ]

Cargo Ship Gets To Space Station Ahead Of Shuttle Discovery

Source ( primary ): Space.Com

Robotic Spacecraft Delivers 7 Tons Of Supplies For Crew by, Tarik Malik [ Space.Com Managing Editor ]

February 24, 2011 18:10:33 Thursday ( Updated: 2 hours 21 minutes ago )

A huge European cargo ship linked up with the International Space Station Thursday, delivering tons of supplies for the outpost’s crew just ‘hours before’ NASA’s planned launch of the shuttle Discovery [ STS-133 ].

The robotic spacecraft ( the ‘size of a double-decker bus’ ) – docked with the space station ( ISS ) [ on February 24, 2011 ] at 10:59 a.m. EST ( 15:59 GMT ) as the two [ 2 ] vehicles [ ATV-2 & ISS ] soared high over the Atlantic Ocean – known as the Automated Transfer Vehicle 2 ( ATV-2 ) – hefty space freighter is packed with 7 tons [ 14,000 pounds ] of supplies for the station’s [ ISS ] 6 person crew.

“Contact confirmed, capture confirmed,” Russia cosmonauts on the station [ ISS ] radioed mission control [ <?> NASA / ESA <?> ] after the successful docking.

The ATV-2, named the ” Johannes Kepler ” [ http://www.space.com/10884-huge-european-spaceship-launches.html ], is the second [ 2nd ] ‘robotic cargo spacecraft’ built by the European Space Agency [ ESA ] to ferry supplies to the International Space Station [ ISS ]. It launched atop a [ France ] Ariane 5 rocket on February 16, 2011 – beating NASA space shuttle [ Discovery STS 133 ].

The cargo ship [ ATV 2 ] hooked-up with the space station [ ISS ] in less than ’6-hours before’ the Discovery [ STS 133 ] space shuttle planned launch [ http://www.space.com/10937-space-shuttle-discovery-final-launch-preview.html ] toward the orbiting laboratory [ ISS ] – clearing the way for the orbiter’s [ Discovery space shuttle ] flight, NASA officials said.

NASA had already fueled Discovery [ space shuttle ] – for a 4:50 p.m. EST ( 21:50 GMT ) launch from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida – at the time of the docking in space.

The six [ 6 ] astronauts – set to launch on Discovery – were apparently keeping track of the ATV-2 docking even as they geared-up for their own flight [ Discovery ].

“ATV docking complete! ISS just got bigger,” Discovery astronaut Nicole Stott wrote in a Twitter post. “Congrats to ESA and all the station partners around the world!

‘If’ Discovery ‘launches on time’, the shuttle will arrive at the International Space Station [ ISS ] on Saturday [ 26FEB11 ] – and will be the final flight of space shuttle Discovery [ http://www.space.com/10938-space-shuttle-discovery-legacy-numbers.html ] before the orbiter is retired later this year [ 2011 ].

When NASA’s shuttle Discovery docks at the station, spacecraft and robotic arms from all five of the major international space agencies building the $100 billion space station will be at the orbiting laboratory at the same time.

NASA and its Russian Federal Space Agency ( FSA ) partners are discussing the possibility of staging a photo session to capture the space station scene.

That idea, would send station [ ISS ] crew members ‘around the orbiting lab [ ISS external visual inspection photos ]‘ – on a flight in a Russia Soyuz spacecraft, from which they would snap ‘photographs’.

A final decision, on whether to go ahead with the photo opportunity, is expected during Discovery’s mission, NASA officials have said.

Europe’s Space Freighters –

Like their name suggests, Europe’s Automated Transfer Vehicles [ ATV ] [ http://www.space.com/10859-heaviest-atv-orbit.html ] are ‘unmanned spacecraft’ designed to ‘fly themselves to a docking port’ on the aft [ anterior ] end of the space station [ ISS ].

After months parked at the station [ ISS ], they un-dock, and are then ‘intentionally destroyed’ – burned up in Earth’s atmosphere.

ATV spacecraft look like large cylindrical objects – with four [ 4 ] solar arrays – giving them a ‘dragonfly’ like appearance – they are about 35-feet long and 14.7-feet wide.

The first [ 1st ] vehicle of the fleet [ Automated Transfer Vehicles – space freighters ] was the ATV-1 [ known as the ] ” Jules Verne ” – launched to the space station [ ISS ] in March 2008 – concluded its mission in September of that year [ 2008 ].

ESA [ European Space Agency ] officials have said each ATV [ Automated Transfer Vehicle – space freighter ] mission costs about $600,000,000 million, and the ‘entire fleet’ cost about $2,000,000,000 billion just to develop, according to Spaceflight Now.

The cargo, packed inside the ATV-2 Johannes Kepler, includes:

– 3,527 pounds of ‘equipment’ and ‘other dry supplies’; – 2,200 pounds of ‘rocket propellant’ ( for the station [ ISS ] thrusters ); – 220 pounds of ‘oxygen’ ( for the station [ ISS ] crew ); and, – 10,700 pounds of propellant stored aboard the ATV-2 craft itself ( to ‘help the space station [ ISS ] boost orbit’ – from time-to-time ), NASA officials said today 24FEB11.

January 2011 Other Deliveries To ISS –

The ATV-2 Johannes Kepler is expected to spend about 4-months docked at the International Space Station.

The ATV-2, followed the earlier arrival of ‘two’ [ 2 ] ‘other unmanned cargo ships’ [ space freighters ] – sent to the space station [ ISS ] last month [ January 2011 ]:

– H-2 Transfer Vehicle ( Japan ); and,

– Progress 41 ( Russia ).

After the NASA space shuttle fleet retires, this year [ 2011 ], the United States plans to rely, on spacecraft, from:

Russia; Europe; and, Japan.

As the U.S. only means to ‘ferry crews and cargo’ to the International Space Station [ ISS ] – until American built commercial [ private-sector ] space vehicles become available.

After Discovery [ space shuttle ] launches today [ 24FEB11 ], NASA plans to fly two [ 2 ] more shuttle missions [ Endeavor STS-134 ( 14APR11 ) & Atlantis STS-135 ( 28JUN11 ); the latter returning a ‘failed ammonia pump module’ ] – and ‘then retire the fleet’ [ space shuttles ] for good after [ their ] 30-years of service.

SPACE.com Managing Editor, Tariq Malik, on: Twitter@tariqjmalik

Staff writer Denise Chow@denisechow ) is providing mission coverage of Discovery’s final space voyage from Cape Canaveral, Fla.

– Gallery – Building the International Space Station [ http://www.space.com/50-building-international-space-station.html ]; and,

– Video – Europe’s Heaviest Spaceship: ATV Johannes Kepler [ http://www.space.com/10859-heaviest-atv-orbit.html ];

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41761320/ns/technology_and_science-space/?GT1=43001

– –

Source: MSNBC.Com

TV Video Clip

Cosmonauts Install Earthquake Predictor On ISS by, Al Stirrett ( NBC News reporter )

February 24, 2011

On February 16, 2011 two ( 2 ) Russia cosmonauts – aboard the International Space Station ( ISS ) – ‘began installing outside the ISS’, the following:

– ‘Earthquake prediction and seismic forecast’ monitoring via ‘experimental optic video camera sensor’ ( the MSNBC.Com TV broadcast pronounced the monitoring program in ‘Russia language phonetics’ as “Radio Metria,” which in English translates to “radiometry” ); and;

– ‘Terrestrial lightning storms’ monitoring via ‘experimental optical radiation sensors’ ( multiple ).

On February 23, 2011 both installations were completed ‘outside the ISS’, which began providing both ‘long-range optical image data streams’ and ‘long-range scientific sensing measurements.

These data monitorization feeds are being received ‘in’ Moscow, Russia – according to the MSNBC.Com TV video report ( 24FEB11 ).

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/vp/41626743#41626743

Image: http://msnbcmedia1.msn.com/j/MSNBC/Components/Video/110216/a_ast_space_110216.thumb-m.jpg

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41761320/ns/technology_and_science-space/?GT1=43001

– –

Source: MSNBC.COM & Associated Press ( AP )

Space

February 24, 2011 13:58 PM ( PST ) – Updated 42-minutes ago

Space Shuttle Discovery Blasts Off On Its Final Flight by, MSNBC.Com Staff and Associated Press news service reports

Problem with ‘range safety’ [ Discovery space shuttle ] adds ‘last minute drama’ to space station mission

CAPE CANAVERAL, Florida — After a last-minute glitch, the space shuttle Discovery lifted off Thursday on its final voyage, heading for the International Space Station with 6 astronauts and 1 humanoid robot.

The countdown proceeded smoothly, until there were just minutes left before liftoff.

Range safety officers reported that their ‘command system display was not working’, which could have forced a halt to the count.

“Calm down,” shuttle launch director Mike Leinbach told his colleagues.

He asked for some extra time to get the problem fixed — and received the go-ahead.

The countdown had to be held at T-minus-5 minutes, but the range safety system was fixed with just seconds left to make Thursday’s launch window.

It was an extra bit of drama for a mission that was initially scheduled for launch last November [ 2010 ]. At that time, ‘fueling problems’ held up the launch, forcing months of repairs.

No such problems arose this time.

“Enjoy the ride,” mission control told Discovery commander Steven Lindsey as the clock wound down toward zero. “For those watching, get ready to witness the majesty and power of Discovery as she lifts off one last time,” Lindsey replied.

Launch came at 4:53 p.m. ET, 3-minutes later than scheduled.

“The final liftoff of Discovery,” launch commentator Mike Curie said, “a tribute to the dedication, hard work and pride of America’s space shuttle team.”

