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Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) Effects
by, Concept Activity Research Vault ( CARV )
February 17, 2012 13:15 ( PST ) Updated ( Originally Published: January 2, 2011 )
CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles – February 17, 2012 – On October 25, 2006 ( 8:52 p.m. – EDT ) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA ) launched ( Kennedy Space Center - Florida ) two ( 2) unmanned spacecraft ( STEREO-A and STEREO-B ) on an unprecedented space mission to record ( during our Sun’s Solar Maximum Cycle 24 ) a ‘seriously significant’ Earth-directed Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ); a solar flare impact creating a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) on Earth that, according to NASA, “we all need to be concerned about.”
What exactly, on Earth, is a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE )?
How ‘important’ is ‘preparing’ for a ‘significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE )?
Many governments around the world have key individuals ( e.g. officials, military adjunct specialists, public utility electricity company representatives and other technical professionals whom will know when a ‘seriously significant’ Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) from a solar flare that will cause the shut down of ‘national electricity infrastructure grids’, and if only for a period of “1-week” – such could throw population centers of people back into a period of the Dark Ages ‘living without electricty’.
U.S. Air Force Weather Agency, Office of Naval Research ( ONR ), Naval Research Laboratory ( NRL ), NASA, EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY ( ESA ), JAPAN SPACE AGENCY ( JSA ), NOAA, and a ’few others’ have developed extremely good Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI ) predictives based on mathematical equations formula astrophysics, geothermal and geochemical scientific studies calculations, however absolutely ‘no’ United States ( USA ) federal government organization states any alert may even be provided’ as to ‘when’ the “Solar Maximum SEPE” will likely occur so ‘populations cannot react with much of a degree of wonderment’ until ‘very shortly before’ the Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) ‘strikes Earth’.
Serious U.S. Department of Homeland Security Business
Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) effects on Earth and mankind are understood by professionals who are familiar with the damages caused by them, however very few citizens know about this, and even fewer know ’what to be preparing for’ is coming very soon that will impact their lives.
While a Solar Energetic Particle Event on Earth is ‘not doomsday with a crash and bang’, many will soon realize it comes with ‘no warning’ and is ‘extremely silent’ on ‘large sections of populations’ whom never even knew - let alone expected – what a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) really means for those living in modern day society.
Masses of people will be ‘immediately confused’, ’not fully understanding’ what has happened to them all when nothing electrical operates for a long period of time.
Experiencing ‘no electricity’ will be ‘totally foreign’ for many so, it becomes ‘vitaly important’ to begin learning today ‘how to prepare to survive’ within a ‘not too distant future society’ that has been instantly seperated from all modern day conveniences they had lived with for decades.
Sound impossible or ridiculous? Try telling the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, who knows what is coming soon, that it is impossible and ridiculous and see what they tell you!
Global governments are preparing to ‘try to minimize societal impacts’ for a significant Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) coming that will ‘initially affect regional populations’ and ‘secondarily impact global populations’ immediately dependent on ‘consumable food’ and ‘fresh drinking water’ worldwide.
FIRST ( 1st ) – “Coronal Mass Ejections ( CME )” or “solar flares” throw off ’high-energy electron particles’, but those thrown ‘directly at Earth’ – in ‘massive quantities’ and at ‘very high speed’ – creates ‘serious impacts on Earth societies’; and,
SECOND ( 2nd ) – “Solar Energetic Particle Events ( SEPE )” are ‘invisible electrical disturbances striking Earth’ from the Sun during its “11-year cycle” but primarily during its most volatile cycle period known as its “Solar Maximum” when the Sun’s ‘inner magnetic pole’ shifts ‘upside down’ in a 180-degree flip.
Nothing can be done, to ‘stop’ tha Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) from happening on Earth, but plenty can be done to ‘reduce societal effects’ so long as people are taught ‘how to survive without electricity’ for an ‘extended period of time’.
Many would like to know just ‘how long’ an ’extended period of time’ would be that ‘they will have to go without electricty’. More information on that and more has unfortunately not been provided by government officials or even mainstream news media broadcasts either so, many people still remain in the dark as to ‘how to even prepare to survive’.
Solar Energetic Particle Event Effects To Understand -
FIRST – Understand only ‘factual details’;
SECOND – Heighten ‘other people’s awareness levels’ by ‘openly discussing SEPE effects’;
THIRD – Create ’your own individual plan’ to follow ‘no matter where you are located’ ( ‘stationary’ or ‘traveling ) during ‘any time’ ( ‘day’ or ‘night’ ).
Unfortunately, ‘not even one’ ( 1 ) – of the aforementioned three ( 3 ) basics – was suggested by any ‘government official’ nor was any discussed on any ‘news broadcast’.
What Is Going To Inform People About Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) Effects?
The only information report providing ‘advanced public notification details’ for ‘what will be encountered’, ‘when to plan’, and ‘how to survive without electricity’ is only ‘this report’, because ’no report has been prepared or distributed for the public’ by either the U.S. Department of Homeland Security ( DHS ) or U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA ).
How Do We Know It’s So Important?
Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI ) is processed through the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( AFWA ) Air Force Weather Enterprise ( AFWE ) computer network system controlled by the U.S. National Security Agency ( NSA ) under the U.S. Department of Defense ( DOD ).
Does this stuff have anything to do with the ancient Mayan calendar ending in 2012 or any other ‘doomsday predictions’ circulating on the internet? NASA says “No, a Solar Maximum Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), is something we all need to be concerned about.” NASA officials add, the “Mayan calendar ‘end date’ of ’2012′ is nothing to be concerned about.”
Prominent astrophysicists worldwide claim this particular Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) will bring ‘negative impact effects’ to Earth that will ‘definitely’ be something “we all need to be very concerned about,” because if ‘enough high-energy electron particles strike Earth all at once’, as during the 1859 SEPE incident known as the “Carrington Flare,” all ‘electricity supply points’ relied upon for everything will ‘overload’, ‘burn out’ and ‘shut down’ a sizeable portion of ‘national infrastructure electricity grids’.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security ( see charts below ) experts and advisors have already confirmed an incredible burdensome task to rebuild our modern-day electrical infrastructure could take up-to 10-years dependent on ‘remaining numbers of specialists to rebuild it’ – those surviving aftermath population panic facing mob mentality crimes against humanity.
Rebuilding the ‘national infrastructure electrical grid’ will not be easy for a variety of other reasons too since ‘availability of certain transformers’ – like those from IBB ( Switzerland ) – may not quickly be replaced as more than just transportation complications may ensue.
National dependence on ‘foreign commerce transportation’, sees ‘international businesses’ lacking ‘large sailing ships’ to carry ‘large quantities of any cargo’ across ‘long distance seas’ today because ‘modern ships’ depend on ‘electronic controls’ to ‘operate properly’.
National dependence on ‘domestic commerce transportation’, sees ‘local businesses’ lacking ‘horse-driven or mule-driven wagons and dog-driven sleds’ to carry ‘large quantities of any cargo’ across ‘long distance lands and mountains’ today because both ‘modern trucks’ and ‘modern trains’ depend on ‘electronic controls’ to ‘operate properly’.
Interstate highways may not remain ‘safe passageways’ with ‘millions of people fleeing major population centers’ – both ‘downtown and urban panicked areas where mob crimes flourish – only to end-up ‘stranded in rural areas’ where yet ‘other more improvised crimes’ include ‘attacks / raids on highways’ where theft and worse are likely to occur.
If losing the ‘national infrastructure electrical grid’ becomes a reality, as NASA and astrophysicists predict – based on advanced high technology monitoring stations in space – then in order for people not to become ‘stranded’ – since ‘emergency help will not be instantly available’ – the most important question everyone needs to know is, “When should we all ‘stop traveling’?”
Will this large solar flare SEPE happen in 2011, 2012 or 2013?
Could experts at least narrow down the time-window for some of us so, we could at least know “1-week” or “1-day” ‘before’ an SEPE is expected to strike Earth? The immediate problem is ‘answers’ to such questions as these are not being answered or even presented by anyone in government.
What are ‘we the people’ supposed to do?
How can people prepare for the effects of a ‘seriously significant’ Solar Maximum SEPE?
Unfortunately, today ( 30MAY11 ) the public still receives the old ( 29JAN09 ) NASA basic storyline warning, “Did you know that a solar flare can make your toilet stop working?” ( immediately below ):
- – – -
Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA )
Severe Space Weather – Social and Economic Impacts
January 29, 2009
Did you know a solar flare can make your toilet stop working?
That’s the surprising conclusion of a NASA funded study by the National Academy of Sciences entitled “Severe Space Weather Events – Understanding Societal and Economic Impacts.” In the 132-page report, experts detailed what might happen to our modern, high-tech society in the event of a “super solar flare” followed by an extreme geomagnetic storm. They found that almost nothing is immune from space weather – not even the water in your bathroom.
- – – -
People must awaken to ‘at least the very basic caution and warning’ NASA has already provided officially, as well as the myriad of global astrophysicist’s warnings about a significant Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) coming soon in everyone’s direction here on Earth. People ‘need to know’ basically ‘how to prepare’ for a significant ‘solar electron particle effect’ on Earth.
Well in advance, government considers alot of issues including those decidely kept secret in cases where the shocking truth creates panic, it’s easy to detect by simply watching official government aloof answers skirt facts to the public typically provided no decent information that could otherwise prove to be of some genuine assistance.
People need to immediately consider ‘how to continue basic living’ during the immediate moment of the SEPE, the day after the SEPE and in its aftermath up to a period of 2-years. Why? The government cannot assist everyone. Understanding how severely an SEPE negatively impacts government, infrastructure and people will become a harsh reality for many to either begin understanding now.
Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) will take nations up to 10-years ( other nations even longer ) to rebuild their infrastructure, during which time ‘population patience will expiret’ amongst the masses long before government accomplish that, which is precisely why ’even further consequential damages’ from mob mentalities and roving gangs will lengthen the years necessary for the national recovery process. Man’s greatest threat is selfishness, unwillingness to understand, and disregard for most of his fellow man that also carries the same genetic trigger mechanisms, where only upon realizing a significant threat these two ( 2 ) species clash to turn loose ancient animalistic behavior capable of destroying each other regardless of all else. Man is equipped with his own doomsday button pushing against his age of modernization with a SEPE as all the trigger necessary to set everything else haywire.
Restoring law and order will not be quick, nor will it be just, amidst man’s selfishness inhumanity towards his fellow man when an SEPE impacts an ‘already emotional fragile society’. Such will quickly flip any peaceful community into an absolute ’deadly nightmare’ for many whom are unaware now of what faces them soon.
Man’s free will decides whether or not to prepare their own choice as to how they wish to deal with a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ).
If one wishes their new environment to be amongst the wild embroiled masses and street gang pandemonium, then that is ‘their choice to not prepare now’. Nobody is forcing anyone to do anything ‘yet’, but if you think ‘stashed ammunition’ can hold-off a ‘hungry crowd of hundreds’, good luck. If one thinks they can ride a horse near an angry crowd and remain on that horse, good luck! Most really need to ‘think’ ahead.
NASA has been expecting a significant Solar Energetic Particle Event to occur during the Solar Maximum ‘cycle’ ( between 2011 – 2013 ), however other well respected scientists and astrophysicists with access to much of the same data NASA uses indicates the ‘date for the SEPE’ could hit Earth as early as 2011. Who is correct? Should you wait to find out? What if by that time it’s too late for you to prepare? Are you ready, willing and able to face those consequences? How about your family? Did you bother to stop and ‘think’ about ‘their chances of survivability’ during such an SEPE without you able to reach them? Do they know you are reviewing this? Shouldn’t they be reviewing it as well? Will you remember to tell them about this? For most, they will remain unaware until it’s too late.
Some professionals believe NASA only releases data from ‘unclassified instruments’ aboard STEREO spacecraft, however other highly classified instrumentation exists to provide far-more information received constantly in real-time via a direct blue-green laser link receiver fed down into a ‘black vault’ room located in Hawthorne, California where ‘unevaluated scientific intelligence’ data is fed onward to a ‘scientific data analysis center’ in Fort G. Meade, Maryland that processes and routes ’evaluated intelligence’ data for ’actionable processing’ through another government information dissemination directorate routing to branches holding ‘directorate decision orders’ ( DDO ).
While the ‘date’ may be a guessing game amongst some professionals, one ( 1 ) thing they all agree upon. The SEPE is coming, and it will occur soon.
Earth history indicates several devastating Solar Energetic Particle Events ( SEPE ) that have surprised everyone, especially in 1859 when immediately through the atmosphere the SEPE Aurora delivered high-energy electrons automatically entering the molecular structure of all types of metal wire. Because of electron excitation in both telegraph system wire and even wire fences became so ‘hot’ wild fires were experienced throughout America and England.
Although the 1859 SEPE was ‘before’ the modern age of electrically dependent devices and systems, recent history recorded other devastating SEPE surprises for millions of people on Earth.
It is extremely important for everyone to ‘begin understanding what is actually coming’ to Earth and ‘how to prepare’ for the serious warning NASA gave.
If anyone missed the ‘numerous mainstream news media broadcasts’ about the “Solar Maximum” they can now view all those same broadcasts within this report ( further below ).
Unfortunately, the mainstream news media did ‘not detail’ the Solar Maximum creation of what is called a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) on Earth that many will now be able to learn much more about in this exclusive report.
Many want to ‘know the precise date’. This report will point everyone where they can ‘learn how to monitor that information’, and they will know, but only if they bother to ‘review this report thoroughly’.
Many will discover from this report what they ‘cannot reply on’, which is actually a very big first step to ‘preparing alternate means by which they can personally tailor their own needs to survive this SEPE’.
Many expect to hear all about the SEPE coming in-advance by simply listening to their vehicle radio, watching their home television, listening for their wireless communication devices to signal them, or catching the news from Bill the barber who lives next door to them. That type of expectation is not only unrealistic but extremely foolish as this exclusive report will certainly prove to everyone who bothers reviewing it thoroughly.
The most difficult part to convey to almost everyone is that ’all electronic devices and systems’ will ‘not provide sufficient warning time’ for them to prepare a plan for themself and their family, and this will consequently result in many being stranded immediately right alongside millions of other people whom chose to do the exact same thing. And, they will likely be stranded for a very long and unexpected time period with no way out of their own SEPE situation.
This exclusive report does not subscribe to ’doomsday prophecies’, but what U.S. federal officials already announced and research has proven.
Many seem to be simply ignoring the NASA news warning because ‘most do not believe it will ever adversely affect them’. This exclusive report will likely be ’their last warning’ before the SEPE hits Earth.
All information contained in this report will prepare many for what is about to occur. People want to know what the SEPE ‘effects’ have been like ‘before’ on Earth so, a specially prepared ’historical information timeline’ can now be reviewed ( immediately below ).
Solar Energetic Particle Event Problem History
1859 Solar Maximum SEPE proved that ‘all types of metal wires’ instantly absorb ( invisibly through the atmosphere ) huge surges of high-energy particles, e.g. X-rays, protons ( secondary protons, neutrons, deuterons, tritons ), electrons, making wire ‘too hot to touch’ and thereby, causing:
1. Wire attached to ‘wood posts’ in the ground, providing ‘perimeter protection’ quite suddenly served to ‘ignite widespread grass fires’ destroying farms, farmlands, agricultural, homes, and more all across America and England; and,
2. Wire attached to ‘wood poles’ in the ground strung from ‘telegraph office structures’, providing ‘business and personal communication links’ quite suddenly served to ‘ignite widespread structure fires’ destroying telegraph offices and adjacent businesses and buildings ( e.g. general stores, banks, other businesses, hotels and residences ) across America and England.
