One response to “Army Battle Los Angeles UFO

  1. Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV ) September 29, 2011 at 5:00 PM

    Recently, the 1942 UFO Army Battle of Los Angeles is brought to the surface within a six-hundred ( 600 ) page guide book – for fire department officials – now found in almost every fire station across America.

    Specifically, Chapter 13 believes from official fire department experiences that it may be the only documented form of “disaster control” for first responder fire officials may use in another UFO incident, a situation that even today many are neither willing nor prepared to address.

    The following is an excerpt from that controversial book, entitled:


    Chapter 13

    Enemy Attack And UFO Potential

    Few residents of the United States, except for those in Hawaii, have experienced an enemy attack on their hometown in this century; some think they have.

    The Great Los Angeles Air Raid of February 26, 1942 began at 2:25 A.M. when the U.S. Army announced the approach of hostile aircraft and the cities air raid warning system went into effect for the first time in World War II.

    “Suddenly the night was rent by sirens. Searchlights began to sweep the sky. Minutes later gun crews at Army forts along the coast line began pumping the first of 1,433 rounds of ack-ack into the moonlight. Thousands of volunteer air raid wardens tumbled from their beds and grabbed their boots and helmets. Citizens awakened to the screech of sirens and, heedless of the blackout warning, began snapping on their lights . . . The din continued for two hours. Finally the guns fell silent. The enemy, evidently, had been routed. Los Angeles began to taste the exhilaration of its first military victory.”(1)


    In this chapter we will now turn our attention to the very real
    threat posed by Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs), whether they exist or not. The well-documented and highly publicized War of the Worlds radio drama by Orson Welles shows how even a perceived existence to alien creatures can cause very real disaster-like conditions and panic among a given populace. In addition, if the apparent visits by alien beings and their space vehicles should pose any type of threat, it will, as always, be the fire service that is called upon to provide the first line of life-saving defense and disaster mitigation.

    On April 25,1991 radio station KSHE in St. Louis, Missouri was
    fined $25,000 by the Federal Communications Commission for broadcasting a mock warning of a nuclear attack during the Persian Gulf War. The seriousness with which the FCC treated this case is indicative of the very real panic that can be created from even illusionary or fictional phenomena. Certainly if these unexplainable events become more prevalent, the possibility of panic could be even greater; and again, the fire department will be the agency called upon to handle the situation.(35) Hence, as we near the year 2000 and move beyond, any comprehensive disaster plan should address the potential for panic and other deleterious effects that might befall a
    populated area when unexplainable phenomena occur. We will see, as we continue our discussion in this chapter, that widespread blackouts, communication disruptions, and other potentially disastrous conditions have been linked directly to UFO sightings. Hence, fire service leaders who want to ensure that their disaster planning is complete will not neglect an appendix to outline those things that could be done in preparation for the occurrence of such phenomena.

    Throughout this book, many of the references to actual events are based on the experiences of both of the authors. However, in this area of UFOs and their potential, we are relying largely on the research and experiences of Charles Bahme. Chuck has made a considerable study of this subject and is acquiring many publications and VCR tapes to augment his library on this and related phenomena. His interest in UFOs was greatly heightened when Congress in 1969 adopted a law ( 14 CFR Chapter V Part 1211 Extraterrestrial Exposure ) which gave the NASA Administrator the arbitrary discretion to quarantine under armed guard any object, person, or other form of life which has been extraterrestrially exposed.

    The very fact that our congressmen believed there was a necessity for such drastic authority made Chuck wonder if they had only our astronauts in mind when they adopted it.

    Could it be applied to anyone who has had a UFO encounter?

    Whether it has or not is not likely to be a topic for public dissemination.


    The subject of UFOs ( Unidentified Flying Objects ) was ‘not included in previous editions of this book’.

    The 1ST EDITION was the “Handbook of Disaster Control,” which Chuck personally published in 1952 following his release from active naval duty in the Korean War.

    Although his services in the conflict as Security Coordinator for the Chief of Naval Operations involved the creation of a worldwide disaster control organization for the protection of the physical properties of the U.S. Navy, it must be admitted that the directives approved for this new organization did not reflect any significant concern for a flying saucer threat to its shore establishment. That was in the 1950s.

    Now that we are in the 1990s it is doubtful that the UFO potential would be brushed off so lightly by our military security forces. This change of attitude was evidenced as far back as December 24, 1959 when the Inspector General of the Air Force issued the following Operations and Training Order:

    “Unidentified Flying Objects – sometimes treated lightly by the press and referred to as ‘Flying Saucers’ – must be rapidly and accurately identified as serious Air Force business….”(36)

    There is no uncertainty about the reality of the war between nations on our planet and the disastrous effects of military actions.

    The 200 sorties flown every hour against Iraq in the Persian Gulf provided ample evidence of global war’s destructive power. On the other hand, there are many persons who may believe that a discussion of the theoretical harm that could be caused by a real or imaginary invasion of UFOs would be ‘far out!” But this is not so for the thousands of witnesses of unexplained aerial phenomena. To them it is also seriousbusiness.

    Chuck’s interest in UFOs commenced during the early morning hours of August 26, 1942 while he was roller skating from his house to the nearest fire station a few blocks away; the wail of sirens had signaled his recall to fire duty, and with the stringent blackout orders in effect. driving was not wise; besides, it was much more exciting to be out in the open where he could see the spectacular aerial “fireworks” that filled the heavens all around him. Few residents of the U.S. had ever experienced a real or imaginary invasion of UFOs like that which occurred in what has become known as “The Los Angeles Air Raid of 1942.” The Army announced the approach of hostile aircraft and the city’s air raid warning system went into effect for the first time in World War II. The defense to this “attack” is described in dramatic terms in the opening paragraph of
    this chapter. But what enemy had been routed? No one ever knew.