The shuttle is heading to the International Space Station [ ISS ] with a load of supplies, a new orbital closet, and a humanoid robot.

Docking is set for Saturday [ 26FEB11 ].

World’s Most Traveled Spaceship

Discovery is NASA’s most traveled space shuttle, putting in nearly three decades [ 30-years ] of service.

Now it’s slated to become the first [ 1st ] of NASA’s three [ 3 ] remaining  shuttles to retire.

This is the 39th flight for Discovery, which has logged 143,000,000 million miles ( 230,000,000 million kilometers ) since its first [ 1st ] mission in 1984.

After retirement, the orbiter is expected to go on display at the Smithsonian Institution Udvar-Hazy Center, an annex of the National Air and Space Museum.

NASA estimated that 40,000 guests were on hand for Discovery’s farewell launch, including a small contingent from Congress and Florida’s new governor, Rick Scott.

Watching with special interest, from Mission Control in Houston, was astronaut Timothy Kopra, who was supposed to be the flight’s lead spacewalker. He was hurt in a bicycle crash last month and was replaced by Stephen Bowen, who will become the first [ 1st ] astronaut to fly ‘back-to-back shuttle missions’.

In addition to Lindsey and Bowen, Discovery’s crew includes pilot Eric Boe, spacewalker Benjamin Alvin Drew Jr. and mission specialists Michael Barratt and Nicole Stott. All 6 astronauts are veterans.

Stott and Barratt served long-term stints on the space station in 2009.

Onlookers Flock To Watch Launch

Roads leading to the launch site were jammed with cars parked two and three deep; recreational vehicles snagged prime viewing spots along the Banana River well before dawn. Businesses and governments joined in, their signs offering words of encouragement. “The heavens await Discovery,” a Cocoa Beach church proclaimed. Groceries stocked up on extra red, white and blue cakes with shuttle pictures. Stores ran out of camera batteries.

The launch team also got into the act. A competition was held to craft the departing salutation from Launch Control; Kennedy Space Center’s public affairs office normally comes up with the parting line. Souvenir photos of Discovery were set aside for controllers in the firing room. Many posed for group shots.

Leinbach noted that it would be “tough” to see Discovery soar one last time. “What will be most difficult will be on landing day when we know that that’s the end of her mission completely,” he said.

Discovery will spend 11-days in orbit — on top of the 352-days it’s already spent circling the planet — and will rack up another 4,500,000 million miles ( 7,200,000 million kilometers ).

Its achievements include delivering the Hubble Space Telescope to orbit, carrying the first Russian cosmonaut to launch on a U.S. spaceship, returning Mercury astronaut John Glenn to orbit, and bringing shuttle flights back to life after the Challenger [ space shuttle ] and Columbia [ space shuttle ] accidents.

“She’s been an amazing machine,” Leinbach said Wednesday. “She’s done everything we’ve asked of her.”

Discovery’s crew will deliver and install a closet-like compartment full of space station supplies. The Italy manufactured module was named Leonardo, after the Italian artist / inventor Da Vinci.

Packed inside the compartment is “Robonaut 2″ or R2, set to become the ‘first humanoid robot in space’. The experimental machine — looking human from the waist up — [ < ! > ] ‘will remain boxed until after Discovery departs’[ < ! > ].

Up at the space station [ ISS ], meanwhile, the 6 person crew welcomed a European cargo ship [ yet another “space freighter” ] that was ‘launched last week’ from French Guiana. The robotic [ ‘unmanned’ ] spaceship [ “space freighter” ] docked successfully, ‘just 6-hours before’ Discovery lift-off, keeping the shuttle countdown on-track.

“Busy day in space,” [ ISS ] station commander Scott Kelly noted in a Twitter tweet.

NASA is under a [ U.S. ] Presidential Directive to retire the shuttle fleet this [ 2011 ] summer, letting private companies [ private sector ] take over trips [ in space ] to orbit, and focus on ‘getting astronauts to asteroids and Mars’.

There has been ‘considerable disagreement, among lawmakers and the space community’, on ‘how best to accomplish this’.

“Godspeed Discovery,” retired space shuttle program manager Wayne Hale said in a Twitter update Thursday. “Prayers for a safe flight and wisdom for decision makers.”

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41757735/ns/technology_and_science-space/

– –

The U.S. Geological Survey ( USGS ) provides a relatively recent ( 2004 ) report indicating “strong solar storm activity” ( also known as ) Coronal Mass Ejection Flares ( also known as ) “Solar Wind” from the Sun that brings Geomagnetic Storms to Earth experiences magnetosphere ( ionosphere ) interaction resonance cavity field fluctuations [ Berdichevsky and Dmitriev ( 2002 ) ] of apparent magnetic resistivity has had little ‘long term monitoring’, which was only done ‘passively in the past’ by [ Eisel and Egbert ( 2002 ) ] and [ Zhao and Qian ( 1992 ) ]. This report studies strong geomagnetic storms bringing “strong solar particle radiation” and – with it – strong “magnetic effects” on Earth tectonic plate movement ( earthquake ) reactions.

In this USGS relatively recent report, the only variations anywhere near as large as those reported in the paper of Fraser-Smith et al. ( 1990 ), ‘occurred during times of enhanced solar activity’. It is important to note this because of the fact that now there exists a ‘huge hole’ in the center of Earth’s magnetosphere ( ionosphere ) where there will be ‘absolutely no protection against other consequential reactions’ when Earth is hit by ‘significant solar flare amounts of high-energy ( energetic ) ‘electron’ particles that will enter through it, eventually be absorbed into Earth’s ‘liquid molten magnetic core magma flowing upward into volcanoes’ that erupt explosively outward pushing Earth crust plates up and on-top-of one another.

If a significant solar flare, like the one recently predicted by NASA indicating it is already something “we all need to be concerned about,” strikes Earth in its ‘most vulnerable spot’ ( magnetosphere / ionosphere ), weights of Earth’s crust plates moving up, over and on-top-of other plates will ‘weigh Earth down in highly concentrated new locations’ triggering an Earth “wobble” on its axis that may also see Earth’s magnetic Polar region shift a significant number of degrees even further than it recently has where Earth may then remain for many-many years to come, and ‘this’ could very well result in the aforementioned serious events occurring sooner here on Earth.

Geoscientists and astrophysicists whom have studied events for many years know Earth’s ‘geomagnetic activity’ is ‘typically stable’, however recent studies at astrophysics observatories have been analyzing ‘significant record periods of Earth seismic instability’ during which ’serious solar flare storms’ have been hitting Earth.

Is this what ‘a few governments are secretly preparing for’, the ‘possibility occurring soon’ triggering more events on Earth than just a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE )?

Unfortunately, recent research and analysis indicates, “yes.”

 

Submitted for review and open public commentary by,

 

Kentron Intellect Research Vault ( KIRV )
E-MAIL: KentronIntellectResearchVault@gmail.com
WWW: http://KentronIntellectResearchVault.WordPress.Com

References

http://earthquake.usgs.gov/research/external/reports/05HQGR0077.pdf
http://www.jstor.org/pss/74163
http://lasp.colorado.edu/education/journalists/solar_dynamics_ws/papers/lowres%20Severe%20Space%20Weather%20FINAL.pdf
http://conceptactivityresearchvault.wordpress.com/2011/01/02/solar-energetic-particle-event-effects
http://upintelligence.wordpress.com/2010/12/09/secret-hfse-properties-part-1
http://upintelligence.wordpress.com/2010/12/26/secret-hfse-properties-part-3
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqscanv/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Types_of_volcanic_eruptions

 

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MSN Warns Disasters

MSN Warns Disasters

 

MSN Warns Disasters by, Concept Activity Research Vault

March 7, 2012 18:22:42 ( PST ) Updated ( Originally Published: May 16, 2011 )

Los Angeles – May 16, 2011 – MSN Slate News reported ( read article below ) that a host of disasters are coming, which ‘the public should not become overly worried about’, but suggests throwing a celebration-like “18th Century Weekend” in-advance so ‘people can experience what a solar flare disaster might be like to live through’.

While the suggested Medieval celebratory affair ‘concept’ is ‘unique’, MSN suggesting the public ‘stock up on batteries’ was a bit off because apparently the journalist did not realize ‘batteries become drained’ subsequent to an environmental anomaly ‘overcharging’ from an ambient auroral current attributable to what occurs during a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE );  ‘candles’ or ‘lumeniscent gel sticks’ ( shake lights ) would work amidst such, however mainstream news media broadcasts and print media, without thoroughly researching facts first, have a habit of passing inaccurate information on to the general public, and at the same time, doing it mostly in a whimsical fashion so it can be easily swallowed by the public. That type of reporting does ‘not’ help the public, but only serves to provide the illusion that what is being reported about will probably never happen. Big mistake!

News reporting, as a public service, should take far more care when reporting about emergency disaster preparedness on ‘what to do’ and just ‘how to prepare’; especially when it comes to mentioning a ‘significant’ solar flare ( also known as ) a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) that could quickly and very seriously disable the national electricity infrastructure without warning.

To let CARV readers review how MSN Slate News recently put it to the general public, we cordially invite ‘you’ ( our readers ) to review the MSN Slate News report ( below ) so, you can be the judge on whom to rely on for delivering your emergency disaster preparedness information from.

– –

Source: MSN Slate News

Meltdowns. Floods. Tornadoes. Oil spills. Grid crashes. Why more and more things seem to be going wrong, and what we can do about it.

The Century of Disasters by, Joel Achenbach

May 13, 2011 5:56 PM ( EST )

This will be the century of disasters.

In the same way that the 20th century was the century of world wars, genocide, and grinding ideological conflict, the 21st century will be the century of natural disasters and technological crises and unholy combinations of the two.