Imagine what an 1859 SEPE would do today to everything based on ‘electricity’, ’electrical’ and/or ‘electronics’ containing ‘wire filaments’, ’wire cables’, ‘small wires’, ‘microchip wires’ where anything containing any type of ’wire’ instantly overloads, burns out and consequently stops everything, from water being pumped up into faucets to transportation stoppage. NASA has officially stated ‘recently’ that a Solar Maximum SEPE is coming and will strike Earth sometime between 2012 and 2013. Astrophysicists believe it will strike May 2013, while others ’admit they cannot be sure’ and state, “it could even happen tomorrow.”
The Sun, according to NASA and other officials, already shows a pattern indicative of a significant Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) due to occur. NASA has already alerted people through several mainstream media news channels that it ’will’:
1. Happen; and,
2. Happen soon.
National Academy of Sciences recent report indicates a Solar Maximum Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) like the 1859 SEPE striking Earth might recover in only 4-years but more likely 10-years where ‘initial damages’ ( alone ) to just the high technology infrastructure ( alone ) will initially see costs up to $2,000,000,000,000 trillion dollars ( Source: NASA Science News – 28JAN11 ).
Earth’s magnetic field usually protects the Earth’s surface by diminishing the effects of highly accelerated ( near lightspeed and invisible ) high-energy particle bombardments but ‘not in all cases’ where the Earth experiences a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ).
Solar Maximum Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) Effects Chronology -
In September 1859, Earth’s magnetic shield defenses were overwhelmed by an incredibly powerful Solar Maximum SEPE blast of electrons, protons and X-Rays causing ‘telegraph wires’, ‘other wires’ and even ‘batteries’ to suddenly become too hot to touch, short-circuit, ignite fires and disrupt telegraph communications between the United States and Europe experiencing simultaneous emergency events at once, as the Sun’s:
1. – Solar plasma ( extremely hot gas ) on the surface ( corona ) of the Sun ejected an ‘extremely intense’ electromagnetic field in a Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME );
2. – Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) of electrons, protons, and X-Ray particles became accelerated to nearly lightspeed traveling 93,000,000 million miles ( 150,000,000 million kilometers ) quickly ( 17-hours and 40-minutes ) in less than 1-day unlike typical solar storms travelling the same distance in 2-days to 4-days.
3. Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) contained ‘highly excited magnetic field electrons’ ( high-energy ) particles ‘charged in diametrical opposition’ that slammed into ’magnetic field directions of electrons’ on Earth.
[ SEPE 1859 Impact 'if' during 2008 - Collapse of "365" EHV Transformers for Years ( click to read by enlarging image ) ]
In 1921, the Solar Maximum SEPE that struck Earth, if occurred in 2008 would have removed a minimum of 365 EVH transformers throughout the United States ( see risk projection map above ).
In 1940, a Solar Maximum SEPE penetrated the Atlantic Ocean where Canada ( Newfoundland ) to Scotland underwater telecommunication cable wires were slammed with electrons spiking electrical to 2,600 volts recorded by scientists.
In 1972, a Solar Maximum SEPE spiked Canada electricity current overloaded and exploded a 230,000 volt transformer of the British Columbia Hydroelectric Authority.
In July 1989, more than 151-years later, a Solar Maximum SEPE ‘stopped all electrical power’ to more than 6,000,000 million people throughout the entire province of Quebec, Canada triggering a gas pipeline explosion decimating large sections of the Trans-Siberian Railway, engulfed two ( 2 ) passenger trains into flames, killed 500 people, effected areas of the northern United States of America ( USA ), and the 1859 Solar Maximum SEPE was ‘three ( 3 ) times more powerful’ than this. Interestingly, within a few weeks of this Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ), ‘officially’ being discussed in the United States was, the following ( immediately below ):
Source: North American Electric Reliability Corporation ( NERC ) Washington, D.C.
Adam’s Mark Hotel St. Louis, Missouri
June 6, 1989
MINUTES OF THE MEETING -
A regular meeting of the North American Electric Reliability Council [ NERC ] Operating Committee was convened by Chairman Larry C. Kinard at 8 a.m. on Tuesday June 6, 1989.
A copy of the meeting notice, agenda, and list of attendees are attached as Exhibits A, B, and C, respectively.
Chairman – Kinard, welcomed:
- James Jackson – Manager of System Operation for the Southern California Edison Company ( SCE ), as a new member representing WSCC ( California / Nevada ); and,
- Terry Bruck – Vice President of Electric Operations for Cincinnati Gas & Electric Company ( CGE ), as a new member representing ECAR.
These meeting attendees then introduced themselves around the table.
Approval of Minutes of February 28, 1989 thru March 1, 1989 Meeting -
It was on motion by Mr. Hardage, seconded by Mr. Bulley, that the minutes were approved as distributed.
Chairman – Kinard introduced Mr. William C. Phillips, Director of System Operations for Middle South Services ( MSS ), being the new Chairman of the Performance Subcommittee.
Vice Chairman – Uggerud reported Mr. Jackson was assigned to the Operating Information Subcommittee ( OIS ), and Mr. Bruck was assigned to the Disturbance Analysis Working Group ( DAWG ).
Board of Trustees Meeting, April 3, 1989 thru April 4, 1989 -
Chairman Kinard reviewed the highlights of the Board meeting, as follows:
- The Board accepted the Operating Committee’s strategic plan recommendations, but modified Recommendation #10 dealing with development of a white paper on Open Transmission Access ( OTA ). Chairman Kinard noted Mr. Bulley was assigned to scope this Project.
- Don Benjamin discussed the Solar Magnetic Storm of March 13 [ 1989 ], and Hydro-Québec outage that resulted.
- Mr. Stout – Chairman of the Reliability Assessment Subcommittee, discussed concern about ‘load forecast uncertainty’.
NERC Board of Director new officers, are:
- Chairman – William Clagett, Administrator of the Western Area Power Administration ( WAPA ); – Vice Chairman – Earl Dille, President of Union Electric Company ( UEC ); and, – Secretary-Treasurer – George Edwards, Chairman of the Board & CEO of The United Illuminating Company ( TUIC ).
Technical Steering (TSC) Committee Meeting, April 28, 1989 –
- The Technical Steering (TSC) Committee discussed the March 13, 1989 solar magnetic storm.
- NESC activities were rolled into the Engineering Committee and Operating Committee.
- Engineering Committee representatives Pasternack and Mercier were added to the Interconnection Dynamics Task Force ( IDTF ). The Interconnection Dynamics Tutorial ( IDT ), will be distributed to utility attendees at the General Meeting.
- Vice Chairman Uggerud reported on the Technical Steering Committee ( TSC ) meeting, and assigned five ( 5 ) of the NERC strategies to the Engineering or Operating Committee.
- The Transmission Wheeling and Transfers ( TWT ) reference document, approved by the Engineering Committee and Operating Committee during their meeting, will be presented to the Board of Directors during their July 1989 meeting.
Operating Committee Executive Committee ( OCEC ) -
Chairman Kinard reviewed the Operating Committee Executive Committee ( OCEC ) meeting held on June 5, 1989, discussing:
- How-to mitigate Solar Magnetic Storm effects on Bulk Electric Systems ( BES ).
- Electro-Magnetic Pulse ( EMP ) events requiring restoration of utility companies, part of a U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) contract, identified the biggest impact falling on ‘communications systems’ of utility companies, which Vince Kruse of ASEA BROWN-BOVERI ( ABB ) [ ASEA est. 1890 ( Stockholm, Sweden ) and BROWN BOVERI et Cie. est. 1891 ( Baden, Switzerland ) ] and consultant Edward Taylor discussed with the Operating Committee Executive Committee ( OCEC ).
- Operating Committee Executive Committee ( OCEC ) strategies status.
- Operating Guide review status.
- 1988 Control performance compliance.
NERC Staff Report -
Don Benjamin discussed the Telecommunications Service Priority ( TSP ) system status and U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE ) proposed Electric Service Priority restoration system ( ESP ) for National Security Emergency Preparedness facilities.
NERC offered to assist the U.S. Department of Energy with learning about electricity customer restoration procedures.
Updates were distributed by NERC staff for several sections of 1,200 Operating Manuals in circulation.
Procedures for Notifying Utilities About Solar Magnetic Activity ( SMA )
Don Benjamin reported on new procedures for Solar Magnetic Disturbance ( SMD ) notification.
Following the Hydro-Québec blackout – March 13, 1989 – Don Benjamin, WSCC staff, Bonneville Power Administration ( BPA ) and American Electric Power Co. Inc. ( AEP ) representatives held a ‘conference call’ with the staff of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) Space Environment Services Center ( SESC ), asking NOAA to provide forecasts of Solar Magnetic Disturbance ( SMD ) activity to help utility companies prepare for the event. NOAA said it could provide a forecast, agreeing to supply AEP and BPA with this information, beginning April 1, 1989.
Solar Magnetic Storm of March 13, 1989 and Hydro-Québec Outage -
Ray Elsliger, of Hydro-Québec, discussed Hydro-Québec ( HQ ) outage details, and explained:
- Solar Wind effects on Earth’s ‘magnetic field‘;
[ EDITED INSERT NOTE: Sun eruptive Solar Flares bombard Solar Energetic Particles ( SEP ) creating Geomagnetic Storms on Earth, that is driven by a somewhat organized ‘geomagnetic core generator’ comprised of 'molten magma' ( lava ) consisting of ‘multiple types’ of ‘mineral materials’ containing ‘multiple types’ of ‘High Field Strength Elements’ ( HFSE ) [ e.g. niobium, kaersutite, titanmagnetite, etc. ] under ‘extreme’ ‘high-pressure‘ and ‘heat’ causes element ‘properties’ to ‘react’ in ‘multiple ways’ assuming ‘astrophysical phenomena characteristics’ only one ( 1 ) of which is ‘ExtraSuperConductivity’ ( ESC ) forcing ‘finite properties’ of subatomic particles ( electron neutrinos, tauon neutrinos, muon neutrinos, leptons, etc. ) exit ( faster than lightspeed, invisible to the naked eye ) away-from Earth until phenomenally stopping to form an ‘Extra-Planetary Core Supplied Field’ ( EPCSF ) or ‘magnetic property Earth shield’ known as the ‘Magnetosphere’, surrounding Earth, that wards-off ‘high-intensity cosmic rays’ ( hazardous to Earth-living things ) ];
- Solar-Induced Currents ( SIC ).
[ EDITED INSERT NOTE: Also known as “Auroral Currents” ( namesake taken from the “Aurora Borealis” also known as the “Northern Lights” ), dependent upon ‘solar high field strength’ and ‘directional-focus’ ( aimed at Earth ) invariably ‘penetrate’ Earth’s Magnetosphere where beneath they become ‘atmospheric high-energy electrons’ arriving on Earth where en masse their effects can ‘penetrate water’, ‘accumulate’ within ‘all types of wire’ ( including ‘fence wire’ ), exhibits no regard for existing Earth Field Strength ( EFS ) electrons already flowing within electricity transmission system lines ( wires / cables ) experiencing this quasi form of Solar-Induced Direct Current ‘ ( SIDC ) ‘traveling by its own wild propulsion’ especially when reaching ‘high ground-impedance’ in ‘geographic regions’ consisting of ‘igneous rock’, and ‘inherently carries while incorporating’ - along electrical transmission system lines - ‘second-harmonic currents‘ that can ‘totally saturate’ ( overfill ) electricity temporary storage capacitor ( electron storage containers ) banks exceeding over-current ( overload ) plus see ‘high static’ VAR compensators unsuccessfully handling high VAR demands causing relays to trip-off / shut-down transformers. ]
A copy of his presentation is attached, as: “ Exhibit D “
Mr. Cucchi noted PJM [ utility company ] experienced the effects of the Solar Storm, with tripped-off capacitor banks and damaged step-up transformers, and while PJM is seeking ‘operating procedures’ to assist them in mitigating future problems, he suggested a way to reveal the presence of Solar-Induced Currents ( SIC ) by summing VAR flows around transformers.
Solar Magnetic Disturbance ( SMD ) forecasting sees more work ahead.
Mr. Rodie noted that in Canada Ontario Hydro is monitoring Solar Magnetic Activity ( SMA ) forecasts from, both the:
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ); and, – Canadian Energy Mines and Resources ( CEMR ).
Chairman Kinard said the Solar Magnetic Disturbance ( SMD ) issue must be coordinated with the NERC Engineering Committee.
He asked the Disturbance Analysis Working Group to work on the Solar Magnetic Disturbance ( SMD ) forecasting and alerting procedures for further discussion at the August 1989 meeting.
Strategic Planning Task Force -
Mr. Wolak reported nine ( 9 ) out-of twenty ( 20 ) strategic recommendations were assigned to the standing subcommittees and the Disturbance Analysis Working Group. The Operating Committee Executive Committee is now working on the staffing requirements and scheduling. He expects to have timetables and other details at the August 1989 Operating Committee meeting. Recommendations will most likely need personnel support from the utilities.
Regional Reserve Requirements -
As part of its strategies, the Committee has agreed to review regional operating guides for comparison to the NERC Guides.
In November 1988, the Committee selected operating reserve as its first topic, and asked Mr. Ellis to request each Region’s operating guide on this matter. Since then, Mr. Ellis has been summarizing the guides for review and at this meeting discussed his summary of the Regions’ operating reserve requirements. The Committee discussed each and found ‘the guides differed greatly’ from Region to Region. Chairman Kinard will write the Committee members to ask they review their Region’s guides for agreement with NERC Operating Guides. Chairman Kinard asked Mr. McEacharn to select another operating guide topic for the August 1989 Operating Committee meeting.
Pre-Seasonal Assessments and Post-Seasonal Assessments -
President Gent reviewed the history of pre-seasonal assessment. It began with the Electric Utility Act of 1967 to which the utilities agreed to conduct seasonal assessments as well as 10-year assessments.
Both tasks were originally handled by the NERC Reliability Assessment Subcommittee but in 1988 the Operating Committee was assigned the seasonal assessments because these reports deal with near-term system conditions that are within the period of system operations.
President Gent said the seasonal assessments need to be more candid in their description of events and asked the Operating Committee to carefully consider this in the future.
Chairman Kinard emphasized the need for the Operating Committee’s involvement in the pre- and post-seasonal assessments. He asked Mr. Benjamin to send the seasonal assessment schedule and assessment guidelines to the Operating Committee.
Interchange Scheduling -
Mr. McEacharn, Chairman of the Interconnected Operations Subcommittee ( IOSC ), discussed the history of the Operating Guide on scheduled interchange. This used to be Guide 3, and became Guide I.D. after the Guides were reformatted in 1987. Many believe the Guide does not address parallel flows adequately, and the IOSC has been working on that aspect for many months.
Now, the Interconnected Operations Subcommittee ( IOSC ) needs direction from the Operating Committee on how to proceed.
Mr. McEacharn reviewed a questionnaire the Interconnected Operations Subcommittee ( IOSC ) compiled that addressed several aspects of scheduling. After discussing the issue, the Committee members agreed to complete the survey on behalf of the utilities in their Regions.
Mr. McEacharn will send the questionnaire to the Operating Committee by July 1, 1989. One response from each Region will be due back to Mr. McEacharn by October 1, 1989 and results will be discussed at the November 1989 meeting.
The answers should include the Regions’ opinions and background information behind their answers.
Mr. Nassief will address the impact of phase angle regulators in the WSCC response.
Mr. Powell has discussed the need with several utilities for a Guide to address DC control.
He will have a suggested Guide revision for the Operating Committee to review at its August 1989 meeting.
1988 System Disturbances Report
Mr. Cucchi, Chairman of the Disturbance Analysis Working Group, discussed the draft report. He noted the report’s emphasis of the problems associated with solid-state relay equipment and its sensitivity to system conditions.
It was on motion by Mr. Ham, seconded by Mr. Bulley, that the 1988 System Disturbances Report was unanimously approved for publication.