    All the firefighters saw in the sky were the “15 or 20 moving things” which seemed to change course at great speed apparently unaffected by the flak from bursting shells all around them.

    Rumors that one [ 1 ] had been shot down were never verified, nor was the explanation that these zig-zagging invaders were weather balloons ever taken seriously.

    In any event, for Chuck, that unforgettable episode aroused a continuing interest in UFOs, rivalling his professional fields of law and fire protection.

    The fact that he subsequently was a member of a group whose sighting of a flight of UFOs was authenticated by airport radar helped to sustain that interest.


    With no intention of trying to prove or disprove the authenticity of the numerous UFO encounters often related by very credible witnesses including airline and military pilots, astronauts, police officers, fire fighters, members of Congress, and even a U.S. President, the balance of this chapter will present a brief history and nature of UFOs and their alleged occupants; their widespread sightings over the globe since ancient times; their appearance, propulsion origin, and possible motives for continuing reconnaissance.

    A quick look at some of the classic accounts of encounters
    documented in numerous foreign and U.S. publications might help us judge the magnitude of their threat, if any, to social stability, and, if deemed desirable, propose a fire service plan for coping with some of the conceivable catastrophic effects that UFOs could produce on cities and densely populated areas.

    For readers who already have made up their minds that there is no such thing as a UFO notwithstanding the overwhelming evidence to the contrary, it should be pointed out that there is circumstantial evidence that disastrous effects have already been attributed to UFO activity in more than one nation, including the United States.


    William Shakespeare put a fitting observation in the mouth of
    Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark, that went like this:

    “There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamed of in your philosophy.”

    Whether Hamlet was referring to those strange lights or objects that appear in the sky or near the ground and have no known cause, we will never know, but the World Book Encyclopedia defines such things as UFOs.(37)

    Several theories have been propounded as to what they might be.
    Some scientists believe that they are of extraterrestrial origin – coming from other planets.

    Military officers conjecture that they might be alien aircraft.

    Some attribute them all to natural causes, such as meteors, comets, sun dogs, light reflections, marsh gas, ball lightning, even though they must admit that scientists cannot explain all UFO reports in that manner.

    Still others are inclined to believe that they may be forms from other dimensions which can materialize and dematerialize at will perhaps by making a wavelength or frequency transition so as to become invisible to humans.

    Some believe they are time travelers from the future.


    Dr. J. Allen Hynek, Northern University Professor Emeritus of
    Astronomy and an advisor to the Air Force’s Blue Book Project adopted a very simple classification system based solely upon the manner of observation:

    1. Nocturnal lights
    2. Daylight disks
    3. Close encounters ( day or night )
    4. Radar readings.

    He concluded that this system tells us nothing about the nature of the UFOs, but can suggest a means for gathering data.(38) He found that while a large number of such reports were readily identifiable by trained investigators as misconceptions of known objects or events, a small residue ( about 1.000 ) were not. These came from credible witnesses from such widely separated places as Canada. Australia. South America, and Antarctica. He concludes with: “Although I know of no hypothesis that adequately covers the mountainous evidence, this should not and must not deter us from following the advice of Schroedinger: to be curious, capable of being astonished, and eager to find out.”(39) Dr. Hynek has an excellent, well-illustrated article on UFOs in a 1982 book which gives a detailed history of the UFO sightings, together with the reports of some well-known people who made them, including President Jimmy Carter while governor of Georgia.(40)


    Witnesses have described the shapes of UFOs as anything varying
    from a sphere to a boomerang. Some have resembled flying saucers with a lid; others a glowing tube; some as semi-spherical with colored apertures; some with reddish-orange glows, or fire-like or sparking discharges. Incredible speed and maneuverabilities not attainable by aircraft of any kind are commonly observed. Many of the books and articles in Appendix H have excellent photographs of these unexplained visitors – photos that have been checked by experts for their authenticity.


    For hundreds of years mysterious objects in the sky and strange
    moving lights have been reported by many people, including the
    military pilots in World War II who called them foo fighters, ( “Where there’s Foo, there’s Fire”). In the middle of the 1900s flying saucers were increasingly observed in the United States and other countries. Scientists at the University of Colorado hired by the Air Force from 1966 to 1968 to study this type of aerial phenomena could explain most of the UFO reports as a star ( Venus ), meteor, planet, balloon, rocket, artificial satellite, etc. Sometimes atmospheric conditions, aircraft exhaust trails, or unusual lighting conditions may produce optical illusions that observers thought were UFOs. After
    investigating more than 12,000 reports, the U.S. Air Force was unable to explain where the unexplained UFOs come from, but apparently concluded that the national security was not threatened by them.(41)

    The emphasis of the university’s team, headed by Edward U. Condon, seemed to be more concerned with the establishment of the emotional stability or instability of those who reported the sightings than with other evidence.

    Psychiatrists have examined the witnesses who claimed to have encountered UFOs and even been taken aboard their craft, such as the two shipyard workers in Mississippi, and found that they are not unbalanced people.(42) “They’re not crackpots. There was definitely something here that was not terrestrial.”(43)

    Dr. J. Allen Hynek agreed, and added. “Where they are coming from and why they are here is a matter of conjecture. but the fact that they were here on this planet is beyond a reasonable doubt.”(44)

    The Air Force. after 20-years of being deluged with UFO sightings and spending millions of dollars on their investigation, decided to drop the inquiry business and turned the project over to a Kensington, Maryland group called NICAP ( National Investigation Committee on Aerial Phenomena ). This left NASA ( National Aeronautics and Space Administratio) with part of the task of trying to run UFO sighting reports, including many by its own Apollo and Skylab astronauts.

    By 1974 over a score of astronauts saw and photographed UFOs during their flights beyond the earth’s atmosphere.