It will be the century when the things we count on to go right will – for whatever reason – go wrong.

Late last month ( April 2011 ), as the Mississippi River rose in what is destined to be the worst flood in decades, residents of Alabama and other states rummaged through the debris of a historic tornado outbreak.

Physicists at a meeting in Anaheim, California had a discussion about the dangers posed by the Sun.

Solar flares, scientists believe, are a disaster waiting to happen. Thus one of the sessions at the American Physical Society annual meeting was devoted to discussing the hazard of electromagnetic pulses ( EMP ) caused by solar flares – or terrorist attacks. Such pulses ( EMP ) could fry transformers and knock out the electrical grid over much of the nation. Last year the Oak Ridge National Laboratory released a study saying the damage might take years to fix and cost trillions of dollars.

But maybe even that is not the disaster people should be worrying about.

Maybe they should worry instead about the “ARkStorm.” That’s the name the U.S. Geological Survey ( USGS ) Multihazards Demonstration Project ( MDP ) gave to a hypothetical storm that would essentially turn much of the California Central Valley into a bathtub. It has happened before, in 1861 – 1862, when it rained for 45-days continously. USGS explains, “The ARkStorm draws heat and moisture from the tropical Pacific, forming a series of “Atmospheric Rivers” ( AR ) that approach the ferocity of hurricanes and then slam into the United States West Coast over several weeks.” The result, the USGS determined, could be a flood that would cost $725,000,000 billion in direct property losses and economic impact.

While pondering this, don’t forget the Cascadia subduction zone, the plate boundary off the coast of the Pacific Northwest, that could generate a tsunami much like the one that devastated Japan in March 2011. The Cascadia subduction zone, runs from Vancouver Island to northern California, last rupturing in a major tsunami spawning earthquake on January 26, 1700. It could break at any moment, with catastrophic consequences.

All of these things have the common feature of low probability and high consequence.

They are known as “black swan” events.

They are unpredictable in any practical sense.

There are also things ordinary people probably should not worry about on a daily basis.

You can’t fear the Sun.

You cannot worry a rock will fall out of the sky and smash the Earth, or that the ground will open up and swallow you like a vitamin.

A key element of maintaining one’s sanity is ‘knowing how to ignore risks’ that are highly improbable at any given point in time.

And yet in the coming century, these or other ‘black swan events’ will seem to occur with surprising frequency.

There are several reasons for this.

We have chosen to engineer the planet.

We have built vast networks of technology.

We have created systems that, in general, work very well, but are still vulnerable to catastrophic failures.

It is harder and harder for any one person, institution, or agency to perceive all the interconnected elements of the technological society.

Failures can cascade.

There are unseen weak points in the network.

Small failures can have broad consequences.

Most importantly, we have more people and more stuff standing in the way of calamity.

We are not suddenly having more earthquakes, but there are now 7,000,000,000 billion of us, a majority living in cities.

In 1800, only Beijing, China could count 1,000,000 inhabitants, but at last count there were 381 cities with at least 1,000,000 people.

Many are MegaCities in seismically hazardous places like Mexico City, Caracas, Venezuela; Tehran, Iran and Kathmandu amongst those with a lethal combination of weak infrastructure ( unreinforced masonry buildings ) and shaky foundations.

Natural disasters will increasingly be accompanied by technological crises, and the other way around.

In March 2011, the Japan earthquake triggered the Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear power plant meltdown.

Last year ( 2010 ), a technological failure on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig – in the Gulf of Mexico – led to the environmental crisis of the oil spill. ( I chronicle the Deepwater Horizon blowout and the ensuing crisis management in a new book: A Hole at the Bottom of the Sea: The Race to Kill the BP Oil Gusher. )

In both the Deepwater Horizon and Fukushima disasters, the safety systems were not nearly as robust as the industries believed.

In these technological accidents, there are hidden pathways for the gremlins to infiltrate the operation.

In the case of Deepwater Horizon, a series of decisions by BP ( oil company ) and its contractors led to a loss of well control — the initial blowout. The massive blowout preventer on the sea floor was equipped with a pair of pinchers known as ‘blind shear rams’. They were supposed to cut the drillpipe and shear the well. The forensic investigation indicated the initial eruption of gas buckled the pipe and prevented the blind shear rams from getting a clean bite on it so, the “backup” plan — of cutting the pipe — was effectively eliminated in the initial event; the loss of well control.

Fukushima also had a backup plan that was not far enough back. The nuclear power plant had backup generators – in case the grid went down – but the generators were on ‘low’ ground and were blasted by the tsunami.

Without electricity the power company had no way to cool the nuclear fuel rods.

In a sense, it was a very simple problem: a power outage.

Some modern reactors coming online have passive cooling systems for backups that rely on gravity and evaporation to circulate the cooling water.

Charles Perrow, author of Normal Accidents, told me that computer infrastructure is a disaster in the making.

“Watch out for failures in cloud computing,” he said by e-mail, “They will have consequences for medical monitoring systems and much else.”

Technology also mitigates disasters, of course.

Pandemics remain a threat, but modern medicine can help us stay a step ahead of evolving microbes.

Satellites and computer models helped meteorologists anticipate the deadly storms of April 27, 2011 and warn people to find cover in advance of the twisters.

Better building codes save lives in earthquakes. Chile, which has strict building codes, was hit with a powerful earthquake last year ( 2010 ) but suffered only a fraction of the fatalities and damage that impoverished Haiti endured just weeks earlier.

The current ( 2011 ) Mississippi flood is an example of technology at work for better and for worse.

As I write, the Army Corps of Engineers are poised to open the Morganza spillway and flood much of the Atchafalaya basin. That’s not a “disaster” but a solution of sorts, since the alternative is the flooding of cities downstream and possible levee failure. Of course, the levees might still fail. We’ll see. But this is how the system is ‘supposed’ to work.

On the other hand, the broader drainage system of the Mississippi River watershed is set up in a way that it makes floods more likely. Corn fields, for example in parts of the upper Midwest, have been “tiled” with pipes that carry excess rainwater rapidly to the rip-rap ( small stone ladden ) streams and onward down to rivers lined with levees. We gave up natural drainage decades ago.

The Mississippi is like a catheter, at this point. Had nature remained in charge, the river would have mitigated much of its downstream flooding by spreading into natural floodplains further up river ( and the main channel would have long ago switched to the Atchafalaya river basin — see John McPhee “The Control of Nature” — and New Orleans would no longer be a riverfront city).

One wild card for how disastrous this century will become is climate change.

There’s been a robust debate on the blogs about whether the recent weather events ( tornadoes and floods ) can be attributed to climate change.

It is a briar patch of an issue and I’ll exercise my right to skip past it for the most part.

But I think it’s clear that climate change will exacerbate natural disasters in general in coming years, and introduce a new element of risk and uncertainty into a future in which we have plenty of risks and uncertainties already. This, we don’t need.

And by the way, any discussion of “geoengineering” as a solution to climate change needs to be examined with the understanding that engineering systems can and will fail.

You don’t want to bet, the future of the planet, on an elaborate technological fix in which everything has to work perfectly. If failure is not an option, maybe you ‘should not’ try-it to begin-with.

So if we cannot engineer our-way out-of our ‘engineered disasters’, and if ‘natural disasters’ are going to keep pummeling us – as they have since the dawn of time — what is our strategy? Other than, you-know, despair? Well, that has always worked for me, but here are a few more practical thoughts to throw in the mix:

First [ 1st ], we might want to try some regulation by people with no skin in the game. That might mean, for example, government regulators who make as much money as the people they’re regulating. Or it could even mean a ‘private-sector regulatory apparatus policing the industry’, cracking down on rogue operators. The point is, we don’t want every risky decision made by people with pecuniary interests.

Second [ 2nd ], we need to keep things in perspective. The apparent onslaught of disasters does not portend the end of the world. Beware of ‘disaster hysteria in the news media’. The serial disasters of the 21st century will be – to some extent – a matter of perception. It will feel like we are bouncing from disaster-to-disaster in-part because of the shrinking of the world and the ubiquity of communications technology. Anderson Cooper and Sanjay Gupta are always in a disaster zone somewhere – demanding to know why the cavalry [ emergency first responders ] has not showed up.

Third [ 3rd ], we should think in terms of ‘how we can boost’ our “societal resilience;” the buzz-word in the ‘disaster preparedness industry’.

Think of what you would do, and what your community would do, after a disaster.

You cannot always dodge the disaster, but perhaps you can still figure-out how to recover quickly.

How would we ‘communicate’ if we got [ solar ] flared by the Sun and the [ electricity ] grid went down over 2/3rds of the country?

How would we even know what was going on?

Maybe we need to have the occasional “18th Century weekend” – to see how people might get through a couple of days without the [ electricity ] grid, cell [ telephone ] towers, cable TV [ television ], iTunes downloads – the full Hobbesian nightmare. And make an emergency plan: Buy some ‘batteries’ [ < ? > NOTE: solar flare effects, during a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), renders ‘all batteries dead’. ] and jugs of water – just for starters.

Figure-out how things around you work.

Learn about your community infrastructure.

Read about science, technology, engineering and ‘do not worry if you do not understand all the jargon’.

And then – having done that – go on about your lives, pursuing happiness on a planet that, though sometimes dangerous, is by-far the best one we’ve got.

Reference

http://www.slate.com/id/2294013/pagenum/all/#p2

– –

Hopefully, people will take an opportunity to read the CARV report on Solar Energetic Particle Event Effects so they can ‘really know what to prepare for soon’,  ’before celebrating’ an “18th Century weekend” affair – complete with “batteries” – as suggested by the MSN Slate News article ( above ).