After discussion, the Committee did not believe the report warranted any changes to the Operating Guides.
MAP / TOP Task Force -
Mr. Paul Emmerich, who recently resigned from the chairmanship of the MAP/TOP Task Force, discussed the status of the MAP/TOP effort. He emphasized the need for electric utility input to the standard.
Eastern Interconnection Hotline -
Mr. Phillips said he would like to test the Hotline more often during off-business hours. The Committee agreed. He will distribute the results of the first ( 1st ) Hotline test at the August 1989 Operating Committee meeting.
Don Benjamin noted that Southern Company was recording Hotline conversations. Mr. Erickson said MAPP was too. The Operating Committee discussed this issue and generally believed it was not a problem, however Mr. McEacharn was concerned about recording conversations by parties that were not part of the conversation. Messrs. Erickson and Campbell will determine whether MAPP and Southern Company are able to record conversations of which they are not part.
1989 Reliability Assessment -
Mr. Stout, Chairman of the Reliability Assessment Subcommittee, reviewed the capacity and demand forecasts, as well as other highlights, in the 1989 Reliability Assessment. He also discussed a proposed questionnaire dealing with post-assessment statistics. The Operating Committee expressed its concern about the appropriateness of the information, which would have to be collected on a non-coincident basis.
Performance Subcommittee -
Mr. Phillips’ Subcommittee report is attached as Exhibit E.
There being no further business, before the Operating Committee, the meeting was adjourned at 5 p.m. on June 6, 1989. F. Rich Nassief Secretary
[ U.S. Infrastructure Electricity Grid Disruption Areas - Map ( click to enlarge and read image ) ]
Not all Solar Maximums are as severe as the 1859, 1940, 1972 and 1989 SEPE effects on Earth.
In 2003, a Solar Maximum SEPE did last 2-weeks, crippling two ( 2 ) satellites, plus instruments aboard the Mars Orbiter spacecraft.
NASA, indicates the Solar Maximum SEPE effects to hit Earth in 2012 or 2013 are something “we all need to be concerned about.”
Solar Maximum Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) Effects -
Solar geomagnetic storms ( also known as ) ‘Space Weather’ ( also known as ) ‘Solar Wind’ ( also known as ) ‘Sunspots’, and depending on the level of severity can effect ‘all types of metal wire’ causing serious side effects to property as well as posing serious dangers to human lives.
Wire Products -
Fence wire; Light bulb filament wires; Microelectronic computer components; Batteries holding electrons; Electrical wire ( straight, curved, bent and coiled ); plus, More…
Products containing wire possess ‘relatively organized’ electron particles, but when these get hit ( at near light speed but invisible to the naked eye ) by Sunlight acceleration into becoming highly energetic ( high-energy ) electrons, protons, and X-Ray particles they will confuse normally operating electrical devices and systems by ‘initial, severe and sudden disruption’ followed by ’subtle deactivating’, and these detrimental effects become experienced through two ( 2 ) long stage effects:
FIRST ( INITIAL EFFECT ) STAGE – Voltage spike overload creates instant transformer explosions, electric wire cable circuit burnouts, and wire fence heat igniting grass fires, etc.; and,
LAST ( RESULTANT EFFECT ) STAGE – loss of electrification by ‘electron particle relaxation’ and ‘electrolyte cessation’ ( stopped / halted ).
Once a Solar Maximum hits Earth it becomes known as a “Solar Particle Energetic Event” ( SEPE ) having already occurred and affects many things in a variety of locations and on different levels, such as:
ABOVE GROUND: Fence wire, electrical power lines and cables, wire in motors, generators, batteries, microelectronic components, etc.;
UNDER WATER: Sea cable communication wire and wiring;
ABOVE WATER: Ocean going vessel ship microelectronic components and wiring;
AIR: Airplane avionic microelectronic components and wiring; and,
SPACE: Satellite microelectronic components and wiring.
On January 21, 2009 NASA released a report claiming Solar Maximum storms that exhibit geomagnetic affects – resembling Electro-Magnetic Pulse ( EMP ) radiation ( non-harmful to humans but causing severe electrical black-outs from nuclear bomb detonations ) – would experience severe electron overloads and anything electrical disabled.
NASA report co-author John Kappenmann, of METATECH CORPORATION, indicated that ‘even more powerful’ than the aforementioned 1989 Solar Maximum was the much earlier May 1921 Solar Maximum that if hit today in modern society would feel the effects of at least 350 major electrical transformers being destroyed leaving over 130,000,000 million people without electricity in the United States alone.
[ click to read by enlarging image ( above ) ]
The loss of electricity would ripple across the social infrastructure of the United States and other foreign country citizens whom would see ”water distribution affected within several hours, perishable foods and medications lost in 12-hours to 24-hours, loss of heating, air conditioning, sewage disposal, phone service, fuel re-supply and so on,” indicated Kappenmann in the NASA 2009 report.
Now, the May 1921 Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) was not nearly as powerful as the earlier September 1, 1859 through September 2, 1859 Solar Energetic Particle Event where just one ( 1 ) of many aspects of the ‘negative affects’ was that even barbed wire fences became ‘too hot to touch’ that the wire strung on wooden fence posts ignited the wood on fire.
What more should we be expecting from a Solar Maximum that NASA warns “we all need to be concerned about?”
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory ( Pasadena, California ) research led by Bruce Tsurutani indicated, “In 1859, the technology was quite low in comparison to today’s technology, however the technology that we rely on today is much more vulnerable.”
Society back then ( 1859 ) were not adversely affected by that Solar Maximum storm in anyway it would now affect everyone today on Earth. In 1859, the telegraph system was only 15-years old. There were no Earth orbit satellites supplying broadcast news feeds to cable television, cellphones, or automated teller machines, electric power grids, computer chips, and computer controls within automobiles, trucks, trains, airplanes, ships, dams, water supply, refrigeration, and more.
European Space Agency project scientist Bernhard Fleck, for the SOHO spacecraft watching the Sun, indicates the next Solar Maximum super solar storm will be detectable, however that will be only half the story because we really will not know what the size of the affects will be until after it hits Earth again. According to ‘previous NASA reports’ the Solar Maximum is due to hit Earth between 2010 and 2011.
SOHO deputy scientist Paal Brekke indicates the 1859 Solar Maximum flare caught observers logging almost 1-minute of sunlight ‘doubling’ in the flare region of the Sun’s corona. “Such a strong White Light ( WL ) ( now known as “White-light emission” ) flare has never been seen since.”
“So if this type of flare happened, yes we would know right away,” adding that Earth’s ‘magnetic field orientation would not be known’.
Communication disruption will be imminent as soon as another Solar Maximum reaches Earth.
[ click to enlarge image ( above ) ]
There is, however, another historical projection from September 1859 when after the Solar Maximum hit Earth. Amazingly, batteries were being disconnected because they simply were no longer needed ( temporarily ) to operate many types of electrical equipment that automatically kept running by what 1859 people accounted to being a most unusual “atmospheric current” or ”aurora current” and referred to as an “auroral current.”
Who’s in real in danger of losing out economically, the utility companies? Electric metro rail commuter trains operate on electricity so, if ’no electricity is required’ does that mean public passengers will be charged less for ticket fare then they are today? What other ‘positive effects’ could occur? Electric vehicles and gasoline electric hybrid cars, will they continue to operate without any electricity’ or sorely ‘fail to operate at all’ in the wake of the Solar Maximum aftermath?
Solar Maximum SEPE ‘aftermath effects’ should see us preparing now for what also comes ‘after’ the “Auroral current” experience dissipates.
Will all electrical devices and systems be permanently affected and go dormant until old burned-out parts can be replaced with new replacement parts? How long will these types of major jobs take to complete before we may return to a life of normalcy?
Who will experience greater losses? People? Companies?
Food suppliers ( e.g. ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND, BARILLA, etc. ) will see ‘no way to deliver fresh food to customers’, especially in metropolitan and urban areas, and while ‘farms’ and ‘farmer markets’ will become popularly widespread it is equally important to realize the ‘time it takes to deliver fresh food to customers’.
What about ‘Winter’ blizzards when roads become inaccessible, do people stop eating?
What about ‘draught’, as national farm belt regions encounter ‘periods of hot temperatures’, or ‘no water pumped electrically’ from ‘water utility companies’?
Even more issues to consider about everyone’s destiny, is why governments may secretly be expecting ‘difficult access’ to ‘water’, ‘food’, or ‘both’. Sound impossible?
Touching one ( 1 ) secret’ reveals ‘national native tribal agriculture seeds’ ( ‘purest food form seeds’ ) are being purchased at ‘incredibly alarming rate’ and equally alarming ‘higher prices’ than usual. Why purchase these seeds, and who is buying them all up? Governments are doing this, and worldwide too.
For many decades, Russia still continues to maintain its ‘top secret’ government “State Seed Protectorate,” and while the U.S. government recently began buying up all the seeds they could from Native American Indians, other governments in Latin America, Australia, Africa and elsewhere are buying up all they can too. Interestingly, as that may seem, even more incredible is ‘where governments are storing these incredible huge quantities of seeds’. An incredibly huge ‘seed bank’, located in – of all places – a ‘northern’ Artic region. Why the sudden rush?
While ‘utility suppliers’ – without electricity – see ‘no way to distribute electricity’, ‘natural gas’ to heat customer homes, ‘home heating oil’ to heat homes, ‘telephone’ customers without any telephone service, it is an equally economic fact that ‘governments will lose those company customer tax incomes’, however ‘coal companies’ will takeover for the United States has the world’s largest natural resources of ‘coal reserves’ that may be used in the future to heat not only homes but also return to power trains, trucks and even automobiles.
Might we be forced to ‘invent new means’ by which we can go forward operating under an entirely new magnetic electrical principle on Earth?
Will all spacecraft satellites and the International Space Station ( ISS ) experience ‘orbit decay’ consequently falling back to Earth? If so, what effects can Earth residents and businesses globally expect from such falling objects from space?
Worldwide employment is about to become busier than ever before in the history of mankind.
Global unbalance from Solar Maximum SEPE
As governments amass mankind to rebuild government infrastructures, what will be done about ‘not enough people to fill so many new job openings’?
Will everyone so focused on such jobs that war might become a thing of the past? If so, what will governments do about an incredibly consequential population explosion?
How will governments ‘manage supplying even more water’ and ‘even more food’ to ‘even more children being born and growing-up during a 10-year ‘infrastructure recovery period’?
While speculation continues to abound, surrounding a variety of problems answered by new concepts, NASA believes it provided everyone with all they need to know “Toilets won’t flush,” because of a Solar Maximum SEPE due, which is “something we all should be concerned about.”
What does ‘that’ NASA statement allow anyone to really understand? Nothing perhaps, except that the word ”concerned” is a ‘comforting word’ used to ‘allay fear and panic’ by eliminating the ‘reality word’; “worried.”
What precisely is ‘it’ – or is there actually ‘more than one issue’ – ”we all need to be worried about?”
Unfortunately, NASA is ‘not saying anything more’ other than it’s ‘something’ “we all need to be worried about.” NASA’s “something,” is it a ‘major’ “something” that will change everyone’s life?
No ‘clear official government definition’ is provided anywhere, which throws-open the doors of speculation about ‘what’ will ‘all the ill affects be’, and what ‘do’ “we all need to be ‘concerned’ about?”
Speculation, on this magnitude of an event with no answers coming from anyone in an official position simply fails to direct anyone to do anything to prepare themselves or their families. Hence, ‘this’ is precisely what leaves open the door for wild worry and panic to enter many lives so, is ‘sheer panic’ what governments want to take hold?
Does a Solar Maximum SEPE scatter our brain waves rendering everyone unable to function, much in the same fashion by which government left everyone in a fog to guess about ‘what’, ‘when’, and ‘how much’ will happen that is “something we all need to be concerned about”? Will ‘mental health’ issues increase? Why then is there ‘no information guidance’ as to what the effects will be with the Solar Maximum SEPE event due, according to NASA?
It becomes real scary when NASA says, “We don’t know to what extent the effects will be yet, and will not know until after it hits Earth.” Gee? That “waiting to see what happens” is ‘real comforting’, right?
What does the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA ) – now appearing on yet another U.S. government ‘website’ named “Ready.Gov” – have to announce to the public about a Solar Maximum SEPE that will disrupt electricity supply? ( see immediately below )
Will a Solar Maximum SEPE allow everyone to ‘float through the air’ ( joking ) in the electrically excited auroral current of ‘green atmospheric electrons’ ( no joke )?
There ’must be a reasonable limit’ set as to both ‘negative affects’ and ‘positive effects’ that all citizens should be made aware of by their government leadership.
Today we rely on more than just ‘ground-based’ telephone and telegraph wire cables’ to communicate across vast distances by also using ‘space-based’ satellites and ‘sea-based’ oceanic communication cables. Is this ‘major solar event’ something we really need to be concerned about?
Can NASA get ‘their’ story straight?
NASA, leadership sees other NASA officials saying “nothing significant” is going to occur. Whoa, wait a minute. Then ‘what U.S. government agency’ is the ‘public supposed to be listening to’?
Can the U.S. government get ‘their’ story straight?
Wondering about all this, I decided to call the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA ), who said to check with NASA, who said check with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security ( DHS ), who said check with your local government, who did ‘not even know what a SEPE was’ let alone ‘how to prepare for one’. Several local government leaders said, “Is this a joke?”
Who knows about the ‘effects’ from a Solar Maximum SEPE on Earth?
If the public will not wake up to the ‘most current’ NASA announcement on ‘several television news broadcasts’, should they pay closer attention to someone else? Forget about asking the “Men In Black” ( MIB ) whom were taken off air waves in the late 1960s when Quinn Martin shut down his black and white television series, “The Invaders,” where ‘phone lines’ and ‘people’ often turned-up ‘dead’.
How about FOX News Glen Beck? He says he has his “FOX Team” of “researchers” whom discover things for him all the time!
Perhaps, ‘Jay Leno’ would get off his motorcycle and ‘ask the man on the street’?
How about your ‘local psychic’ who claims to ‘know all’ and ‘see all’ in-to ‘your future’!
I’m sure Tina, the gal standing on the corner with the pink spiked hair-do, could find out for you if the price was right.
I’m leaning, however toward the man on the street holding the sign, “The End Is Near!”
You decide ‘who will be the best judge over information’ for you and your family!
The fact is we ‘all’ – at-least – need to be ‘aware’ of the Solar Maximum SEPE as a coming ‘major event’ that will likely be changing how we will be living here on Earth sometime in either 2011, 2012, or 2013 according to ‘some brave government officials’, ‘professionals’ and ‘researchers’ around the world who probably ‘know better than most of us’ now at the current time.
Everyone’s life today is ‘dictated by matters of convenience’
Today ( 2011 ) ‘we have all become as children’, ‘extremely dependent’ on certain things that are ‘important to us very personally’, and ‘electronics enable us’ to ‘accomplish many things for ourselves’ and ‘on a daily basis’ now for many decades. Unfortunately, many people take for granted items like ‘gasoline’ provided at ‘gas stations’ ( ‘pumps’ all ‘controlled by electricity’ ) where we know our ‘vehicles’, ‘buses’, and transport trucks ( ‘engines’ all ‘controlled by ‘electricity’ ) bring us ‘near to everything’ we ‘need’. Our foods, we know are ‘kept fresh’ by ‘cool temperatures’ ( ‘refrigerated containers’ all ‘controlled by electricity’ ). Other conveniences, we take for granted are Automatic Teller Machines ( ‘ATMs’ all ‘controlled by electricity’ ) for cash, banks ( ‘computers’ all ‘controlled by electricity’ ) for direct deposits and cash, Point Of Sale ( ‘POS’ machines all ‘controlled by electricity’ ) for retail counter purchase transactions ( cash, debit, or credit ), ‘postal mail delivery’ ( ‘trucks’ and ‘airplanes’ all ‘controlled by electricity’ ) and ‘last but not least’ – that even NASA warned us about in 2009 – “toilets that will not flush” ( ‘water company pumps’ all ‘controlled by electricity’ ) but ‘even more importantly’ than “toilets” is ‘how water reaches us to drink’ – from faucets!