    Early in the Apollo 11 mission, which culminated in the moon walk, astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin, and Michael Collins reported sightings of what seemed to be a UFO during the first half of their flight to the lunar surface. There were many more sightings by U.S. and Soviet Astronauts. On November 11,1966, Gemini XII astronauts Jim Lovell and Edwin Aldrin said that they saw four UFOs linked together, and on October 12, 1964 three Russian astronauts aboard Voskod reported that they were surrounded by a “formation of fast-moving disc-shaped objects.”(45)


    In addition to NICAP, some of the other organizations that study
    UFO phenomena are MUFON ( Mutual UFO Networks ), CAUS ( Citizens Against UFO Secrecy ), GSW ( Ground Saucer Watch ), CUFOS (the Center for UFO Studies ), and APRO ( Aerial Phenomena Research Organization ), an Arizona nonprofit scientific and educational organization, founded in 1952.(46)


    In their book UFOs Over America, authors Jim and Carol Lorenzo
    charge that the CIA ( Central Intelligence Agency ) has been closely involved in the collection and suppression of UFO information. “Witnesses to the phenomena have been bribed, coerced, and threatened by the CIA, who wanted valuable evidence given to them alone.”(47) One reason given is that military intelligence may view the UFOs as a tool of either a known or unknown potential enemy. “If these vehicles prove evasive and surreptitious, all the more reason to suspectthem…. the probability looms large that the minds behind these vehicles may well be gathering intelligence of their own.”(48)

    Another reason for secrecy may lie in the hope of obtaining
    knowledge relating to advanced propulsion methods and anti-gravity
    systems before other potential enemies on earth may acquire it.
    Hence, though many nations are secretly investigating UFOs, they are
    reluctant to share their findings. Robert Lofton, in his book
    Identified Flying Saucers, claims that the Air Force became the
    “goat” in the effort of the CIA to debunk many sightings by pilots,
    radar technicians and reliable civilian observers. He thinks that the
    suppression of information about how dangerous UFOs can be is wrong.
    After citing a case where a child was burned over 50 to 60 percent of
    her body by a low flying UFO and then taken to an Air Force hospital,
    no one would explain why her clothes were not burned at the same
    time. He also describes another burn case in New Mexico and another
    man who recently received a sledge-hammer like blow that knocked him
    unconscious by the force field of a 100-foot diameter UFO. “The public
    ought to be told the danger! . . . Nothing helps rumors and panic
    more than ignorance.”(49)

    Major Donald Keyhoe describes in his book “Aliens from Space: The
    Real Story of Unidentified Flying Objects”, the difficulties he had in
    1957 in trying to get the truth from government agencies after he was
    director of NICAP, the world’s largest UFO research organization with
    over 30 subcommittees in the U.S. and abroad.(50)

    According to some UFOlogists the attempts at cover-up by the CIA
    extend to destruction of evidence that it could not confiscate.
    Apparently some of our nation’s important leaders have been denied
    access to some UFO secrets in the possession of an agency of the
    United States, the very existence of which is classified above top
    secret.(51) Senator Barry Goldwater, a retired Air Force Reserve
    Brigadier General and pilot with many decades of flying experience,
    was quoted as saying “I certainly believe in aliens in space. They may
    not look like us, but I have very strong feelings that they have
    advanced beyond our mental capabilities.” He said he was refused
    permission to check the Air Force files on UFOs and added, “I think
    some highly secret government UFO investigations are going on that we
    don’t know about–and probably never will unless the Air Force
    discloses them.”(52) He said that he put faith in the reports of the
    Air Force, Navy, and commercial pilots who reported instances where a
    UFO would fly near them–right off their plane’s wing–and then just
    zoom away at incredible speeds. “I remember the case in Georgia in
    the 1950s of a National Guard plane going after a UFO and never
    returning. And I recall the case in Franklin. Kentucky, when four
    military planes investigated a UFO. One of them exploded in midair
    and no one knows why.”(53)

    Unleashed by the policy of Glasnost (greater openness) the Soviet
    media felt free to include accounts of UFO sightings. A Tuss report
    of October 10, 1989, reported a large shiny ball or disk hovering
    over a Voronezh park; residents saw the UFO land and three creatures
    similar to human beings emerged, accompanied by a robot.(54)

    Apparently the Russians felt no need to suppress this report which
    was poked fun at in Newsweek and Time magazines(55) but not in U.S.
    News and World Report: “A scant few decades ago, both the U.S.
    government and the media treated flying objects as no laughing
    matter–which even Congress looked into. In 1966, Representative Ford
    responded to a rash of sightings in his home state of Michigan by
    calling for, and getting, a House hearing on UFOs.”(56)


    Many reasons have been advanced for the purpose of the UFOs visits
    to our planet. Although some of the persons who apparently have been
    the subjects of genetic investigation, such as the family of Whitley
    Streiber may not agree, the majority of those who have studied
    possible UFO visitors feel that they are friendly. Mr. Streiber
    described his experience as terrifying, and believes that these
    “little figures with eyes that seem to stare into the deepest core of
    being are asking for something. Whatever it is, it is more than
    simple information. The goal does not seem to be a sort of clear and
    open exchange that we might expect; whatever may be surfacing, it
    wants far more than that. It seems to me that it seeks the very depth
    of soul; it seeks communion.”(57)

    From the thousands of reports he has studied. William Spaulding,
    aerospace engineer and head of the Arizona-based Ground Saucer Watch,
    believes that a pattern indicates that UFOs are here on a surveillance
    mission: the fact that a majority of sightings occur around our
    military installations, research and development areas leads to the
    conclusion that a methodical study is being made of the earth and its
    defensive and offensive capabilities. “The phenomena is not unlike
    our own space explorations: scout ship survey: soil samples;

    In his book Incident at Exeter, John Fuller discusses the seeming
    affinity of UFOs for electrical power lines in the northeastern part
    of the United States. In a later section of this chapter dealing with
    the effects of UFOs on our terrestrial activities, we will see how
    this affinity may have been responsible for causing 36 million people
    to lose power over an area of 8,000 square miles.(59)

    Because of our recent adventures into space, there are some who
    speculate that UFOs are more concerned with what we will do there than
    in settling here. In any event, the Air Force’s official publication
    (issued by the Government Printing Office 1968) called Flying Objects
    says that ‘No UFO has been determined to represent a threat to our
    national security.’ That conclusion, however, should not rule out less
    disastrous consequences than the overthrow of our government.