Although the aforementioned Slate News article indicates, “Solar flares, scientists believe, are a disaster waiting to happen. Thus one of the sessions at the American Physical Society annual meeting was devoted to discussing the hazard of electromagnetic pulses ( EMP ) caused by solar flares – or terrorist attacks. Such pulses ( EMP ) could fry transformers and knock out the electrical grid over much of the nation. Last year the Oak Ridge National Laboratory released a study saying the damage might take years to fix and cost trillions of dollars. But maybe even that is not the disaster people should be worrying about,” – we actually ‘may’ have ‘something “people should be worrying about,” as MSNBC puts it, or “concerned about,” according to NASA, in-lieu of the following MSNBC Space.Com report ( below ):

– – – –

 

Source: MSNBC.COM

 

Huge Solar Flare’s Magnetic Storm May Disrupt Satellites, Power Grids

 

March 7, 2012 13:19 p.m. Eastern Standard Time ( EST )

 

A massive solar flare that erupted from the Sun late Tuesday ( March 6, 2012 ) is unleashing one of the most powerful solar storms in more than 5-years, ‘a solar tempest that may potentially interfere with satellites in orbit and power grids when it reaches Earth’.

 

“Space weather has gotten very interesting over the last 24 hours,” Joseph Kunches, a space weather scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ), told reporters today ( March 7, 2012 ). “This was quite the Super Tuesday — you bet.”

 

Several NASA spacecraft caught videos of the solar flare as it hurled a wave of solar plasma and charged particles, called a Coronal mass Ejection ( CME ), into space. The CME is not expected to hit Earth directly, but the cloud of charged particles could deliver a glancing blow to the planet.

 

Early predictions estimate that the Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) will reach Earth tomorrow ( March 8, 2012 ) at 07:00 a.m. Eastern Standard Time ( EST ), with the ‘effects likely lasting for 24-hours and possibly lingering into Friday ( March 9, 2012 )’, Kunches said.

 

The solar eruptions occurred late Tuesday night ( March 6, 2012 ) when the sun let loose two ( 2 ) huge X-Class solar flares that ‘ranked among the strongest type’ of sun storms. The biggest of those 2 flares registered as an X Class Category 5.4 solar flare geomagnetic storm on the space weather scale, making it ‘the strongest sun eruption so far this year’.

 

Typically, Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) contain 10,000,000,000 billion tons of solar plasma and material, and the CME triggered by last night’s ( March 6, 2012 ) X-Class Category 5.4 solar flare is ‘the one’ that could disrupt satellite operations, Kunches said.

 

“When the shock arrives, the expectation is for heightened geomagnetic storm activity and the potential for heightened solar radiation,” Kunches said.

 

This heightened geomagnetic activity and increase in solar radiation could impact satellites in space and ‘power grids on the ground’.

 

Some high-precision GPS ( Global Positioning Satellite ) users could also be affected, he said.

 

“There is the potential for ‘induced currents in power grids’,” Kunches said. “‘Power grid operators have all been alerted’. It could start to ’cause some unwanted induced currents’.”

 

Airplanes that fly over the polar caps could also experience communications issues during this time, and some commercial airliners have already taken precautionary actions, Kunches said.

 

Powerful solar storms can also be hazardous to astronauts in space, and NOAA is working close with NASA’s Johnson Space Center to determine if the six ( 6 ) spacecraft residents of the International Space Station ( ISS ) need to take shelter in more protected areas of the orbiting laboratory, he added.

 

The flurry of recent space weather events could also supercharge aurora displays ( also known as the Northern Lights and Southern Lights ) for sky-watchers at high latitudes.

 

“Auroras are probably the treat that we get when the sun erupts,” Kunches said.

 

Over the next couple days, Kunches estimates that brightened auroras could potentially be seen as far south as the southern Great Lakes region, provided the skies are clear.

 

Yesterday’s ( March 6, 2012 ) solar flares erupted from the giant active sunspot AR1429, which spewed an earlier X Class Category 1.1 solar flare on Sunday ( March 4, 2012 ). The CME from that one ( 1 ) outburst mostly missed Earth, passing Earth by last night ( March 6, 2012 ) at around 11 p.m. EST, according to the Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ), which is jointly managed by NOAA and the National Weather Service ( NWS ).

 

This means that the planet ( Earth ) is ‘already experiencing heightened geomagnetic and radiation effects in-advance’ of the next oncoming ( March 8, 2012 thru March 9, 2012 ) Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ).

 

“We’ve got ‘a whole series of things going off’, and ‘they take different times to arrive’, so they’re ‘all piling on top of each other’,” Harlan Spence, an astrophysicist at the University of New Hampshire, told SPACE.com. “It ‘complicates the forecasting and predicting’ because ‘there are always inherent uncertainties with any single event’ but now ‘with multiple events piling on top of one another’, that ‘uncertainty grows’.”

 

Scientists are closely monitoring the situation, particularly because ‘the AR1429 sunspot region remains potent’. “We think ‘there will be more coming’,” Kunches said. “The ‘potential for more activity’ still looms.”

 

As the Sun rotates, ‘the AR1429 region is shifting closer to the central meridian of the solar disk where flares and associated Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) may ‘pack more a punch’ because ‘they are more directly pointed at Earth’.

 

“The Sun is waking up at a time in the month when ‘Earth is coming into harms way’,” Spence said. “Think of these ‘CMEs somewhat like a bullet that is shot from the sun in more or less a straight line’. ‘When the sunspot is right in the middle of the sun’, something ‘launched from there is more or less directed right at Earth’. It’s kind of like how getting sideswiped by a car is different than ‘a head-on collision’. Even still, being ‘sideswiped by a big CME can be quite dramatic’.” Spence estimates that ‘sunspot region AR 1429 will rotate past the central meridian in about 1-week’.

 

The sun’s activity ebbs and flows on an 11-year cycle. The sun is in the midst of Solar Maximum Cycle 24, and activity is expected to ramp up toward the height of the Solar Maximum in 2013.

 

Reference

 

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/46655901/

 

– – – –

Do we need “Planetary Protection?” NASA has a specific website, referenced here ( below ) as do others ( below ), including The Guardians of the Millennium.

Submitted for review and commentary by,

Concept Activity Research Vault E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

Reference

http://planetaryprotection.nasa.gov/about/ [ Planetary Protection ) http://www.lpi.usra.edu/captem/ [ CAPTEM ] http://www.nrl.navy.mil/pao/pressRelease.php?Y=2008&R=39-08r [ U.S. Naval Research Laboratory ] http://hesperia.gsfc.nasa.gov/sftheory/imager.htm [ RHESSI ]

 

Satellites Critical Data Problems

Satellites Critical Data Problems

 

Satellites Critical Data Problems by, Concept Activity Research Vault [ ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com ]

April 10, 2012 22:42:08 ( PST ) Updated ( Originally Published: May 18, 2011 )

CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles – April 10, 2012 – In 1997, NASA could provide Earth with “space weather” ( also known as ) “solar wind” (aka) “solar flare” disturbances ‘early warning’ of between 15-minutes to 45-minutes from the Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) spacecraft satellite probe that detects inbound solar geomagnetic storm streams of highly excited and disorderly flowing ‘electron particles’ ( invisible to the naked eye ), the effects thereof wreak havoc on national electricity grid system transformers and satellites that both burn-out if they are not ‘shutdown’ beforehand because they both become overly loaded from what are called ‘significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) effects above Earth, on the ground, and underwater.

The environments of near-Earth space and the upper atmosphere pose unique challenges for the design and deployment of satellite systems. Highly energetic solar Coronal Mass Ejections ( CME ) from the Sun can penetrate spacecraft disrupting critical electronic systems and interfere with or damage electronic switches and memory devices onboard satellites. Large electrostatic charge potentials can build up on the surface of spacecraft and suddenly discharge, damaging or destroying sensitive electronic instruments.

The Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) spacecraft satellite probe onboard sensing camera detectors, however rely on the ‘orderly flow of electrons’ for it to function properly in sending signals back to Earth station receivers, but amidst a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) from an ‘extremely fast’ Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) solar flare, the highly excited electrons from the Sun will cause ACE and other satellite monitors to experience electrical power outages that could take NASA longer than 15-minutes to determine ‘why’ the ACE spacecraft went out. Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) was only built to withstand the effects from ‘average solar flare’, not a ‘significant solar flare’. NASA knows ACE 13-year old sensors will ‘cease to function before a significant solar flare even passes ACE in space’. NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) sensing detectors are now 13-years old, not as sensitive as newer technology detectors today, plus ACE has exceeded its NASA calculated life expectance.

– –

Source: Source: National Aeronautic and Space Administration ( NASA ) National Space Science Data Center ( NSSDC )

The objective of the Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) is to collect observations of particles of solar [ Sun ], interplanetary, interstellar, and galactic origins, spanning the energy range from that of KeV solar wind ions to galactic cosmic ray nuclei up to 600 MeV/nucleon.

Definitive studies will be made of the abundances of essentially all isotopes from H to Zn ( Z = 1-30 ), with exploratory isotope studies extending to Zr ( Z = 40 ).

ACE payload includes six [ 6 ] high resolution spectrometers, each designed to provide the optimum charge, mass, or charge-state resolution in its particular energy range.

Each spectrometer has a geometry factor optimized for expected flux levels, so as to provide a collecting power greater by a factor of 10 times to 1000 times that of previous or planned experiments.

The payload also includes three [ 3 ] additional instruments of standard design to monitor ‘energetic electrons’, H and He ions, and a magnetometer.

ACE spacecraft is based on the design of the Charge Composition Explorer [ CCE ], built at JHU/APL for the Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorer ( AMPTE ) program.