Many will discover more answers from this report, its video clips and references that will now at least provide a few helpful hints for people to begin considering and planning for when the Solar Maximum SEPE arrives tomorrow – and ‘it’ will be coming to Earth ‘very soon’.
Predicting a Solar Maximum SEPE on Earth
Although one ( 1 ), of many, NASA missions began over 4-Years, 4-Months and 10-Days ago it is important to know that ‘invisible energy particles’ come from a Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) that most people call a “solar flare.”
New terms ‘distancing public awareness’ controlling ‘public complacency’
But what’s in a name? Government ‘official politically correct terms’ lead many into a state of ‘false complacency’ ( rest at ease, because “nothing’s going to happen” ) by ‘now rarely using the familiar term’ “solar flare,” now “solar wind.”
Gee? On the surface it appears as “nothing” to the public but a nice “solar wind” washing across everyone’s face as they bask in the Sun at the beach, right? Wrong!
A “solar wind” – by the time it strikes Earth – will ‘not blow’ or ‘even move’ so much as one ( 1 ) single ‘feather’, but the term “solar wind” ‘allays public fear’ of any ‘emerging ray’ while ‘dumbing-down public knowledge’ as to what a “solar flare” really is, what it consists of, and the ‘damage it can and usually does’ to many people’s lives on Earth. Hey, but do ‘not’ hang the person who coined the term “solar wind,” at-least not yet.
A “coronal mass ejection” ( CME ) is, a “solar flare” that becomes, a “solar wind” when it leaves the surface of the Sun, and by the time it strikes Earth, it becomes known as a “Solar Energetic Particle Event” ( SEPE ) consisting of ‘invisible high-energy particles’ of which ‘electrons’ negatively affect ‘electricity’.
Remember the aforementioned and while everyone else is lost not knowing what to do – thanks to ‘government officials’ and ‘television news’ making everything in life sound so rosy, you’ll ‘know precisely’ what ‘it’ is ‘that just struck you’ and ‘all around you’ so you can ‘quickly begin dealing with the aftermath’ that will definitely follow.
Who knows? You might even end-up becoming a ‘surviving leader’ of a ‘whole new tribe’ of ‘poor unfortunate souls’. Those wishing to be ‘followers’ – please skip reading the rest of this report <grin>.
Coronal Mass Ejections ( CME ) pack one heck of a powerful wallop throughout our Solar System on several planets so they are fairly complicated, as follows:
- Sun surface ‘high-energy magnetic eruptions’ are like ‘reversed electrical lightening storms with a thermonuclear magnetic boost’ from ‘highly magnetic field layers of liquid magma’ – from the ‘core’ of the Sun – circulating up to the surface where ‘extreme high field strength element ( EHFSE ) niobitic magnetic loops’ seep through the surface ( corona ) reaching ‘extremely high altitudes’ where they ‘sway back and forth’ collecting ‘cosmic ray particles’ ( CRP ) causing a ‘cluster magnetic convergence’ explosion cutting ‘solar magnetic umbilical cords’ skyrocketing them into outer space. Those CME “solar flares” – exploding in certain regions of the Sun – head toward Earth while other “solar flares’ go elsewhere throughout our planetary Solar System.
“Solar Flare” ‘high-energy magnetic electron particles’ ( SEMEP ), upon reaching Earth, only become a “Solar Energetic Particle Event” ( SEPE ) creating ‘various strengths’, of:
- Geomagnetic storms.
When the Sun’s Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) discharges highly energetic ( out of control ) electrons ( invisible to the naked eye ), a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) or Solar Energetic Particle ( SEP ) Event occurs, but only ‘dependent upon the quantity’ of High Field Strength Element ( HFSE ) niobium based magnetic electrons able to ‘penetrate’ Earth’s “Magnetosphere” ( Earth’s ‘core generated magnetic shield’ outside Earth extending into outer space ), the ‘electrical amplitude disruption’ will either be ‘minor’ ( ‘radio frequency’ RF signal disruption ), ‘major’ ( electrical equipment burn out failures ), or ‘significantly serious’ enough to cause Earth’s ‘inner magnetic pole to shift in degrees’ – one way or the other.
Important to understand is, that from the very instant these “Solar Maximum” SEPE highly excited ( no orderly flow ) electrons strike Earth, ‘electrons flowing through conductive materials’ ( e.g. wires, batteries, electronic components, etc. ) will temporarily cease ‘operating electrical devices and systems around the globe’ until the invisible ( to the naked eye ) electron storm event ceases to be a problem on Earth.
NASA claims, U.S. Air Force Weather Agency ( AFWA ) “Global Environmental Intelligence” ( GEI ) predictives’ currently indicate, that a:
- Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) ‘effects can occur’ between ’2010′ and ’2013′;
- Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) ‘effects can occur’ in ‘less than 18-hours’ from the largest Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) recorded in 1859;
- Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) ‘effects will last’ anywhere from a ‘few months’ to “1-year” or “2-years”; and,
- Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) ‘effects may be deflected’ by ‘establishing a conductor array’ to ‘absorb’ ambient ‘high-energy electron particles’.
“Solar Maximum” affects ‘all electronic devices and systems relying on a normal flow of electrons in order to operate’, which means ‘all electrical wire filaments with electrical current flowing through them’ will stop operating properly. The ‘brief list’ of which, includes:
- Batteries: Lithium ion – LiIo, Nickel Cadmium – NiCad, Rechargeables, Dielectrics ( automotive, trucks, buses, locomotive trains, airplanes, boats, motorcycles, etc. ), others;
- Photo voltaic cells;
- Electrical motors – Generators ( turbine ), Transformers, Coils, Alternators, Starters, Voltage Regulators, Electric Motors ( drills / grinders, etc. – with copper wire windings within );
- Light bulbs ( filament and neon with electricity ballasts will NOT operate – ‘liquid light’ sources WILL operate! );
- Water well sources ( ‘electrically pumped’ will NOT operate – ‘manual gravity pumps’ WILL operate )
- Telephones ( switching centers, distribution boxes, handsets, headsets, microcircuits, transformers, coils, etc. – containing electrical wire or cable );
- Televisions, video cameras, charged couple devices ( CCD ), digital cameras, radios, and flash lights ( electrical, battery-operated, solar-powered, or hand-cranked will ‘NOT’ operate – ‘liquid light’ sources WILL operate! );
- Computer driven devices ( ATM cash machines, computers, facsimiles, telephones, cellphones, satellite phones, memory thumb-sized drives, internal hard drives, external hard drives, printers, facsimile machines ( FAX ), electric typewriters, etc. – ‘manual typewriters’ WILL operate! );
- Satellites, refrigerators, freezers, gasoline station pumps, charged coupled devices ( CCD ) in digital cameras and other CCD dependent equipment, memory chips, memory thumb-sized drives, computer driven internal and external hard drives, plus an incredibly long list of many other items relied upon to operate normally and ‘retain important information’ for us all.
Should we begin practicing our writing skills?
Should we begin ‘printing everything onto paper’ from computers?
What about the U.S. government ‘Paper Reduction Act’?
What about ‘innocent trees from being ‘butchered into pulp’ for ‘paper’?
Top 7 Global Profiteers from a ‘significant’ Solar Maximum SEPE?
1 – Water ( fresh drinking ) suppliers;
2 – Farms – a. fish b. nut c. agriculture c. poultry d. pig e. mule f. horse g. dairy;
3 – Salt producers ( food preservative );
4 – Coal companies ( furnace heat );
5 – Wood & Paper manufacturers ( supports 1, 2, 3, & 4 above );
6 – Pharmaceutical manufacturers ( medicine ); and,
7 – Chemical companies ( supports 2, 3, 4, 5 & 6 above ).
Top Global Loser from a ‘significant’ Solar Maximum SEPE?
1 – Public ( in general ).
Before considering, preparing and instituting anything by anyone, there is a ‘basic matter of survival’ given the fact that mass reliance on what is about to be extinguished for an indeterminate period of time has not been addressed to-date by governments to citizens.
Supplying a few answers, to the following questions, would provide a better chance of survival:
1. Where does one go to understand?
2. What must one consider after understanding?
3. How does one prepare plans after considering?
4. When does one institute plans after considering?
Answers to the aforementioned four ( 4 ) questions, if left up to themself, most would not know and consequently not survive mass public panic by such an event.
Understanding what one is facing, exercising common sense and good judgment is the most important thing anyone can do to properly survive. A ’few’ will figure it out – the hard way - but while many have absolutely no clue as to what they are about ready to face, a few confident souls may only ’think they know how to get through it’. The harsh reality is less than 1% will survive. Those whom ‘do survive’ will either ‘know how to properly survive’ or ‘learn how to survive’ by ‘other means’ of ‘chance’ or ‘circumstance’. Many will unfortunately fail to ‘exercise good judgment’ at only one ( 1 ) ’critical moment’ when a little ‘common sense’ and ‘understanding’ a few ‘key critical’ elements - about ’people’ and ‘science’ – could have pulled them through.
Unfortunately, ‘socio-economics’ and the ‘science of surviving without common comforts’ is not required studies in ‘basic elementary school’ so, one must set-out to exercise their own crash course elementary study in these subjects where they will learn something about psychology, finance, government, and how to forage for themself. Subjects, such as these - typically deemed ‘boring to most’ – in ‘this SEPE event’ will determine ‘survivability’.
- Understand ‘precisely what will occur’ – Do not rely on anyone;
- Consider an ‘initial survival plan’ – Do not rely on anyone;
- Consider a ‘contingency survival plan’ – Do not rely on anyone;
- Prepare ‘both plans’ – Do not inform anyone;
- Patience – Do not hurry – Do not waste time; and,
- Institute ‘Plan 1′ ( initial ) – Wait to go to ‘Plan 2′ ( contingency );
- Consider ‘alternate transportation’ – Prepare for ‘mule’ or ‘feet’;
- Consider ‘foods and liquid’ – Prepare for ‘nuts’ and ‘condensation’; and,
- Consider ‘remote living’ – Prepare for a ‘natural or makeshift shelter’.
[ click to enlarge image ( above ) FEMA COP ( Mount Weather, Virginia ) ]
Alternatives to ‘inability’ or ‘unwillingness’ to ‘self-survive’ leaves hope otherwise flapping in the breeze fluttering about while waiting for government replies through its ‘application process’ for ’distressed people’ believing they will be going to a ‘continuity community center’ ( CCC ) or better yet drug away to what ‘conspiracy theorists term’ a “Deep Underground Military Base ( DUMB )” but in either event only ‘after a cataclysmic event’ has taken place.
Might only be for a month ( 30-days ), but in the event of more permanency it ties-in remarkably to yet even ‘other conspiracy theorist’ claims as to ’why’ the ‘internet addiction’ was allowed to ‘publicly fester’.
Internet preoccupation has ‘distinct self-programming qualities’ supporting human isolationism theories, and may very well be an ‘advanced emergency preparedness tool’ that has certainly hooked millions rather uniquely but socially destructive ‘creative self-indoctrination programming’ methodology scheme.
Internet junkies spending entirely too many hours day and night online are certainly prime candidates whom will adjust more rapidly to ‘socially isolated environmental living’ ( e.g. under ground, beneath the sea, or in outer space’ ) than those continuing semblances of normalcy by exercising extended periods of daily interpersonal relationship socializing. There are plenty willing to argue those issues, but none willing to alert anyone as to Solar Maximum SEPE effects coming and what they should prepare for.
Major news organizations worldwide note how ‘interpersonal communication skills’ between individuals meeting to communicate is on a ‘quality landslide downward’ because so many millions of people no longer maintain frequent interpersonal communicating skills between each other and are now consequently ’unable to successfully function with what was known previously as a normal daily life’ without their current ‘interference addiction’ of internet grand scale usage.
Today, many ‘survive’ on ‘social security benefits’ and ‘disability benefits’ from the government so, what if you are in a DUMB for a 2-year stay – until everything is ready?
Believing government will work ‘very fast’ – using horses, mules, covered wagons, buggies, and /or bicycles – to speed your recovery back to some semblance of normalcy is intelligent thinking, no? Government wouldn’t just forget about ‘you’ would it? There are ‘laws’ protecting citizens from this sort of event, aren’t there?
What “roadmap” has government already ‘strategically planned’?
Remember how important ‘understanding’ is going to be for survival?
National Space and Atmospheric Administration ( NASA ) third ( 3rd ) ‘strategic element’ Solar Terrestrial Probe ( STP ) for the NASA Sun Earth Connections Roadmap ( SECR ) mission of the NASA Solar Terrestrial Energetic Relations Observatory ( STEREO ) involved Sun Earth Connection Coronal and Heliospheric Investigation ( SECCHI / EUVI / COR ) telescopic camera imaging sensors tell Earth what is headed our way by using five ( 5 ) scientific telescopes programmed to observe Coronal Mass Ejections ( CME ) from the Sun to the Earth.
Current ‘up to the moment color photographs’ of Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) solar flares can be instantly viewed at this official website link for SECCHI displays those coming to Earth. Additionally, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) ‘Earth time and date impact chart’ can be viewed on its Space Weather Alerts and Warnings Timeline ( SWAWT ).
[ click to enlarge image ( above ) ]
NASA Solar Terrestrial Energetic Relations Observatory ( STEREO ) primary goal is an in-advance three-dimensional ( 3-D ) study of Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) dynamics on Earth interplanetary evolution.
NASA Solar Terrestrial Energetic Relations Observatory ( STEREO ) SECCHI and SWAVES provide imaging observation of the Sun’s heliosphere ( varies temporally ) with unprecedented ( record setting ) use of combined ‘imaging experiments’ and ‘in-situ experiments’ ( IMPACT and PLASTIC ).
NASA SECR ( Sun Earth Connections Roadmap ) STEREO ( Solar Terrestrial Energetic Relations Observatory ) SECCHI suite of five ( 5 ) cameras consist of three ( 3 ) primary components:
- Sun Centered Imaging Package ( SCIP ) consisting of three ( 3 ) telescopes; – Heliospheric Imager ( HI ) consisting of two ( 2 ) telescopes; and, – SECCHI Electronics Box ( SEB ) or ( COR ) consists of command, control, communications, and computer intelligence ( C4I ) imaging electronics.
[ PHOTO ( above ): NASA STEREO spacecraft ( click to enlarge image ) ]
NASA Solar Terrestrial Energetic Relations Observatory ( STEREO ) consisted of two ( 2 ) spacecraft, nicknamed:
STEREO AHEAD spacecraft ( STEREO A ); and,
STERO BEHIND spacecraft ( STEREO B ).
SECCHI telescopes, mounted on both spacecraft ( STEREO-A and STEREO-B ) flanked Earth orbits of the Sun.
The two ( 2 ) [ STEREO AHEAD ( STEREO-A ) and STEREO BEHIND ( STEREO-B ) ] spacecraft launched, used ‘lunar gravity assist’ – slingshot effect from travelling around the moon several times – placing both into a heliocentric orbit.
The first ( 1st ), entering heliocentric orbit, was the STEREO AHEAD ( STEREO-A ) spacecraft, then 2-weeks later the STEREO BEHIND ( STEREO-B ) spacecraft, both drifted away ( at an average rate of about 22.5 degrees per year ) from Earth – whereupon after their 2-year nominal operations phase ( 2008 ) – each spacecraft was then positioned about 90 degrees apart – about 45 degrees from Earth.
STEREO AHEAD spacecraft drifted ‘ahead’ of Earth.