    Regardless of its past evaluations, the Air Force could be wrong
    about a number of things. “It can’t even guess within a couple of
    billion dollars what one of its planes is going to cost; maybe,
    despite the skepticism of the scientists and other investigators, the
    UFOs sent from other planets do exist and have visited earth.”(60)
    And maybe they have exhibited some destructive effects, whether or not
    intentionally in every instance, which we need to consider when
    drafting a plan for coping with an emergency situation where UFOs are
    involved. Some of these documented effects are as follows.


    The two principal hazards noted with relation to UFOs have been
    attributed to powerful electrical fields which they can project in a
    general or localized area and the psychological effects they have
    produced on the general populace or individual contacts.


    The disruption of air and ground travel has often been reported in
    the presence of UFOs. The ignition systems of auto and aircraft
    engines have apparently been affected by energized force fields to
    such an extent as to stop their operation; the headlights and radios
    have also ceased to function. Here are a couple of examples. In
    Buenos Aires, on March 29, 1978, “A strange force shut off their
    engine and headlights of their Citroen CG, lifted it 15 feet off the
    road, then set it down a minute later and 75 miles to the north.” The
    driver had noticed a yellow and violet light shining in his rear view
    mirror while driving the last leg of a long stock car race, and he
    realized that it was approaching too fast to be a competitor. A month
    later a Colombian bank manager and a navy officer had their car
    headlights go off when buzzed by a UFO, with the navy man suffering
    temporary paralysis. Other South American countries in which similar
    actions were reported around that time included Argentina, Chile,
    Peru, and Uruguay.(61)

    These effects have also been noted to influence the controls and
    instruments of aircraft, e.g., the pilot of a Piper PH-24 reported
    that his controls became inoperable when he was approached by three
    disk-shaped objects, 10 to 12 feet in diameter, over Mexico City on
    May 3,1975.(62) Similar cases have been reported by military pilots,
    illustrated by the classic case of the near mid-air collision of an
    army helicopter with a UFO on October 18, 1973, over Ohio, where not
    only did both the UHF and VHF radio wave- lengths go dead
    temporarily, but the downward movement of the helicopter with its
    four occupants was levitated upward by a green beam from the UFO in
    time to prevent its crash into the ground.(63)


    In addition to the impedance of radio transmissions and reception,
    such as that described in the preceding incident, telephone
    interference has occurred, illustrated by the chagrin of President
    Lyndon Johnson in having his conversation from the Texas White House
    cut off while talking to assistants in Washington, D.C.(64) The
    ability to render inoperable all electronic forms of communications,
    including those that control the launching of defense weapons
    systems, has been considered within the range of UFO capability.
    Whether this could extend to the erasing of recorded computer data
    such as bank records, personnel data, FBI, CIA, and NSA files, along
    with critical information of every kind, is not beyond the realm of


    It has long been suspected that UFOs have the capability of
    blacking out a city, state, or many states by exerting a force field
    sufficient to overload the circuits of public and private utility
    installations. “Few things are more disturbing than to be plunged
    into pitch darkness without warning; it is dangerous for masses of
    people. It paralyzes cities, blocks highways, stops trains, leaves
    elevators suspended between floors. In general it simply plays hell
    with the modern way of life.”(65) You would think that the power
    companies would have achieved sufficient reliability in their high
    tech systems that a mass failure such as that which blacked out New
    York and New England in 1965 would never happen–but it did.
    Although, as we have mentioned before, it was known that UFO activity
    was associated with disturbances with compasses. instruments,
    ignition systems, radios, etc., it was inconceivable that it could
    also interfere with generation and distribution of electrical power.
    Such a connection was also inferred in November 1953, when a glowing
    red object went over a residential area of New Haven, Connecticut,
    causing lights to dim out on both sides of the object’s path and then
    come on when it went out of sight.

    Power failures were also reported in association with UFOs in
    Brazil in 1957 to l959~ Rome, Italy, in 1958; and Mexico in 1965.
    Likewise, in Uberlandia, where the power station operators promptly
    closed the circuits when the UFO apparently caused them to open, it
    did no good, and they were unable to restore the power until the UFO

    “The Granddaddy of all blackouts to date was the stygian blanket
    that fell over 30 million people in the northeastern corner of the
    U.S. during the early evening rush hour period on November 9,
    1965.”(66) Relay services that were supposed to automatically
    transfer the load in case of failure in one area to an alternate
    source malfunctioned. Military communications relying on public power
    without alternate backup systems also failed, but communications were
    operable to make a quick public announcement that there was no
    military emergency. Though it was largely over by the next morning,
    the official explanation about a malfunctioning small device in a
    Canadian hydroelectric generating plant never accounted for the
    failure of millions of dollars worth of electronic devices to shift
    the load when the breakdown occurred.


    Airplane pilots reported that UFOs were being chased across
    Pennsylvania about 4:30 P.M., and electronics and construction
    engineers who were driving in the area of the Syracuse airport saw
    UFOs moving about 5:30 P.M., just prior to the Great Blackout. A
    veteran flight instructor who had been flying over Syracuse on a
    training flight saw a glowing globe over the power lines leading to
    the Niagara Falls generating plant. Hundreds of others saw the
    glowing object in the sky on the night of the big power failure.