The spacecraft ( ACE ) spin-axis is pointed towards the Sun ( to within +/- 20 degrees ), and it [ ACE ] occupies a halo orbit about the L1 Earth-Sun libration point.

Powered by solar cells, the spacecraft [ ACE ] has a design life of ‘at least 5-years’, and it returns data in daily tape recorder dumps, received through the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory ( JPL ) Deep Space Network and initially processed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center ( GSFC ).

The average data telemetry rate is 6.7 Kbs.

Reference

http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1997-045A

– –

National Security Electricity Infrastructure Concerns

While the ‘official report’ ( above ) states, “… the spacecraft [ ACE ] has a ‘design life’ of at least 5-years …,” a ‘national security concern’ in yet another ’official report’ ( see below ) states, the “… Advanced Composition Explorer …” ( ACE ) “… exceeded …” its “… 2-year ‘design life’ …”

How long ’really’ was the ”design life” of the Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) spacecraft satellite probe that to-date ( 2011 ) was still operating.

Do U.S. government federal agencies ‘really mean’ what they ’officially state’, or when it comes toU.S. federal budget justification ‘needs’ does mentioning a ‘national security concern’ reveal credibility gaps between one ‘official statement’ and another ‘official statement’?

Inconsistencies in ‘official statements’ directed to U.S. federal government elected officials within the U.S. Congress – as well as what the public – is told to believe according to U.S. government ‘official statements’, such as this ( above and below ), demonstrateshow U.S. ’official statements’ can so easily mislead a nation and its people unable to recall earlier official statements from newer official statements they hear during current time periods.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) National Environmental Satellite Service ( NESS ) budget justification report for Fiscal Year 2012 ( FY 2012 ) indicates a ‘serious national security concern’ specifically mentioning ‘critical data’ the United States receives from the NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) spacecraft satellite probe ( below ):

– –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA )

Fiscal Year 2012

National Environmental Satellite Service ( NESS )

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

Early warning of major weather events saves countless lives and prevents substantial property damage. Billions of dollars in damage and hundreds of lives are lost each year due to natural disasters. These losses would be significantly worse if NOAA satellite data and services were unavailable due to interference with, or the failure of, critical satellite command and data acquisition infrastructure.

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

The NOAA Satellite Command and Control program forms the backbone of the ground systems that command, control, and acquire data from NOAA satellites on orbit 24-hours per day, 365-days per year.

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

Satellite Operations Control Center ( SOCC ) / Command and Data Acquisition ( CDA ) Facilities command and control both the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) and non-NOAA environmental satellites … and pass these data to other National Environmental Satellite Service ( NESS ) offices, primarily the Office of Satellite Data Processing & Distribution ( OSDPD ). The SOCC/CDA provides the vital link between the satellites and every data user.

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

Statement of Need and Economic Benefits:

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

“Currently, the only data source for geomagnetic storm warnings ( providing 15-minute to 45-minute lead times for impending space weather storms ) is the NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) satellite, which is operating 12-years past its design life. The geomagnetic storm forecasts, which provide 1-day to 4-day warnings of impending space weather storms, use Coronal Mass Ejection [ CME ] imagery received now from NASA / ESA SOHO and NASA STEREO satellites. Launched in 1995, 1997 and 2006, all of these satellites have exceeded their 2-year design life.

Without immediate action, NOAA wll lose two [ 2 ] of its most critical space weather observation data sources when the NASA ACE and the NASA / ESA SOHO satellites fail.

Low reliability of the satellites and sensors and the high risk of unavailability of the data pose one [ 1 ] of the ‘most serious gaps’ for NOAA space weather services.

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

In 2005, NOAA issued a press release informing its geomagnetic storm warning customers that the alert might be discontinued at any time due to the current data source of solar wind, the ACE satellite, being years beyond its design life. Customers were invited to respond to NOAA documenting the impact of the loss of the warning on them. Their responses were summarized in a report “Evaluation of Public Response to the Termination of Solar Wind Data”, October 2006.

Members of the ‘electrical power industry’, which is vulnerable to ‘geomagnetic storm induced blackouts and transformer damage’, have ‘repeatedly corresponded’ with the Department of Commerce, White House, and U.S. Congress regarding their concerns for the ‘risk posed by the potential loss in geomagnetic storm forecasting data’.”

… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …

Reference

http://www.corporateservices.noaa.gov/~nbo/fy12_presidents_budget/Climate_Service_FY12.pdf http://www.corporateservices.noaa.gov/nbo/fy12_budget_highlights/NESS_FY12_One_pager.pdf http://science.house.gov/sites/republicans.science.house.gov/files/documents/hearings/NOAA%20EPA%20FY12%20Budget%20Hearing%20Charter%20FINAL.pdf

– –

Upon a ‘significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), predicted by NASA to occur sometime between 2010 and 2013, the NASA ACE spacecraft – and others – will become overloaded and burn-out from solar electron particle disruption and shut down in space ‘before a significant solar flare even passes its sensors’. No time soon could a replacement, for the NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ), launch another into space.

There is no intelligence in relying on ACE because in addition to all of the aforementioned, ACE is positioned 92,000,000 million miles away from the Sun and only 900,000 miles away from Earth making it about 93,000,000 million miles away from the Sun, meaning that within only a few seconds after a ‘significant solar flare’ passes ACE detection sensors – a large geomagnetic storm will have already shutdown other satelllites, hit Earth and wiped-out national electricity infrastructure grids to many people.

Other solar observation satellites, such as Solar and Heliospheric Observatory ( SOHO ) only provides ‘some warning’, but with ‘far less detailed information’ than the NASA Advanced Composition explorer ( ACE ).

In the wake of the recent NASA ‘predicted’ ( depending on ‘which NASA report’ one reviews ) Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) coming to Earth sometime between 2011 and 2013.

After reading the following, you will see the conflicting bafoonery of reports issued by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather Service ( NWS ) to the public ( below ) when between May 17, 2011 and May 18, 2011 they are told everything remains calm, but then the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) reports to the public that the ACE spacecraft satellite probe has been disrupted as have other satellites. Why?

Well, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather Service ( NWS ) reports to the public that the reason why they are ‘not posting’ “critical data” publicly anymore is because, of the:

1. Japan tsunami on March 11, 2011; and,

2. ACE satellite and other spacecraft disruptions.

What does a March 11, 2011 Japan tsunami have anything to do with spacecraft outages and NOAA SWPC NWS failure to report “solar flare” data on their website anymore?

Has a ‘significant’ solar Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) from the Sun occured recently? The image ( above ) plus the data ( near the bottom of this report ) would be considered “Space Weather,” however National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) ‘official reports’ of May 16, 2011 thru May 18, 2011 ( see further below ) indicate something entirely contrary with, the following ( below ):

1. “No space weather storms were observed for the ‘past’ 24-hours;” and,

2. “No space weather storms are predicted for the ‘next’ 24-hours.”

The ‘official reports’ ( see further below ) indicate only solar flare “A-index” but on the ‘same day’ a “K-index” was ‘officially reported’ when ACE and the other satellites and NOAA quit providing “critical data” – blaming the lack of public information on a March 11, 2011 Japan tsunami occurring months before now ( May 18, 2011 ).

– –

 

May 16, 2011 thru May 17, 2011 ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

WWV

Product: Geophysical Alert Message Issued: May 17, 2011 21:05 UTC

Prepared by the U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center

Please send comments and suggestions to SWPC.Webmaster@noaa.gov

3-hourly messages issued this UT [ Universal Time ] day.

Geophysical Alert Message

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 0000 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 18 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 0300 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 1 ( 8 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 0600 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 18 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 0900 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 3 ( 32 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1200 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 15 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1500 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 14 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 16 May follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 10.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1800 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 15 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and estimated mid-latitude A-Index 6.

The mid-latitude K-index at 2100 UTC on 17 May 2011 was 2 ( 12 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpdir/forecasts/wwv/0517wwv.txt

– –

May 17, 2011 thru May 18, 2011 ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

Product: Geophysical Alert Message wwv.txt Issued: May 18, 2011 18:05 UTC

Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center

Please send comments and suggestions to SWPC.Webmaster@noaa.gov

3-hourly messages issued this UT [ Universal Time ] day.

Geophysical Alert Message

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 00:00 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 3 ( 28 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 03:00 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 2 ( 17 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow. Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8. The mid-latitude K-index at 06:00 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 2 ( 17 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 09:00 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 2 ( 10 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1200 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 1 ( 5 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1500 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 2 ( 13 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

#—————————————————————–

Solar-terrestrial indices for 17 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 92 and mid-latitude A-index 8.

The mid-latitude K-index at 1800 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 2 ( 14 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpdir/forecasts/wwv/0518wwv.txt

– –

May 18, 2011 ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

May 18, 2011

NOAA Scales Activity:

LEGEND: Range 1 ( minor ) to 5 ( extreme )

NOAA Scale…………….Past 24-hrs…..Current

Geomagnetic Storms………- none -……- none – Solar Radiation Storms…..- none -……- none –  Radio Blackouts…………- none -……- none –

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/SWN/index.html

– –

May 17, 2011 thru May 18, 2011 ( below ) –

 

Product: Geomagnetic Data Issued: 22:29 UTC 18 May 2011

Prepared by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center

Please send comments and suggestions to SWPC.Webmaster@noaa.gov

Updated every hour beginning at 00:29 UTC.

Values shown as reported, SEC does not verify accuracy.