STEREO-B spacecraft drifted ‘behind’ Earth.
To accomplish drift for each craft:
STEREO AHEAD ( STEREO-A ) spacecraft traveled ‘faster’ – than the solar orbit of Earth;
STEREO AHEAD ( STEREO-A ) spacecraft orbited ‘closer distance’ to the Sun – than the solar orbit of Earth;
STEREO BEHIND ( STEREO-B ) spacecraft traveled ‘slower’ – than the solar orbit of Earth; and,
STEREO BEHIND ( STEREO-B ) spacecraft orbited ‘further distance’ from the Sun – than the solar orbit of Earth.
[ click to enlarge image ( above ) ]
On January 7, 2011 a solar Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) – detected earlier by the STEREO-A spacecraft – is just now ( 09JAN11 ) arriving on Earth from a solar flare that is only the beginning of what is being ‘officially claimed not a serious threat to Earth’, however it is expected to ‘increase in intensity’, however this is ‘not’ the Solar Maximum Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) expected between June 2011 but by no later than the end of July 2011.
[ click to enlarge image ( above ) ]
NASA has ‘at least’ two ( 2 ) spacecraft solar programs going on in outer space that will hopefully be able to catch a glimpse ( for only a little while ) of a Solar Maximum SEPE, however ‘all’ such spacecraft share one ( 1 ) primary and extremely similar problem best outlined by learning more about NASA antiquated solar spacecraft still floating around in space hoping to continue providing information to Earth. For ‘how much longer’ is about to be answered.
NASA? We Have A Problem!
Early Warning Data Black Outs
[ click to enlarge image ( above ) ]
In 1997, NASA Earth solar space weather 15-minute to 45-minute ’early warning’ probe Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) detects inbound solar geomagnetic storm steams of ‘highly excited and disorderly flowing electron’ particle solar plasma ( invisible to the human eye ) until it becomes overloaded by a Solar Maximum because even ACE onboard sensing camera detectors rely on the ‘orderly flow of electrons’ for its technologies to function.
ACE black-out will take NASA longer than 15-minutes to determine ‘why’ ACE even blacked-out.
NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) was only built to endure under ‘average solar wind conditions’ but nothing as intense as a Solar Maximum plasma flare.
NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) sensing detectors are now 13-years old, no longer as sensitive, plus ACE has already exceeded its NASA calculated life expectance. NASA knows ACE 13-year old sensors will ‘cease to function before’ a Solar Maximum plasma flare ‘passes by’ ACE in space.
Upon a Solar Maximum event, predicted by NASA between 2010 – 2013, NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) probe will become overloaded and burn-out from solar electron particle disruption and immediately go dead in space ‘before’ a Solar Maximum flare even passes its sensors.
No time soon could even a replacement for the NASA Advanced Composition Explorer ( ACE ) ever be launched into place.
There is no intelligence in relying on ACE because in addition to all of the aforementioned, ACE is positioned 92,000,000 million miles away from the Sun and only 900,000 miles away from Earth that is 93,000,000 million miles away from the Sun so, this means that within a few seconds after the Solar Maximum flare passes detection sensors onboard ACE the largest geomagnetic storm will have already hit Earth.
Other solar observation satellites, such as Solar and Heliospheric Observatory ( SOHO ) will only provide ‘some warning’ but with ‘far less detailed information’; especially in the wake of the NASA ‘predicted’ Solar Maximum SEPE effects in 2010 - 2013 on Earth; depending on ‘which NASA report’ one reviews.
NASA STEREO mission spacecraft ( STEREO AHEAD and STEREO BEHIND ) – in heliocentric Earth orbits – provide unique observation vantage points where ‘both enable’ a ‘stereoscopic view’ of ‘solar activity’, ‘reactions’ and ‘effects’ on Earth environments.
NASA STEREO four ( 4 ) instrument suites, supplying data measurements ( later assessed on Earth ), are named:
IMPACT – Energetic Particles and Magnetic Field Vectors; PLASTIC – Solar Wind Plasma; SECCHI – EUV Imager, Coronagraphs and Heliospheric Imagers [ U.S. Office of Naval Research ( ONR ) Naval Research Laboratory ( NRL ) ]; and, SWAVES – Radio Burst Tracker.
Space Weather Beacon ( SWB )
Space Weather Beacon ( SWB ) feeds compressed, binned, subset data continually broadcasted from NASA STEREO mission spacecraft instrumentation through SECCHI ( Sun Earth Connection Coronal and Heliospheric Investigation ) where downlink ’image data’ ( not easily accessible via internet ) is ‘made available only to forecasters’.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency ( NOAA ) Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ) ‘only provides the public’ with ‘near-real-time’ ( ‘daily update still frame images’ ) from NASA STEREO mission spacecraft ( 2 ) sensor imaging camera telescopes retrieved through the STEREO project by using the STEREO Science Center ( SSC ).
- NOAA is ‘not the general provider’ of STEREO data.
In the future, NOAA expects viewing of ‘real-time image data’.
- NASA STEREO project ‘is the general provider’ of STEREO data.
Space Weather Beacon Shutdown
On January 8, 2011 ‘unexpected high current problems disrupting data flow’ forced shutdown of two ( 2 ) NASA spacecraft STEREO B ( STEREO BEHIND ) instruments:
- IMPACT [ In-situ Measurements of Particles and Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) Transients ] – measuring ‘solar energetic proton particles’ and ‘magnetic field vectors’; and,
- PLASTIC [ PLAsma and SupraThermal Ion Composition ] measuring ‘solar wind geomagnetic storm plasma’.
Measurements are of utmost significance for NASA and NOAA for space weather forecasts.
Late this week, NASA reported ‘both instruments’ ( IMPACT and PLASTIC ) recovered after having been shut down.
These two ( 2 ) instruments ( IMPACT AND PLASTIC ) provide significant space weather forecast data measurements, of:
- Solar wind ( geomagnetic storm ) plasma; – Solar energetic ( electrons, protons, etc. ) particles; and, – Magnetic ( field strength ) vectors.
While populations of the world yawns, at solar storms ‘now’, until a Solar Maximum SEPE hits Earth- in 2013 - thinking the day is too far away for them to be immediately concerned – many people do not even realize ‘what Solar Maximum SEPE effects are’ or ‘how a Solar Maximum SEPE effects them’. People simply ‘do not comprehend the impact on their life’ a Solar Maximum SEPE solar storm effect contains.
The sad part for people is they are ‘not even preparing’ for a Solar Maximum SEPE - even after millions of people were warned by NASA and many major news organizations. Are people too preoccupied, living in their own little worlds? If not, then ‘why’ are people ‘not planning to do anything’? Why are people ’not prepared’ for a Solar Maximum SEPE?
People were ‘warned in 2010’ by both ‘government agencies’ and ‘news organizations’ about the Solar Maximum SEPE coming in 2012 or 2013 so, that only ‘registered a distant date’ for most – giving them a false sense of security for what could happen in 2011 as NASA previously warned people in “2006″ of the Solar Maximum SEPE coming in “2010 – 2011.”
What will it take to wake populations up?
News broadcasts already warned people of the Solar Maximum SEPE coming by 2012.
News broadcasts even warned people of the ‘effects’ a Solar Maximum SEPE will have on their lives.
What will it take to wake people up?
This report provides people with detailed information about ‘aftermath effects’ of a Solar Maximum SEPE, provides people with ‘official government background information’ on ‘official government problems’ facing a Solar Maximum SEPE, and provides people with ‘official government website internet links’ where people can begin ’learning to understand’ how ‘important emergency preparedness’ is with a Solar Maximum SEPE in 2012.
What will it take to wake people up? Solar Maximum SEPE will hit Earth ‘soon’.
Only a few know what NASA did and what other branches of government have done, but ask yourself what ‘you’ are ‘doing today’ to ‘educate yourself’ about ‘your basic survival’?
Forget about asking yourself where you’ll be by the end of the next 5-years. NASA already answered ‘that’ for ‘you’. Government is ingenious. To figure a way to ‘get masses of people ( young and old ) educated’ in ‘socio-economics’ as ‘cataclysmic events’ occur – without using any taxpayer money to accomplish that feat.
On March 11, 2011 a motion picture film will be released at theatres across America.
Many will not even realize how much they are going to receive from buying their own ticket to such an ‘event’.
Here ( below ) is an ‘initial compilation’ of ‘factual video clips only’ surrounding the “Solar Maximum” so ‘you can really understand what is important for you’.
[ click on each video ( below ) then click on next video ( below ) ]
After watching the aforementioned videos, which official organization do you think is telling the truth about the Solar Maximum arrival date? What about the lone ( 1 ) NASA ‘astrobiologist’ ( David Morrison – video above ) who claims – contrary to what NASA Administrative Leadership claims “we all need to be concerned about” – that somehow David Morrison somehow feels there “is “nothing to be worried about” regarding a “Solar Maximum” ‘event’ and claiming there was ‘not going to be any’ ”Pole Shift” either?
Still convinced “internet doomsday prophets” and “intertnet conspiracy theorists” talking about ‘these particular same subjects’ are ‘totally wrong’?
One may wish to ‘re-think’ a few things because ‘now’ ( below ) there is ‘even-more factual evidence’ proving ‘more specifically’ what NASA now says, “we all need to be concerned about,” as the ‘absolute truth’.
1. NATIONAL AERONAUTIC AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION ( NASA ) video indicates the Solar Maximum ’peak’ by ’2012′ – ’2013′;
2. NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ( NSF ) funded NATIONAL CENTER FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH ( NCAR ) video indicates the Solar Maximum ‘earlier’ by ’2011′;
3. Government embedded news reports ( 1 above ), news guest reports ( 1 above ), and historical documentary ( 1 above ) indicates the Solar Maximum, only according to “NASA,” ’peaking’ by ’2012′ – ’2013′;
4. Private organizations indicate a Solar Maximum SEPE ’starting-up’ in ’2011′;
5. NASA AMES RESEARCH CENTER (ARC ) astrobiologist David Morrison video indicates nothing significant will occur in ’2012′;
6. Loosely wrapped unstable maligned and misunderstoods babble about ”Doomsday” being ‘every year’ has been since ’1920′; and,
7. Juveniles don’t stick to one ( 1 ) story, after lying, when cornered by an adult.
Why can’t ‘government officials’ get their ‘official storyline’ straight?
Why are officials bobbing and weaving around questions by providing only ‘remarks of uncertainty’? Keeps everyone ‘guessing’ their ‘life’ and the ‘lives’ of their ‘loved ones’ too. How can this be tolerated by the public? Easy, the ‘public actually believes the government has no clue’ as to ‘when’ the Solar Maximum SEPE will likely strike Earth. Gee? How did the public receive ‘that impression’?
The facts ( below ) prove how ‘wrong’ that ‘public perception’ really is.
Official comments such as, ”We’re not sure when” and “We’re not sure what the effects will be,” have ‘no place in the public ear’ because if the public knew more about the technology government was using – the public would know that officials are blatantly lying in ‘both’ of the ‘aforementioned comments’.
The fact is, officials ‘know’ they are currently – and have been for several years now – using technologies in space and on the ground that can determine – within a few days – ‘when’ the Sun will create a ‘significant solar flare’ that will explode Solar Particle Elements ( SPE ) and ‘what mapped region number’ of the Sun will explode. Officials are now doing this technology with special optical and heat sensors that map the Sun’s ’internal magmatic flows’ to ‘easily determine’ high-energy build-ups ‘within the Sun’ and ’before’ a ‘significant solar flare erupts’ on the ‘surface of the Sun’. Sound unbelieveable? Review the official NASA website links ( below ) in “References” provided at the bottom of this report.
Now, which ‘official’ is ’in charge’ of ‘telling the public’ the ‘complete truth’ about all this?
The public should have wised-up to the oldest government cover-up tactic where the public is ‘fed the official reason why an official did not tell the truth’ because, “The official didn’t want to appear ‘instantly stupid’ to a public audience.”
Does the public actually think government justified trillions of taxpayer dollars spent since 1980 ( 31-years ) to ‘research the Sun for no major reason’ except ‘curiousity’? The Solar research program continues to this day and beyond. There is even a U.S. Presidential Directive ordering NASA Programs.
This U.S. Presidential Program Directive is named, “Living With A Star” ( LWS ). Sounds real nice, huh? But, what if the U.S. Presidential Directive Program was otherwise known as, “Dying With A Star” ( DWS )?
This U.S. Presidential Program Directive also orders ‘space missions to find other planets for inhabitation by Earth individuals’. Sound unbelieveable? Review the official NASA website links ( below ) in “References” provided at the bottom of this report.
What prominent U.S. government official announced ( 2010 ) to the world that an Executive Office ( Office of the President of the United States of America ) was made to ‘disband’ the U.S. National Aeronautic and Space Administration ( NASA )? This fact is now a matter of public record and was reported by many U.S. news organizations around the world. Are ‘they’ lying about this?
Why has NASA so suddenly become,‘non-important’? What event took place or is about to take place? The official storyline is that NASA will – for a while – team-up with the European Space Agency ( ESA ) and that later-on NASA will step-aside to let the “private-sector” contractors take-over all U.S. space missions. The official storyline claims that with the U.S. economy in such a slump that it cannot afford the huge taxpayer budget of NASA. Does anyone in their right-mind believe any size group of private government contract companies can ‘out-fund’ the U.S. taxpayer budget for NASA space missions?
Knowing this, it is easy to see why even conspiracy theorists already tossed “plausible deniability” onto even their back-burners because ‘this major Earth event’ has ‘something far more going on than what is being officially being announced’.
They are definitely correct about at least one ( 1 ) thing and that is government is not saying anything further than, “we all need to be concerned” about a Solar Maximum ‘significant solar flare’ coming to Earth very soon.
Conspiracy theorists believe some ’other upcoming event’ in 2011 may actually be brewing that makes the Solar Maximum flare event appear insignificant.
Why is so very little being told, to the public, by officials?
[ click to enlarge image ( above ) ]
Some theories are now confident about where huge amounts of taxpayer dollars disappeared. Funding, they say, for black budget operations built secret ‘escape spaceships’ or ‘underground luxury safe haven cities’ but ‘for only select members of the global elite’.
How will masses of people survive a Critical Infrastructure Key Resource ( CIKR ) breakdown during a Solar Maximum SEPE? Will masses be treated no differently than during legacy eras of war? Decades ago, during World War II in Germany, in order to even travel, make certain purchases, and gain access to certain facilities ’all people’ had to produce “papers” ( ‘official identification’ ) proving ‘who they were’ and ‘showing how they had been rated’ by government priorities. Has anything changed since the 1940s?
Well, we see government authority officials utilizing ‘computer screens’ to ‘verify information’ as to who we are plus more.
The book entitled ”1984,” written in 1948 by George Orwell, envisioned a period in the future where the public en masse led like sheep to slaughter by a wolf government that would broadcast across ‘flat screen televisions sets in walls at home’ ( remember this book was written in “1948″ ) subtle clichés, short phrases Orwell identified as ‘doublespeak’ coming from government ( “big brother” ) that sounded peaceful and logical but meant something entirely different, nevertheless entire populations were being programmed to understand something that really wasn’t true but designed surreptitiously to through the entire citizenry off the track as to what their government was actually doing to them behind their back.
It might become important for people to begin recognizing what government really means when referring to ‘screens’, ‘levels’, ‘prioritizing assets’ and ‘sectors’ on the topic of major national emergency security preparedness responses.
While government is undoubtedly only referring to ‘critical infrastructure facilities’ as being “assets” in “sectors” and how they intend on prioritizing them. How difficult would it be for government to apply the same measures to ‘people’ as “assets” in “sectors” that must be prioritized as well?