    That was on November 9th. On December 2nd, about 700,000 persons
    in Texas, New Mexico, and Mexico also had their power fail. It was
    said to have originated in a regular failure in El Paso; then on
    December 5th, three nights later. 40,000 homes plus military
    installations in the area of East Texas were also blacked out–
    overloaded! Missile grounds (White Sands), Fort Bliss, Holloman Air
    Force Base, and numerous airports were all blacked out (with no
    emergency power backup), and this was when President Johnson’s
    telephone call to the White House in Washington, D.C. was cut off. In
    response to his request for an explanation, President Johnson was told
    that his calls were fed into a cable system that went dead when the
    surge of power caused by the El Paso regulator blow-up hit it, and
    the backup batteries didn’t work. Though it may be debatable whether
    the above cases of electrical transmission failure were merely
    coincidences with UFO activity, an incident on April 18,1962,
    involving a UFO that had been tracked from New York, through Kansas
    to Eureka, Utah, was well documented. The Air Force spokesman
    admitted that the object had landed, and during the 42 minutes that it
    was on the ground near the power station there was no power, but it
    was restored when the UFO left. The object was pursued by jet
    interceptors summoned from Phoenix and Stead Field in Reno until it
    exploded over the Mesquite Range in Nevada in a brilliant glare that
    was visible over five states.(67)


    The second major disastrous effect that UFO activity, real or
    imagined, can have on the populace, is the creation of fear, panic,
    flight, and all kinds of irrational behavior. We have mentioned
    already the rather well-documented case of hysterical contagion and
    mass hysteria created by War of the Worlds, the radio drama by Orson
    Welles about an invasion of Martians. It was broadcast on Halloween
    of 1938 during the period of the invasions of Germany into Austria
    and Japan into China. “The drama, realistically presented in the form
    of news bulletins and interviews concerning an alien spaceship
    landing in New Jersey, resulted in many kinds of hysterical actions,
    including thousands of panic-stricken phone calls, wildly fleeing
    automobiles, and impromptu shot gun brigades.”(68)

    Though most persons reporting UFOs do not interpret them as
    personal threats, it is possible that some of the large volume of
    reports may be attributable to hysterical contagion. In any case, one
    of the reasons often cited for the tight secrecy on government UFO
    research findings is the need to prevent the possible panic that a
    revelation of the truth might arouse. Rumors that people were being
    abducted, dematerialized, burned, made radioactive, rounded up and
    impounded, liquidated with ray guns and lasers or shipped off to Mars
    or Venus might well give rise to fear–fear of the unknown. Hysteria
    could cause frightened persons to imagine that their water was
    poisoned, the air contaminated with undetectable but lethal aerosols
    or nerve gases. With hundreds of UFO squadrons zooming across the
    landscape from California to New York, Toronto to Mexico City,
    communications disrupted, widespread power failures, airports and
    railroads paralyzed, highways turned into giant parking lots of
    immobilized vehicles full of terrified motorists, the problem of
    restoring order and sanity would be a tremendous challenge to all of
    the emergency services, assuming their personnel would remain calm,
    detached. and able to resist the human impulse to put the safety and
    well being of their own families ahead of the public’s. To make
    matters worse, some of the more excitable gun owners might be tempted
    to rush out Rambo fashion, and in utter disregard of the damage that
    falling bullets might cause innocent residents below their fallout,
    start firing at the evasive objects regardless of the range.


    The force field affects on the physical environment–
    communication, transportation, illumination, and computerized data
    storage–have already been considered. We might have added that some
    physical effects have been observed at locations where UFOs have
    landed– circular patterns of crops destroyed by heat or radiation
    and baking or sterilization of the soil at the site.

    On a more practical basis there may be grounds for concern that
    more than just the environment can be adversely affected by UFO
    actions. While pursuing UFOs, military aircraft have disappeared in
    mid-air, exploded, and suffered harassment. Persons on the ground have
    sustained serious burns, paralysis, and “blows” from a force field,
    radiated emissions, or rays and beams that have been described like
    that of a “stun-gun”(69)

    In 1980, three witnesses saw a red ball of light hovering above
    houses in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, when suddenly a bolt of blue light
    shot down and two houses burst into flames.(70) An Indiana man saw a
    bright light flash pass his window; the power went off in his house so
    he went outside to investigate and found a brilliantly lit object
    hovering above him; when he started to walk toward it his body
    commenced to tingle and he was unable to move until the object
    disappeared. A similar tingling sensation swept over another man in
    Lvnn, Massachusetts. one night when he approached a domed object with
    a red glowing cone rising from a parking lot. He too was immobile
    until the object moved out of sight. Some believe that even animals
    may be at risk by UFOs; in trying to account for the death of 15
    ponies, the leader of an investigative team believed they were
    crushed by the anti-gravity field of a flying saucer as it took

    Thus, UFOs may not only have the power to control some of our
    military and industrial establishment’s highly technical scientific
    hardware, they may also possess the ability to impose pain and
    control over people who attempt to attack them, even to the extent of
    “liquidating” them in one way or another.


    In view of the fact that many UFOlogists believe that we are fast
    approaching a time when overt landings of UFOs will become less
    remarkable, and in the absence of our knowing whether their visits
    are friendly or hostile, it would not be remiss to give some thought
    to the part that fire departments might play in the event of the
    unexpected arrival of UFOs in their communities. For example, what
    would be your course of action as an incident commander at the scene
    of a school ground where a UFO has crashed into the boiler room,
    rupturing a fuel line, and ignition has occurred in the spilling oil,
    endangering the occupants of the craft who are trapped in the
    wreckage? If your rescue attempts are successful, and two of the five
    small alien creatures are injured but still alive, how do you dispose
    of the dead and treat the survivors? How would the presence of
    children on the school grounds affect your actions? What persons and
    agencies would be notified?