Missing Data = -1

Geomagnetic A indices and K indices from the U.S. Geological Survey [ USGS ] Stations:

#               Geomagnetic #                 Dipole      A   ————- 3 Hourly K Indices ————– # Station        Lat. Long. Index 00-03 03-06 06-09 09-12 12-15 15-18 18-21 21-24 #——————————————————————————-

May 17, 2011

Boulder          N49 W 42    8     1     2     3     2     2     2     2     3 Chambon-la-foret N– E—   15     2     2     2     3     2     2     2     2 College          N65 W102   17     1     2     5     5     3     2     1     2 Fredericksburg   N38 W 78    8     1     2     3     2     2     2     2     2 Kergulen Island  S57 E130   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Learmonth        S22 E114   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Planetary(estimated Ap)     10     2     2     3     3     2     3     3     3 Wingst           N54 E 95   13     2     2     3     3     3     3     3     3 May 18, 2011

Boulder          N49 W 42    5     2     2     2     1     2     2     1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Chambon-la-foret N– E—   -1     2     2    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] College          N65 W102   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Fredericksburg   N38 W 78   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Kergulen Island  S57 E130   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Learmonth        S22 E114   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Planetary(estimated Ap)     -1     2     2     1     1     1     2     1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ] Wingst           N54 E 95   -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1    -1 [ -1 = missing data ]

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpdir/lists/geomag/AK.txt

– –

The ‘official chart’ ( immediately above ) is ‘missing data’ ( -1 ). All data ( further above ) indicates the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather service see ‘no significant’ “space weather,” right? Then again, who really knows because ‘those official reports’ are ‘missing’ an awful lot of “critical data” – none of which was released to the public.

What is indicated ( above ), however is ‘not what’s indicated’ ( below ) on these ‘other official reports issued on the exact same day’ by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather service ( NWS ) as were ‘posted on their official website’, which begins revealing ‘contradictory information’ about a significant solar Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) “solar flare” event ( below ):

– –

May 12, 2011 thru May 18, 2011 ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

Alerts / Bulletins:

Latest Alert: May 17, 2011 07:44 UTC [ Universal Time ]

WARNING: Geomagnetic [ “Sudden Impulse” ( solar flare storm ) ] “K-index” of “4″ [ ” S 4 ” ] expected

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/SWN/index.html

– –

To ‘view the official’ NOAA chart on how it ranks a Geomagnetic Storm K-index category 4 [ “Extended Warning” ], click on: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/alerts/AlertsTable.html

The “officially stated effects” on the “K-index” for “4″ ( also known as ) “S4″ is ( below ):

– –

[ NOTE: Bracketed [ information ] ‘added information detail’ ( below ) was obtained from additional ’official source’ research. ]

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA )

[ SPECIFIC INFORMATION EXCERPT ONLY ( BELOW ) ]

Space Weather Scales

S 4 = SEVERE

BIOLOGICAL: ‘unavoidable radiation hazard to astronauts’ on EVA; ‘passengers and crew in high-flying aircraft’ at high latitudes [ ‘polar regions’ and ‘equator’ ]may be ‘exposed to radiation risk’. ***

SATELLITE OPERATIONS: may ‘experience memory device problems’ and ‘noise on imaging systems’; ‘star tracker problems’ may ’cause orientation problems’, and ‘solar panel’ [ batteries using solar cells ] efficiency can be ‘degraded’.

SYSTEMS ( OTHER ): blackout of HF [ High Frequency ] radio communications through the polar regions and ‘increased navigation errors’ over ‘several days are likely’.

*** High energy particle measurements ( >100 MeV ) are a better indicator of radiation risk to passenger and crews. ‘Pregnant women are particularly susceptible’.

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/NOAAscales/

– –

What makes matters even more difficult for ‘public comprehension’ is that ‘on the exact same day’, then the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) issued another ‘official report’ minimizing a ‘significant’ solar Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) from the Sun in a particular solar flare ( below ):

– –

May 18, 2011 ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

SWPC Anonymous FTP Server

Latest Solar-Geophysical Data

WWV

Product: Geophysical Alert Message Issued: 2011 May 18 21:05 UTC

Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center

Geophysical Alert Message

Solar-terrestrial indices for 18 May 2011 follow:

Solar flux 91 and estimated mid-latitude A-Index 5.

The mid-latitude K-index at 21:00 UTC on 18 May 2011 was 1 ( 5 nT ).

No space weather storms were observed for the past 24 hours. No space weather storms are predicted for the next 24 hours.

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpdir/latest/wwv.txt

– –

We now see ( immediately above ) that a “K-index” of only “1″ was ‘underestimated’ and turned-out being a “4″ ( S4 ), which is “Severe.”

What makes matters worse for the public is that ‘on the exact same day’ ( May 18, 2011 ), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) issued its ‘official’ “Top News Of The Day” announcement, but dated it “May 19, 2011″ ( tommorrow ); providing ‘no indication’ as having being according to “Universal Time” ( UT / UTC ) that might have made sense except for one ( 1 ) thing – it was posted ‘early’ on “May 18, 2011″ in the “United States.”

It gets worse, then on the ‘exact same day’ ( May 18, 2011 ) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather service ( NWS ) goes even further by providing ‘extremely bizzare rationale information’ that somehow ( they don’t say ‘how’ ) the ACE spacecraft satellite probe and other satellites had “Tracking Outages” that were in-part affected by the March 11, 2011 Japan tsunami. The image ( above ) does ‘not appear’ to indicate any Earth ground stations receiving any critical data link from “Japan.”

How does a 60-day old tsunami in Japan affect satellites in space ( ACE, etc. ) that are ‘supposedly observing the Sun’ is publicly incomprehensable – unless the ‘all satellites depended on only one ( 1 ) ground receiver on Earth ( in Japan ) connected in some way with something in Japan that is somehow supposed to be wiped-out ‘tommorrow’ ( May 19, 2011 )?

A more sensible public explanation might be if a solar flare, having a K-index and category 4 rating, shutdown ACE and other satellites observing the Sun.

The public is ‘not stupid’ and can detect ‘when’ the U.S. government is trying to hide a ‘secret’. What is that ‘government secret’?

A massive earthquake in Japan, ‘sometime tommorow’ ( May 19, 2011 ), bringing a ‘significant tsunami in Japan‘ on May 19, 2011?

Is a significant Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) from the Sun going to send a ‘significant solar flare’ into outerspace – or to Earth – with a consequential Solar Energetic Particle Event ‘tommorrow’ ( May 19, 2011 )?

Are any of the ‘aforementioned speculations’ a reason ‘why’ the government may have ‘secretly shutdown satellites’ ( including ACE ) to prevent NASA spacecraft electronics from being ‘burned-out’ from the highly excited or ‘high-energy electron burst’?

If all of the aforementioned was not bad enough for the public, again on the ‘exact same day’ ( May 18, 2011 – today! ) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather service ( NWS ) drops their hammer on the public stating, it will not be providing any further “critical data” – then ‘never mentions when they might ever again provide this information’.

Nothing like a government bureaucracy – once again – leaving the public hanging to guess what all this means, but one thing is for sure – a public information back-out – if the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) and U.S. National Weather service ( NWS ) is ever to be publicly believed again!

All of the aforementioned and on the ‘exact same day’ ( May 18, 2011 ) or if you can believe them ( May 19, 2011 ), makes absolutely ‘no public sense’ whatsoever ( review immediately below ):

– –

May 18, 2011 [ publicly provided by NOAA SWPC dated May 19, 2011 ]  ( below ) –

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC )

“Top News of the Day:

May 19, 2011 – ACE [ Advanced Composition Explorer ] Tracking Outages: We have experienced recent outages from ACE due to several stations having problems that are expected to continue for some time. Solar radio interference, on the one hand, and equipment problems exacerbated by the continued effects of the recent Japan tsunami on the other. SWPC [ Space Weather Prediction Center ] and our partners in the Air Force and at NASA [ National Aeronautics & Space Administration ] are working hard to fill the gaps in these critical data.”

Reference

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov

– –

According to NASA this ( current ) Solar Maximum Cycle 24 is “something we all need to be concerned about” so, sooner or later a significant Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) will be an experience facing the World.

From the aforementioned information, now ask yourself:

1. When is the ‘significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) ‘coming to Earth’?

2. Who will you be able to obtain ‘quick, accurate and thoroughly understandable information’ from?

3. Can you wait until the last minute for an ‘official government detailed public report’?

4. Do ‘you’ know ‘what to do’ about a ‘significant solar flare’ right ‘now’?

5. Do ‘you’ know ‘how to prepare’ for what ‘government officials’ say is ‘coming soon’?

5. Do ‘you’ have a ‘plan’ and a ‘back-up plan’ established?

If you either ‘do not understand’or ‘have no meaningful answer’ for any one ( 1 ) of the aforementioned six ( 6 ) questions, ‘at-least begin preparing’ by easily reviewing the ‘detailed color images’ and ‘color video clip entertainmant’ within the ‘official information based’ report “Solar Energetic Particle Event Effects” at: http://conceptactivityresearchvault.wordpress.com/2011/01/02/solar-energetic-particle-event-effects

Learn the ‘history’ of what occurred to others encountering in the ‘past’ what officials are warning about what’s coming again ‘now’, and discover ‘critical details’ others wished they had known about on ‘this subject’.

The report is ‘not a religious experience’ or ‘metaphysical enlightment’, it’s just cut-to-the-chase facts you will walk away with, as one of a few who know, realizing it ‘truly is a matter of life or death’ – sooner for more than a few who took the time to review the Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV ) report on Solar Energetic Particle Event Effects ( SEPE ).

Review it for yourself, your loved ones, or anyone you care to give ‘half a chance to survive’.