Is the vast majority of the public being kept out of the information loop? Whom are considered as “key assets” to government? Whom are the “key assets” that government considers “key”? Are those being labelled “conspiracy theorists” and “doomsday prophets” correct on anything “we all need to be concerned about”? Enquiring minds want to know, but more importantly, those wishing to survive want to know whether they should begin preparing ‘now’, and if so, for ‘what’.
[ click to enlarge image ( above ) Consequence-Based Top-Screen ( CTS ) Prioritization of Assets ( circa: 2010 ). Not from television series "24" ]
Why are so many people being kept in the dark by government, and just how does government plan on going about sorting out all the ‘little people’ – as to whom ‘live’ and whom ‘die’ in the aftermath of a ‘significant emergency’?
Who does government consider being rated at varying levels as “asset priorities” and just how was that already sorted out? Sorry, but I didn’t get that government memo either so, don’t feel too left out-of that particular survival loop planning stage.
Many already believe to know the ‘answer in a nutshell’, but are either too unwilling to openly admit where the masses will end-up in the aftermath or due to controlling intimidation factors would just rather not say anything publicly.
Will our citizenry populace be left to flounder? Will you and your family be left standing or laying alongside everyone whom have been purposely kept ignorant as to the facts of the Solar Maximum SEPE?
Which official government entity is in-charge of providing people with correct information?
U.S. National Laboratory at Los Alamos, New Mexico ( LANL ), where the hydrogen bomb ( H-Bomb ) was tested, indicates the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) has the job of informing the public about severe space weather headed to Earth.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security ( DHS ) website link proves that Homeland Security ( HS ) coordinates ‘aftermath national emergencies’, ‘preparedness’ and ‘responses’ for ‘government’ ( ‘organizations’ and ’staff support’ ), ‘national critical key business and other organization’ security, plus ‘threat interdiction’.
Homeland Security ( HS ) is ‘not tasked with warning the public en masse’ but ‘coordinating security responses’ to protect the public.
Those whom climbed onto the back of DHS by pounding wild rumors across the internet, posting public announcements on some retail store neighborhood friendly bulletin boards, and even parking lot vehicle windows and doors to the public have been advised to climb off the back of DHS so HS can do its job for everyone – a good thing to have provided them.
Homeland Security Protection & Intelligence sees and handles far more in-advance than just horses and mules pulling covered wagons to establish delivery supply lines to people left in the wake of a national disaster as the Solar Maximum SEPE in 2012 is feared to be carrying for everyone.
People need to understand about ‘being notified as to national emergencies. Notification warnings to the public en masse ‘do not come directly from DHS’ and to-date Homeland Security has not yet been ’mandated by the U.S. Congress’ to provide ’public en masse warnings’.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (aka) Homeland Security ( HS ) ’is mandated to perform only functions accorded it by U.S. Congress’ in relationship to security, amongst a few other things, a few of which are for DHS to ‘notify’ and ‘maintain contact’ with ‘national critical key infrastructures’ involving ‘industries’, ‘utilities’, ‘highways’, ‘transportation’, ‘laboratories’, ‘health centers’, ‘agriculture’, ‘water’, ‘local governments’, ‘law enforcement community’, ‘intelligence agencies’ and much more, however DHS is ‘not assigned the task of notifying or warning people en masse’.
Notifications and warnings to people en masse is assigned under U.S. Congressional mandate to another ‘official government organization’ and its ‘official leadership’ as the ‘sole official responsible’ for ‘issuing the order to people en masse’.
Trying to ‘positively identify the sole official responsible party’ is impossible due to the ‘official government bureaucracy labyrinth answer avoidance cloak over knowledge’ kept away from the public en masse.
Ask ‘any official’ to ‘precisely answer’ the question, “who is the ’sole responsible individual’ assigned to ‘order notification of the public en masse’ about a ‘pending national disaster’?” You will not receive a ‘precise answer’ perhaps, but an ‘official knee-jerk reaction’ of, “Why the President of the United States! Who else could give such an order to the entire U.S. population?” Not to say ‘there wouldn’t be a President’, but ‘what if the public en masse was unable to quickly recognize from within the U.S. government labyrinth chain of command’ who that person really is’?
According to U.S. Congress mandate, the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA ) has a long list of ’secretly held individuals already qualified’ to fill even the U.S. Executive Branch command post who can give such an order to the public en masse.
First, there are books or manuals to be read, even by that person, should such a national emergency take place.
Not reported here is what is officially referred to as an “Extinction Level Event” ( ELE ), and this report only reports a “Solar Energetic Particle Event” ( SEPE ) predicted by U.S. government officials since 2006 as going to occur sometime ‘now’ between ’2011′ – ’2013′ so, what should “everyone need to be concerned about” ( NASA statement ) when ‘all electricity ceases to function’?
Even the ‘President of the United States of America’ is ‘advised by someone else’ as to ‘whether people en masse should be notified’ and ‘how they may be notified’ or warned of a pending disaster’ such as in the case of the Solar Maximum SEPE so, whoever FEMA has lined-up will also be advised, unless the advisor(s) cannot reach that ‘person in command of the nation’.
Who orders NASA? The President of the United States issues Executive Orders. NASA recently notified people en masse that in “2012 or 2013 Earth will experience effects of a Solar Maximum we all need to be concerned about.”
Did the “U.S. President of the United States of America” say ‘that’? No, “NASA” said it, but NASA only ‘announces’ what Executive Orders ( E.O. ) and Presidential Directives are, which actually originate the decision-making process from within the “Office of Central Intelligence White House” ( OCIWH ) that sees the U.S. President make the ‘announcement’ after ‘signing’ the Office of the White House Executive Branch Order ( EO ).
Okay so, ‘who’ is actually pulling the strings of the U.S. leadership – besides a ‘collective of decison-makers’ based on what they are fed from a ‘directorate committee’ of advisors? That information is in another report - not discussed here.
What ‘more notification or warning’ is the public ‘waiting for’? Something like, “Better locate the nearest fresh water supply source to drink from!”? Might be a good idea because, ‘most household tap water is supplied from pumps operated from electricity.
Locating a ‘freshwater well’ equipped with a ‘hand pump’ or ‘bucket with a long rope’ ( to pull water from a nearby fresh water lake or mountain stream ) is a very good ‘basic plan’ for everyone.
People en masse are ‘not likely to be herded’ via ‘horse drawn covered wagon trains’ across the open plains of America by the U.S. government federal officials presenting them with ’new residential living facilities’ as any type of a ’public emergency contingent’ shelter, or sending them to ’public dining halls’ for ’feeding’, or to ’medical clinics’ and ‘surgical centers’ for ‘treating’ various and sundry physical maladies, but probably ‘not mental illness treatment centers’ for which there will certainly be an ‘outbreak’.
One can bet that just as soon as transport supply lines encounter problems that even simple conveniences like medicines - even ’aspirin’ – will soon become short on supply.
Hand-held can openers may become a convenient luxury to some when pop-top cans begin disappearing.
Farms where crops are, sounds nice but many will have already figured that out.
Boiling ( might want to think about a renewable source for creating a flame ) farm produce requires being able to consistently light a fire to to heat water - another good reason to have good supply of fresh water nearby!
People en masse will be left to remain where they are to deal with all of the socio-economic aftermath effects of a Solar Maximum SEPE. Governments will simply not be able to do anything ‘immediately’ for people, and although many should be able to comprehend such a burden on government, few will remain patient for very long.
Police and military functionally reductions to protect and serve will immediately spur local “Neighborhood Watch” into becoming ‘grass roots law and order’, unfortunately “Bill the barber” ( from down the street ) may not keep his leadership position very long once a ‘mob mentality’ decides he’s wrong and takes over the neighborhood.
Unpredictablility factors can and do usually and quite easily shift lives rather switfly with only a small variety of interferences or distractions turning a once seemingly well-organized group of level-headed people on the Neighborhood Watch Committee, whom thought they had everything figured out and going well for everyone, into an absolute nightmare once the ‘gang mentality’ enters the picture. After a few key gunshots, an entirely ‘new set of rules’ becomes ‘even more difficult to stomach’. Maybe “Bill the barber” leadership ideas weren’t so bad afterall.
Fewer people will comprehend why leaving – post aftermath – ‘where they are’ may likely ’not be such a good idea’. Those venturing out into once familiar environments may see how quickly those changed as mobs or gangs have a tendency to follow people to new sources for a variety of things there may nothing left after a mob is finished with it.
While there is still time left, ‘before’ the Solar Maximum SEPE effects are felt by people en masse, there ‘are current official government websites’ providing information, but unfortunately only as to ‘how national emergency preparedness’ will be ‘conducted’ on ‘general types of emergencies’ ( Weapons of Mass Destruction – WMD ) that ‘most are somewhat familiar with’, except when it comes to something entirely ‘different’.
Solar Maximum SEPE disaster leaves ’millions of people alive’ but ‘walking around’ until ‘quickly running out-of supplies’, which then becomes the ‘ultimate socio-economic disaster’ this Earth has ‘never experienced’.
Governments, to be safe, are ‘not’ prepared to deal with the public en masse during such an event, and will likely remain conveniently out-of-touch with the people - until after most everyone has settled down. Governments will then mount ‘counter-assaults’ – on any ‘mobs and gangs’ - easily taking over those few that remain. As for the remaining public? Such will likely ‘not’ be very pleasant to experience.
NOAA is currently notifying only people whom know ‘specifically where to look’ on the NOAA ’internet website’ about the Solar Maximum SEPE, but NOAA is ‘not advising anyone’ on ‘how to prepare’ for the Solar Maximum SEPE. Real nice, huh?
Everyone has already been ‘officially notified by NASA’ that the Solar Maximum SEPE is ‘coming’ and ‘when’, by this ‘incredibly vague statement - “sometime in 2012 or 2013.”
NASA has ‘not warned’ anyone about ‘all electronic devices and systems stopping’, but NASA experts already realize ‘all electrically operated devices and systems will stop functioning normally’ when ‘bombarded by wildly excited electrons’ coming from the Solar Maximum that NASA has already termed to become SEPE ( Solar Energetic Particle Event ) effects.
Solar Maximum SEPE wildly charged-up electrons will effect ‘all forms of electrical current’, which means all ‘alternating current’ ( A-C ) power supplies, ‘direct current ( D-C ) batteries’, ‘solar collector’ power supplies, ‘coil storage devices’, charged coupled devices ( CCDs ) for camera and television displays, computers, cellphones, and even radios will no longer function for people en masse to even learn anything what is affecting everyone or where to go for emergency assistance.
One must realize the government already considered Solar Maximum SEPE ‘effects on people en masse’ so, having already been secretly discussed behind closed doors there is no need to waste their breath any further on the subject because there is literally ‘nothing anyone can do’ to stop it but there ‘are all kinds of things that can be done to prepare and survive’ a Solar Maximum SEPE.
The problem is, government won’t provide that type of information in-advance for the public en masse because ‘that announcement alone’ will ’trigger panic’.
This report is undoubtedly considered by government as ‘not likely to be believed by the public en masse’ therefore perhaps, ’not an immediate threat to public panic en masse’. Some may ’at least be able to understand what that means for them’.
Whether everyone will be happy about knowing that, once they realize what that really means, may later see everything change. Even this report, has been changed more than ’30 times’ since first published on January 2, 2011 to provide even more current news updates herein.
Sociologist experts ‘knowing public reactions en masse’ frequently advise U.S. government leadership, agencies of the U.S. government and even private-sector companies - including undustrials – on a variety of subjects that may negatively affect global foreign security in-addition to U.S. domestic national security.
Mass public notification from ‘only a remote government entity’ mentioning a ‘publicly unfamiliar impact’ ( e.g. Solar Energetic Particle Event – SEPE ) with ‘government refusing to state an approximation of the extent of an unknown national emergency future impact’ does ‘absolutely nothing to reduce public panic in the future’ because that type of government behavior does ‘nothing to prepare the public for any impact whatsoever that comes’. Government claiming ‘no knowledge as to future impact effects’ is ‘prevalent in history’.
Using a ’remote government entity, historically trusted by the public’, reduces but does not curtail future civil unrest and public uprisings against authorities including emergency first responders and endurance by releasing that ’initial official dual statement’ – the ‘initial public announcement’ – purposefully designed to ‘carry a little more social understanding’ from the public ( en masse ) after the Solar Maximum SEPE impact strikes everyone with its effects.
That ‘initial official dual statement’ will buy everyone a ’little more peacetime’ than had the public en masse received no warning at all so, government ( run by people who have families also ) is doing its best – given what everyone will experience from the Solar Maximum SEPE NASA indicates is ”coming to Earth in 2012″ when “we all should be concerned.”
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ) information on the subject of solar geomagnetic storms ’currently allows public viewing’ of its Space Weather Prediction Center ( SWPC ), a ’7-day forecast’ provided by its Space Weather Alerts and Warnings Timeline ( SWAWT ) chart, at: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/alerts/warnings_timeline.html
NOAA claims its space weather ‘prediction’, alerts and warning ‘vision’ is for, ”A nation prepared to mitigate the effects of space weather through the understanding and use of actionable alerts, forecasts, and data products.” [ http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/AboutUs/index.html ] Understanding? First, one requires ‘information’. When? Six ( 6 ) days ‘after’ a Solar Maximum flare travels from the Sun to the Earth in 18-hours; less than 1-day? What good will it do to know about it 6-days after it hits Earth?
NOAA indicates it can ’predict’ space weather based on scientific data if ’all tell-tale signs are in line with their assessment’, but for anyone to use the word “predict” is only a misnomer when the proper word is ‘forecasts based on existing factual assessments’.
The Solar Maximum ‘does not even exist yet’ so how is it ‘predicted’ already by NASA?
No one can ‘predict’ the future, unless ‘they somehow know’ or ‘have been told by a higher authority’ in-advance of ’something critical going to happen’.
Since we’re on the subject of NOAA ‘predicting space weather’ let’s not forget our friendly meteorologist weather men whom ‘forecast the weather’ but have been doing an extremely poor job for decades now on ‘predicting weather’ right here on Earth where ‘little can be predicted’ but gravity and a few other ‘factual understandings’ about ‘science’ and ‘life’ as we’ve come to know it.
Weather, on Earth or in Space, ’can only be assessed from facts, but only forecasted’. All those brilliant professionals need to stop trying to fool the public fed the ‘word’ “prediction” because they cannot ‘predict when or how much’ of a Solar Maximum SEPE will take place; unless – of course – they ‘know catastrophic will definitely happen in-advance’.
What is it that ‘they know’ that ‘we do not know’ yet? Why are so many officials so shy about saying anything more? No one hears any officials saying, “Prepare now for a catastrophic event coming!” Officials are only heard by a few of the public. And ‘only those few officials’ are ‘saying the same thing over and over again’, “The Solar Maximum is coming in 2012 and we all need to be concerned.” Isn’t that ‘enough’ of a public hint?
Unfortunately, people need more than a ’7-day warning’ from NOAA.
People also need more than a ’1-year warning’ with a smoke and mirrors vague statement from NASA.
Now in preparing this report for the public to learn about and after considerable research it was just learned that only 4-months ago NASA released its previously secret plan but hid it in an obscure area of a remote but official internet webpage, and ‘that information’ had to be ‘even further researched’ before being better understood to just begin realizing what is actually going on. What’s NASA’s plan?
Remember what was said about “predictions” and how they’re really “assessments?” The public is now going to be introduced to the government’s “Godfather of all assessments” hidden deep within an entity known as “SOMA.”
[ click to enlarge image ( above ) ]
In a secret joint effort between NASA and the European Space Agency ( ESA ) plans are now underway to launch what is called ”Solar Probe +” ( also known as ) “Solar Probe Plus” spacecraft directed into the Sun’s environment – like a ‘neutrino particle’ – where it is expected to withstand unbelievable temperatures plus far more than most could imagine while at the same time providing scientists and physicists here on Earth with new types of information never captured before from such a very dangerous new frontier in outer space.