    The authors have never read any advice on these matters. The
    following admonition was printed on the inside front jacket of Frank
    Edward’s book on flying saucers:


    “Near approaches of UFOs can be harmful to human beings. Do not
    stand under a UFO that is hovering at low altitude. Do not touch or
    attempt to touch a UFO that has landed. In either case the safe thing
    to do is to get away from there very quickly and let the military
    take over. There is a possibility of radiation danger and there are
    known cases where persons have been burned by rays emanating from
    UFOs. Don’t take chances with UFOs!”

    In view of the federal law (cited earlier) empowering NASA’s
    administrator to impound, without a hearing, anyone who touches a UFO
    or its occupants. it would be inadvisable to make personal contact
    unless you are willing to submit to NASA’s quarantine requirements,
    should the law be invoked.

    Besides the possible physical effects of approaching a UFO, e.g..
    burns, radiation, etc., there may be psychological effects produced
    by force fields that could induce a hypnotic state in the viewer,
    loss of consciousness, memory relapse, and submission to the
    occupants. Jacques Vallee, author of “The Invisible College” cautions
    that we should consider psychic effects, such as space-time
    distortions experienced by percipients of craft-like devices which
    appear to fade away–dematerialize–and then reappear; of alien,
    strange voices or thoughts that may effect involuntary changes in the
    manner in which witnesses may react in such circumstances.(72)

    Perhaps the above warnings of Edwards and Vallee are a little too
    cautious and apprehensive to adopt as a general pattern of conduct in
    every situation. In the absence of overt acts indicating hostility,
    there may be no danger in approaching a landing (or landed) UFO with
    a positive, solicitous attitude of wanting to be of service. This
    nonaggressive mental state may be telepathically sensed by those
    aboard or emerging from the craft; a form of nonvocal communication
    is a possibility. It goes without saying that any display of firearms
    or other weapons on your part could be construed as unfriendly and
    likely to thwart your intention of conveying a helpful attitude.

    In a best case scenario, you may be able to obtain guidance as to
    the appropriate actions to take, whether of a life-saving nature,
    e.g., in quelling a fire, abating a spill, and of preservation of
    property, or even in the reduction of apprehension on the part of
    your response team and the spectators.

    In a less optimistic scenario, you may have engine trouble upon
    approaching the scene, and radio contact could be lost with your
    dispatcher. If at night, your headlights could go out, the city could
    be blacked out, and your portable generators may malfunction when you
    attempt to use them for fans and portable lights. It would certainly
    be an inopportune time for your comrades to announce that they had
    decided to take their pensions, effective immediately.

    In any event, the incident could provide invaluable experience for
    further training in coping with rare and difficult emergencies.
    Whatever “inside” information you are able to pass along to your
    fellow officers and citizens of the world might help to alleviate
    unreasonable fear, so that there would be less likelihood that we
    would ever again experience the panic and hysteria that was created
    by War of the Worlds a half century ago. Truth is the best cure for
    the unknown. A list of some of the available books on Unidentified
    Flying Objects (UFOs) is found in Appendix H.


    Some fire chiefs have little confidence in disaster plans,
    especially those dealing with UFOs or enemy attack. If you develop a
    plan that sets forth your responsibilities, resources, organizations,
    supplies information, telephone numbers, and special data that will be
    useful in obtaining help and fulfilling your role in disaster
    control, commit it to an electronic medium, a computer with a
    capability for continuous updating through modern word processing.
    Bring it forth when the need requires. With a good plan, good
    leadership, and adequate resources, you may save many lives in any
    disaster, including attack from possible enemies.


    1. Smith. Iack. “The Night L.A. Bombed.” Los Angeles Times,
    September 9, 1975, Part 1, p. I .

    2. World Book Encyclopedia, Volume 21, p. 21, Chicago, IL Field
    Enterprises Educational Corporation, 1976.

    3. Cloud, Stanley W. “Gathering Storm” in Time, September 3,
    1990, pp. 24-28.

    4. “Secret History of the War” in Newsweek, March 18,1991, p.28.

    5. “Snubbing People Power” in U.S. News ~ World Report, April
    8,1991, p.38.

    6. World Book Encyclopedia, Vol. 21, p.22. Field Enterprises
    Educational Corporation, Chicago, IL 1976.

    7. “Preparing for Iraqi Chemical Warfare,” photo and story in
    Time, September 3,1990, p.26.

    8. “Steel Rain’ in Newsweek, March 18,1991, p.31.

    9. See note 2, volume 9, p. 416.

    10. See Chapter 8 for a more in-depth discussion of terrorism.

    11. Gilliam. l. “A-Bomb Materials Can Be Stolen, Expert Says,”
    Los Angeles Times, December ll. 1975, Part Il, p. 1.

    12. Nuclear Blackmail Emergency Response Plan for the State of
    California, Officer of Emergency Service, State of California, June

    13. “After the Storm” in Newsweek, March 11, 1991, pp. 26-29.

    14. Nuclear Attack and Industrial Survival, McGraw-Hill
    Publishing Company Special Report, 1962, p.52.

    15. Willenson, K., and L. Norman. “Missiles on the Move” in
    Newsweek, February 16, 1976, p.42.

    16. CBS News broadcast, April 1991.

    17. Disaster Planning Guide for Business and Industry, Defense
    Civil Preparedness Agency, 1974, p.7, U.S. Government Printing Office,
    Washington, D.C.

    18. L. A. Postal Report, Volume 10, No. 9, April 23,1965, p.2,
    Los Angeles, CA.

    19. Worldwide Effects of Nuclear War–Some Perspectives, a
    Report of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 1975, p. 5,
    U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

    20. Ibid. p. 6.

    21. “Turning Up the Heat on the Greenhouse” in Newsweek, April
    22, 1991, p. 69.

    22. See note 19, p. 6.

    23. Seenote 19, p. 5.

    24. “Deadly Meltdown” in Time, May 12, 1986, p. 39.