Although lengthy, as it initially appears, it is colorfully entertaining, filled with ‘official facts’ and more from a variety of credibly recognizeable sources you are familiar with. Report, click here:  Solar Energetic Particle Event Effects

– – – –

Source: MSNBC.COM

Huge Solar Flare’s Magnetic Storm May Disrupt Satellites, Power Grids

March 7, 2012 13:19 p.m. Eastern Standard Time ( EST )

A massive solar flare that erupted from the Sun late Tuesday ( March 6, 2012 ) is unleashing one of the most powerful solar storms in more than 5-years, ‘a solar tempest that may potentially interfere with satellites in orbit and power grids when it reaches Earth’.

“Space weather has gotten very interesting over the last 24 hours,” Joseph Kunches, a space weather scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ), told reporters today ( March 7, 2012 ). “This was quite the Super Tuesday — you bet.”

Several NASA spacecraft caught videos of the solar flare as it hurled a wave of solar plasma and charged particles, called a Coronal mass Ejection ( CME ), into space. The CME is not expected to hit Earth directly, but the cloud of charged particles could deliver a glancing blow to the planet.

Early predictions estimate that the Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) will reach Earth tomorrow ( March 8, 2012 ) at 07:00 a.m. Eastern Standard Time ( EST ), with the ‘effects likely lasting for 24-hours and possibly lingering into Friday ( March 9, 2012 )’, Kunches said.

The solar eruptions occurred late Tuesday night ( March 6, 2012 ) when the sun let loose two ( 2 ) huge X-Class solar flares that ‘ranked among the strongest type’ of sun storms. The biggest of those 2 flares registered as an X Class Category 5.4 solar flare geomagnetic storm on the space weather scale, making it ‘the strongest sun eruption so far this year’.

Typically, Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) contain 10,000,000,000 billion tons of solar plasma and material, and the CME triggered by last night’s ( March 6, 2012 ) X-Class Category 5.4 solar flare is ‘the one’ that could disrupt satellite operations, Kunches said.

“When the shock arrives, the expectation is for heightened geomagnetic storm activity and the potential for heightened solar radiation,” Kunches said.

This heightened geomagnetic activity and increase in solar radiation could impact satellites in space and ‘power grids on the ground’.

Some high-precision GPS ( Global Positioning Satellite ) users could also be affected, he said.

“There is the potential for ‘induced currents in power grids’,” Kunches said. “‘Power grid operators have all been alerted’. It could start to ’cause some unwanted induced currents’.”

Airplanes that fly over the polar caps could also experience communications issues during this time, and some commercial airliners have already taken precautionary actions, Kunches said.

Powerful solar storms can also be hazardous to astronauts in space, and NOAA is working close with NASA’s Johnson Space Center to determine if the six ( 6 ) spacecraft residents of the International Space Station ( ISS ) need to take shelter in more protected areas of the orbiting laboratory, he added.

The flurry of recent space weather events could also supercharge aurora displays ( also known as the Northern Lights and Southern Lights ) for sky-watchers at high latitudes.

“Auroras are probably the treat that we get when the sun erupts,” Kunches said.

Over the next couple days, Kunches estimates that brightened auroras could potentially be seen as far south as the southern Great Lakes region, provided the skies are clear.

Yesterday’s ( March 6, 2012 ) solar flares erupted from the giant active sunspot AR1429, which spewed an earlier X Class Category 1.1 solar flare on Sunday ( March 4, 2012 ). The CME from that one ( 1 ) outburst mostly missed Earth, passing Earth by last night ( March 6, 2012 ) at around 11 p.m. EST, according to the Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ), which is jointly managed by NOAA and the National Weather Service ( NWS ).

This means that the planet ( Earth ) is ‘already experiencing heightened geomagnetic and radiation effects in-advance’ of the next oncoming ( March 8, 2012 thru March 9, 2012 ) Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ).

“We’ve got ‘a whole series of things going off’, and ‘they take different times to arrive’, so they’re ‘all piling on top of each other’,” Harlan Spence, an astrophysicist at the University of New Hampshire, told SPACE.com. “It ‘complicates the forecasting and predicting’ because ‘there are always inherent uncertainties with any single event’ but now ‘with multiple events piling on top of one another’, that ‘uncertainty grows’.”

Scientists are closely monitoring the situation, particularly because ‘the AR1429 sunspot region remains potent’. “We think ‘there will be more coming’,” Kunches said. “The ‘potential for more activity’ still looms.”

As the Sun rotates, ‘the AR1429 region is shifting closer to the central meridian of the solar disk where flares and associated Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) may ‘pack more a punch’ because ‘they are more directly pointed at Earth’.

“The Sun is waking up at a time in the month when ‘Earth is coming into harms way’,” Spence said. “Think of these ‘CMEs somewhat like a bullet that is shot from the sun in more or less a straight line’. ‘When the sunspot is right in the middle of the sun’, something ‘launched from there is more or less directed right at Earth’. It’s kind of like how getting sideswiped by a car is different than ‘a head-on collision’. Even still, being ‘sideswiped by a big CME can be quite dramatic’.” Spence estimates that ‘sunspot region AR 1429 will rotate past the central meridian in about 1-week’.

The sun’s activity ebbs and flows on an 11-year cycle. The sun is in the midst of Solar Maximum Cycle 24, and activity is expected to ramp up toward the height of the Solar Maximum in 2013.

Reference

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/46655901/

– – – –

Submitted for review and commentary by,

Concept Activity Research Vault E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

Robot Combat Intelligence

[ PHOTO ( above ): W-88 miniature nuclear bomb property of USA ( click to enlarge ) ]

Robot Combat Intelligence
by, Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV )

January 18, 2011 21:08:42 ( PST ) ( Originally Published: February 1, 2002 )

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Washington – January 18, 2011 – Over 12-years ago, after the United States realized too late that its ‘miniature nuclear weapons technology delivery system’ ( W-88 ) secrets had already been stolen ( from the vault of its insurance carrier ) after the People’s Republic of China ( PRC ) rapidly produced their own version, ‘only a select few’ realized a secret U.S. decision took futuristic concepts into development for U.S. global military applications deploying technologies that only seemed to have been conceived from science-fiction motion picture films ( e.g. STAR TREK, STAR WARS, MATRIX, and more ) shocking audiences worldwide.   In 1999, U.S. secret defense endeavors forgings – with several universities and U.S. government contract private sector organizations – were led by the U.S. Department of Defense ( DoD ), Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency ( DARPA ) created even newer more advanced multiple Program stratagems employing various forms of ‘combinatoric’ technologies developed for globally deploying U.S. military dominance with various and sundry secret-sensitive devices and systems far beyond many imaginations.

DARPA SIMBIOSYS Program –

DARPA SIMBIOSYS Program entails, amongst other things, multi-functional microbiological nano technology robot android devices primarily for military applications, where such remained until just a few years ago, until it began being applied in some medical arenas today.

To understand what is ‘current’, one must first look briefly at DARPA Programs ‘past’ ( 1999 – 2002 ), which ( alone ) is enough to ‘still send chills down many people’s spines today’. Once realizing what DARPA was doing 12-years ago, it’s not all that unfathomable to comprehend where DARPA has taken and will continue taking many.

SIMBIOSYS ( 1999 – 2002 ) –

In 1999, DARPA SIMBIOSYS developed a combined quantitative understanding of various biological phenomena characteristics opening the DARPA door to what amounts to MicroElectroMechanical Systems ( MEMS ) integrating microphotonics in, amongst many things such as electro-optic spatial light modulators ( SLM ) combining very short pulse solid state lasers providing powerful new capabilities for secure communication up-links ( multi-gigabits per second ), ‘aberration free’ 3-D imaging and targeting performed at very long ranges ( greater than 1,000 kilometers away ), innovative design system integration of MEMS spatial light modulators ( SLM ) providing quantum wavefront control leaps in photonics and high speed electronics, and even ‘flexible cloth-like smart materials’ DARPA wants hardware placed into production devices and systems applications optimizing both U.S. and ‘its specially selected few other foreign nation U.S. friendlies’ ( Israel ) to hold in future warfaring battlespace management superiority over other foreign nation threats.

DARPA SIMBIOSYS includes classes of biological molecules ( i.e. antigens, antibodies, DNA, cytokines, enzymes, etc. ) for analyses and diagnoses studies, from:

1. Biochemical sensors, sensing ‘details from environments’; and,

2. Biochemical sensors, sensing ‘details from human body fluids’.

Specific examples under each of those two ( 2 ) groups being left up to the discretion of the PI.

Bio-molecules importance slect criteria, includes:

1. Microsystem sensors, for automated sampling and analyses, extendibility;

2. Bio-molecules simulant, to which it represents U.S. Department of Defense ( DoD ) relevant extents; and,

3. Bio-detection high degree of sensitivity and specificity processing, etc.

DARPA SIMBIOSYS emphasis is at the ‘molecular level’ for ‘sensing’ and ‘detection’.

SIMBIOSYS Program precludes human cells and human tissue based sensing because other DARPA programs currently address those issues in combination thereof.

SIMBIOSYS Goals –

SIMBIOSYS Program ‘stimulates multi-disciplinary research’ – bringing together biologists, chemists, engineers, physicists, computer scientists and others to address difficult and pressing challenges in advancing micro and nano-biotechnology.

SIMBIOSYS Program goal is to ‘utilize phenomena’ in ‘bio-fluidic transport’, ‘molecular recognition’ and ‘signal transduction from joint studies in modeling and experiments.

SIMBIOSYS Program joint effort expects results in ‘new hardware device, new hardware processes and new hardware production communities that will begin utilizing new models, new rules, new methods and new processes together enabling design and development of enhanced performance next generation bio-microdevices.