Solar Probe Plus will be facilitating what is now a cosmic-sensitive investigation into retrieving Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ) in-advance to understand far more about how to protect the Earth from a Solar Maximum SEPE ‘solar geomagnetic storms’ filled with ‘high-energy’ electrons, helium ions, protons and alpha particles plus more analyzed through highly sophisticated three dimensional ( 3-D ) color imaging sensors and more.
Remember the aforementioned two ( 2 ) NASA STEREO spacecraft SECCHI 3-D sensing camera telescopes now watching the Sun? Well, think of ‘that old technology’ pumped-up on ‘advanced technology steroids’ the likes of which is unimaginable by even most current day technological savvy people.
Solar Probe Plus technology, in just ‘advanced materials science’ alone, is amazing and reads like something out-of a science-fiction book about distant future capabilities, except for one thing. This new technology is already ‘here’, ‘very much real’, and very highly classified.
The Sun, also being an ‘extremely loud and noisy environment’ as well as an explosive place to be, will be having Solar Probe + transmit ‘intense solar shock waves’ measured ‘after capture’ devices aboard Solar Probe Plus by a program not ‘led by’ but ‘overseen by’ the NASA Langley Research Center ( LaRC ) organizational element Science Mission Directorate ( SMD ) Heliophysics Division that is being controlled by ”SOMA.” Now we’ve arrived to just learn what ‘secret organization’ is ‘driving this Earth mission behind closed doors’.
National Aeronautic and Space Administration ( NASA ) headquarters Science Office For Mission Assessments ( SOMA ) acquires, investigates, conducts secret studies and reviews ‘all outgoing announcements of opportunity ( AO ) solicitations’ and what they call ‘missions of opportunity’ ( MO ) for the NASA Langley Research Center ( LaRC ) secret element organization vaguely termed only as the “Science Mission Directorate ( SMD ).” The ‘term’ “directorate” is exclusively used by ‘only the leadership office’ of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ).
To understand where all this secrecy is coming from, one must have already conducted a dangerous undertaking ( Enterprise ) – from a distance – to just look at what all is behind the CIA In-Q-Tel Corporation secret IT directorate over highly advanced technologies hidden beneath the CIA Office of Science & Technology ( S&T ) ’branch leadership’ over In-Q-Tel Corp. ‘front’ of ’know nothing’ Board of Advisors. Now, while all this may only be as clear as mud, this is why the above two ( 2 ) webpage links provide exclusive coverage.
To keep ‘highly advanced technologies’ and its ‘related information’ about it an extremely well-guarded secret, the CIA even removed the ‘element of human beings from guarding over it’ by utilizing yet another little known about application by which that is even being done called Quantum Cryptographic control measure keys that few are able to even manipulate because even that technology is so well buried. One must keep in-mind that, contrary to popular belief, the CIA is very well experienced and quite adept at keeping secrets – extremely secret – unless otherwise releasing information in such a fashion such would also be quite advantageous. Common folks are not aware, nor are they aware of what a Solar Maximum SEPE is, and they are certainly ‘not being told what to expect from it either’.
NASA LaRC SMD Science Office For Mission Assessments ( SOMA ) acquires Earth and Space science instruments and develops Earth and Space missions from those solicitations and enables cost evaluations performed on both ‘technical’ and ‘management’ ( TMC ) ‘proposals’ submitted in response thereto, plus handles what is referred to as ”Phase A concept studies.”
NASA LaRC SMD Science Office For Mission Assessments ( SOMA ) leads secret ‘research, assessments and analysis’ it performs ‘acquisitions and investigations’ for the Science Mission Directorate ( SMD ), a ‘secret element’ of the NASA Langley Research Center ( LaRC ).
Science Office For Mission Assessments ( SOMA ) is principal interface for the NASA Academy of Program, Project and Engineering Leadership ( APPEL ) developing and implementing special training programs for principle investigator teams ( PIT ) as well as employees of NASA.
Solar Probe Plus is a spacecraft designed to go where no Earth spacecraft has ever gone before so we can touch, taste and smell particles of our Sun. Solar Probe Plus mission is part of the NASA “Living with a Star Program,” a program designed to assist Earth’s understanding as to how people may survive future Solar Maximum events.
There’s just one problem with Solar Probe Plus, It won’t be ready until 2018.
People want to ‘understand facts’, and they want to know ‘now’ because NASA ‘predicts’ this Solar Maximum being a ‘major global event’, ‘not’ just some science-fiction motion picture show we can all leisurely sit around eating popcorn, candy, and drinking soda pop while watching it.
Now people can pick up a TV Guide magazine and know what is forecasted for broadcast on TV, but with a Solar Maximum major event people are unable to learn anything more about what NASA and others know. Why?
NASA, NOAA, other federal government organizations, satellites, sensors, scientists, and some of the smartest people on Earth ‘know something’ that most people do not know ’yet’ and we likely may never know until this major event is too late to prepare a plan for and institute ahead of time. “Let’s see, now Mable, how much food and water do we have stored up at our vacation cabin in the mountains? Think we can get by with what we have for a couple years if need-be?”
One would think that with this Solar Maximum SEPE major global event coming, that news about it from NASA, NOAA and other government organizations would be continually plastered over every major news broadcast around the world. Well, it already ‘was’, however most people never saw it, did not listen to it, forgot it, or never heard about it from those they know.
While this particular report alerts many – at least those reading it thoroughly – as to an upcoming ‘real life major global event’ pertaining to everyone’s life, most are nevertheless carrying on their daily lives – preoccupied in their own tiny world of distraction serving events – in total blackout from comprehending what is about to occur ‘very soon’.
What will most do when the time comes, and it becomes too late to prepare a survival plan? Oh yes, let us not forget about all the survival fanatics. Even the famous religious organization of The Church of Latter Day Saints ( Mormon ) teach members all about ‘storing survival supplies’. Many are ready, however ‘how long are they prepared to survive for’? One ( 1 ) week? One ( 1 ) month? One ( 1 ) year? What if they need to survive for 2-years? Do they have enough stored?
Will people really need more than one ( 1 ) form of transportation or multiple properties? How’s their supply of aspirin, medicine and toilet paper? No basic can really be overlooked when it comes to all the basic comforts we’ve taken for granted for so long.
Knowledge as to what the effects of the impact will soon be, from this Solar Maximum SEPE on us all, is simply ‘not being focused on’ by any more than just a few people.
What most are going to do after looking at at the pretty pictures in this report is get themself something to eat, drink, watch some television, doze off to sleep and then awake to rush right back into their daily life – never giving this report a second thought about what could have otherwise been learned to survive.
Most will not even mention this report to anyone. Some will ‘plan to wait’. Some will ‘wait before doing absolutely nothing to prepare themself’.
Most people, after nose-picking ( for a real long time ), will still be ‘waiting’ and ‘picking’ when the Solar Maximum SEPE finally comes. These sharp as a marble ( civic-minded ) individuals belong to the “Should-a Could-a Would-a” group of folks whom are card-carrying members of the world’s most distracted people too busy ( doing nothing ) to make any intelligent decision much less anything else for their own good. They are, however quite excellent at dying while waiting for something to happen.
While some may possess a master’s degree in knowledge about sporting events and fashion, they flunk the test on simply asking a librarian to show them how to research the Solar Maximum ( Solar Energetic Particle Event ) plus ‘how to prepare’ using the internet ‘now’ at the local public library.
The real disaster “we all should be concerned about” is ‘people not prepared for the Solar Maximum SEPE effects on Earth’.
NASA is ‘preparing protection’ but for only a few.
April 2011 is currently scheduled – but this may change to an earlier time – by NASA as America’s ‘very last U.S. Space Shuttle flight mission’ ( 134 ) with Endeavor spacecraft commander U.S. Navy Captain Mark E. Kelly ( 56 ) delivering to his twin brother Scott Kelly – commander of the International Space Station ( ISS ) – ‘advanced technology protection shields’, supplies and more.
Source: Thomson Reuters News Agency
Shuttle Leaves Space Station To Begin Trip Home by, Irene Klotz ( Reuters )
May 30, 2011 15:28:36 GMT ( Updated ) May 30, 2011 08:28 a.m. ( PST )
CAPE CANAVERAL, Florida — Space shuttle Endeavour has departed the International Space Station, clearing the way for a final cargo run to the outpost before NASA retires its three ( 3 ) ship fleet.
As the spacecraft sailed 215-miles above Bolivia, pilot Greg Johnson gently pulsed the Endeavour steering jets on Sunday May 29, 2011 at 11:55 p.m. EDT ( Monday, May 30, 2011 at 03:55 GMT ) to back-away from the docking port that has anchored the shuttle since its arrival on May 18, 2011.
Endeavour delivered the International Space Station ( ISS ) premier science experiment — the $2,000,000,000 billion Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ( AMS-02 ) particle detector, and a pallet of spare parts – intended to tide over the orbital outpost after the U.S. Space Shuttle program ends.
“Endeavour departing,” radioed International Space Station ( ISS ) flight engineer Ron Garan. “Fair winds and ‘following seas’, guys.”
“Thanks Ron,” replied Endeavour commander Mark Kelly, “Appreciate all the help.”
Afterward, Endeavour maneuvered to within about 950-feet of the International Space Station ( ISS ) to test the ‘new’ Automated Rendezvous System ( ARS ), that is being developed for NASA’s next spaceship known as the Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle ( MCV ) that is intended to fly astronauts to the Moon, asteroids, and Mars – eventually.
“We’re now separating. That’s the closest we’re going to get,” Mark Kelly radioed International Space Station ( ISS ) flight engineer Ron Garan.
Then Mark Kelly fired U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour thrusters, and pulled away from the International Space Station ( ISS ) for the last time.
NASA plans to decommission Space Shuttle Endeavour, the youngest Space Shuttle ( with 25 voyages ), sending Endeavour to a Los Angeles, California museum for display.
One ( 1 ) final U.S. Space Shuttle mission is planned, before the United States ends its 30-year old Space Shuttle program, the U.S. Space Shuttle Atlantis due to launch ( July 8, 2011 ) with a 1-year quantity of supplies – for the International Space Station ( ISS ) – as a ‘contingency plan’ in-case ‘commercial companies’ ( hired to takeover supply-runs to the International Space Station ( ISS ) ‘encounter delays’ with ‘their new spacecraft’.
The U.S. Space Shuttles are being retired – to save $4,000,000,000 billion in annual operating expenses – as NASA ‘develops new spacecraft’ to travel further beyond the International Space Station ( ISS ) positioned at a 220-mile altitude ( 355-kilometers ) Earth orbit.
During its past 12-days, at the International Space Station ( ISS ), the U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour crew conducted four ( 4 ) spacewalks to complete construction of the U.S. portion of the International Space Station ( ISS ) outpost – a $100,000,000,000 billion project of sixteen ( 16 ) nations – being assembled since 1998 in Earth orbit.
STS 134 Endeavour Space Shuttle is due back on Earth at Kennedy Space Center ( Florida, USA ) on Wednesday June 1, 2011 2:35 a.m. EDT ( 06:35 GMT ) – the same day its sister spaceship Atlantis STS-135 is scheduled to reach the launch pad for NASA’s 135th final flight.
U.S. Navy Capt. Mark Kelly’s wife was United States Congress House of Representatives Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics Chairman Gabrielle Giffords who additionally held seats on the U.S. House of Representative Armed Services Committee on Science and Technology.
On February 9, 2011 NASA provided this video ( below ) about its STEREO spacecraft news event, but provided no update about anything else:
March 2011 official solar interpolated magnetogram forecast displays the following ( below ):
This report might begin to move people, with lead assets, to obtain some straight answers for some very difficult questions. Failing that, with bad news ahead, people should ‘prepare for impact’ because NASA says this is something “we all need to be concerned about.”
Interestingly, the only zeroing-in on a date came years ago ( 2006 ) when the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Heliospheric Division began mapping magnetic gas plasma flows ‘beneath’ the surface of the Sun’s corona, and from the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory ( SOHO ) Michelson Doppler Imager ( MDI ) instrumentation magnetic data and over 80-years of solar historical background data, officials ‘discovered’ the Sun possesses a “magnetic memory” it always returns to from 200-years previously, and based on what official scientists and astrophysicists uncovered will shock you ( below ).
Source: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Scientists Gaze Inside Sun, Predict Strength of the Next Solar Cycle by, Bill Steigerwald ( NASA Goddard Space Flight Center )
March 6, 2006
The next solar activity cycle will be 30% to 50% stronger than the previous one, and up to 1-year late in arriving, according to a breakthrough forecast by Dr. Mausumi Dikpati and colleagues at the National Center for Atmospheric Research ( NCAR ) in Boulder, Colorado.
The scientists made the first [ 1st ] “Solar Climate Forecast” using a combination of groundbreaking ‘observations of the solar interior’ from space, and computer simulation.
NASA Living With a Star ( LWS ) Program and the National Science Foundation ( NSF ) funded the research.
The Sun goes through an approximate 11-year cycle of activity, from stormy to quiet and back again.
Predicting the Sun’s cycles accurately – years in advance – will help societies plan for active bouts of solar storms, which can disrupt satellite orbits and electronics, interfere with radio communication, and damage power systems.
The forecast is important for NASA long-term Vision for Space Exploration plans, since solar storms can be hazardous to unprotected astronauts as well.
Solar storms begin with tangled magnetic fields ( generated by the Sun’s churning electrically charged gas – plasma ). Like a rubber band that has been twisted too far, solar magnetic fields can suddenly snap into a new shape – releasing tremendous energy as a ‘solar flare’ or Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ).
Solar flares are explosions ( in the Sun’s atmosphere ) with the largest ‘equaling billions of one-megaton nuclear bombs’.
Solar magnetic energy can also blast billions of tons of plasma into space – at millions of miles ( kilometers ) per hour as a Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ).
This violent solar activity often occurs near SunSpots ( dark regions on the sun caused by concentrated magnetic fields ).
SunSpots and stormy solar weather follow the eleven-year cycle, from few sunspots and calm to many sunspots and active, and back again.
Key to predicting the solar activity cycle is an understanding of the ‘flows of plasma in the Sun’s interior’.
Magnetic fields are ‘frozen’ into the solar plasma, so plasma currents ( within the Sun ) transport, concentrate and help dissipate solar magnetic fields.
“We understood these flows – in a general way – but the details were unclear, so we could not use them to make predictions before,” said Dikpati, who published a paper on this research in the online version of Geophysical Review Letters March 3, 2006.
The new technique of “helioseismology” revealed these details by allowing researchers to ‘see inside the Sun’.
Helioseismology traces sound waves ( reverberating inside the Sun ) to build up a ‘picture of the interior’ – similar to the way an ‘ultrasound scan’ is used to create a picture of an unborn baby.
Two [ 2 ] ‘major plasma flows’ govern the solar cycle, the:
FIRST ( major plasma flow ) acts like a conveyor belt ( deep beneath the surface ), plasma flowing from the poles to the equator where the plasma rises and flows back to the poles, where it sinks and repeats.
SECOND ( major plasma flow ) acts like a taffy pull ( surface layer of the Sun ), rotates faster at the equator than it does near the poles. Since the large-scale solar magnetic field crosses the equator ( as it goes from pole to pole ) it gets wrapped around the equator ( over and over again ) by the faster rotation there. This is what periodically ‘concentrates the solar magnetic field’ leading to ‘peaks’ in ‘solar storm activity’; solar fireworks ( in the form of flares and Coronal Mass Ejections ) dissipate some of the magnetic field, and remnants are carried ( by the conveyor belt flow ) toward the poles. That material then becomes the ‘input for the next cycle’.