    25. “A ‘Big 50′ for Pearl Harbor in USA Today, Thursday, May 9,
    1991. p. 3A.

    26. Bahme,.Charles W. Fire Officer’s Guide To Disaster Control,
    Ist ed., Boston, MA: NFPA 1978, p. 340.

    27. Fire Effects of Bombing Attacks, Technical Manual 9-2,
    October 1959, Office of Civil Defense Mobilization, U.S. Government
    Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

    28. Fire Aspects of Civil Defense, TR-25, Office of Civil
    Defense, July 1968, p. 4, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

    29. World Book Encyclopedia, 1991.

    30. Disaster Operations, Defense Civil Preparedness Agency,
    1972. p. 29, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

    31. Bruno, Hal. “The Wait May Be Over at FEMA” in Firehouse,
    Vol. 15, No. 5 (May 1990) p. 10.

    32. See note 30, p. 40.

    33. The U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. has
    several publications available as of 1991 which suggest measures that
    can be taken to safeguard dwellings and other buildings, in
    preparation for a nuclear attack; they illustrate the relative
    protection afforded for fallout radiation by various types of
    construction and in various locations within a building. Two available
    from the U.S. Government Printing Office, are Fallout Protection and
    ln Time of Emergency, both Office of Civil Defense.

    34. Weldon, Curt. “The Fight for Fire Protection” in Firehouse,
    Vol. 16, No. 4 (April 1991), p. 20.

    35. Radio Broadcast on station KSHE, St. Louis, MO, reported on
    April 25, 1991.

    36. Edwards, Frank. Flying Saucers–Serious Business, NY: Lyle
    Stuart,965. p. 315.

    37. World Book Encyclopedia, World Book Inc., 1988, Vol. 20, p.

    38. Sagan, Carl, and Thornton Page. UFOs–A Scientific Deoate,
    Cornell Univ., 1972, p. 44.

    39. Ibid. p. 51.

    40. Readers Digest. Mysteries Of The Unexplained, p. 219.

    41. Steiger, Brad, Editor. Project Blue Book. NY: Ballantine
    Books, 1976, p. 170.

    42. Uphoff, Walter and Mary lo, New Psychic Frontiers, Colin
    Smyth Ltd., 1975. p. 152.

    43. Ibid., quoting Dr. James Harder, University of California.

    44. Ibid. p. 152.

    45. Macomber, Frank. “UFOs Spotted by Astronauts Still Haven’t
    Been Identified,” Santa Cruz Sentinel, April 17, 1974, p. 30.

    46. APRO’s addre$s was given as 3910 E. Kleindale Rd.. Tucson,
    Arizona, 85716.

    47. Lorenzen, lim and Coral. UFOs Over America, NY: Signet.
    1968, pp. 182 et seq.

    48. Ibid. p. 186.

    49. Lofton, Robert. ldentified Flying Saucers, NY: David McKay
    Co., 1968, p. 86.

    50. Kehoe, Donald, Major. Aliens From Space, The Real Story of
    the UFOs, New York: Doubleday, 1972.

    51. Friedman, Stanton. Cosmic Watergate, New Realities, 1979;
    Hvnek, l. Allen. “UFOs.” This World, Aug. 30, 1981, p. 13.

    52. Zullo, Allan A. “I Believe That Earth Has Been Visited By
    Creatures From Outer Space,” National Enquirer, December 1973.

    53. Ibid. p. 2.

    54. Press Democrat, October 10, 1989, p. A-5; also reported in
    weekly news magazines; see notes 22 and 23.

    55. Time, October 23,1989; Newsweek, October 30,1989; UFO
    update, Omni, January 1990.

    56. U.S. News ~ World Report, “UFOs in Uncle Sam’s Closet,”
    October 23, 1989, p.19.

    57. Streiber, Whitley. Communion, NY: William Morrow, 1987, p.

    58. Adamski, George, lnside the Flying Saucers, NY: Paperback
    Library, 1967. p. 11.

    59. Fuller, John. lncident at Exeter, cited in UFO Update, in
    New Realities,1978. p.52.

    60. “Shooting Down The Flying Saucers,” Los Angeles Times,
    December 15,1959, Pt. Il, p. 5.

    61. Boudreaux, Richard. “South Americans Take UFOs Seriously,”
    Los Angeles Times, November 29, 1978. Pt. VI, p. 7.

    62. See note 6, p. 224.

    63. Randles, Jenny. The UFO Conspiracy, NY: Sterling Pub. Co..
    1990, p. 105.

    64. See note 1, p. 267.

    65. See note 1, p. 255.

    66. Ibid. p. 259.

    67. Ibid. p. 269.

    68. See note 4, p. 216.

    69. Blundell, Nigel, and Roger Boar. The World’s Greatest UFO
    Mysteries, NY: Berkeley Books, 1990, p. 175.

    70. Ibid. p. 176.

    71. Ibid. p. 179.

    72. Vallee. Jacques. The Invisible College, NY: E. P. Dutton,
    1975 p. 6.

    – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

    A P P E N D I X H



    Above Top Secret, Timothy Good, William Morrow, NY, 1988.

    Aids to Identification of Flying Objects, Air Technical Intelligence

    Center, Gov’t Printing Office, Supt. Doc., 1966.

    Aliens Among Us, Ruth Montgomery, Fawcett Crest, NY, 1985.

    Aliens from Space–The Real Story of UFOs, Donald E. Keyhoe,
    Doubleday, NY, 1972.

    Beyond Earth. Man’s Contact with UFOs, Ralph and Judy Blum, Bantam
    Books, NY, 1974.

    Breakthrough to Creativity, Shafica Karakulla, M.D., De Vorss
    and Co., Marina Del Rey, CA, 1967.

    Chariots of the Gods, Erich Von Daniken, Putnam, NY, 1970.