DARPA Advanced Projects –

DARPA is focusing on, amongst many, these advanced projects:

1. Bioengineering artificial intelligence ( AI ) systems sized from nanometers and meters up to large-scale robotic systems deployed globally;

2. Biological hybrid devices and systems, inspired from computational algorithms and models;

3. Biosynthesized composite materials incorporating synthetic enzymes and pathways from biochemical cellular engineered concepts for application productions;

4. Neural phenomena control over system science computation measurement application interfaces addressing humans;

5. Micro-scale reagents biochemically engineered;

6. Biosynthesis signal processing control platform studies;

7. Molecular biological population level behavior dynamic simulation modeling complexes; and,

8. Subcellular device physics affects and cellular device physics affects within biological component systems using real-time non-destructive observation study techniques.

[ PHOTO ( above ): legacy MicroFlyer, only a Microelectronic Aerial Vehicle – MAV ( click to enlarge ) ]

Bioengineered MicroBots Developed & Deployed –

Battlefields now require ‘unmanned combat aerial vehicles’ ( UCAV ) and ‘advanced weapons’ that self-navigate and self-reconfigure with autonomous communication systems accomplishing time-critical commands, however while many use Commercial Off The Shelf ( COTS ) products, such is not the case for developed and deployed bioengineered microrobots.

MicroBot AMR Control By MARS –

DARPA mobile autonomous robot software ( MARS ) Project is designed to develop and transition ‘currently unavailable software technologies programming’ operations of autonomous mobile robots ( AMR ) in partially known changing and unpredictable environments.

DARPA SIMBIOSYS Program aims provide new software removing humans from combat, conveyance, reconnaissance, and surveillance processes by:

1. Extending military hardware range;

2. Lowering manpower costs;

3. Removing human physiology for swifter concepts, designs, engineering, development, and deployment successes; and,

4. Researchers demonstrating autonomous navigation of humanoid robots, unmanned military vehicles, autonomous vehicles and interactions between humans.

DARPA indicates that robots – to be meaningful – must be fully integrated into human lives in military, commercial, educational and domestic usages must be capable of interacting in more natural human ways.

DARPA funded research and development of robots given similar bodies with human-like intelligence for humanoid interaction providing new ways for the human world.

COG Robot –

DARPA funded Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( MIT ) researchers, employing a set of sensors and actuators ( with small microcontrollers for joint level control, up to larger audio-visual digital signal network pre-processors for controlling different levels of its heterogeneous hierarchy network ) approximating human body sensory and motor dynamics, created the robot named COG that eventually allowed DARPA further development of deployable, modular, reconfigurable and autonomous robots.

[ PHOTO ( above ): legacy Biomorphic Explorers – Snakes and Bats ( click to enlarge ) ]

CONRO Robots –

CONRO robots, developed through DARPA, employed autonomous capabilities, of:

1. Self-repair; and, 2. Morphogenesis ( changing shapes ).

Examples, amongst many, included design styled:

Snake robots, able to move ‘in-to’ and ‘out-of’ tight spaces; and,

Insect robots, able to move faster ( covering more ground meeting military mission swifter needs ).

[ PHOTO ( above ): legacy Spider, and Payload biochemical delivery simulation ( click to enlarge ) ]

CONRO robots were design equipped to perform two ( 2 ) missions:

1. Reconnaissance ( activity detection, monitorization, and reporting – surveillance ); and,

2. Deliver small ‘military payloads’ ( bio-chemical weapons, etc. ) into ‘enemy occupied remote territory locations’ ( away-from friendly warfighters ).

CONRO robots are comprised of multiple SPIDERLINK modules.

In 1999, DARPA built both ‘snakes’ and ‘hexapods’ as ‘initially tethered’ prototypes termed 1-DOF, equipped with abilities to both ‘dock’ and ‘gait ambulate’ based on applied computational algorithms.

In 2000, DARPA had twenty ( 20 ) autonomous self-sufficient ‘modules’ – not mentioning what those resembled – built designated as 2-DOF, after:

1. Hormone based control developed and tested theory;

2. Hormone hexapods and snakes implemented motions ( for 2-DOF );

3. Quadrupeds, hexapods and snakes implemented locomotion with centralized control for 2-DOF;

4. Morphing self-repair ‘modules’ delivering small payloads used ‘miniature cameras’ that were designed and tested; and,

5. Snake head with snake tail with configured docking capabilities were implemented laboratory two dimensional ( 2-D ) testing.

CONRO DARPA Near-Term Milestones:

1. Modules’ reconfigurability ( morphogenesis ) robust automation designed and demonstrated ( for 2-DOF );

2. Topology ‘discovery’ ( automatic topography recognition ) demonstration;

3. Gait reconfiguration ( morphogenesis ) automation for ambulating a ‘given’ ( programmed instruction ) topology designed and demonstrated;

4. Gait reconfiguration ( morphogenesis ) automation for ambulating a ‘discovery’ ( automatic topography recognition ) designed and demonstrated;

5. Wireless ( radio frequency, infra-red, etc. ) control of miniature cameras demonstrated;

6. Pointing ( waving, mousepad, etc. ) control of miniature cameras demonstrated; and,

7. Large scale deployment of CONRO robots demonstrated.

[ PHOTO ( above ): DARPA BioBot named Blaberus ( click to enlarge ) ]

Deployer Robot ( DR ) –

Deployer Robots ( DR ) ‘support’ and ‘deploy’ distributed ‘teams of other smaller robots’ termed “Joeys” ( singular, “Joey” ) that perform either ‘hazardous tasks’ or ‘tedious tasks’.

Deployer Robots ( DR ) have two ( 2 ) roles, that:

1. Carry and launch given numbers of smaller Joey robots ( Joeys ); and,

2. Command and control ( C2 ) – after launching – Joey robots ( Joeys ).

[ PHOTO ( above ): legacy CyberLink HID test USAF personnel with DARPA robots ( click to enlarge ) ]

Robot Loop Pyramid –

Robot-in-the-Loop ( RIL ) concept, augments Human-in-Loop ( HIL ), building a ‘pyramid of robots’ – supervised by one ( 1 ) person.

‘Launch’ and ‘Command and Control’ ( C2 ) – of different Joey robots ( multiple, i.e. Joeys ) – two ( 2 ) goals are handled independently, as:

1. ‘Launch’ of robots, via grenade sized Joey robot clusters ( multiple ), developed under DARPA Deployer Robot ( DR ) Program availability of smaller Joeys; and,

2. ‘Command and Control’ ( C2 ), is investigated using ‘larger robots’ developed for DARPA ITO sister Software for Distributed Robotics ( SDR ) Program enabling fully leverage of both Deployer Robot ( DR Program and Software for Distributed Robotics ( SDR ) Program development of algorithms leveraging heterogeneous interaction between a ‘smart’ highly mobile ‘Deployer Robot’ ( DR ) and a ‘team’ of Joey robots that are more powerful, less computational and less mobile.

[ PHOTO ( above ): legacy Virtual Combiman digital glove waving battlespace management ( click to enlarge ) ]

DARPA key universal elements of robot deployment examined:

1. Emplacement – Launching and dynamically situating the Joeys for mission goals;

2. Operations – Maintaining the infrastructure to support the distributed front, including communications and error detection and recovery ( e.g., getting back on course after positional drift ); and,

3. Recovery – Collecting Joey robots data to analyze after delivery into a format useful for the human operator.

DARPA Deployer Robot ( DR ) Program development acquired and refitted two ( 2 ) Urban Robot Upgrades ( URU ) in new Deployer Robots ( DR ) types.

DARPA, investigated five ( 5 ) alternate launch strategies, but selected only one ( 1 ):

1. Grenade barrel launch, delivery of robots, into a three ( 3 ) story building.

2. Grenade barrel launcher was designed, equipped and developed, with:

3. Grenade Magazine contains ‘multiple Joey robots’ for ejection – supports full mobility integrity of the Deployer Robot ( DR );

4. Sensor mast ( collapsible ) – for Deployer Robot ( DR ) interaction with Joey robots launched on arrival at destination location; and,

5. Communication ( 916 MHz ) link between Deployer Robot ( DR ) and Joey robots.

DARPA SDR Program –

DARPA Software for Distributed Robotics ( SDR ) Program development designed and built Joey robot prototypes ( approximately 3-1/2 inch cube ) for ultimate fabrication in a production lot quantity of 120 Joey robot units.

DARPA Software for Distributed Robotics ( SDR ) Program leverage and adaptation controls swarms of Joey robots.

DARPA Near-Term Milestones:

1. Launch propulsion mechanisms ( C02 cartridge, .22 caliber shell, or other ) deployment testing of Joey robots into battlefield areas;

2. Launcher ( of multiple Joey robot deployment ) mechanism built on-board first ( 1st ) Deployer Robot ( DR ) named Bandicoot;

3. Sensor mast ( collapsible ) built and installed on-board second ( 2nd ) Deployer Robot ( DR ) named Wombat;

4. Radio Frequency ( RF ) development protocols for interaction between Deployer Robot ( DR ) and Joey robots;

5. Infra-Red ( IR ) deployment protocols for interaction mechanisms between Deployer Robot ( DR ) and Joey robots using IR ( Infra-Red );

6. Human Interface Device ( HID ) operator remote control unit ( ORCU ) development for Deployer Robot ( DR ).

DARPA SIMBIOSYS began over 12-years ago. All the photographs ( above ) are almost one decade ( 10-years ) old.

Current careful research on this subject further provides more information about where the U.S. stands today.

Submitted for review and commentary by,

Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV ), Host
E-MAIL: ConceptActivityResearchVault@Gmail.Com
WWW: http://ConceptActivityResearchVault.WordPress.Com

Reference

http://web.archive.org/web/20021214110038/http://groups.msn.com/AnExCIA/rampdintell.msnw