“Precise helioseismic observations of the conveyor belt ‘plasma flow speed’ by the Michelson Doppler Imager ( MDI ) instrument on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory ( SOHO ) gave us a breakthrough,” said Dikpati. SOHO is a project of international collaboration between NASA and the European Space Agency ( ESA ).
“We now know it takes two [ 2 ] cycles to fill half [ 1/2 ] the conveyor belt with magnetic field ( the part where it sinks at the poles and flows toward the equator, reaching mid-latitudes ), plus another two [ 2 ] cycles to fill the other half [ 1/2 ] – from the bottom at mid-latitudes, then rising at the equator and flowing toward the poles again.
Because of this, ‘the next solar cycle depends on characteristics’ from ‘as far back as 40-years previously’ – the Sun has a magnetic ‘memory’.”
The magnetic data input comes from the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory ( SOHO ) Michelson Doppler Imager ( MDI ) instrument, plus ‘historical records’.
To test the model, researchers took ‘magnetic data from the past eight [ 8 ] solar cycles’, fed it into the computer, and ‘results matched actual observations over the last 80-years’.
The team then ‘added current magnetic data’ and ran the model ahead [ projected ] 10-years [ into the future ] to get their ‘prediction for the ‘next solar cycle’.
We are currently back in the quiet period for the current cycle ( cycle 23 ).
The next ‘solar cycle’ will ‘begin with a rise in solar activity’ in late 2007 or early 2008 ( according to the team ) and there will be 30% to 50% more SunSpots, flares and Coronal Mass Ejections ( CMEs ) in cycle 24 – about ’1-year later than the prediction’ ( using previous methods relying on statistics like the strength of the large-scale solar magnetic field and number of SunSpots to make estimates ) for the ‘next cycle’.
Dikpati’s team includes Dr. Giuliana De Toma and Dr. Peter A. Gilman, all scientists of the NCAR High Altitude Observatory ( Boulder, Colorado ) whose primary sponsor is the National Science Foundation ( NSF ).
Solar Storm Warning by, Dr. James Anthony Phillips [ James.A.Phillips@EarthLink.Net ] – NASA Science News Production Editor
March 10, 2006
Solar ‘Minimum’ has arrived. SunSpots have all but vanished. Solar flares are nonexistent. The Sun is utterly quiet.
Like the quiet before a storm, this week researchers announced that a solar storm is coming, ‘the most intense Solar Maximum in 50-years’.
The prediction comes from a team led by Ms. Mausumi Dikpati of the National Center for Atmospheric Research ( NCAR ).
“The next SunSpot cycle will be 30% to 50% stronger than the previous one,” she says.
If correct, the years ahead could produce a burst of solar activity second only to the historic Solar Maximum of 1958. That was a Solar Maximum!
The space sge was just beginning:
- Sputnik ( the first Russian satellite ) was launched in October 1957; and,
- Explorer 1 ( the first U.S. satellite) in January 1958.
In 1958 you could not know a solar storm was underway, just by looking at bars on your cellphone, because cellphones didn’t exist!
Even so, people knew something big was happening when “Northern Lights” [ Aurora Borealis ] were sighted three [ 3 ] times [ as far 'south' as ] in Mexico.
A similar Solar Maximum today, ‘would be noticed by its effect’ on:
- Cellphones; – GPS; – Satellites ( weather ); and, – Many other modern technologies.
Dikpati’s ‘prediction is unprecedented’. In ‘nearly 200-years’ since the 11-year SunSpot cycle was discovered, scientists have struggled to predict the size of ‘future Solar Maximums’ but failed.
Solar Maximum can be intense, as in 1958, or barely detectable as in 1805 – ‘obeying no obvious pattern’.
The key to the mystery, Dikpati realized years ago, is a ‘conveyor belt’ on the Sun.
We have something similar here on Earth with the “Great Ocean Conveyor Belt” – popularized in the science fiction movie “The Day After Tomorrow.”
On Earth, it is a ‘network of currents’ carrying ‘water’ and ‘heat’ – from ocean to ocean.
In the science fiction movie, the Earth’s ‘ocean conveyor belt’ suddenly stopped, throwing Earth’s weather into chaos.
The Sun’s conveyor belt is a ‘current’ ( not of water ) of ‘electrical conducting gas’ ( plasma ) that flows in a loop, from the Sun’s Equator to the Poles and back again.
Just as the Earth’s Great Ocean Conveyor Belt ocean currents control weather on Earth, the Sun’s ‘solar conveyor belt’ controls ‘solar weather’ on the Sun.
Specifically, it controls the “SunSpot cycle.”
Solar physicist David Hathaway of the National Space Science & Technology Center ( NSSTC ) explains:
“First, remember what SunSpots are – tangled knots of magnetism ( generated by the Sun’s inner dynamo ). A ‘typical’ SunSpot ‘exists for just a few weeks’, then it decays – leaving behind a ‘corpse’ of weak magnetic fields.”
Enter the conveyor belt.
“The top of the ( Sun’s ) conveyor belt skims, the surface of the Sun, sweep ‘dead magnetic field knots ( from old SunSpots ) down to the Sun’s Poles where at a depth of 200,000 kilometers the Sun’s magnetic dynamo recharges / regenerates these old magnetic knots until they become powerfully buoyant rising to the Sun’s surface where they reappear as new SunSpots.”
All this happens with massive slowness.
“It takes about 40-years for the Sun’s conveyor belt to complete just one [ 1 ] loop,” says Hathaway.
The speed varies “anywhere from a 50-year pace ( slow ) to a 30-year pace ( fast ).”
When the Sun’s conveyor belt turns “fast,” it means ‘alot of magnetic fields are being swept-up’, and that a ‘future SunSpot cycle’ is going to be ‘intense’. This is a basis for forecasting.
“The Sun’s conveyor belt was turning ‘fast’ in 1986 – 1996,” says Hathaway.
“Old magnetic fields swept-up then ( from 1986 thru 1996 ) should ‘re-appear as huge SunSpots’ in 2010 – 2011.”
Like most experts in the field, Hathaway has confidence in the Sun’s ‘conveyor belt model’, agreeing with Dikpati that the next Solar Maximum should be a doozy, but he disagrees on one [ 1 ] point:
Dikpati’s forecast puts Solar Maximum at 2012.
National Space Science & Technology Center ( NSSTC ) solar physicist David Hathaway believes it will arrive sooner, in 2010 or 2011.
“History shows that ‘big SunSpot cycles’ ramp-up faster, than small ones,” Hathaway says.
“I expect to see the first [ 1st ] SunSpots of the ‘next solar cycle’ [ Solar Minimum ] appear in late 2006 or 2007, and Solar Maximum to be underway by 2010 or ’2011′.”
Time will tell. Either way, a storm is coming.
Source: U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA )
National Situation Update: Monday, April 9, 2007 Homeland Security Threat Level: YELLOW ( ELEVATED ).
… [ EDITED-OUT FOR BREVITY ] …
Global Positioning System Is Impacted By Solar Radio Burst
During an unprecedented solar eruption last December [ 2006 ], researchers at Cornell University confirmed solar radio bursts can have a serious impact on the Global Positioning System ( GPS ) and other communication technologies using radio waves. The findings were announced on April 4, 2007 in Washington, D.C., at the first Space Weather Enterprise forum – an assembly of academic, government and private sector scientists focused on examining the Earth’s ever-increasing vulnerability to space weather impacts. Solar radio bursts begin with a solar flare that injects high-energy electrons into the solar upper atmosphere. Radio waves are produced which then propagate to the Earth and cover a broad frequency range. The radio waves act as noise over these frequencies, including those used by GPS and other navigational systems which can degrade a signal.
The National Oceanic and Atmosphereic Administration ( NOAA ), National Aeronautic Space Agency ( NASA ), and partner agencies in the National Space Weather Program are looking to the future needs of our highly technical society, and are anticipating seamless specification and prediction of the atmosphere from the ground to the edges of the Earth magnetosphere and beyond to the Moon and Mars. The NOAA Space Environment Center is the nation’s ‘first alert of solar activity’.
Forecasters from the NOAA Space Environment Center in Boulder, Colorado, observed two [ 2 ] powerful solar flares on December 5, 2006 and December 6, 2006. These violent eruptions originated from a ‘large sunspot cluster’ identified by NOAA.
The December 6, 2006, solar flare created an unprecedented intense solar radio burst causing large numbers of receivers to stop tracking the GPS signal.
Using specially designed receivers – built at Cornell University – as sensitive space weather monitors, Cornell scientists were able to make the ‘first quantitative measurements of the effect’ of earlier solar radio bursts on GPS receivers. ‘Extrapolations from a previous moderate event led to the prediction that larger solar radio bursts – expected during Solar Maximum – would disturb GPS receiver operation for some users.
“In December, we found the effect on GPS receivers were ‘more profound and wide spread than we expected’,” said Paul M. Kintner Jr., Ph.D., professor of electrical and computer engineering at Cornell University.
“Now ‘we are concerned more severe consequences will occur during the next Solar Maximum’ ( approxmately 2011 ).”
“NASA wants to better understand this solar phenomenon ‘so we can limit the adverse impacts on real-time systems’,” said Tony Mannucci, Ph.D., principal technical staff and supervisor, Ionospheric and Atmospheric Remote Sensing [ IRAS ] Group at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory [ JPL ].
There are three [ 3 ] key points to remember about solar radio bursts:
“First, ‘society cannot become overly reliant on technology’ without an awareness and understanding of the effects of future space weather disruptions,” said Anthea Coster, Ph.D. of the MIT Haystack Observatory.
Second, the December 6, 2006 event dramatically shows the effect of ‘solar radio bursts is global and instantaneous’.
“Third, and equally important, ‘the size and timing of this burst were completely unexpected’ and ‘the largest ever detected’.
We do not know how often we can expect solar radio bursts ‘of this size or even larger’.” ( Excerpt from http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2007/s2831.htm )
So, in addition to other federal scientists and astrophysicists, we caught the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA ) in 2007 predicting “2011″ as being the year NASA says is something “we all need to be concerned about.”
During the entire month of March 2011, the fact of the matter is the ‘incredibly active’ solar cycle SunSpot activity ‘spiked vertically higher’ and far outside its ‘officially predicted bell-shaped graph’ thought it would follow, plus it ‘still has not stopped peaking’ for April 2011 ( see below ):
Helioseismology, studying the inner regions of the Sun, provides advanced predictions as to when and where on the Sun an outburst explosive solar flare is to erupt. Unfortunately, the data is ‘not provided to the public’.
A quick color video clip will serve to familiarize you with a very basic small part of what actually goes into mapping the Sun to provide classified Space Weather Prediction Report Alerts – more accurate than what many are ever told about today ( see below ):
Solar Maximum predictions for 2011 were bad enough, but then NASA THEMIS satellites discovered the Earth’s Magnetosphere began developing holes in it, which is officially documented by this short color video clip ( below ):
Source: SPACE WEATHER, Vol. 9, S04003, 12 PP., doi: 10.1029/2009 SW000537
A Tool For Empirical Forecasting Of Major Flares, Coronal Mass Ejections, And Solar Particle Events From A Proxy Of Active-Region Free Magnetic Energy
by, David Falconer – - Space Science Office, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center ( Huntsville, Alabama, USA ); – Physics Department, University of Alabama ( Huntsville, Alabama, USA ); and, – Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama ( Huntsville, Alabama, USA ).
by, Abdulnasser F. Barghouty – - Space Science Office, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center ( Huntsville, Alabama, USA ).
by, Igor Khazanov – - Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama ( Huntsville, Alabama, USA ).
by, Ron Moore – - Space Science Office, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center ( Huntsville, Alabama, USA ).
Published: April 7, 2011
This paper describes a ‘new forecasting tool developed’ for and ‘currently being tested’ by the NASA Space Radiation Analysis Group ( SRAG ) at Johnson Space Center, responsible for the monitoring and forecasting of radiation exposure levels of astronauts.
The new software tool is designed for the empirical forecasting of M-Class and X-class Solar Flares, Coronal Mass Ejections ( CME ), and Solar Energetic Particle Events ( SEPE ).
For ‘each type of event’, the algorithm is based on the empirical relationship between the ‘event rate’ and a ‘proxy of the active region Free Magnetic Energy ( FME ).
Each empirical relationship is determined from a ‘data set’ consisting of ∼40,000 ‘solar active-region magnetograms’ from ∼1300 ‘solar active regions observed’ by the Solar Heliospheric Observatory ( SOHO ) spacecraft Michelson Doppler Imager ( MDI ) instrument possessing ‘known histories’ of Solar Flares, Coronal Mass Ejection ( CME ), and Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) production.
The new tool automatically extracts ‘each strong-field magnetic area’, from an Michelson Doppler Imager ( MDI ) full-disk magnetogram, ‘identifies each’ as a National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration ( NOAA ) active region, and ‘measures the proxy of the active region Free Magnetic Energy ( FME )’ from the ‘extracted magnetogram’.
For each solar active region, the empirical relationship is then used to convert the Free Magnetic Energy ( FME ) proxy into an ‘expected event rate’. The ‘expected event rate’ in-turn can be ‘readily converted into the probability’ that ‘the active region will produce such an event’ in a given ( queried ) forward ( ‘future’ ) ‘time’ window.
Descriptions of the ‘data sets’, algorithm, software, sample applications, and validation test are presented.
Further ‘development and transition of the new tool’ – in anticipation of SDO HMI – are briefly discussed.
Citation: Falconer, D., A. F. Barghouty, I. Khazanov, and R. Moore ( 2011 ), A tool for empirical forecasting of ‘major flares’, ‘coronal mass ejections’, and ‘solar particle events’ from a proxy of active region free magnetic energy, Space Weather, 9, S04003, doi:10.1029/2009SW000537.
Received: October 23, 2009. Accepted: January 27, 2011.
5th Factor -
Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE ) effects, significantly impacting the way people now live on Earth will come from only one ( 1 ) ’sunspot’ eruption of a ’solar flare’ that ‘must contain at-least’ the following four ( 4 ) factors ( below ):
1. Greater ‘amount’ of ‘particles’ ( visible and invisible Matter and AntiMatter ) ‘erupting from under the surface of the Sun’;
2. Greater ‘excitation’ of elements ( High Field Strength Elements / HFSE ) ‘combining elements’ from ‘inside’ the Sun with those leaving ’outside’ nthe Sun ) become even more highly energetic ( energized ) upon leaving the Sun;
3. Greater ‘speed’ / ’distance’ moving large Mass of particles containing highly excited ( HFSE ) elements; and,
5th factor SEPE is rarely discussed in public because it makes such an Earth Event ‘even worse’ ( than it was in 1864 ) because information provided through NOAA, NASA and astrophysicists around the world indicate, the Earth’s protective solar shield, known as the Magnetosphere, has developed “holes” in it.
Well understood by U.S. government Global Environmental Intelligence ( GEI ) specialists and with NASA indicating that the current Solar Maximum period ( Cycle 24 ) is something, “we all need to be concerned about,” what will it take for people to want to understand how to prepare to survive the effects of a Solar Energetic Particle Event ( SEPE )?
Do ‘you’ think anything is funny about something that could jeopardize ‘your life’ or the ‘life of any of your family members, loved ones or close friends’?
Before concluding this knowledgeability brief, based on what NASA says “we all need to be concerned about” ), this news broadcast video clip ( below ) shows how news personalities present the public with information on this subjectny acting whimsical, asking silly questions, laughing and joking around on this subject so, after watching this you should seriously ask yourself how the public could accept this information as being something serious they “all need to be concerned about?”
[ CARV NOTE: video clip - previously inserted ( here ) - has mysteriously disappeared off this KB. ]
For up-to-date official video and text information broadcasts and forecasts, click the research reference links provided in this knowledgeability brief ( below ).
Submitted for review and commentary by,