    Clear Intent, Barry Greenfield, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ,

    Communion, Whitley Streiber, William Morrow, NY, 1987.

    Extraterrestrial Visitations from Prehistoric Times to the
    Present, Henry Regnery Co., Chicago, 1970.

    Flying Saucers–Letters to the Air Force on UFOs, Bill Adler, Dell
    Books, NY, 1967.

    Flying Saucers–Serious Business, Frank Edwards, Lyle Stuart Inc.,
    NY, 1966.

    Identified Flying Saucers, Robert Lofton, David McKay Co., NY,1968.

    In Search of Extra Terrestrials, Alan Landsburg, Bantam Books, NY,

    Inside the Flying Saucers, George Adamski, Paperback Library, NY,

    Insights for the Age of Aquarius, Gina Cerminara, Theosophical Pub.
    House, Wheaton, IL, 1973.

    Intruders, Budd Hopkins, Random House, NY, 1987.

    Mysteries Of the Unexplained, Readers Digest, Readers Digest Assn.,
    Pleasantville, NY, 1982.

    New Psychic Frontiers, Walter and Mary Jo Uphoff, Colin Smythe Ltd.,
    and Bolger Pubs., Minneapolis, MN, 1975.

    Project Blue Book, Brad Steiger, Editor, Ballantine, NY, 1976.

    Strange World, Frank Edwards, Lyle Stuart, NY, 1965.

    Strangers Among Us, Ruth Montgomery, Fawcett Crest, NY, 1979.

    The Intruders, Budd Hopkins, Random House, NY, 1987.

    The Invisible College, Jacques Vallee, E.P. Dutton, NY, 1975.

    The Possibility of Intelligent Life Elsewhere in the Universe,
    U.S. House Committee on Science and Technology, Govt. Printing
    Office, 1975.

    The Roswell Incident, William L. Moore, Grosset and Dunlap, 1980.

    The UFO Conspiracy–The First Forty Years, Jenny Randles, Sterling
    Pub. Co., 1989.

    The Unexplained, Allen Spraggett, Signet, NY, 1967.

    The World’s Greatest UFO Mysteries, Nigel Blundell and Roger Boar,
    Berkeley Book, 1990.

    The World’s Last Mysteries, Readers Digest, Pleasantville, NY, 1978.

    UFO Abductions, Philip Klass, Prometheus Books, Buffalo, NY, 1989.

    UFO . . . Contact from the Pleiades, Lee and Brit Elders, Genesis III
    Pub. Co., Phoenix AZ, 1984.

    UFOs From Behind the Iron Curtain, lan Hobana and Julien Weverbergh,
    Bantam Books, NY, 1975.

    UFOs Over the Americas, Jim and Coral Lorenzen, Signet Books, NY,

    UFOs–A Scientific Debate, Carl Sagan and Thornton Page, Cornell
    University, NY, 1972.

    We Are Not The First, Andrew Thomas, Putnam & Sons, NY, 1971.

    – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

    Copyright ~ 1992, Fire Engineering Books & Videos
    Park 80 West, Plaza Two, 7th floor, Saddle Brook, Nl 07662


    DR. WILLIAM M. KRAMER has baccalaureate degrees in Industrial
    Management and Business Administration, a master s degree in
    Industrial Relations, and a Ph.D. in Administrative Management
    from the University of Cincinnati; and a master’s degree in
    Business Administration from Xavier University. He has edited
    numerous course guides for the Open Learning Fire Service
    Program and published numerous fire service journal articles.
    He is chairman of the seven- University National Open Learning
    Educational Consortium, Associate Professor and Director of the
    Open Learning Program at the University of Cincinnati, a
    District Fire Chief for the City of Cincinnati and the
    educational commentator for American Heat video productions.

    CHARLES (CHUCK) BAHME is the author of many fire service
    articles as well as books, including the Handbook of Disaster
    Control, predecessor to the Fire Officer’s Guide to Disaster
    Control, Fire Service and the Law, Fire Officer’s Guide to
    Dangerous Chemicals, Fire Protection for Chemiculs, Fire
    Officers Guide to Emergency Action, Firemen’s Law Book, and
    Fire Officer’s Guide to Extinguishing Systems. After responding
    to a devastating chemical explosion in the City of Los Angeles
    he wrote its Dangerous Chemicals Code, the first comprehensive
    set of regulations ever adopted by any municipality pertaining
    to hazardous materials. Following his naval service in World War
    II he was called upon to write U. S. Navy: Structural Fire
    Fighting for the Chief of Naval Operations. In thirty years of
    service with the City of Los Angeles Fire Department he
    advanced through the ranks from recruit to deputy fire chief,
    the rank he held at the time of his retirement. During that
    period he augmented his A.B. degree from UCLA with a Juris
    Doctor degree from Southwestern University. Through the same
    years he served with the U. S. Navy: six years of active duty
    during World War II and the Korean conflict, and twenty-eight
    years with the Naval Reserve, in which he retired with the rank
    of Captain. Chief Bahme is an attorney at law with admission to
    practice in California, before federal district courts, the
    Supreme Court of the United States, and the highest court of
    military appeals. He has taught courses in fire protection engi-
    neering a UCLA, and fire administration at USC and various
    state, national, and international conferences. He has served
    in Europe and the Far East for the Department of Defense and
    the U. S. State Department. In recent years he has been
    teaching a course in Political and Legal Foundations of Fire
    Protection as a faculty member of Cogswell College’s Open
    Learning Fire Service Program. He has also served as the NFPA’s
    Fire Extinguishing Specialist, its Western Representative, and
    as chairman of its Committee on Hazardous Chemicals Fire
    Fighting. Upon his moving to Lake County, California, he served
    as the chairman of his local Kelseyville fire district’s board
    of directors and as a disaster control visor to his local Red
    Cross chapter.

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